Abstract

An electrically tunable terahertz (THz) modulator with large modulation depth and low insertion loss is performed with liquid crystal (LC) metamaterial. The modulation depth beyond 90% and insertion loss below 0.5 dB are achievable at normal incidence by exploiting plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) effect. The PIT spectra can be manipulated by actively controlling the interference between dipole mode and nonlocal surface-Bloch mode with LC. The incident angle tuning effect on PIT spectra shows that the large modulation depth and low insertion loss can remain over a wide range of working angles. The superior property and simplicity of design make this modulator promising in advanced terahertz communication.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. Introduction

With the continuous development of terahertz (THz) science, much attention has been recently paid to THz technology due to its potential applications in sensing, space sciences, imaging and wireless communications [1,2]. Owing to the lack of appropriate response at THz frequencies for naturally existing materials, metamaterials have attracted much interest in the development of THz functional devices in the past decade [3–5]. Further, to make the THz devices tunable, liquid crystals (LCs) have been mostly used to manipulate the propagating THz wave properties due to the high birefringence and excellent electro-controllability in THz band [6,7]. Correspondingly, tunable absorbers, modulators and switch devices have been reported through the combination of LC and metamaterials [8–13]. However, the limited modulation depth and notable insertion loss make them difficult to meet the high requirement in advanced THz communication systems [11–13].

Recently, novel strategies for fast and tunable plasmonic modulators were reported [14–16]. Plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) effect has been performed in various metamaterials at THz regime [17–19]. The Metamaterials composed of plasmonic microstructures can produce PIT spectra through electromagnetic coupling between plasmon resonance modes. The PIT transmission spectrum has a sharp transparency peak, in which it is possible to achieve a large depth of amplitude modulation by manipulating the resonance modes. Previously, multiple geometric resonance units are required basically to produce PIT effect and it will bring the complexity in fabrication. The control of the PIT resonances was achieved by integrating the resonator structures with MEMS [20], photoconductive materials [21–23] and superconducting materials [24]. In contrast, LC-tunable PIT metamaterials with single geometric resonance unit have not been reported yet, especially for THz modulators with large modulation depth and low insertion loss.

In this paper, we propose a LC-based THz wave modulator with large modulation depth and low insertion loss by incorporating a metal-strip planar metamaterial. As is well known that metal strip is the standard metamaterial structure, which was widely studied by different research groups [25,26]. Different from the previous works, however, through the interference between dipole resonant mode and nonlocal surface-Bloch mode, the distinct mechanism is exploited to produce PIT resonance with only a simple metal-strip unit cell. By virtue of the sensitivity of surface-Bloch mode to the refractive indices of surroundings, the PIT spectra can be dynamically controlled by changing the LC refractive index with external applied voltages. In the process, a large depth modulation of terahertz radiation is achieved.

2. Structure and simulation

The proposed THz modulator comprises a metal-strip planar metamaterial that is embedded in a LC cell as indicated schematically in Fig. 1(a). The metal strips are fabricated on the surface of the upper substrate. The unit cell is zoomed to indicate the period Lx in x-axis and Ly in y-axis. The length of the individual metal strip are l and the width are w. The LC cell is infiltrated by t thick LC.

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the proposed modulator design, with a unit cell and metal strip zoomed in. (b) The LC molecules orientation with or without voltage, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Both substrates are covered with THz-band transparent electrodes, and alignment layers are coated on the electrodes. Figure 1(b) shows the pre-alignment of LC molecules are oriented parallel to the long edge of the metal strips but the alignment are vertical to the interface under an applied voltage.

Our results are obtained through the commercial finite element method (FEM) software package COMSOL Multiphysics. In simulations, perfectly matched layers (PML) conditions are applied along the z direction and periodic boundary conditions in the x and y directions. In THz regime, the perfect electrical conductor (PEC) boundary can be used to replace metal due to the large imaginary part of the complex permittivity in metallic materials. In our model, PEDOT:PSS is used as transparent electrodes and alignment layers is polyimide (PI). The thicknesses (refraction indices) of the PEDOT:PSS films and PI layers, dPEDOT and dPI (nPEDOT and nPI), are 50 nm and 100 nm (17 [27] and 1.8 [28]). After a large number of simulations, we found that the influence of transparent electrodes and alignment layers on the THz wave propagation is very small.

3. Results and discussion

Figure 2(a) shows the calculated transmittance spectra of the THz modulator. The geometric parameters are followed as Lx = 90 μm, Ly = 40 μm, l = 55 μm, w = 8 μm and t = 20 μm. The LC is an anisotropic medium, the n2 is the refractive index of the LC to the incident THz wave. n2 is depended on the orientation of LC molecules and polarization of THz wave. In the simulation, the periodic structures are illuminated by normally incident plane wave with electric field parallel to pre-alignment of LC. Figure 1(b) indicated that n2 = ne in the absence of an applied voltage and n2 = no with an applied voltage. Here we set the substrate refraction index n1 = 1 and refraction index n2 = 1.5. As shown in Fig. 2(a), the THz spectra consists of two discrete dips, respectively located at 2.3 THz with quality factor Q = 2.7 and 3.2 THz with Q = 53. The spectral line shape indicates that the low-Q resonance is symmetric but the high-Q is an asymmetric Fano resonance. Electric field distributions at the two resonances are visualized in Fig. 2(b). It is found that the low-Q resonance is strongly localized, but surprisingly, the high-Q Fano resonance is a non-local mode with the direction of electric field is along the z direction, perpendicular to the plane of the metal array. The results confirm the resonance at 2.3 THz is fundamental antenna resonance [29], at which the metal strips are excited as electric dipoles. In contrast, the Fano resonance is corresponds to a surface wave mode (similar to propagating surface plasmon) which arises from the interaction of electric dipoles [30]. It is noted that the enhanced electric and magnetic fields surrounding the metasurface are high-frequency harmonic field at THz frequency. This kind of high-frequency field does not affect the orientation of LC molecules.

 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 (a) Transmittance spectra at Lx = 90 μm, Ly = 40 μm, l = 55 μm, w = 8 μm, t = 20μm, n1 = 1 and n2 = 1.5. (b) Distributions of the electric field in x-z plane at the frequencies of 2.3 THz and 3.2 THz, respectively. The color represents the electric field strength and the arrows represent the direction of the electric field, the unit of color scale is V/m.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

To get deep insight into the nature of the unusual surface wave mode, the dependence of the transmittance spectra on various lattice periods and different refraction indices of the substrate is discussed by Fig. 3(a) and Fig. 3(b), respectively. Figure 3(a) shows that the Fano resonance spectra shifts to lower frequencies as increasing the period Lx, with nearly unchanged resonance amplitudes. Figure 3(b) shows that the increase of the refraction index of the substrate n1 results in a red-shift of Fano spectra, but with remarkable suppression of resonant amplitudes. When focusing on the quantitative relationship between the periods Lx, refraction indices n1 and the wavelengths of Fano resonance λ, one can findλn1×Lx. A rigorous expression can be given when substituting the effective refractive index neff for n1. Here the value of neff is between n1 and n2, and far closer to n1. The analytical result also supports our previous conclusion that the Fano resonance results from the surface wave mainly propagating in substrates. When write the expression in the form of wave vector,ksw=2π/(neff×Lx), ksw is surface wave’s wave vector. It can be revealed that the wave vector of surface wave is supported by unit cells. The Fano resonance arises from interference between the bright dipole mode of each antenna and the dark surface-Bloch mode, the frequency depends mainly on the period and refractive index of substrate. When the resonance is shifted further so that it passes fully through the dipole resonance, there were be a weak Fano resonance appears in the left of dipole resonance. And the weakness of Fano resonance is due to the large spacing between metal structures.

 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 (a) Transmittance spectra with different period Lx from 90 μm to 115 μm, interval is 5 μm. (b) Transmittance spectra with different n1 from 1 to 1.5, interval is 0.1. (c) Transmittance spectra with different n2 from 1.5 to 1. (d) Transmittance spectra with different LC thickness t. (e) The electric field distributions (in x-z plane) at the dip of Fano resonant with n2 = 1.2, 1.1, 1, respectively, the unit of color scale is V/m.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

It is worth noticing that as shown in Fig. 3(b), the suppression of Fano resonance intensity takes place with the increase of refractive index n1. The similar suppression effect on Fano spectra exhibits with the decrease of refractive index n2 in Fig. 3(c). Figure 3(e) shows the electric field intensity of surface-Bloch mode is corresponding to Fano resonance intensity. It is indicated that surface-Bloch mode intensity is mainly determined by the difference between LC and substrate’s refractive index n21 (n21=n2n1). Once the difference n21 becomes small enough, the surface-Bloch wave mode will disappear. An effective explanation for this phenomenon is the intensity of the surface wave closely associated with the energy concentration at the interface. And it is found that both substrates are necessary for the surface-Bloch mode. We also studied the transmittance spectra with different LC thickness t in Fig. 3(d). The transmittance spectra shows that a larger thickness causes resonance spectra broadening, and a smaller thickness causes a weaker resonance. A larger thickness of LC means the effective refractive index neff is closer to n2, which induces the resonance spectra shifts to lower frequencies as increasing the thickness t.

As we knows from the above analysis, the frequency of surface-Bloch mode is tunable by adjusting the period and refractive index. The frequency of fundamental antenna resonance depends on the size of metal strip. We deliberately design the resonant frequencies of the surface-Bloch mode and fundamental mode close together via adjust the geometric parameters to Lx = 115 μm, Ly = 30 μm, l = 55 μm, w = 6 μm and t = 20 μm. Polymethylpentene (TPX), a transparent organic polymer material in THz, is used as the substrate of the LC cell, the refractive index of the TPX is 1.46 [31]. The LC mixtures is LCMS-107 [32], with refraction indices no = 1.55 + i0.03 and ne = 1.83 + i0.001. An expected PIT spectrum is seen in Fig. 4(a) under normal incidence of x-polarized THz wave. The transparency peak occurs at the frequency of 1.75 THz with a quality factor Q = 68. When an external voltage to the modulator is applied to the LC-tunable metamaterial, the transmittance spectrum change from black line to the red. The transmittance switches from 0.89 to 0.08 at the center of the peak. This leads to a large modulation depth beyond 90% and the insertion loss is evaluated below 0.5 dB. Such superior performance benefits basically from the unique PIT effect.

 figure: Fig. 4

Fig. 4 (a) Transmittance spectra showing the active modulation of the PIT window with voltage “off” (dark line) and “on” (red line), respectively. (b) Electric field distributions (in x-z plane) of “off” and “on” states at 1.75THz.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

The generation of PIT effect in our design attribute to the plasmonic interference of dipole mode and surface-Bloch mode. Here the two modes satisfy the conditions: (i) sufficiently small frequency detuning between the two coupled resonances, (ii) strongly contrasting resonance linewidths, and (iii) appropriate resonance amplitudes [33]. The destructive interference between the local and nonlocal resonant modes suppresses the THz wave absorption, resulting in an induced transparency window. In order to more intuitively understand the underlying physical mechanism, the electric field distribution of “off” and “on” states at 1.75THz is monitored and given in Fig. 4(b). It shows that the electric field distribution is not a superposition of the electric fields of dipole mode and surface-Bloch mode. At the transmission peak, the electric field no longer accumulates on both ends of the metal strip, and the direction of the electric field is the same as that of the incident wave, not perpendicular to the interface, which means the coupling breaks the localized electric dipole resonance, and the surface wave won’t generate. This is the reason for PIT phenomenon in our modulator. When voltage applied on electrodes, the LC refraction index turns from ne (1.83 + i0.001) to no (1.55 + i0.03), so the n21 decreases from 0.37 to 0.09, leading to the weak surface-Bloch mode and the PIT effect disappear.

Furthermore, we research the response of the modulator under oblique incident conditions. The incident THz beam is x-polarized, with an oblique incident angle θ in y-z plane. The magnetic field of z-component traverse the metal strips (see Fig. 5(a)). The transmission spectra under oblique incidence of θ = 5° is simulated in Fig. 5(b). The result shows that another new transparency peak appears at 1.724 THz without the applied voltage. To figure out the physical origins of this new peak, both the electric field distribution in x-y plane and surface current density in metal strip are displayed in Fig. 5(c). It is found that there are reverse currents occur in the metal strip, which means that the magnetic dipole plays a role. Figure 5(d) shows the magnetic field distribution. This is helpful to further illustrate that the inter-coupling of magnetic dipoles produces surface wave with the magnetic field perpendicular to the interface. In order to distinguish the magnetically-induced surface wave from original electrically-induced surface wave, we refer to them as MSW and ESW, respectively. Naturally, the emerging transparency peak results from the coupling of the MSW mode with the fundamental dipole mode, and we name it M peak to differ from original E peak, as indicated in Fig. 5(b). Figure 5(e) shows the angle dependences of transparency peak frequency and modulation depth are calculated for the M peak and E peak, respectively. As for the E peak, when incidence angle varies from 0 to 15 degrees, the frequency tuning from 1.75 THz to 1.81 THz is achievable with the large modulation depth more than 90%. As for the M peak, the frequency tuning from 1.72 THz to 1.86 THz is performed with the large modulation depth of beyond 80% when the incidence angle changes between 5 and 25 degrees.

 figure: Fig. 5

Fig. 5 (a) Schematic of oblique incidence THz wave with angle θ. (b) Transmission spectra showing a new peak appear when θ = 5°, we call the new peak as M peak and the previous peak as E peak. (c) The color represents electric field intensity distribution in x-y plane and the arrows represent surface current density in a single unit cell at 1.73THz, and (d) is the spatial distribution of magnetic field intensity and direction in x-z plane. (e) Angle dependence of transparency peak center frequency and corresponding modulation depth, the black and red lines represent center frequency and modulation depth, the triangle and square represent the M peak and E peak, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, we present an efficient electrically controllable THz modulator with large modulation depth and low insertion loss using metal strips and LC cell. By actively controlling the interference between dipole resonant mode and nonlocal surface-Bloch mode, the PIT spectra can be manipulated with high birefringence LC. This result can be used to design tunable devices. The modulation depth of beyond 90% and insertion loss of below 0.5 dB is achieved at normal incidence. Under oblique incidence the incident angle tuning effect on PIT spectra has been analyzed. The proposed THz modulator exhibits a frequency tuning range of 60 GHz as the incidence angle varies between 0 and 15 degree, with the large modulation depth of more than 90% for the electronically-induced PIT peak. Meanwhile, for the magnetically-induced PIT peak, the frequency tuning range of 140 GHz can be achieved by changing the incidence angle between 5 and 25 degree, with the modulation depth of beyond 80%. All of above indicate that the continuously tunable amplitude modulator is an ideal candidate for use in THz communications.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (1167040679, 50902034); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (HIT.MKSTISP.201611); Program for Innovative Research of Science in the Harbin Institute of Technology (B201504).

References and links

1. S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017). [CrossRef]  

2. M. Hangyo, “Development and future prospects of terahertz technology,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 120101 (2015). [CrossRef]  

3. V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

4. I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016). [CrossRef]  

5. C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of Enhanced THz Transmission through Metallic Hole Arrays Using Nematic Liquid Crystal,” Opt. Express 13(11), 3921–3930 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015). [CrossRef]  

7. Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016). [CrossRef]  

8. G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015). [CrossRef]  

9. R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014). [CrossRef]  

10. M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electro-optical switching by liquid-crystal controlled metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8879–8885 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

11. D. Shrekenhamer, W. C. Chen, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal tunable metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(17), 177403 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

12. C. C. Chen, W. F. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, S. A. Jiang, T. H. Chang, S. H. Wang, and C. Y. Huang, “Continuously tunable and fast-response terahertz metamaterials using in-plane-switching dual-frequency liquid crystal cells,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2021–2024 (2015). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

13. S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014). [CrossRef]  

14. S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017). [CrossRef]  

15. S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017). [CrossRef]  

16. J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016). [CrossRef]  

17. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, and S. Wang, “Polarization and incidence insensitive dielectric electromagnetically induced transparency metamaterial,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19675–19680 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. K. Zhang, C. Wang, L. Qin, R. W. Peng, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, and M. Wang, “Dual-mode electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in a terahertz metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3539–3542 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

20. P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016). [CrossRef]  

21. R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017). [CrossRef]  

22. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

23. J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

24. C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017). [CrossRef]  

25. Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007). [CrossRef]  

26. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, Q. Zhao, J. Sun, K. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, “Electrically controllable fishnet metamaterial based on nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1563–1568 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

27. F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015). [CrossRef]  

28. H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008). [CrossRef]  

29. B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015). [CrossRef]  

30. Y. Y. Chen, Manipulating THz radiation using novel metamaterials towards functional passive and active devices (Oklahoma State University, 2012), chap.4.

31. M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Terahertz-field-induced optical birefringence in common window and substrate materials,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28985–28992 (2015). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

32. O. Trushkevych, H. Xu, T. Lu, J. A. Zeitler, R. Rungsawang, F. Gölden, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Broad spectrum measurement of the birefringence of an isothiocyanate based liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5212–5216 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

33. B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Hangyo, “Development and future prospects of terahertz technology,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 120101 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).
  4. I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. L. Pan, C. F. Hsieh, R. P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Control of Enhanced THz Transmission through Metallic Hole Arrays Using Nematic Liquid Crystal,” Opt. Express 13(11), 3921–3930 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Electro-optical switching by liquid-crystal controlled metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8879–8885 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. D. Shrekenhamer, W. C. Chen, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal tunable metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(17), 177403 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. C. C. Chen, W. F. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, S. A. Jiang, T. H. Chang, S. H. Wang, and C. Y. Huang, “Continuously tunable and fast-response terahertz metamaterials using in-plane-switching dual-frequency liquid crystal cells,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2021–2024 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, and S. Wang, “Polarization and incidence insensitive dielectric electromagnetically induced transparency metamaterial,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19675–19680 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. K. Zhang, C. Wang, L. Qin, R. W. Peng, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, and M. Wang, “Dual-mode electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in a terahertz metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3539–3542 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, Q. Zhao, J. Sun, K. Qiu, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, “Electrically controllable fishnet metamaterial based on nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1563–1568 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  29. B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  30. Y. Y. Chen, Manipulating THz radiation using novel metamaterials towards functional passive and active devices (Oklahoma State University, 2012), chap.4.
  31. M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Terahertz-field-induced optical birefringence in common window and substrate materials,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28985–28992 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. O. Trushkevych, H. Xu, T. Lu, J. A. Zeitler, R. Rungsawang, F. Gölden, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Broad spectrum measurement of the birefringence of an isothiocyanate based liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5212–5216 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (6)

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Hangyo, “Development and future prospects of terahertz technology,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 120101 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

C. C. Chen, W. F. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, S. A. Jiang, T. H. Chang, S. H. Wang, and C. Y. Huang, “Continuously tunable and fast-response terahertz metamaterials using in-plane-switching dual-frequency liquid crystal cells,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2021–2024 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Terahertz-field-induced optical birefringence in common window and substrate materials,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28985–28992 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

K. Zhang, C. Wang, L. Qin, R. W. Peng, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, and M. Wang, “Dual-mode electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in a terahertz metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3539–3542 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

O. Trushkevych, H. Xu, T. Lu, J. A. Zeitler, R. Rungsawang, F. Gölden, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Broad spectrum measurement of the birefringence of an isothiocyanate based liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5212–5216 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Al-Naib, I.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appleby, R.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Araujo, L. F.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Axel Zeitler, J.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beccherelli, R.

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bingham, C. M.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Booske, J.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Camara, A. R.

Carvalho, I. C. S.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Castro-Camus, E.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chang, T. H.

Chen, C. C.

Chen, H. T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. C.

D. Shrekenhamer, W. C. Chen, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal tunable metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(17), 177403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiang, W. F.

Chigrin, D.

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clarke, R.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cocker, T. L.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Collings, N.

Cong, L.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cooper, K. B.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Crossland, W. A.

Cui, X.

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cumming, D. R. S.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, J. E.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

da Costa, G. K. B.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Davies, A. G.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

de Matos, C. J. S.

Decker, M.

Dhillon, S. S.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, Y.

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ellison, B.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Escorcia-Carranza, I.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Etcheverry, S.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, K.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fice, M.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fontana, J.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gajic, R.

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gensch, M.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gölden, F.

Goldsmith, P.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Grant, J.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hangyo, M.

Harris, V. G.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, P.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, Y. X.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hernández-Romano, I.

Ho, C. P.

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, C. F.

Hu, W.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. Y.

Huang, R.

Huang, W. Q.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huber, R.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huggard, P. G.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Isic, G.

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jagadish, C.

Jiang, C. T.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S. A.

Jiang, S. L.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jin, B. B.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johnston, M. B.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kampfrath, T.

Kang, C.

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kang, L.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kee, C. S.

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Koch, M.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Konishi, K.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Korter, T. M.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kowerdziej, R.

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kremers, C.

Krozer, V.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, I. S.

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. W.

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Liang, L. J.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, X. W.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Linfield, E. H.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lippens, D.

Liu, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, T.

Lu, Y. N.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. Q.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lucyszyn, S.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manjappa, M.

R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Margulis, W.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Markelz, A. G.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Minovich, A.

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Miyamaru, F.

Naciri, J.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Naftaly, M.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nahar, N. K.

V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

Neshev, D. N.

Nordlander, P.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olifierczuk, M.

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Shrekenhamer, W. C. Chen, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal tunable metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(17), 177403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pan, C. L.

Pan, R. P.

Paoloni, C.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pardo, D.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Parimi, P. V.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

Parka, J.

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Parrott, E. P. J.

F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, R. W.

Pereira, J. M.

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pereira, J. M. B.

Pickwell-MacPherson, E.

F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pitchappa, P.

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qian, H.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, L.

Qiu, K.

Rachford, F. J.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ratna, B. R.

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. B. Pereira, A. R. Camara, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, I. Hernández-Romano, C. J. S. de Matos, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Microsecond switching of plasmonic nanorods in an all-fiber optofluidic component,” Optica 4(8), 864–870 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rea, S.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Renaud, C.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ridler, N.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rungsawang, R.

Sajadi, M.

Sanphuang, V.

V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

Savo, S.

S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Seeds, A.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shams, H.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shao, G. H.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shrekenhamer, D.

S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Shrekenhamer, W. C. Chen, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal tunable metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(17), 177403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sibik, J.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Simoens, F.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Singh, N.

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sohn, I. B.

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, Y. K.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Staude, I.

Stöhr, A.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Su, R. F.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Tanaka, M.

Tani, M.

Tao, H.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, Z. D.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tian, H.

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trushkevych, O.

Tsai, M. C.

Ung, B. S. Y.

F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vasic, B.

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vitiello, M. S.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vittoria, C.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

Volakis, J. L.

V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

Wallace, V. P.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. X.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, G. Z.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. L.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wang, S.

Wang, S. H.

Weightman, P.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. P.

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wolf, M.

Wróbel, J.

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. B.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. H.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiong, X.

Xu, D. H.

Xu, H.

Xu, W. W.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yahiaoui, R.

R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, F.

F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. K.

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yeo, W. G.

V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

Yoon, S. D.

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zeitler, J. A.

Zhai, X.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C. H.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Zhang, K.

Zhang, S.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z. G.

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G. C.

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, Z. X.

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zografopoulos, D. C.

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analog in terahertz MEMS metamaterial,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(4), 541–547 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Savo, D. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal metamaterial absorber spatial light modulator for THz applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

R. Yahiaoui, M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Active control and switching of broadband electromagnetically induced transparency in symmetric metadevices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(2), 021101 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Li, J. B. Wu, S. L. Jiang, R. F. Su, C. H. Zhang, C. T. Jiang, G. C. Zhou, B. B. Jin, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, “Electrical dynamic modulation of THz radiation based on superconducting metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(9), 092601 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Etcheverry, L. F. Araujo, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, and J. Fontana, “Digital electric field induced switching of plasmonic nanorods using an electro-optic fluid fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, J. Parka, and J. Wróbel, “Terahertz characterization of tunable metamaterial based on electrically controlled nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 022908 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Fontana, G. K. B. da Costa, J. M. Pereira, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and I. C. S. Carvalho, “Electric field induced orientational order of gold nanorods in dilute organic suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(8), 081904 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. S. Lee, I. B. Sohn, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, J. K. Yang, and J. W. Lee, “Optical isotropy at terahertz frequencies using anisotropic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(3), 031103 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. (1)

V. Sanphuang, W. G. Yeo, J. L. Volakis, and N. K. Nahar, “THz transparent metamaterials for enhanced spectroscopic and imaging measurements,” IEEE T. THz Sci. Technol. 5(1), 117–123 (2015).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (1)

Y. X. He, P. He, S. D. Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

Y. Du, H. Tian, X. Cui, H. Wang, and Z. X. Zhou, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal terahertz phase shifter driven by transparent polymer electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(19), 4138–4142 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

F. Yan, E. P. J. Parrott, B. S. Y. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “Solvent Doping of PEDOT/PSS: Effect on Terahertz Optoelectronic Properties and Utilization in Terahertz Devices,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(12), 6813–6818 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(4), 043001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Hangyo, “Development and future prospects of terahertz technology,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 120101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

L. Wang, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, G. H. Shao, P. Chen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, P. H. Wu, H. Qian, Y. N. Lu, X. Liang, Z. G. Zheng, and Y. Q. Lu, “Broadband tunable liquid crystal terahertz waveplates driven with porous graphene electrodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(2), e253 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Isić, B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable critically coupled terahertz metamaterial absorber based on nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 3(6), 064007 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Shrekenhamer, W. C. Chen, and W. J. Padilla, “Liquid crystal tunable metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(17), 177403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. Y. Chen, Manipulating THz radiation using novel metamaterials towards functional passive and active devices (Oklahoma State University, 2012), chap.4.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the proposed modulator design, with a unit cell and metal strip zoomed in. (b) The LC molecules orientation with or without voltage, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Transmittance spectra at Lx = 90 μm, Ly = 40 μm, l = 55 μm, w = 8 μm, t = 20μm, n1 = 1 and n2 = 1.5. (b) Distributions of the electric field in x-z plane at the frequencies of 2.3 THz and 3.2 THz, respectively. The color represents the electric field strength and the arrows represent the direction of the electric field, the unit of color scale is V/m.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Transmittance spectra with different period Lx from 90 μm to 115 μm, interval is 5 μm. (b) Transmittance spectra with different n1 from 1 to 1.5, interval is 0.1. (c) Transmittance spectra with different n2 from 1.5 to 1. (d) Transmittance spectra with different LC thickness t. (e) The electric field distributions (in x-z plane) at the dip of Fano resonant with n2 = 1.2, 1.1, 1, respectively, the unit of color scale is V/m.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Transmittance spectra showing the active modulation of the PIT window with voltage “off” (dark line) and “on” (red line), respectively. (b) Electric field distributions (in x-z plane) of “off” and “on” states at 1.75THz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic of oblique incidence THz wave with angle θ. (b) Transmission spectra showing a new peak appear when θ = 5°, we call the new peak as M peak and the previous peak as E peak. (c) The color represents electric field intensity distribution in x-y plane and the arrows represent surface current density in a single unit cell at 1.73THz, and (d) is the spatial distribution of magnetic field intensity and direction in x-z plane. (e) Angle dependence of transparency peak center frequency and corresponding modulation depth, the black and red lines represent center frequency and modulation depth, the triangle and square represent the M peak and E peak, respectively.

Metrics