Abstract

In this study, the output energy in topological insulators (TIs)-based Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) was improved using two strategies: bidirectional pumped laser cavity and saturable absorber (SA) with high damage threshold and large modulation depth. Using the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, Bismuth Selenide (Bi2Se3) film was synthesized and improved to a SA. Employing this CVD-Bi2Se3 SA in an EDFL, bright and bright-dark soliton operations were achieved. The average output power/pulse energy was 82.6 mW/48.3 nJ and 81.2 mW/47.5 nJ, respectively. The results demonstrate that CVD-Bi2Se3 can act as an excellent performance material to improve output power performance in TISA-based EDFL.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. Introduction

Mode-locked fiber lasers are desired by variety of applications, e.g. optical communications, optical sensing, material processing, biomedical diagnostics and spectroscopy [13]. A main strategy was typically used to obtain mode-locked operations in fiber lasers: incorporating a saturable absorbers (SAs) whose optical transmittance increases with the increase in the light intensity in a laser cavity. Recently, graphene [48] and other two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. topological insulators (TIs) [921], transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) [2230], black phosphorus (BP) [3134] and so on [3538]) is preferred for SA production due to its strong optical nonlinearity, broad spectral absorption, ultrafast response time and the ease of all-fiber integration [39]. Because of the ever-growing demand for mode-locked fiber lasers, high-performance SAs made of 2D materials have aroused rising attention.

Recently, a class of materials called TIs, e.g. Bismuth Selenide (Bi2Se3), Bismuth Telluride (Bi2Te3) and Antimony Telluride (Sb2Te3), have been demonstrated to be excellent 2D materials to fabricate SAs for Yb, Er and Tm-doped mode-locked fiber lasers [921]. Among them, Bi2Se3 is prominent for its properties of low saturation intensity, ultrafast recovery time, large modulation depth and high damage threshold. Besides, Bi2Se3 as a type of Dirac material, has a topologically non-trivial bandgap of 0.3 eV, corresponding to a wide optical absorption range, offering the possibility to be used as a SA when the wavelength of the light is shorter than 4 µm. Moreover, due to the giant third order nonlinearity of Bi2Se3, various mode-locked operations could be achieved in Bi2Se3 SA based fiber lasers. In 2012, Zhao et al. reported a wavelength-tunable picosecond mode-locked fiber laser with Bi2Se3 SA [9]. Since then, diverse Bi2Se3 SA based mode-locked fiber lasers have been demonstrated in a couple of years. Previous contributions were mainly focus on the operation in conventional soliton state. However, the output power of TISA based mode-locked fiber lasers still needs to be further improved. To the best of our knowledge, the average output power of TISA based mode-locked fiber lasers is generally lower than 10 mW. Yan et al. experimentally demonstrated a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with Bi2Te3 SA, of which the maximum average output power of the harmonic soliton pulse is 45.3 mW with a reputation rate of 2.95 GHz, corresponding a single pulse energy of 15.4 pJ [40]. Besides, for Bi2Se3 SA based mode-locked fiber lasers, the reported maximum average output power is even lower. In 2018, Xu et al. demonstrated a Bi2Se3 SA based mode-locked EDFL, which could achieve various mode-locked pulses generations, including large-energy pulses, dark solitons and soliton rains [41]. At the soliton rains mode-locked state, the maximum average output power is 33.8 mW, which is the largest value of output power in ever reported Bi2Se3 SA based mode-locked fiber laser. Those limitations could be overcome by employing high-quality Bi2Se3 SAs with a high optical damage threshold that could operate at high-power condition are essential. Up to date, mode lockers based on Bi2Se3 were prepared by polyol method and liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) method. These methods are capable of controlling the phase formation, particle size and morphology of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets and have the advantages of easy-preparation, low cost, etc. However, with the above method, the crystalline quality of the obtained Bi2Se3 nanosheets is not sufficiently excellent, and the particle size is in a small scale. To solve this problem, a suitable synthesis method should be introduced to prepare Bi2Se3 SA. As we know, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is an effective method for synthesizing high-crystalline quality layered 2D materials. Furthermore, the layer numbers of 2D materials fabricated via CVD method are controllable and the shapes are uniform. In general, using CVD method, the saturation intensity and modulation depth are controllable via changing the layer number, and the damage threshold could be much higher than any other synthesis method due to the excellent crystalline quality.

In this paper we demonstrated an EDFL mode-locked by a CVD- Bi2Se3 SA, which achieved two different mode-locked operations. The CVD-Bi2Se3 SA can serve as an excellent device to achieve diverse high pulse operations in fiber lasers for its properties of excellent saturable absorption, highly nonlinear effect and high damage threshold. For the bright and bright-dark soliton operations, the maximum average output power/single pulse energy was 82.6 mW/48.3 nJ and 81.2 mW/47.5 nJ with a pump power of 1.7 W, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, in constant to the reported TISA based mode-locked EDFL, 82.6 mW is the highest average output power. As a result, using CVD-Bi2Se3 SA and pumped by two pump sources, the output power is improved in TISA based EDFL.

2. CVD- Bi2Se3 SA fabrication and characterization

The Bi2Se3 sheets synthesizing experiment was carried out in the horizontal tube furnace (OTL1200) using a two-step growing process. See the details of the progress in Fig. 1. First, deposit a Se layer on the SiO2 substrate as a seed layer to produce nucleation sites around Se and force the Bi2Se3 sheets growing with a lateral direction. Besides, the Se-rich environment, provided by the seed layer, was necessary to increase the Se: Bi flux ratio. Se powder is used as the evaporation source in the center of the constant temperature zone. In the meantime, a SiO2 substrate cleaned using ultrasonic machine with the solutions of acetone, ethyl alcohol and deionized water was placed in the downstream zone, 15 cm far away from the Se powder. At a ramping rate of 10 ℃/min and the Ar gas flow of 50 sccm, the Se layer was deposited on the SiO2 substrate at the target temperature of 200 ℃ for 20 min under a base pressure of 2 Pa. Second, the Bi2Se3 sheets started to grow on the Se/SiO2 substrate using CVD method. Bi2Se3 powder, as the source material, was positioned near the hot center region where the temperature is close to the preset temperature (550 ℃). The Se/SiO2 substrate was placed in the downstream zone (15 cm far from the Bi2Se3 powder). The quartz tube was purged with Ar gas, and then the source material was deposited on the substrate, carried by the Ar with a gas flow of 50 sccm. To avoid the Se from the Se/SiO2 substrate being volatilized and to ensure the Bi2Se3 sheets can be deposited uniformly, the part of the tube containing the source material and substrate was removed from the furnace during the ramping process. It took about 55 min to rise the temperature to 550 ℃ at a ramping rate of 10 ℃/min. The part of the quartz tube containing the source material and substrate was moved to the center of the furnace, while the furnace was heated to the preset temperature of 550 ℃. The Bi2Se3 sheets started to grow for 20 min when the temperature was stabilized. Finally, the quartz tube was naturally cooled down to the ambient temperature in an Ar atmosphere.

 

Fig. 1. Schematic of the experimental setup for the synthesis of Bi2Se3 sheets.

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To incorporate the synthesized Bi2Se3 sheets into a fiber laser, the thermal release tape was used to transfer the CVD- Bi2Se3 from the SiO2 substrate onto a fiber ferrule. The transfer process is illustrated in Fig. 2. First, the thermal release tape was mounted upside down, facing the Bi2Se3/SiO2, and pressed with a finger (or something else) to be bonded to the material. Subsequently, the tape with a few layers Bi2Se3 sheets was stripped off from the substrate and stick on a fiber head. A heating platform was used to release the material from the thermal release tape. When the platform was raising to 120 ℃, the fiber ferrule/tape was moved onto the platform and kept for ∼ 5 min till the tape was separated from the fiber head. Finally, few layers Bi2Se3 sheets was transferred to the fiber head and SA was successfully prepared.

 

Fig. 2. Preparation process of the CVD-Bi2Se3 SA.

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The surface morphologies of the sample were imaged under a scanning electron microscope (SEM, ZEISS Sigma 500). The SEM image in Fig. 3(a) shows the hexagonal morphology of the uniform Bi2Se3 nanosheet with a multi-layered structure. The size of the nanosheet was measured to be a few microns. The synthesized sample was further measured under an atomic force microscope (AFM, Bruker Multimode 8) to characterize the thickness of Bi2Se3 nanosheet. As shown in Fig. 3(b), the AFM image clearly exhibits the surface morphology of the Bi2Se3 nanosheet with a layered-hexagonal structure. Figure 3(c) shows the difference in height from the substrate to the Bi2Se3 nanosheet, which corresponds to the thickness of about 120 nm of the synthesized sample. To characterize the Bi2Se3 incorporated in the fiber laser, the synthesized Bi2Se3 was transferred onto a SiO2 substrate using a thermal release tape, and the corresponding SEM and AFM image were measured respectively. Figure 3(d) shows the SEM image with a resolution of 20 µm. The irregular nanosheets were randomly distributed on the substrate, suggesting the transfer method was extremely effectual. The transferred nanosheets were micron-sized, offering the possibility to ensure that the Bi2Se3 can cover the fiber core after the preparation process of SA. The AFM image was recorded to analyze the thickness of the transferred nanosheets, as shown in Fig. 3(e), and the corresponding height difference from the substrate to the Bi2Se3 nanosheet is shown in Fig. 3(f). The thickness of the transferred sheet was 27 nm, much lower than that of the synthesized sample, which allows for a good optical transmittance.

 

Fig. 3. (a) SEM image of the CVD-Bi2Se3, (b) AFM image of the Bi2Se3, and (c) height profile of the selected area in (b); characteristics of the transferred Bi2Se3 sheet: (d) SEM image, (e) AFM image, and (f) height profile of the selected area in (e).

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The chemical composition of the synthesized sample was measured under the energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDS) in the SEM system. As shown in Fig. 4(a), the EDS spectrum demonstrated the recorded signals of C, O, Si, Se, and Bi. The signal of C atomic was attributed to the Carbon tape that used to hold the measured sample. The peaks of Si and O are assigned to the SiO2 substrate. The ratios of C, O, Si, Se, and Bi are 29.17, 2.98, 9.84, 34.63 and 23.39, respectively, as shown in the inset of Fig. 4(a). The atomic ratio of Se and Bi is 1.48: 1, which reveals a high purity of the synthesized Bi2Se3. It is noteworthy that the atomic ratio of O and Si is 0.30: 1, which is not consistent with the actual ratio in the SiO2 substrate. This phenomenon might due to the inherent nature of the EDS instrument. It is generally known that since the detection voltage is difficult to be completely suitable, the atomic ratios of the elements with a small atomic number (e.g. Carbon, Nitrogen and Oxygen) measured using EDS technology are unreliable. Therefore, the measured atomic ratio of O atomic does not have much reference value.

 

Fig. 4. Characteristics of the Bi2Se3 sheet: (a) EDS spectrum, (b) typical Raman spectrum, (c) XRD pattern, and (d) linear transmission of the transferred Bi2Se3 sheet.

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Structural characterization of the synthesized Bi2Se3 sheets was tested using a Raman spectroscopy (Horiba HR Evolution 800). In the range of 50-200 cm-1, the Raman spectrum was recorded with a 532 nm laser for excitation at ambient temperature, as shown in Fig. 4(b). The figure reveals that there are three characteristic peaks appeared in the Raman spectrum: the out-of-plane vibrational mode $\textrm{A}_{\textrm{1g}}^\textrm{1}$ at 71.3 cm-1, in-plane vibrational mode $\textrm{E}_\textrm{g}^\textrm{2}$ at 129.8 and the out-of-plane vibrational mode $\textrm{A}_{\textrm{1g}}^\textrm{2}$ at 172.0 cm-1. This result confirmed that the Bi2Se3 crystal was synthesized. X-ray diffraction (XRD, Bruker D8) was performed to explore the phase structure of the Bi2Se3 sample, as shown in Fig. 4(c). The (003) family diffraction peaks, which includes (003), (006), (009), (0012), (0015), (0018), and (0021) were detected, suggesting that the synthesized Bi2Se3 was rhombohedral structure along C axis [0001]. All the diffraction peaks exhibit high intensity, which evidences the high crystalline quality of our Bi2Se3 sheet grown by CVD method.

To characterize the absorption property of the synthesized Bi2Se3, the linear transmittance spectra of the Bi2Se3/SiO2 (after a transfer process) and SiO2 substrate were investigated using a UV/Vis/NIR spectrophotometer, as shown in Fig. 4(d). In comparation to the SiO2 substrate, the maximum transmittance of Bi2Se3/SiO2 in the wavelength range of 400-2100 nm was decreased from 94% to 69%. The minimum transmittance was 66.86% while the corresponding light wavelength was 1544 nm, which was close to the operating wavelength of our EDFL. Obviously, the Bi2Se3 sheets had a wide optical absorption range due to the bandgap of 0.3 eV. This feature allows Bi2Se3 to work as SAs when the wavelength of the light is shorter than 4 µm.

Using the power-dependent transmission technique and a homemade nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) EDFL with a pulse width of 560 fs at 1560.3 nm and a repetition rate of 33.6 MHz, the nonlinear saturable absorption property of the prepared Bi2Se3 SA was investigated. In the experiment, the Bi2Se3 SA exhibited an excellent saturable absorption property. As shown in Fig. 5, the fitting curve shows that the saturation intensity and modulation depth are 6.59 MW/cm2 and 15%, respectively.

 

Fig. 5. The nonlinear absorption curve of the Bi2Se3 SA.

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3. Experimental setup

The experimental setup is schematically shown in Fig. 6. A 974 nm laser diode (LD) and a 976 nm LD with the maximum output power of 544 mW and 1294 mW was used to provide bidirectional pump, and two 980/1550 wavelength-division multiplexers (WDM) were used to deliver the pump energy into the cavity. A piece of 62 cm long Er-doped fiber (EDF, Liekki Er-80, 8/125) with a dispersion parameter of 15.7 ps/nm/km served as the gain medium. The peak core absorption and Er concentration were 80 dB/m and 3150 ppm, respectively. There were two PCs to adjust the cavity birefringence in our fiber laser. Besides, a polarization-independent isolator (PI-ISO) was used to force the unidirectional operation of the ring cavity. The 60/40 optical coupler (OC) was used to extract the output of the laser pulses. To regulate the net dispersion value of the cavity, a 100 m long single-mode fiber (SMF, SMF-28) with dispersion parameter of 17 ps/nm/km was added into the cavity. The total length and net cavity dispersion were 120.2 m and -2.603 ps2, respectively.

 

Fig. 6. The experimental setup of the passively mode-locked fiber laser.

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4. Results and discussion

It is generally known that self-mode-locked operation can be achieved sometimes with a long-length laser cavity. Hence, before carrying out this experiment, we tested the operation characteristic of the EDFL without the Bi2Se3 SA. No pulse generation had been observed by carefully adjusting the PCs and the pump power, which implies that the self-mode-locked or the Fabry-Perot cavity effect does not exist in this laser cavity. After the Bi2Se3 SA was inserted into the ring laser cavity, different stable mode-locked operations could be achieved by adjusting the pump power and the state of polarization controlled by the PCs. In the following, two mode-locked operations that had been achieved in our EDFL are to be reported.

In this section, we primarily discussed the bright-soliton mode-locked state performance at the pump power of 1.7 W in our EDFL, as shown in Fig. 7. Figure 7(a) shows the typical output optical spectrum with the center wavelength located at 1557.908 nm. The corresponding 3-dB bandwidth was 0.342 nm. The single pulse trace shown in Fig. 7(b) has a pulse width of about 7.78 ns. This wide pulse duration was primarily attributed to the large net dispersion value, which was caused by the long-length laser cavity. The typical pulse train shown in the inset of Fig. 7(b) reveals that the pulse-to-pulse interval was 0.58 µs, which was well consistent with the 1.71 MHz fundamental frequency and the 120.2 m cavity length as well. This suggests that the pulse laser operated at the mode-locked state. To test the stability of this mode-locked operation, the RF spectrum was recorded, as shown in Fig. 7(c). The fundamental frequency was located at 1.71 MHz with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 42 dB. It noteworthy that the signal measured by the spectrum analyzer was only 25% of the output power. Consequently, the actual SNR should be higher than 42 dB. The achieved pulse duration was on a ns level, and the shape of the pulse did not exhibit a Gaussian or Hyperbolic secant profile. Thus, the RF spectrum tested in a broader range was not obtained in our experiment. The relations between the average output power and the pump power is shown in Fig. 7(d). The laser started to operate at the mode-locked state when the pump power was 600 mW. Obviously, the output power risen from 48.3 to 82.6 mW with the increase in the pump power from 0.6 to 1.7 W, and the corresponding single pulse energy rose from 26.8 nJ to 48.3 nJ. To the best of our knowledge, 82.6 mW is the largest value of the average output power in TISA based mode-locked EDFL.

 

Fig. 7. Characteristics of the dual-wavelength bright-soliton pulse laser: (a) output optical spectrum, (b) single pulse trace and the inset is digital oscilloscope image, (c) RF spectrum, and (d) the relationship between the average output power, single pulse energy, and the pump power.

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Due to the giant third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) coefficient, Bi2Se3 SA exhibits excellent NLO effect, which makes it likely to achieve versatile mode-locked operations, e.g. multi-wavelength pulse, rectangular pulse and multi-soliton generation. In our experiment, after the polarization state of the laser cavity was regulated by carefully adjusting the two PCs, another stable mode-locked state, the bright-dark soliton pair operation, was achieved in our Bi2Se3 based EDFL at the pump power of 551 mW. It is worth noting that the mode-locked threshold of both two mode-locked operations are relatively high. This phenomenon was mainly caused by the large insertion loss of the Bi2Se3 SA. After testing, the insertion loss of the SA is 6.6 dB, which is enough to cause an increase in the threshold. In addition, the value of the modulation depth of the Bi2Se3 SA was 15%, together with the large insertion loss, leads to a high mode-locked threshold. The characteristics of the bright-dark soliton pair mode-locked pulse laser are shown in Fig. 8. The typical triple-wavelength optical spectrum in Fig. 8(a) obviously shows that the center wavelengths of the two separated spectra were 1556.876, 1558.332 and 1559.386 nm with 3-dB bandwidth of 0.209, 0.354 and 0.235 nm, respectively. As mentioned above, Bi2Se3 has extremely high NLO coefficient that the NLO effect in the Bi2Se3 based mode-locked EDFL is overly strong. In particular, the Bi2Se3 synthesized using CVD method has a large area in a µm-scale, so its NLO effect should be higher. Besides, the polarization of the PCs could combine with the birefringence effect of the SMF to generate the spectral filtering effect, thereby achieving the multi-wavelength pulse. The trace of a single pulse, containing both bright and dark soliton simultaneously, is shown in Fig. 8(b). In accordance with the soliton theory and the previously work of Guo et al. in 2015, this pulse profile was termed as bright-dark soliton pair that exhibits the shape-preserving property of soliton [17]. The analysis of the trace shown in Fig. 8(b) reveals that the pulse durations of the bright and dark pulse were 2.59 and 5.59 ns, respectively. The difference with symbiotic solitary-wave pairs is that our bright and dark soliton are different in the pulse width, which is attributed to the high NLO effect caused by the Bi2Se3 SA. The pulse train recorded with a bandwidth of 10 µs is shown in the inset of Fig. 8(b). The figure shows that the pulse-to-pulse interval was 0.58 µs, which corresponded to the total length of the laser cavity of 120.2 m. The RF spectrum was recorded to demonstrate the stability of the EDFL, as shown in Fig. 8(c). The SNR is 41 dB with the fundamental frequency of 1.71 MHz. For the same mentioned reason, the actual value of SNR should be larger than the recorded value. Figure 8(d) displayed the output energy performance of the EDFL. With the rise in the pump power from 0.55 W to 1.7 W, the average output power increased from 40.1 to 81.2 mW, and the pulse energy rose from 23.5 to 47.5 nJ.

 

Fig. 8. Characteristics of the triple-wavelength bright-dark soliton pair: (a) output optical spectrum, (b) single pulse trace and the inset is digital oscilloscope image, (c) RF spectrum, and (d) the relationship between the average output power, single pulse energy, and the pump power.

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It is worth mentioning that the saturation absorption was not due to the direct-bandgap absorption, because the laser was operated at 1.5 µm region and the corresponding photon energies were about 0.83 eV, larger than the topologically non-trivial bandgap of Bi2Se3 (0.3 eV). Due to the Dirac-like band structure of Bi2Se3 and Pauli blocking, the saturation absorption effect will occur by the excitation from a strong light with single-photon energy larger than the bandgap [42].

Several representative EDFLs based on TISA were summarized in Table 1 to highlight the output energy performance of our CVD-Bi2Se3 based EDFL. The mode-locked pulse with the output power of 45.3 mW was achieved in a Bi2Te3 mode-locked EDFL [40]. However, the pulse energy was limited to 15.36 pJ. The Bi2Se3 EDFL listed in the table achieved the soliton rain mode-locked state with an output power of 33.8 mW [41]. However, the single pulse rain contains several soliton pulses so that the single pulse energy should be lower than the pulse energy of 62.87 nJ. In our study, the values of average output power and pulse energy were up-regulated significantly. 82.6 mW is not only the peak of the average output power compared with the mentioned TISA based EDFL, but also an extra high value compared with the other SAs-based EDFL. Differently with the mentioned works, a large pulse energy was obtained simultaneously in our experiment. Since CVD-Bi2Se3 exhibits high-crystalline quality, the damage threshold of the Bi2Se3 SA was extremely large, offering the ability to support the high pulse energy. Additionally, the CVD-Bi2Se3 has a low saturable intensity of 6.59 MW/cm2 and a large modulation depth of 15%, offering the possibility to generate the ultrafast and high-energy pulse. This suggests that Bi2Se3 grown by CVD method can exhibit a high performance in the laser applications.

Tables Icon

Table 1. A Comparison of Passively Mode-locked EDFL Based on TISAα

5. Conclusion

To sum up, the output energy performance of TISA based EDFL was enhanced using bidirectional pumped laser cavity and the CVD grown Bi2Se3 SA which has a large damage threshold. Using this CVD-Bi2Se3 SA in an EDFL, the 82.6 mW/48.3 nJ bright mode-locked pulse and 81.2 mW/47.5 nJ bright-dark soliton pair pulse were achieved easily. To the best of our knowledge, 82.6 mW is the largest value of the average output power in TISA based mode-locked EDFL. According to the results, the CVD-Bi2Se3 with the large modulation depth, third order nonlinearity and damage threshold could act as an excellent SA material to improve the output energy performance in mode-locked fiber lasers.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China (11674199, 51707111, 61205174); Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (2017GGX20120, ZR2016FP01, ZR2018QF006); China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M602177).

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24. H. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014). [CrossRef]  

25. K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017). [CrossRef]  

26. D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018). [CrossRef]  

27. D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015). [CrossRef]  

28. P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015). [CrossRef]  

29. K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018). [CrossRef]  

30. B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016). [CrossRef]  

31. Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015). [CrossRef]  

32. Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015). [CrossRef]  

33. J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015). [CrossRef]  

34. X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018). [CrossRef]  

35. N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018). [CrossRef]  

36. Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011). [CrossRef]  

37. C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018). [CrossRef]  

38. Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019). [CrossRef]  

39. B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018). [CrossRef]  

40. P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015). [CrossRef]  

41. N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018). [CrossRef]  

42. H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009). [CrossRef]  

43. B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015). [CrossRef]  

44. D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015). [CrossRef]  

45. J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014). [CrossRef]  

46. Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014). [CrossRef]  

47. Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015). [CrossRef]  

48. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014). [CrossRef]  

49. J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015). [CrossRef]  

50. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014). [CrossRef]  

51. J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014). [CrossRef]  

52. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014). [CrossRef]  

53. J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015). [CrossRef]  

54. W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015). [CrossRef]  

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    [Crossref]
  25. K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  26. D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  27. D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
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  28. P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  30. B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
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  31. Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
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    [Crossref]
  33. J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  34. X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  35. N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  36. Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  37. C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  38. Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  39. B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  40. P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  41. N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  42. H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  43. B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  44. D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  45. J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  46. Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  47. Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  48. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  49. J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  50. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  51. J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  52. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  53. J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  54. W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

N. N. Xu, N. Ming, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 373–383 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (8)

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (17)

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, Z. C. Luo, and F. Sanchez, “High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23053–23058 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (10)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Albrowowen, T.

Bai, C.

C. Bai, L. Wang, H. Wan, L. Li, L. Liu, and J. Pan, “Effects of CF4 content on particle densities and reaction pathways in atmospheric-pressure Ar/CF4 pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasma,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51(25), 255201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z. P.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, N.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q. Y.

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. Q.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. S.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, X. Q.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, J. F.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z. Y.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, B. B.

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, T. J.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

Fang, F.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feng, D. J.

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fu, X.

Gan, X.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gan, X. T.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
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J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
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J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
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K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
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J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 1–6 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
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N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
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K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
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K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
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J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
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Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
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Tarka, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
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K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
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Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
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Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
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When, S. C.

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Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
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Xu, R. Q.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
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Xu, X. D.

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Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
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Yan, P. G.

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
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Yang, C. Y.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
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Yang, R. H.

H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
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Yang, Y. F.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
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Yu, X. F.

Yu, Z. H.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
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Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
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D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
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Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
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K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
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J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. J.

Zhang, W. D.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. X.

Zhao, C.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
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C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. L.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
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Zhao, N.

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[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, Q. Miao, Y. P. Sun, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. K. Wang, “Solvent effect on dynamical TPA and optical limiting of BDMAS molecular media for nanosecond and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(3), 035103 (2011).
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L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y. H.

Zybala, R.

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H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Graphene mode locked, wavelength-tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111112 (2010).
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D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
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H. Y. Xu, X. J. Wan, Q. J. Ruan, R. H. Yang, T. J. Du, N. Chen, Z. P. Cai, and Z. Q. Luo, “Effects of nanomaterial saturable absorption on passively mode-locked fiber lasers in an anomalous dispersion regime: simulations and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–9 (2018).
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IEEE Photonics J. (3)

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable dual-wavelength synchronously Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
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J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, Z. H. Ren, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
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J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

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J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

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Laser Phys. (2)

Q. X. Guo, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, D. J. Feng, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked dual-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on antimony tin oxide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 29(4), 045801 (2019).
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J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105111 (2014).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
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Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, F. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
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Nature (1)

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Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. H. Xu, H. H. Xie, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, K. Wang, S. Y. Tang, X. F. Yu, H. Zhang, and Q. L. Bao, “Bilayer bismuth selenide nanoplatelets based saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation,” Opt. Commun. 395, 55–60 (2017).
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Opt. Express (15)

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
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Y. C. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, Z. C. Luo, and F. Sanchez, “High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23053–23058 (2015).
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H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
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P. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, and H. Chen, “2.95 GHz, femtosecond passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with topological insulator film,” Opt. Express 23(1), 154–164 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. B. Jiang, S. Q. Chen, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Yu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, S. C. When, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, S. B. Lu, Z. N. Guo, X. D. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
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X. X. Jin, G. H. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. W. Hu, T. Albrowowen, R. C. T. Howe, T. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
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N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
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Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
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J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Sotor, “Investigation on pulse shaping in fiber laser hybrid mode-locked by Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29014–29023 (2015).
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J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
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W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Photonics Res. (3)

D. Mao, B. Jiang, X. Gan, C. Ma, Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Zheng, and J. Zhao, “Soliton fiber laser mode locked with two types of film-based Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A43–A46 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, J. Z. Wang, S. C. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. F. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Y. She, B. B. Du, W. D. Zhang, K. Song, X. Q. Cui, B. Q. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. L. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the experimental setup for the synthesis of Bi2Se3 sheets.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Preparation process of the CVD-Bi2Se3 SA.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) SEM image of the CVD-Bi2Se3, (b) AFM image of the Bi2Se3, and (c) height profile of the selected area in (b); characteristics of the transferred Bi2Se3 sheet: (d) SEM image, (e) AFM image, and (f) height profile of the selected area in (e).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Characteristics of the Bi2Se3 sheet: (a) EDS spectrum, (b) typical Raman spectrum, (c) XRD pattern, and (d) linear transmission of the transferred Bi2Se3 sheet.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The nonlinear absorption curve of the Bi2Se3 SA.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The experimental setup of the passively mode-locked fiber laser.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Characteristics of the dual-wavelength bright-soliton pulse laser: (a) output optical spectrum, (b) single pulse trace and the inset is digital oscilloscope image, (c) RF spectrum, and (d) the relationship between the average output power, single pulse energy, and the pump power.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Characteristics of the triple-wavelength bright-dark soliton pair: (a) output optical spectrum, (b) single pulse trace and the inset is digital oscilloscope image, (c) RF spectrum, and (d) the relationship between the average output power, single pulse energy, and the pump power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. A Comparison of Passively Mode-locked EDFL Based on TISAα

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