Abstract

Resonant nanogratings and periodic metasurfaces express diverse spectral and polarization properties on broadside illumination by incident light. Cooperative resonance interactions may yield shaped spectra for particular applications, in contrast to a multilayer dielectric mirror. Here, we provide guided-mode resonance filters with flat-top spectra suitable for wavelength division multiplexing systems. Applying a single one-dimensional grating layer sandwiched by two waveguides, we theoretically achieve high-efficiency flat-top spectra in the near-infrared region. This result is obtained by inducing simultaneous nearly degenerate resonant modes. The resonance separation under this condition controls the width of the flat-top spectrum. This means we can implement spectral widths ranging from a sub-nanometer to several nanometers applying fundamentally the same device architecture.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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