Laguerre–Gauss (LG) modes represent an orthonormal basis set of solutions of the paraxial wave equation. LG modes are characterized by two integer parameters and that are related to the radial and azimuthal profile of the beam. The physical dimension of the mode is instead determined by the beam waist parameter : only LG modes with the same satisfy the orthogonality relation. Here, we derive the scalar product between two LG modes with different beam waists and show how this result can be exploited to derive different expansions of a generic beam in terms of LG modes. In particular, we apply our results to the recently introduced circular beams by deriving a previously unknown expansion. We finally show how the waist parameter must be chosen in order to optimize such expansion.
© 2017 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
20 March 2017: Corrections were made to the main text.
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