Abstract

A potential technology applied in optical storage, the polarization holography has attracted much attention. In polarization holography, not only the amplitude and phase but also the polarization state is applied to record the information. What is meant by faithful reconstruction is that the reconstructed wave is identical to the signal wave. In the previously reported experiments about faithful reconstruction in orthogonal polarization holography, all the reading waves are identical to the reference waves of recording stage. It may result in a misunderstanding that the reading wave being identical to the reference wave of recording stage is the prerequisite for faithful reconstruction. We designed the experiments to observe the faithful reconstruction read by different polarized waves, where two orthogonal elliptically polarized waves are applied in the recording stage and phenanthrenequinone-doped poly methyl methacrylate (PQ/PMMA) is used as the recording material. By controlling the exposure time of recording material, the faithful reconstruction may be observed when the reading wave is the linearly polarized wave and the elliptically polarized wave, where neither reading wave is the same as the reference wave. The result may be of help for us to understand the reconstructed characteristics of orthogonal polarization holography.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. Introduction

The holography is very useful in many fields, such as the display, imaging, augmented reality, and the optical storage, etc [14]. As far as the conventional holography is concerned, the amplitude and the phase are applied in the technology. However, for the polarization holography, not only the amplitude and the phase but also the polarization state is applied [57]. Interestingly, the application of polarization state brings new knowledge about holography. For example, the reconstructed wave of polarization holography depends on the reading wave, which has not been observed in conventional holography. It means the polarization state of reconstructed wave may be affected by the polarization state of reading wave. Also, the application of polarization state introduces the new dimension in holography. It means the more information could be stored in the recording material, and it may be one advantage of the polarization holography over the conventional holography. Besides the aforementioned advantages, the polarization holography may be applied to generate the vector beam, complex beam, and polarization grating, etc [811]. Therefore the polarization holography deserves to be studied [1217].

A theory based on the paraxial approximation has been proposed to explain the polarization holography for a long time, where the Jones matrix was applied [17]. The main disadvantage of the theory is the angle between the signal and reference waves should be small, generally smaller than 10 degrees, because the paraxial approximation is adopted in the theory. Therefore, the theory is not suitable for the experiment with large angle. To break through the paraxial approximation, a new polarization holography theory based on the tensor method is proposed, which could explain the experimental result with large angle [18]. Directed by the tensor polarization holography theory, some interesting phenomena, such as the faithful reconstruction [1921], the null reconstruction [2227], and the inverse polarizing effect [28], have been observed and explained. These experiments confirm the validity of the tensor polarization holography theory. Among these phenomena, the faithful reconstruction attracts our attention.

What is called faithful reconstruction is that the reconstructed wave is identical to the signal wave, which means the information or image stored in the recording material is read or displayed correctly. Then this phenomenon is very important and useful when we pursue high quality display, imaging, and data storage, etc. Thus, the faithful reconstruction is of importance in polarization holography.

Until now, though many experimental results about the faithful reconstruction have been reported, all the reading waves are the same as the reference wave of recording process. It may be concluded that one prerequisite for faithful reconstruction is that the reading wave should be the same as the reference wave of recording process. However, in the experiment about faithful reconstruction in elliptical polarization holography, where two orthogonal elliptically polarized waves are applied in the recording stage, we find that the reading wave may be different from the reference wave, even be linearly polarized wave. The result enlarges our understanding about the polarization holography.

2. Theoretical derivation

The experimental setup about polarization holography is shown in Fig. 1. The experiment may be divided into two stages. One is the recording stage, and the other is reconstructing stage, as Figs. 1(a) and (b) show. In the recording stage, the signal wave interferes with the reference wave, and the information is stored in the recording material. In the reconstructing stage, with Bragg condition being satisfied, the material is illuminated by the reading wave and the reconstructed wave is generated. Based on tensor method and coupled-wave theory, the reconstructed wave is [18]

$$\begin{array}{l} {{\textbf G}_{\textbf F}} \propto B({{\textbf G}_{\textbf - }^{\mathbf {\ast} } \cdot {\textbf F}} ){{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }} + A({{{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }} \cdot {\textbf G}_{\textbf - }^{\mathbf {\ast}}} ){\textbf F} + B({{{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }} \cdot {\textbf F}} ){\textbf G}_{\textbf - }^{\mathbf {\ast} }\\ - \{{[{A({{{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }} \cdot {\textbf G}_{\textbf - }^{\mathbf {\ast} }} ){\textbf F} + B({{{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }} \cdot {\textbf F}} ){\textbf G}_{\textbf - }^{\mathbf {\ast} }} ]\cdot {{\textbf k}_{\textbf + }}} \}{{\textbf k}_{\textbf + }} \end{array}$$
$${{\textbf k}_{\textbf + }} = \left( {\begin{array}{c} { - \sin {\theta_ + }}\\ 0\\ {\cos {\theta_ + }} \end{array}} \right)$$
where GF is the reconstructed wave, A and B are the coefficients of the scalar and tensor components for the recording material and vary with the exposure time, G- and G+ are the reference and signal waves in the recording process, k+ is the wave vector of signal wave, F is the reading wave in the reconstructing stage, and the superscript * represents the conjugation.

 figure: Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of polarization holography. (a) recording stage, and (b) reconstructing stage.

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From Eq. (1), we could not find the interesting result. We may assume that the signal, reference, and reading waves are elliptically polarized, since the elliptically polarized wave may be treated as the linearly and/or circularly polarized wave after some simplifications are adopted. It means the derived theoretical result could be applied to the linear and circular polarization holography. As shown in Fig. 2, the signal, reference, and reading waves may be written as

$${{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }} \propto a{{\textbf p}_{\textbf + }} + b{e^{i\delta }}{\textbf s}$$
$${{\textbf G}_{\textbf - }} \propto b{{\textbf p}_{\textbf - }} + a{e^{i({\delta + \pi } )}}{\textbf s} = b{{\textbf p}_{\textbf - }} - a{e^{i\delta }}{\textbf s}$$
$${\textbf F} \propto m{{\textbf p}_{\textbf - }} + n{e^{i\varphi }}{\textbf s}$$
$${\textbf s} = \left( {\begin{array}{c} 0\\ 1\\ 0 \end{array}} \right)$$
$${{\textbf p}_{\textbf + }} = \left( {\begin{array}{c} {\cos {\theta_ + }}\\ 0\\ {\sin {\theta_ + }} \end{array}} \right)$$
$${{\textbf p}_{\textbf - }} = \left( {\begin{array}{c} {\cos {\theta_ - }}\\ 0\\ {\sin {\theta_ - }} \end{array}} \right)$$
where s is the unit vector of s- component, p+ and p- are the unit vectors of p- component for the signal and reference waves, respectively. For the reference and signal waves, a and b are s- and (or) p- component of elliptically polarized wave correspondingly, and δ is the phase difference between s- and p- component. For the reading wave, m and n are the s- and p- component of elliptically polarized wave, and φ is the phase difference between s- and p- component. When the major and minor axes of vibrational ellipse for vector field are interchanged as well as the rotation direction is inverse, the elliptically polarized wave would become its orthogonal wave. Obviously, in the recording stage, the polarization state of signal wave and that of reference wave are orthogonal. In the reconstructing stage, the polarization state of the reading wave is arbitrary. By the parameters shown in Fig. 2, we may calculate the phase difference δ by the following equations [29]
$$\delta = a\cos \left( {\frac{{\tan 2\beta }}{{\tan 2\alpha }}} \right)$$
$$\tan \alpha = \frac{b}{a}$$
where β is the angle between the major axis of ellipse and the horizontal direction.

 figure: Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. Vibrational ellipse for signal wave, where a and b are s- or p- components, β is angle between major axis and p- direction.

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Inserting Eqs. (2)–(8) into Eq. (1) gives

$$\begin{array}{l} {{\textbf G}_{\textbf F}} \propto \\ {{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }}\{{Aab({\cos \theta - 1} )({bn{e^{i({\varphi - \delta } )}} + am\cos \theta } )+ B[{bm - an{e^{i({\varphi - \delta } )}}} ]({{a^2} + {b^2}} )} \\ { + Bab[{am\cos \theta + bn{e^{i({\delta + \varphi } )}}} ]({\cos \theta - {e^{ - i2\delta }}} )} \}\\ + {{\textbf G}_{\textbf + }}^\prime \{{Aab({\cos \theta - 1} )({bm\cos \theta - an{e^{i({\varphi - \delta } )}}} )+ B[{am\cos \theta + bn{e^{i({\delta + \varphi } )}}} ]({{a^2}{e^{ - i2\delta }} + {b^2}\cos \theta } )} \}\end{array}$$
where θ is the angle between the signal and reference waves inside the recording material. In Eq. (10), the parameters a, b, and δ are determined by the polarization state of signal and references waves of recording stage, and θ could be measured in the experiment. In this work, what we concern is that both the signal and reference waves are elliptically polarized waves, so in Eq. (10), a ≠ 0, b ≠ 0, and δ ≠ 0 and π. The parameters m, n, and φ enable the determination of the polarization state of reading wave, and they could be changed in the experiment. In Eq. (10), when the coefficient of G+ equals zero, it is the faithful reconstruction. This condition yields
$$\frac{A}{B} = \frac{{[{am\cos \theta + bn{e^{i({\delta + \varphi } )}}} ]({{b^2}\cos \theta + {a^2}{e^{ - i2\delta }}} )}}{{ab({1 - \cos \theta } )[{bm\cos \theta - an{e^{i({\varphi - \delta } )}}} ]}}$$
Since the ratio of A to B varies with the exposure time, Eq. (11) may be satisfied by controlling the exposure time. Generally speaking, from Eq. (11), the faithful reconstruction may be realized when the material is illuminated by the non-reference wave of recording stage.

Let us consider a particular case. If the reading wave is linearly polarized wave, for example, p- polarized wave, it means m = 1, n = 0, and φ = 0 in Eq. (11). Then Eq. (11) may be rewritten as

$$\frac{A}{B} = \frac{{{b^2}\cos \theta + {a^2}{e^{ - i2\delta }}}}{{{b^2}({1 - \cos \theta } )}}$$

When the ratio of A to B obeys Eq. (12), the faithful reconstruction is realized with the reading wave being p- polarized wave. In the aforementioned paragraph, we have pointed out that the value of A/B is dependent on the exposure time; therefore, the faithful reconstruction shown in Eq. (12) is dependent on the exposure time, too.

3. Experiments and results

In the experiment, the recording material is PQ/PMMA, which is prepared in our laboratory. The preparation procedure consists of two steps. In the first step, we dissolve phenanthraquinone (PQ) and 2,2-Azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) in glass bottle filled with methyl methacrylate (MMA), where PQ is photo sensitizer, AIBN is thermo-initiator, and MMA is liquid monomer. The solution is mixed evenly via using an ultrasonic water bath and the impurities are filtered out by a filter mesh. The glass bottle is then placed in Magnetic Stirrers and kept at a constant temperature until the solution becomes homogeneously viscoid. In the second step, the syrup is poured into a glass mold. Then the mold has been heated to 60°C for 1 day to solidify the mixture. Figure 3 shows the photo of the obtained PQ/PMMA material, which is 4 cm × 4 cm in size and 1.5 mm in thickness, and the concentration of PQ is 1 wt.%. Obviously, the size and thickness may be changed when the different glass mold is used.

 figure: Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. Image of prepared PQ/PMMA sample.

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To confirm the result of Eq. (12), i. e., the reading wave may be linearly polarized wave to observe the faithful reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography, we design the experiment shown in Fig. 4. The laser emits 532 nm linearly polarized wave. The polarization beam splitter (PBS) splits the laser into s-polarized and p- polarized waves. What the half wave plate (HWP) does is get the equal powers in s- polarized and p- polarized waves. The quarter wave plate (QWP) is used to obtain the elliptically polarized wave. The s- polarized wave becomes the elliptically polarized wave after it pass through HWP2 and QWP1, which is used as the signal wave. In the experiment, with the azimuth of QWP1 being parallel to the horizontal direction, the major or minor axis of ellipse is parallel or perpendicular to the horizontal direction. Then the phase difference between s- and p- components is 90°. Similarly, the reference wave is that the p- polarized wave passes through HWP3 and QWP2. With the polarization state of the signal wave being orthogonal to that of the reference wave, the azimuth of QWP1 and QWP2 as well as that of HWP2 and HWP3 should be parallel. The azimuth of QWP 3 is perpendicular to that of QWP1, and the azimuth of HWP4 is parallel to that of HWP2. The set results in that any polarized wave would remain its origin polarization after it pass through HWP2, QWP1, QWP3, and HWP4 consecutively. The refractive index of recording material at 532 nm is about 1.51, then the angle between the signal and reference waves outside the recording material is about 90°, and that inside the material is about 56°. Due to Fresnel reflection, the polarization states of signal, reference, and reading waves would change when these waves enter the recording material. However, these variations do not affect the observation of faithful reconstruction. From Eqs. (11) and (12), we could see that the different polarization state of signal, reference, and reading wave merely affect the calculated A/B value. The different A/B value results in the different exposure time.

 figure: Fig. 4.

Fig. 4. Schematic diagram of experiment for verifying Eq. (12). At, Attenuator; BE, Beam Expander; A, Aperture; M, Mirror; HWP, Half Wave Plate; QWP, Quarter Wave Plate; PBS, Polarization Beam Splitter; BS, Beam Splitter; SH, Shutter; PM, Power Meter.

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Under the ideal circumstance, upon PM2 value is zero, the faithful reconstruction is obtained. However, due to the anisotropy of PQ/PMMA, PM2 could not be zero. Then we confirm the faithful reconstruction by the standard: the ratios of PM1 to PM2 and PM3 to PM4 for reconstructed wave should be the same as those for signal wave. In the experiment, by adjusting the azimuth of HWP2 and HWP3, the ratio of s- component to p- component for the signal wave in light intensity is set to 2:1, and that for the reference wave is 1:2. Then the angle between the azimuth of HWP3 and the horizontal direction is 17 degree roughly. In the recording stage, the shutter 1 is opened while the shutter 2 is closed. In the reconstructing stage, the shutter 2 is opened while the shutter 1 is closed. Also in the reconstructing stage, we rotate the azimuth of HWP3 while that of QWP2 is fixed. When the exposure time is about 15 minutes, the experimental results are satisfying and shown in Fig. 5.

 figure: Fig. 5.

Fig. 5. (a) Powers and (b) ratios varying with rotating angle of azimuth of HWP3 for experiment verifying Eq. (12).

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From Figs. 5(a) and (b), we could see that, when the rotating angle is about 73 degree, the faithful reconstruction is realized, because at this angle the values of PM1/PM2 and PM3/PM4 for reconstructed wave are the same as those for signal wave. Noting that the angle between the azimuth and the horizontal direction is about 17 degree, the azimuth of HWP3 is parallel to the horizontal direction. It implies that the reading wave is p-polarized linearly wave. As we pointed in the aforementioned text, not zero. Moreover, the ratio of PM3 to PM4 is not 2:1 either. We think the anisotropy of PQ/PMMA may account for this phenomenon. To check this viewpoint, we kept off the reference wave. Under this circumstance, the values of PM1-4 are 7.7 mW, 0.35 mW, 3.69 mW, and 3.19 mW, respectively. Then the ration of PM1 to PM2 is about 22, and that of PM3 to PM4 is 1.16 roughly. This result confirms that the anisotropy of PQ/PMMA. In order to confirm the faithful reconstruction easily, we also plot the ratios of PM1 to PM2 and PM3 to PM4 for signal wave in Fig. 5(b). By Eq. (12), we may calculate the value of A/B. Since the ratio of s- component to p- component for the signal wave in light intensity is 2:1, the value of b/a is 20.5. The major or minor axis of ellipse for signal wave is parallel or perpendicular to the horizontal direction, thus δ = 90°. The angle between the signal and reference waves, that is, θ, is about 56°, then A/B is about 0.134 by Eq. (12).

The aforementioned experiment verifies that the faithful reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography may be realized with the reading wave being linearly polarized wave. Then we will show the experiment about the faithful reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by elliptically polarized wave, which is a more universal case. The theoretical result is shown in Eq. (11), and the experimental setup is shown in Fig. 6. The s- linearly polarized wave becomes the elliptically polarized wave after it pass through QWP1, which is treated as the signal wave. The angle between the azimuth of QWP1 and the horizontal direction is about 63°, and the ratio of s- component to p- component for the signal wave in light intensity is 2:1. In this case, β = 63° and b/a = 20.5. From these two values, δ ≈ 60.8° is calculated by Eq. (9). Similarly, it is the reference wave that the p- linearly polarized wave passes through QWP2. The angle between the azimuth of QWP2 and the horizontal direction is about 63°, too. The QWP3 is placed to check the polarization state of reconstructed wave, and its azimuth is perpendicular to that of QWP1, i. e., the angle between azimuth of QWP3 and the horizontal direction is about 153°. In the recording stage, the shutter 1 is opened while the shutter 2 is closed. In the reconstructing stage, the shutter 2 is opened while the shutter 1 is closed. Also in the reconstructing stage, the azimuth of QWP2 is rotated.

 figure: Fig. 6.

Fig. 6. Schematic diagram of experiment for verifying Eq. (11). At, Attenuator; BE, Beam Expander; A, Aperture; M, Mirror; HWP, Half Wave Plate; QWP, Quarter Wave Plate; PBS, Polarization Beam Splitter; BS, Beam Splitter; SH, Shutter; PM Power Meter.

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After the recording material is exposed for about 20 minutes, the faithful reconstruction is observed and the experimental result is shown in Fig. 7. With the rotation of QWP2, the polarization state of reading wave is varied. As Fig. 7 shows, the faithful reconstruction is obtained at point Q, and the rotating angle is about 54 degree. When the pure signal wave travels through PQ/PMMA, the values of PM1-4 are 10.4 mW, 0.921 mW, 6.03 mW, and 3.38 mW, respectively. Therefore, the ratios of PM1 to PM2 and PM3 to PM4 are 11.3 and 1.78. These values are identical to those at point Q, therefore we conclude that the faithful reconstruction is observed. At this point, we check the polarization state of reading wave. The s- and p- components of reading wave in light intensity are 18.4 mW and 1.13 mW, respectively, and then the corresponding ratio in light field is 4:1, that is, m/n ≈ 1/4. The angle between the major axis and the horizontal direction, β, is about 171 ( = 27 + 54 + 90) degree. From these two measured values, we obtain that φ ≈ 52.5°. Combined with the values of b/a and δ, we get A/B ≈ 0.29 + 0.022i. Obviously, the polarization state of reading wave is not identical to that of reference wave.

 figure: Fig. 7.

Fig. 7. (a) Powers and (b) ratios varying with rotating angle of azimuth of QWP2 for experiment verifying Eq. (11).

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The experimental setups shown in Figs. 4 and 6 are similar, but their results show the different physical meanings. One is the reading wave being linearly polarized, and the other is the reading wave being elliptically polarized. Neither reading wave is the same as the reference wave. Since the values of A/B are different in these two experiments, their exposure times are different, too. By controlling the exposure time carefully, we may observe the faithful reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography when the reading wave is not same as the reference wave. In addition, the obtained A/B value is calculated by Eq. (11) or (12) for the faithful reconstruction, and it is difficult to get the exact A/B value in the experiment.

4. Discussion and conclusion

In the previously reported works, the faithful reconstruction is observed only if the reading wave is the reference wave of recording stage. However, in this work, we show the faithful reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by linearly and elliptically polarized waves, respectively. We may conclude that the reading wave being the reference wave is not the prerequisite for the faithful reconstruction. Then how to obtain the faithful reconstruction in polarization holography would be an interesting work.

From Eq. (11), the faithful reconstruction depends on the polarization state of reading wave, the angle between the signal and reference waves, and the ratio of A to B. The result implies that the faithful reconstruction is a universal phenomenon in polarization holography when some conditions are satisfied. When the reading polarization is the same as the reference wave, the faithful reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography is possible. It has been confirmed by our previously reported experiment [19]. Obviously, it is not the prerequisite for faithful reconstruction that the polarization state of reading wave is identical to that of reference wave.

The reported faithful reconstruction read by non-reference wave may be applied in holographic data storage. In the reconstructing stage, we may apply a signal wave, whose polarization state is orthogonal to that of reading wave, to record another hologram. Then we can record another hologram while we read one hologram.

Funding

National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFA0701800); Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China (2017L3009); Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China (IRT_15R10).

Disclosures

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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References

  • View by:

  1. H. Horimai, X. Tan, and J. Li, “Collinear holography,” Appl. Opt. 44(13), 2575–2579 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  2. X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Nobukawa and T. Nomura, “Multilevel recording of complex amplitude data pages in a holographic data storage system using digital holography,” Opt. Express 24(18), 21001–21011 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Wei, J. Zang, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Z. Huang, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Review on polarization holography for high density storage,” Opto-Electron. Eng. 46(3), 180598 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Liu, X. Sun, and L. Wang, “Polarization holographic characteristics of TI/PMMA polymers by linearly polarized exposure,” Opt. Mater. 107, 109992 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  7. U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, K. Volke-Sepúlveda, and G. Cipparrone, “Polarization holograms allow highly efficient generation of complex light beams,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7505–7510 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Barada, T. Ochiai, T. Fukuda, S. Kawata, K. Kuroda, and T. Yatagai, “Dual-channel polarization holography: a technique for recording two complex amplitude components of a vector wave,” Opt. Lett. 37(21), 4528–4530 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. V. Tiwari, S. Gautam, D. Naik, R. Singh, and N. Bisht, “Characterization of a spatial light modulator using polarization-sensitive digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 59(7), 2024–2030 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  12. Z. Huang, D. Marks, and D. Smith, “Polarization-selective waveguide holography in the visible spectrum,” Opt. Express 27(24), 35631–35645 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Huang and K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of polarization volume hologram,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(2), 372–390 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  15. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, and N. Tomova, “Polarization holography. 2: Polarization holographic gratings inphotoanisotropic materials with and without intrinsic birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 23(24), 4588–4591 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, K. Stoyanova, and N. Tomova, “Polarization holography. 3: Some applications ofpolarization holographic recording,” Appl. Opt. 24(6), 785–788 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  17. L. Nikolova and P. Ramanujam, Polarization holography (Cambridge University, 2009).
  18. K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  19. Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Hong, G. Kang, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of faithful reconstruction in nonparaxial approximation polarization holography,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 10024–10029 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Shao, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Investigation of the null reconstruction effect of an orthogonal elliptical polarization hologram at a large recording angle,” Appl. Opt. 58(36), 9983–9989 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  23. Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Wu, G. Kang, J. Zang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Null reconstruction of orthogonal circular polarization hologram with large recording angle,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8880–8887 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Zang, G. Kang, P. Li, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Y. Hong, Y. Huang, X. Tan, A. Wu, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Dual-channel recording based on the null reconstruction effect of orthogonal linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1377–1380 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Wang, G. Kang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Zang, P. Li, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of the extraordinary null reconstruction phenomenon in polarization volume hologram,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1641–1647 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, R. Wei, and X. Tan, “Four-channel volume holographic recording with linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 44(17), 4107–4110 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  28. Y. Zhang, G. Kang, J. Zang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Inverse polarizing effect of an elliptical polarization recorded hologram at a large cross angle,” Opt. Lett. 41(17), 4126–4129 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (7th edition) (Cambridge University, 1999).

2020 (6)

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

P. Liu, X. Sun, and L. Wang, “Polarization holographic characteristics of TI/PMMA polymers by linearly polarized exposure,” Opt. Mater. 107, 109992 (2020).
[Crossref]

V. Tiwari, S. Gautam, D. Naik, R. Singh, and N. Bisht, “Characterization of a spatial light modulator using polarization-sensitive digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 59(7), 2024–2030 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (4)

2017 (2)

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, G. Kang, J. Zang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Null reconstruction of orthogonal circular polarization hologram with large recording angle,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8880–8887 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, K. Volke-Sepúlveda, and G. Cipparrone, “Polarization holograms allow highly efficient generation of complex light beams,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7505–7510 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T. Huang and K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of polarization volume hologram,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(2), 372–390 (1995).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

1984 (2)

Barada, D.

Bisht, N.

Blagoeva, B.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (7th edition) (Cambridge University, 1999).

Cipparrone, G.

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, K. Volke-Sepúlveda, and G. Cipparrone, “Polarization holograms allow highly efficient generation of complex light beams,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7505–7510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dai, T.

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
[Crossref]

Fan, F.

Fujimura, R.

K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, T.

Gautam, S.

Hao, J.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, T.

N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
[Crossref]

Hong, K.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Hong, Y.

Horimai, H.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

H. Horimai, X. Tan, and J. Li, “Collinear holography,” Appl. Opt. 44(13), 2575–2579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, T.

T. Huang and K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of polarization volume hologram,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(2), 372–390 (1995).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Huang, Z.

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, D. Marks, and D. Smith, “Polarization-selective waveguide holography in the visible spectrum,” Opt. Express 27(24), 35631–35645 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Wei, J. Zang, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Z. Huang, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Review on polarization holography for high density storage,” Opto-Electron. Eng. 46(3), 180598 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kang, G.

Kawata, S.

Kawatsuki, N.

N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, K.

J. Zang, G. Kang, P. Li, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Y. Hong, Y. Huang, X. Tan, A. Wu, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Dual-channel recording based on the null reconstruction effect of orthogonal linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1377–1380 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Hong, G. Kang, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of faithful reconstruction in nonparaxial approximation polarization holography,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 10024–10029 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, G. Kang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Zang, P. Li, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of the extraordinary null reconstruction phenomenon in polarization volume hologram,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1641–1647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. Kang, J. Zang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Inverse polarizing effect of an elliptical polarization recorded hologram at a large cross angle,” Opt. Lett. 41(17), 4126–4129 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, G. Kang, J. Zang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Null reconstruction of orthogonal circular polarization hologram with large recording angle,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8880–8887 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Barada, T. Ochiai, T. Fukuda, S. Kawata, K. Kuroda, and T. Yatagai, “Dual-channel polarization holography: a technique for recording two complex amplitude components of a vector wave,” Opt. Lett. 37(21), 4528–4530 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, P.

Lin, X.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

P. Liu, X. Sun, and L. Wang, “Polarization holographic characteristics of TI/PMMA polymers by linearly polarized exposure,” Opt. Mater. 107, 109992 (2020).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

L. Shao, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Investigation of the null reconstruction effect of an orthogonal elliptical polarization hologram at a large recording angle,” Appl. Opt. 58(36), 9983–9989 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, R. Wei, and X. Tan, “Four-channel volume holographic recording with linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 44(17), 4107–4110 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Wei, J. Zang, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Z. Huang, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Review on polarization holography for high density storage,” Opto-Electron. Eng. 46(3), 180598 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, G. Kang, P. Li, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Y. Hong, Y. Huang, X. Tan, A. Wu, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Dual-channel recording based on the null reconstruction effect of orthogonal linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1377–1380 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Hong, G. Kang, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of faithful reconstruction in nonparaxial approximation polarization holography,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 10024–10029 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, G. Kang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Zang, P. Li, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of the extraordinary null reconstruction phenomenon in polarization volume hologram,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1641–1647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. Kang, J. Zang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Inverse polarizing effect of an elliptical polarization recorded hologram at a large cross angle,” Opt. Lett. 41(17), 4126–4129 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, G. Kang, J. Zang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Null reconstruction of orthogonal circular polarization hologram with large recording angle,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8880–8887 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marks, D.

Mateev, G.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Matsuhashi, Y.

K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
[Crossref]

Naik, D.

Nazarova, D.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Nedelchev, L.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Nikolova, L.

Nobukawa, T.

Nomura, T.

Ochiai, T.

Ono, H.

N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Otsetova, A.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Pagliusi, P.

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, K. Volke-Sepúlveda, and G. Cipparrone, “Polarization holograms allow highly efficient generation of complex light beams,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7505–7510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Provenzano, C.

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, K. Volke-Sepúlveda, and G. Cipparrone, “Polarization holograms allow highly efficient generation of complex light beams,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7505–7510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ramanujam, P.

L. Nikolova and P. Ramanujam, Polarization holography (Cambridge University, 2009).

Ruiz, U.

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, K. Volke-Sepúlveda, and G. Cipparrone, “Polarization holograms allow highly efficient generation of complex light beams,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7505–7510 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shao, L.

Shimura, T.

Y. Hong, G. Kang, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of faithful reconstruction in nonparaxial approximation polarization holography,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 10024–10029 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, G. Kang, P. Li, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Y. Hong, Y. Huang, X. Tan, A. Wu, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Dual-channel recording based on the null reconstruction effect of orthogonal linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1377–1380 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, G. Kang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Zang, P. Li, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of the extraordinary null reconstruction phenomenon in polarization volume hologram,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1641–1647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. Kang, J. Zang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Inverse polarizing effect of an elliptical polarization recorded hologram at a large cross angle,” Opt. Lett. 41(17), 4126–4129 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, G. Kang, J. Zang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Null reconstruction of orthogonal circular polarization hologram with large recording angle,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8880–8887 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

Smith, D.

Stoyanova, K.

Stoykova, E.

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

P. Liu, X. Sun, and L. Wang, “Polarization holographic characteristics of TI/PMMA polymers by linearly polarized exposure,” Opt. Mater. 107, 109992 (2020).
[Crossref]

Tamoto, T.

N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tan, X.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
[Crossref]

L. Shao, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Investigation of the null reconstruction effect of an orthogonal elliptical polarization hologram at a large recording angle,” Appl. Opt. 58(36), 9983–9989 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, R. Wei, and X. Tan, “Four-channel volume holographic recording with linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 44(17), 4107–4110 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Wei, J. Zang, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Z. Huang, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Review on polarization holography for high density storage,” Opto-Electron. Eng. 46(3), 180598 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, G. Kang, P. Li, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Y. Hong, Y. Huang, X. Tan, A. Wu, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Dual-channel recording based on the null reconstruction effect of orthogonal linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1377–1380 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Hong, G. Kang, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of faithful reconstruction in nonparaxial approximation polarization holography,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 10024–10029 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, G. Kang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Zang, P. Li, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of the extraordinary null reconstruction phenomenon in polarization volume hologram,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1641–1647 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Wang, L.

P. Liu, X. Sun, and L. Wang, “Polarization holographic characteristics of TI/PMMA polymers by linearly polarized exposure,” Opt. Mater. 107, 109992 (2020).
[Crossref]

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R. Wei, J. Zang, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Z. Huang, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Review on polarization holography for high density storage,” Opto-Electron. Eng. 46(3), 180598 (2019).
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L. Shao, J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Investigation of the null reconstruction effect of an orthogonal elliptical polarization hologram at a large recording angle,” Appl. Opt. 58(36), 9983–9989 (2019).
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J. Zang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, R. Wei, and X. Tan, “Four-channel volume holographic recording with linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 44(17), 4107–4110 (2019).
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J. Zang, G. Kang, P. Li, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Y. Hong, Y. Huang, X. Tan, A. Wu, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Dual-channel recording based on the null reconstruction effect of orthogonal linear polarization holography,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1377–1380 (2017).
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[Crossref]

J. Wang, G. Kang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Zang, P. Li, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Investigation of the extraordinary null reconstruction phenomenon in polarization volume hologram,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1641–1647 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, G. Kang, J. Zang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Null reconstruction of orthogonal circular polarization hologram with large recording angle,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8880–8887 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. Kang, J. Zang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Inverse polarizing effect of an elliptical polarization recorded hologram at a large cross angle,” Opt. Lett. 41(17), 4126–4129 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
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Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

N. Kawatsuki, T. Hasegawa, H. Ono, and T. Tamoto, “Formation of polarization gratings and surface relief gratings in photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystals by polarization holography,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 991–994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (7)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

U. Ruiz, P. Pagliusi, C. Provenzano, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient generation of vector beams through polarization holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161104 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Huang and K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of polarization volume hologram,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(2), 372–390 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Nedelchev, E. Stoykova, G. Mateev, B. Blagoeva, A. Otsetova, D. Nazarova, K. Hong, and J. Park, “Photoinduced chiral structures in case of polarization holography with orthogonally linearly polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 461, 125269 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, Y. Liu, and X. Tan, “Prerequisite for faithful reconstruction of orthogonal elliptical polarization holography,” Opt. Eng. 59(10), 1 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

Z. Huang, Y. He, T. Dai, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Null reconstruction in orthogonal elliptical polarization holography read by non-orthogonal reference wave,” Opt. Laser Eng. 131, 106144 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Liu, X. Sun, and L. Wang, “Polarization holographic characteristics of TI/PMMA polymers by linearly polarized exposure,” Opt. Mater. 107, 109992 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Rev. (2)

K. Kuroda, Y. Matsuhashi, R. Fujimura, and T. Shimura, “Theory of polarization holography,” Opt. Rev. 18(5), 374–382 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zang, A. Wu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, X. Lin, X. Tan, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Characteristics of volume polarization holography with linear polarization light,” Opt. Rev. 22(5), 829–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opto-Electron. Adv. (1)

X. Lin, J. Liu, J. Hao, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, H. Horimai, and X. Tan, “Collinear holographic data storage technologies,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 3(3), 19000401–19000408 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opto-Electron. Eng. (1)

R. Wei, J. Zang, Y. Liu, F. Fan, Z. Huang, L. Zhu, and X. Tan, “Review on polarization holography for high density storage,” Opto-Electron. Eng. 46(3), 180598 (2019).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

L. Nikolova and P. Ramanujam, Polarization holography (Cambridge University, 2009).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (7th edition) (Cambridge University, 1999).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of polarization holography. (a) recording stage, and (b) reconstructing stage.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Vibrational ellipse for signal wave, where a and b are s- or p- components, β is angle between major axis and p- direction.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Image of prepared PQ/PMMA sample.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Schematic diagram of experiment for verifying Eq. (12). At, Attenuator; BE, Beam Expander; A, Aperture; M, Mirror; HWP, Half Wave Plate; QWP, Quarter Wave Plate; PBS, Polarization Beam Splitter; BS, Beam Splitter; SH, Shutter; PM, Power Meter.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Powers and (b) ratios varying with rotating angle of azimuth of HWP3 for experiment verifying Eq. (12).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Schematic diagram of experiment for verifying Eq. (11). At, Attenuator; BE, Beam Expander; A, Aperture; M, Mirror; HWP, Half Wave Plate; QWP, Quarter Wave Plate; PBS, Polarization Beam Splitter; BS, Beam Splitter; SH, Shutter; PM Power Meter.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Powers and (b) ratios varying with rotating angle of azimuth of QWP2 for experiment verifying Eq. (11).

Equations (13)

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G F B ( G - F ) G + + A ( G + G - ) F + B ( G + F ) G - { [ A ( G + G - ) F + B ( G + F ) G - ] k + } k +
k + = ( sin θ + 0 cos θ + )
G + a p + + b e i δ s
G - b p - + a e i ( δ + π ) s = b p - a e i δ s
F m p - + n e i φ s
s = ( 0 1 0 )
p + = ( cos θ + 0 sin θ + )
p - = ( cos θ 0 sin θ )
δ = a cos ( tan 2 β tan 2 α )
tan α = b a
G F G + { A a b ( cos θ 1 ) ( b n e i ( φ δ ) + a m cos θ ) + B [ b m a n e i ( φ δ ) ] ( a 2 + b 2 ) + B a b [ a m cos θ + b n e i ( δ + φ ) ] ( cos θ e i 2 δ ) } + G + { A a b ( cos θ 1 ) ( b m cos θ a n e i ( φ δ ) ) + B [ a m cos θ + b n e i ( δ + φ ) ] ( a 2 e i 2 δ + b 2 cos θ ) }
A B = [ a m cos θ + b n e i ( δ + φ ) ] ( b 2 cos θ + a 2 e i 2 δ ) a b ( 1 cos θ ) [ b m cos θ a n e i ( φ δ ) ]
A B = b 2 cos θ + a 2 e i 2 δ b 2 ( 1 cos θ )

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