Abstract

A stable passively mode-locked Er-doped silica fiber laser with a fundamental repetition rate of up to 5 GHz is demonstrated, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the highest repetition rate for 1.5 μm semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) mode-locked Er-doped silica fiber (EDF) lasers. A segment of commercially available EDF with a net gain coefficient of 1 dB/cm is employed as gain medium. The compact Fabry-Pérot (FP) cavity features a fiber mirror, namely multiple-layer dielectric films (DFs) directly coated on end facet of a passive fiber ferrule, enabling a short cavity length of 2 cm configured. The mode-locked oscillator operates at 1561.0 nm with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 62.1 dB, whose average power is boosted to 27 mW by a single-mode Er-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) and spectral bandwidth is broadened form 0.69 nm to 1.16 nm with a pulse width of 3.86 ps. The fiber laser shows excellent spectral stability without conspicuous wavelength drifting for 3 hours. Moreover, the basic guidelines of selecting SESAM for high repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers is given.

© 2021 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. Introduction

Passively mode-locked fiber lasers with high repetition rate (over 1 GHz) have been playing pivotal role in increasing applications, including high-precision frequency metrology, high speed optical sampling, optical arbitrary waveform generation, material micromachining, and the calibration of astrophysical spectrographs [15]. Generally, there are several ways to realize lasers with repetition rate on the order of multi-gigahertz, such as harmonic mode-locking [6,7], pulse repetition rate multiplication [8], and fundamental mode-locking [9]. Comparatively speaking, higher repetition frequency can be obtained by using pulse repetition rate multiplication and harmonic mode-locking techniques, which, however, lead to relatively large intensity and phase noise. Their counterpart, fundamental mode-locking, can effectively fix those problems.

Experimentally, the passively mode-locked fiber lasers with multi-gigahertz fundamental repetition rates have been realized with different mode lockers, e.g., carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene saturable absorbers (GSAs), and SESAMs, among which SESAM technology is most widely used due to their high thermal damage threshold and stable structure. Therefore, SESAM mode-locked fiber lasers with fundamental repetition rate exceeding 1 GHz have been extensively studied. In 1.5 μm waveband, Martinez et al. presented a CNT mode-locked Er/Yb co-doped phosphate glass fiber (PGF) laser with a fundamental repetition rate of up to 19.45 GHz, which is the highest fundamental repetition rate to date [9]. Thapa et al. reported a 12 GHz mode-locked laser oscillator using 0.8 cm highly Er/Yb doped PGF [10]. Zhou et al. demonstrated a compact SESAM mode-locked Er/Yb co-doped PGF laser with a fundamental repetition rate of 3.2 GHz [11]. Chen et al. demonstrated a 3 GHz femtosecond mode-locked laser with a heavily Er/Yb co-doped PGF [12]. However, highly Er/Yb co-doped PGFs were used, without exception, in all the aforementioned works, which are actually not commercially available yet. Thus far, the reported highest fundamental repetition rate with commercially available Er-doped silica fibers is 2.68 GHz at 1.5 μm wavelength region [13], which is much lower than that (19.45 GHz) with Er/Yb co-doped PGF [9]. In addition, long term operation was not demonstrated. Except for experiments, SESAMs-based high repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber have also been numerically studied and analyzed [1417]. A model was developed to explain the pulse instability of a high repetition rate fiber laser considering the changes of small-signal gain coefficient of the gain fiber [16]. Importantly, appropriate choice of the SESAM parameters is critical to prevent Q-switch instabilities for stable operation of high-repetition-rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers [18]. The highly stable mode-locking at GHz repetition rate, whether at anomalous dispersion or normal dispersion regions, can only be achieved with SESAMs with small modulation depth [14]. Lately, different repetition rates have been numerically studied by changing the total cavity length [17], according to which different pulse repetition rates ranging from 1.0 GHz to 10.0 GHz could be achieved. However, only 1.0 GHz and 2.2 GHz cavity were realized experimentally by using a SESAM with a modulation depth of 37% and saturation fluence of 30 μJ/cm2.

Usually, it is widely accepted that fiber lasers exhibit very high gain compared with their solid-state laser counterpart. So, SESAMs with high modulation depth and low reflectivity were typically employed for passively mode-locked fiber laser with repetition rate on the order of ∼100 MHz. However, for passively mode-locked fiber laser with multi-gigahertz repetition rate, the gain fiber length has to be very short, i.e. few centimeters or shorter than 1 cm, which is similar to the length of crystal used in mode-locked bulk lasers. In this case, fiber gain becomes much lower than that in typical ∼100 MHz case, so the so called “fiber laser” in its short limit gradually develops into “solid state lasers”. Therefore, lessons on selection of SESAMs and management of cavity loss and dispersion could and should be drawn from SESAM mode-locked bulk lasers, when multi-gigahertz SESAM mode-locked fiber laser is designed and configured.

In this contribution, basic design guidelines for high repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers are discussed, based on which, a 5 GHz fundamental repetition rate passively SESAM mode-locked fiber laser is demonstrated with commercially available Er-doped silica fiber. The central wavelength is at 1561.0 nm with an SNR of 62.1 dB and a bandwidth of ∼0.69 nm. After amplification, the pulse width and the 3-dB bandwidth were measured to be 3.86 ps and 1.16 nm, leading to a time-bandwidth product (TBP) of 0.55, which is a little higher than the transform-limited TBP of 0.44 for Gaussian-shaped pulse.

2. Experimental setup

Figure 1(a) illustrates the schematic diagram of the experimental setup for GHz passively mode-locked all-fiber laser at 1.5 μm. The laser system consists of a EDF oscillator and an external EDF amplifier. A 2.09-cm-long commercially available EDF (Liekki Er110-4/125) with a gain coefficient of 1 dB/cm at 1550 nm acted as a gain medium. The gain fiber was pumped by a single-mode pigtailed 976 nm laser diode (LD) through a wavelength division multiplexer (WDM). The EDF was inserted and glued in a ceramic ferrule with an inner diameter of 127.5 μm and an outer diameter of 2.5 mm. Both end facets of the gain fiber were perpendicularly polished. One end of the EDF was butt-coupled to dielectric films (DFs) coated on a passive fiber ferrule end facet, which was fusion spliced to the common port of WDM. The DFs, which were prepared by the ion beam assisted deposition technique, exhibit a high transmittance of ∼99% at the pump wavelength of 976 nm, as well as a high reflectivity of over 98% at 1550 nm, as shown in Fig. 1(b). The opposite end of the EDF was perpendicularly connected to a SESAM with a chip area of 4.0 mm × 4.0 mm and a thickness of 450 μm. Two different SESAMs were used in this work for comparison. The characteristics of the SESAMs are listed in Tab. 1. To dissipate the possible heat, the SESAM was glued on a copper heat sink and thereafter mounted on a linear piezo-motor driven stage (Newport AG-LS25) via a bracket assembly to accurately control the relative position between the facet of the EDF and SESAM for enabling stable mode locking.

 figure: Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. (a) The schematic diagram of the experimental setup for 5 GHz mode-locked Er-doped silica fiber oscillator and amplifier. The inset of (a) shows the photograph of the laser cavity, (b) The reflectance of the dielectric film. The inset of (b) illustrates the reflectance on a span of 50 nm. LD, laser diode; PC, polarization controller; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; DF, dielectric films; EDF, Er-doped fiber; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror; ISO, isolator.

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Tables Icon

Table 1. Characteristics of semiconductor saturable absorber mirror

A photograph of the FP fiber laser cavity is shown in the inset of Fig. 1(a). The dispersion of the SESAM is ∼1000 fs2 at 1.56 μm and the second-order dispersion of the used EDF is 15 fs2/mm at 1.55 μm. Then, the net cavity dispersion is estimated to be ∼1313.5 fs2. The output pulses from the oscillator were amplified by one-stage EDFA. An isolator (ISO) was used to prevent unwanted intracavity reflections between the oscillator and amplifier. The optical spectrum was measured using an optical spectrum analyzer (Yokogawa AQ6370D). The pulse train was detected by using a 12 GHz bandwidth photodetector (New Focus 1554-B), and monitored with a 16 GHz mixed signal oscilloscope (Tektronix MSO 71604C). The pulse duration was measured by an autocorrelator (APE PulseCheck). A signal analyzer (Keysight N9020B) was employed to characterize the radio-frequency (RF) spectrum and phase noise.

3. Comparison with solid-state lasers

A number of passively mode-locked fiber lasers [1930] and solid-state lasers [3143] operating at 1.5 μm have been extensively investigated to achieve reliable mode-locking performance. An overview on selected best results of fundamentally mode-locked lasers is made to illustrate the difference between fiber lasers and their solid-state laser counterpart, summarized in Fig. 2. The trends of modulation depth of SESAMs used in fiber lasers and solid-state lasers are indicated by red line and blue line. Like that shown in Fig. 2, as the repetition rate increases, the two lines keep approaching. When high repetition rate (≥1 GHz) is achieved, the gap between two lines becomes extremely small. It is worth mentioning that there is an exception reported in Ref. [10] where a SESAM with strong modulation depth of 54% was used as the mode locker. Although the strong modulation depth will lead to large cavity loss, the gain coefficient of as high as 6 dB/cm in PGF is enough to meet stability condition, as discussed later. From the analysis of the Q-switched mode-locked operation in Ref. [18], one can see that a proper choice of the SESAM characteristics, such as: modulation depth, saturation fluence, and absorbance, plays a key role in obtaining stable self-starting CW mode-locked operation with a high repetition rate. An important parameter for SESAM mode-locked laser is the critical intracavity pulse energy Ec, which is defined as the minimum intracavity pulse energy required for obtaining stable CW mode-locking. The criterion parameter Ec is given by [18]:

$${E_c} = {({F_{sat,a}}{A_{eff,a}}{F_{sat,g}}{A_{eff,g}}\Delta R)^{\frac{1}{2}}}$$
where Fsat,a and Fsat,g are the saturation fluence of the SESAM and the gain medium. Aeff,a and Aeff,g are the effective laser mode area on the saturable absorber and inside the gain medium, respectively. ΔR is the modulation depth of the SESAM. Equation (1) reveals that both Aeff,a and Aeff,g should be small. In the meanwhile, SESAMs with low saturation fluence and weak modulation depth are also desirable to obtain the smallest possible value of Ec.

 figure: Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. A summary diagram of selected studies on 1.5 μm SESAM mode-locked fiber lasers and solid-state lasers to show the general trends. Note: not all related papers are included here.

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4. Experimental results and discussion

In order to verify our conjecture, the experiments were carried out with two SESAMs (both produced by Batop GmbH): SESAM-1, with a weak modulation depth ΔR=3% and a small saturation fluence Φ=15 μJ/cm2, and SESAM-2, with a relatively strong modulation depth ΔR=15% and a large saturation fluence Φ=30 μJ/cm2. It is worth noting that when SESAM-2 is used as the mode locker, the highest repetition rate of CW mode-locking is only 2.43 GHz, corresponding to 4.26 cm cavity length. Attempt with 5 GHz cavity (∼2 cm cavity length) was failed to deliver CW mode-locking, only Q-switched mode-locking was achieved with SESAM-2. The minimum intracavity pulse energy required by SESAM-1 and SESAM-2 in CW mode locking was denoted as Ec-1 and Ec-2. The ratio Ec-1/Ec-2 = 0.32 highlights the fact that SESAM-1 (with lower value for both modulation depth and saturation fluence) requires smaller intracavity pulse energy to maintain CW mode locking operation. Thus, commercially available EDF with relatively low gain coefficient can provide sufficient gain to initiate the pulsed behavior.

To get a stable CW mode-locked laser, careful adjustments of relative position between the fiber end and SESAM-1 were carried out. The relationship between the output power of the oscillator and launched pump power is depicted in Fig. 3. Once pump power threshold of 44 mW is reached, the laser operates in Q-switched mode locking state and the output power increases linearly with increasing pump power. Above launched pump power of 241 mW, self-started mode locking is realized and the output power keeps linearly dependence on injected pump power but with a slightly higher slope. The insets of Fig. 3 show the shape of pulse trains in different mode locking regimes over a 10 μs time scale. No pulse breaking or Q-switched mode-locking operation can be found in the range of 241-302 mW, indicating a CW mode-locking condition.

 figure: Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. Laser output power with respect to the launched pump power.

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To clearly show how the mode-locking conditions was satisfied, the output power Pout = 1.2 mW, and the output coupler transmission T = 1.5% are used to calculate the intracavity pulse energy. ${E_p} = {P_{out}}{T_R}/T$ is the energy of a mode-locked pulse in the cavity where TR is the cavity round-trip time. Thus, the calculated intracavity pulse energy is 16.2 pJ. The mode areas on the SESAM, Aeff,a is estimated to be 32.5 μm2, which is determined by effective mode area of the gain fiber. The intracavity pulse fluence of SESAM, ${F_s} = {E_p}/{A_{eff,a}}$ can be calculated to be 49.9 μJ/cm2, which is 3.3 times of the saturation fluence of SESAM-1. Therefore, CW mode-locking can be realized. In the CW mode locking regime, the maximum output power obtained from the oscillator is 1.37 mW with the pump power of 302 mW. When the pump power was higher than 302 mW, the pulsation was observed due to the periodic modulation of the pulse train triggered by excessive pump power [16].

 Figure 4(a) illustrates the mode-locked spectrum at the pump power of 274 mW, centered at 1561.0 nm with a 3-dB bandwidth of 0.69 nm, which is limited by the weak modulation depth of the SESAM [15]. It is believed that shorter pulse duration and broader bandwidth can be expected by employing a dispersion-controlled fiber mirror in the laser cavity. From enlarged central portion of the spectrum, the longitudinal mode structure of the laser can be clearly observed. As depicted in the insert of Fig. 4(a), a spectral fringe with a period of 0.041 nm was obtained, corresponding to the intrinsic 4.95 GHz longitudinal mode spacing of the FP laser cavity. The RF spectrum was recorded by using a signal analyzer with a resolution bandwidth of 1 kHz, as shown in Fig. 4(b). The fundamental repetition rate of the fiber laser was measured to be 4.947 GHz and a SNR of greater than 60 dB without Q-switching sidebands confirms that steady state CW mode-locking is achieved. The inset to Fig. 4(b) shows the broad-span RF spectrum of the fundamental repetition frequency and its harmonics in a span of 13.5 GHz (limited by the bandwidth of the signal analyzer). As shown in Fig. 4(c), the laser delivered uniform pulse trains with a temporal period of 203 ps exiting the cavity.

 figure: Fig. 4.

Fig. 4. (a) Optical spectrum of the fundamental mode-locking operation at a pump power of 274 mW. Inset: magnification of the top peak of the optical spectrum. (b) Measured RF spectrum of the oscillator with a resolution bandwidth of 1 kHz. Inset: the broad-span RF output spectrum. (c) Typical pulse train of fundamental mode-locked fiber laser with 4.95 GHz repetition rate.

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Given the highest average output power of CW mode-locked oscillator is 1.37 mW, the maximum single pulse energy can be calculated to be 0.24 pJ. In order to measure the intensity autocorrelation trace, the output power of the oscillator was amplified to 27 mW. A series of measurements pertaining to amplified laser pulse are displayed in Fig. 5. The spectrum is shown in Fig. 5(a) with a 3-dB bandwidth of 1.16 nm, whose moderate spectral broadening is mainly due to the nonlinear self-phase modulation effect. As plotted in Fig. 5(b), the measured autocorrelation trace shows a Gaussian profile, with a full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 5.46 ps, corresponding to a pulse width of 3.86 ps with a deconvolution factor of 1.41. The pulse width is slightly longer than the transform limited pulse width of 3.54 ps, which could be attributed to chromatic dispersion and optical nonlinearities during propagation. Figure 5(c) shows the stability of the output power at 27 mW for 3 hours, with a root mean square (RMS) noise of 0.72%. The inset of Fig. 5(c) shows 3-hour recording of the spectrum, indicating the stability of the high repartition rate fiber laser. A logarithmic plot of the phase noise is displayed in Fig. 5(d). The phase noise is -31 dBc/Hz at 10 Hz offset and decreases to -150 dBc/Hz at 10 MHz offset. The resulting timing jitter integrated from 10 MHz down to 10 Hz is calculated to be 3.77 ps.

 figure: Fig. 5.

Fig. 5. (a) The optical spectra measured after amplification. (b) The autocorrelation trace measured at an output power of 27 mW. (c) the stability record of the output power for 3 hours. The inset of (c) shows false color map of optical spectra of high repetition-rate mode-locked laser recorded per minute for 3 hours. (d) the phase noise and the corresponding integrated timing jitter of the amplified pulses.

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5. Conclusion

In conclusion, the fundamental repetition rate of 5 GHz all-fiber passively mode-locked EDF laser was demonstrated. A 2.09 cm commercial EDF was employed as the gain medium in the compact and robust oscillator. By using high reflectivity SESAM and the dielectric films, the CW mode-locking pump threshold power is optimized to 241 mW. The mode-locked fiber laser operated at 1561.0 nm, and the pulse width after amplification was measured to be 3.86 ps. Meanwhile, the stability of mode locking within 3 hours was verified by monitoring of spectrum and power fluctuation. The timing jitter integrated from 10 MHz to 10 Hz was 3.77 ps. Further theoretical investigations disclose that the modulation depth of the SESAM plays an important role in achieving high repetition rate CW mode locking. We except higher repetition rate could be obtained by employing SESAMs with lower modulation depth.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China (118041292, 61475086, 61527823, 62075116, 62075117); Joint Foundation of the Ministry of Education (6141A02022413, 6141A02022421, 6141A02022430); Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2019MF039); Fundamental Research Fund of Shandong University (2017JC023, 2018JCG02).

Acknowledgement

We would like to thank Prof. Huihui Cheng from Xiamen University for his helpful advices.

Disclosures

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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39. Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012). [CrossRef]  

40. S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003). [CrossRef]  

41. S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004). [CrossRef]  

42. A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010). [CrossRef]  

43. A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “100 GHz passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm with 1.6-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21930–21935 (2008). [CrossRef]  

References

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  39. Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  40. S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  41. S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  42. A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  43. A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “100 GHz passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm with 1.6-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21930–21935 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2020 (1)

2019 (2)

2018 (3)

Y. Zhou, W. Lin, H. Cheng, W. Wang, T. Qiao, Q. Qian, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “Composite filtering effect in a SESAM mode-locked fiber laser with a 3.2-GHz fundamental repetition rate: switchable states from single soliton to pulse bunch,” Opt. Express 26(8), 10842–10857 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–12 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

2016 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6155–6163 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

H. Byun, M. Y. Sander, A. Motamedi, H. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact, stable 1 GHz femtosecond Er-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(29), 5577–5582 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (6)

2007 (2)

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. J. McFerran, L. Nenadovic, W. C. Swann, J. B. Schlager, and N. R. Newbury, “A passively mode-locked fiber laser at 1.54 μm with a fundamental repetition frequency reaching 2 GHz,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13155–13166 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, “Direct generation of subpicosecond chirp-free pulses at 10 GHz from a nonpolarization maintaining actively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1150–1152 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 46–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Abdollahi, M.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Abreu-Afonso, J.

Akçaalan, Ö.

H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–12 (2018).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, S.

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, “Direct generation of subpicosecond chirp-free pulses at 10 GHz from a nonpolarization maintaining actively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1150–1152 (2000).
[Crossref]

Araujo-Hauck, L. P. C.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bagheri, A.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bakhshi, B.

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, “Direct generation of subpicosecond chirp-free pulses at 10 GHz from a nonpolarization maintaining actively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1150–1152 (2000).
[Crossref]

Benedick, A. J.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brovelli, L. R.

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Byun, H.

H. Byun, M. Y. Sander, A. Motamedi, H. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact, stable 1 GHz femtosecond Er-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(29), 5577–5582 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, D. Pudo, J. Chen, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-repetition-rate, 491 MHz, femtosecond fiber laser with low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2221–2223 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, H. Byun, E. P. Ippen, S. Jiang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fundamentally mode-locked 3 GHz femtosecond erbium fiber laser,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena XIV, Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy, 2008.

Cabasse, A.

A. Cabasse, B. Ortaç, G. Martel, A. Hideur, and J. Limpert, “Highly normal dispersion Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a SESAM,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuFF4.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, C.

M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, K. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optoelectronic Devices and Intergration V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014), 92701E.

Chen, H.

M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, K. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optoelectronic Devices and Intergration V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014), 92701E.

Chen, J.

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, D. Pudo, J. Chen, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-repetition-rate, 491 MHz, femtosecond fiber laser with low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2221–2223 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, H. Byun, E. P. Ippen, S. Jiang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fundamentally mode-locked 3 GHz femtosecond erbium fiber laser,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena XIV, Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy, 2008.

Chen, S.

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Chu, Y.

D’Odorico, S.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

Dekker, H.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ebling, D.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ebrahimi, A.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Eden, J. G.

Elahi, P.

H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–12 (2018).
[Crossref]

Endo, M.

M. Endo and Y. Kobayashi, “15-GHz, Kerr-Lens mode-locked laser and Fourier synthesis of each comb tooth,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CF_4_2.

Feldman, A.

Fendel, P.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gallmann, L.

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gholami, A.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gini, E.

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

Glenday, A. G.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gopinath, J. T.

Grange, R.

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grawert, F. J.

Haiml, M.

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Harder, C.

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Harvey, T.

Hekmat, M. J.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hideur, A.

A. Cabasse, B. Ortaç, G. Martel, A. Hideur, and J. Limpert, “Highly normal dispersion Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a SESAM,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuFF4.

Hogg, R. A.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hönninger, C.

Hou, J.

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Huang, H.

X. Wei, S. Xu, H. Huang, M. Peng, and Z. Yang, “A femtosecond hybrid mode-locking fiber ring laser at 409 MHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(8), 085104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, K. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optoelectronic Devices and Intergration V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014), 92701E.

Huang, X.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Innerhofer, E.

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, S.

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, H. Byun, E. P. Ippen, S. Jiang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fundamentally mode-locked 3 GHz femtosecond erbium fiber laser,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena XIV, Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy, 2008.

Kalaycioglu, H.

H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–12 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kanani, M.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

H. Byun, M. Y. Sander, A. Motamedi, H. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact, stable 1 GHz femtosecond Er-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(29), 5577–5582 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, D. Pudo, J. Chen, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-repetition-rate, 491 MHz, femtosecond fiber laser with low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2221–2223 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, M. J. Park, M. H. Perrott, and F. X. Kärtner, “Photonic subsampling analog-to-digital conversion of microwave signals at 40-GHz with higher than 7-ENOB resolution,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16509–16515 (2008).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. J. Grawert, J. T. Gopinath, F. Ö. Ilday, H. M. Shen, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, J. Liu, K. Wada, and L. C. Kimerling, “220-fs erbium-ytterbium:glass laser mode locked by a broadband low-loss silicon/germanium saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 329–331 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, H. Byun, E. P. Ippen, S. Jiang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fundamentally mode-locked 3 GHz femtosecond erbium fiber laser,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena XIV, Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy, 2008.

Keller, U.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “100 GHz passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm with 1.6-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21930–21935 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. C. Stumpf, S. C. Zeller, A. Schlatter, T. Okuno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Compact Er:Yb:glass-laser-based supercontinuum source for high-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10572–10579 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Soliton modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 263–265 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 46–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Kimerling, L. C.

Kisel, V. E.

Kobayashi, Y.

M. Endo and Y. Kobayashi, “15-GHz, Kerr-Lens mode-locked laser and Fourier synthesis of each comb tooth,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CF_4_2.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Krainer, L.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Soliton modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 263–265 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kurmulis, S.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Laporta, P.

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leandro, D.

Leonyuk, N. I.

Li, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
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Li, H.

Li, J.

Y. Ma, X. Zhu, L. Yang, M. Tong, R. A. Norwood, H. Wei, Y. Chu, H. Li, N. Dai, J. Peng, J. Li, and N. Peyghambarian, “Numerical investigation of GHz repetition rate fundamentally mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 27(10), 14487–14504 (2019).
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J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, “Direct generation of subpicosecond chirp-free pulses at 10 GHz from a nonpolarization maintaining actively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1150–1152 (2000).
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Li, Q.

M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, K. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optoelectronic Devices and Intergration V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014), 92701E.

Limpert, J.

A. Cabasse, B. Ortaç, G. Martel, A. Hideur, and J. Limpert, “Highly normal dispersion Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a SESAM,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuFF4.

Lin, W.

Litago, I. A.

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Liu, M.

Liu, P.

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liverini, V.

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

López-Amo, M.

López-Higuera, J. M.

Luo, A.

Z. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and W. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
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Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and W. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Manescau, A.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mangold, M.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martel, G.

A. Cabasse, B. Ortaç, G. Martel, A. Hideur, and J. Limpert, “Highly normal dispersion Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a SESAM,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuFF4.

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
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A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6155–6163 (2011).
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McFerran, J. J.

Mirin, R. P.

Mironov, A. E.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Morse, J.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moser, M.

Motamedi, A.

Muñoz-Marco, H.

Murphy, M. T.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nenadovic, L.

Newbury, N. R.

Nguyen, D.

Normohammadi, H.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

Oehler, A. E.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oehler, A. E. H.

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “100 GHz passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm with 1.6-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21930–21935 (2008).
[Crossref]

Okuno, T.

Omoomi, M.

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ortaç, B.

A. Cabasse, B. Ortaç, G. Martel, A. Hideur, and J. Limpert, “Highly normal dispersion Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a SESAM,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuFF4.

Ostinelli, O.

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, M. J.

Paschotta, R.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Soliton modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 263–265 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 46–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pekarek, S.

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Peng, M.

X. Wei, S. Xu, H. Huang, M. Peng, and Z. Yang, “A femtosecond hybrid mode-locking fiber ring laser at 409 MHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(8), 085104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pérez-Herrera, R. A.

Pérez-Millán, P.

Perrott, M. H.

Petrich, G. S.

Peyghambarian, N.

Phillips, D. F.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pudo, D.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Byun, D. Pudo, J. Chen, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-repetition-rate, 491 MHz, femtosecond fiber laser with low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2221–2223 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qian, Q.

Qiao, T.

Quintela, MÁ

Rafailov, E. U.

Resan, B.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rutz, A.

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sander, M. Y.

Sardiello, G.

Sasselov, D.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T. R.

Schlager, J. B.

Schlatter, A.

Schön, S.

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shen, H.

Shen, H. M.

Shoji, T. D.

Sibbett, W.

Sickler, J.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sickler, J. W.

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, H. Byun, E. P. Ippen, S. Jiang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fundamentally mode-locked 3 GHz femtosecond erbium fiber laser,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena XIV, Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy, 2008.

Silverman, K. L.

Sizmann, A.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

Spühler, G. J.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Soliton modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 263–265 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stumpf, M. C.

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Stumpf, S. C. Zeller, A. Schlatter, T. Okuno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Compact Er:Yb:glass-laser-based supercontinuum source for high-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10572–10579 (2008).
[Crossref]

Südmeyer, T.

Süedmeyer, T.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

Szentgyorgyi, A.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Thapa, R.

Tolstik, N. A.

Tong, M.

Troshin, A. E.

Udem, T.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wada, K.

Walsworth, R. L.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, M.

M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, K. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optoelectronic Devices and Intergration V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014), 92701E.

Wang, Q.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

Wei, H.

Wei, X.

X. Wei, S. Xu, H. Huang, M. Peng, and Z. Yang, “A femtosecond hybrid mode-locking fiber ring laser at 409 MHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(8), 085104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “100 GHz passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm with 1.6-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21930–21935 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Soliton modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 263–265 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wu, X.

Xie, W.

Xu, S.

Xu, W.

Z. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and W. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, S.

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6155–6163 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Yang, Z.

Zeller, S.

R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zeller, S. C.

M. C. Stumpf, S. C. Zeller, A. Schlatter, T. Okuno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Compact Er:Yb:glass-laser-based supercontinuum source for high-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10572–10579 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, T.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, L.

Zheng, X.

Zhou, K.

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, X.

Zhukov, A. E.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 40-GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(7), 787–788 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Picosecond diode-pumped 1.5 µm Er,Yb:glass lasers operating at 10–100 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 53–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

A. Rutz, R. Grange, V. Liverini, M. Haiml, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “1.5 µm GaInNAs semiconductor saturable absorber for passively modelocked solid-state lasers,” Electron. Lett. 41(6), 321–323 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. J. Spühler, L. Gallmann, R. Fluck, G. Zhang, L. R. Brovelli, C. Harder, P. Laporta, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium glass laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 567–569 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Passively modelocked 50 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(14), 875–877 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–12 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, “Direct generation of subpicosecond chirp-free pulses at 10 GHz from a nonpolarization maintaining actively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1150–1152 (2000).
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R. Grange, S. Zeller, M. Haiml, O. Ostinelli, E. Gini, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Antimonide semiconductor saturable absorber for passive mode locking of a 1.5-μm Er:Yb:glass laser at 10 GHz,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(7), 805–807 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

P. Liu, J. Hou, B. Zhang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 273–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

X. Wei, S. Xu, H. Huang, M. Peng, and Z. Yang, “A femtosecond hybrid mode-locking fiber ring laser at 409 MHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(8), 085104 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. J. Hekmat, A. Gholami, M. Omoomi, M. Abdollahi, A. Bagheri, H. Normohammadi, M. Kanani, and A. Ebrahimi, “Ultra-short pulse generation in a linear femtosecond fiber laser using a Faraday rotator mirror and semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(2), 025101 (2018).
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Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. P. C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s-1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

J. Kim, M. J. Park, M. H. Perrott, and F. X. Kärtner, “Photonic subsampling analog-to-digital conversion of microwave signals at 40-GHz with higher than 7-ENOB resolution,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16509–16515 (2008).
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H. Cheng, Y. Zhou, A. E. Mironov, W. Wang, T. Qiao, W. Lin, Q. Qian, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and J. G. Eden, “Mode suppression of 53 dB and pulse repetition rates of 2.87 and 36.4 GHz in a compact, mode-locked fiber laser comprising coupled Fabry-Perot cavities of low finesse (F = 2),” Opt. Express 25(20), 24400–24409 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively mode-locked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6155–6163 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
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Y. Ma, X. Zhu, L. Yang, M. Tong, R. A. Norwood, H. Wei, Y. Chu, H. Li, N. Dai, J. Peng, J. Li, and N. Peyghambarian, “Numerical investigation of GHz repetition rate fundamentally mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 27(10), 14487–14504 (2019).
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J. J. McFerran, L. Nenadovic, W. C. Swann, J. B. Schlager, and N. R. Newbury, “A passively mode-locked fiber laser at 1.54 μm with a fundamental repetition frequency reaching 2 GHz,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13155–13166 (2007).
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H. Cheng, W. Lin, T. Qiao, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of instability of continuous wave mode locking: Towards high fundamental repetition rate in Tm3+-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 24(26), 29882–29895 (2016).
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Y. Zhou, W. Lin, H. Cheng, W. Wang, T. Qiao, Q. Qian, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “Composite filtering effect in a SESAM mode-locked fiber laser with a 3.2-GHz fundamental repetition rate: switchable states from single soliton to pulse bunch,” Opt. Express 26(8), 10842–10857 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. C. Stumpf, S. C. Zeller, A. Schlatter, T. Okuno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Compact Er:Yb:glass-laser-based supercontinuum source for high-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10572–10579 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “100 GHz passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm with 1.6-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21930–21935 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

Z. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci. Rep. 2(1), 477 (2012).
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Ultrafast Phenomena XVI (1)

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Femtosecond passively mode-locked fiber lasers using saturable Bragg reflectors,” Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768–770 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

A. Cabasse, B. Ortaç, G. Martel, A. Hideur, and J. Limpert, “Highly normal dispersion Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a SESAM,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuFF4.

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, H. Byun, E. P. Ippen, S. Jiang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fundamentally mode-locked 3 GHz femtosecond erbium fiber laser,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena XIV, Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy, 2008.

M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, K. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optoelectronic Devices and Intergration V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014), 92701E.

M. Endo and Y. Kobayashi, “15-GHz, Kerr-Lens mode-locked laser and Fourier synthesis of each comb tooth,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CF_4_2.

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) The schematic diagram of the experimental setup for 5 GHz mode-locked Er-doped silica fiber oscillator and amplifier. The inset of (a) shows the photograph of the laser cavity, (b) The reflectance of the dielectric film. The inset of (b) illustrates the reflectance on a span of 50 nm. LD, laser diode; PC, polarization controller; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; DF, dielectric films; EDF, Er-doped fiber; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror; ISO, isolator.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. A summary diagram of selected studies on 1.5 μm SESAM mode-locked fiber lasers and solid-state lasers to show the general trends. Note: not all related papers are included here.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Laser output power with respect to the launched pump power.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Optical spectrum of the fundamental mode-locking operation at a pump power of 274 mW. Inset: magnification of the top peak of the optical spectrum. (b) Measured RF spectrum of the oscillator with a resolution bandwidth of 1 kHz. Inset: the broad-span RF output spectrum. (c) Typical pulse train of fundamental mode-locked fiber laser with 4.95 GHz repetition rate.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) The optical spectra measured after amplification. (b) The autocorrelation trace measured at an output power of 27 mW. (c) the stability record of the output power for 3 hours. The inset of (c) shows false color map of optical spectra of high repetition-rate mode-locked laser recorded per minute for 3 hours. (d) the phase noise and the corresponding integrated timing jitter of the amplified pulses.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Characteristics of semiconductor saturable absorber mirror

Equations (1)

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E c = ( F s a t , a A e f f , a F s a t , g A e f f , g Δ R ) 1 2

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