Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a polarization-independent flat grating lens in the near-infrared region. The grating lens consists of ridges in the square lattice arrangement, and the ridge dimensions are gradually changed to distribute a phase map with focusing ability. It is well known that guided modes in gratings offer unity-reflection at a resonance, and therefore the transmission phase is widely varied around the resonance. We employ such transmission phase behavior and show that high transmittance is obtained in each unit cell for wide variation range of the transmission phase at the operation wavelength by sharpening the resonance. This enables us to accomplish a highly efficient transmissive grating lens.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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