Abstract

Achieving high-Q-factor resonances allows dramatic enhancement of performance of many plasmonic devices. However, the excitation of high-Q-factor resonance, especially multiple high-Q-factor resonances, has been a big challenge in traditional metamaterials due to the ohmic and radiation losses. Here, we experimentally demonstrate simultaneous excitation of double extremely sharp resonances in a terahertz metamaterial composed of mirror-symmetric-broken double split ring resonators (MBDSRRs). In a regular mirror-arranged SRR array, only the low-Q-factor dipole resonance can be excited with the external electric field perpendicular to the SRR gap. Breaking the mirror-symmetry of the metamaterial leads to the occurrence of two distinct otherwise inaccessible ultrahigh-Q-factor modes, which consists of one trapped mode in addition to an octupolar mode. By tuning the asymmetry parameter, the Q factor of the trapped mode can be linearly modulated, while the Q factor of the octupolar mode can be tailored exponentially. For specific degree of asymmetry, our simulations revealed a significantly high Q factor (Q>100) for the octupolar mode, which is more than one order of magnitude larger than that of conventional metamaterials. The mirror-symmetry-broken metamaterial offers the advantage of enabling access to two distinct high-Q-factor resonances which could be exploited for ultrasensitive sensors, multiband filters, and slow light devices.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

In recent years, metamaterials have attracted tremendous attention due to their exotic electromagnetic properties and functionalities that are not attainable from naturally occurring materials, such as negative refraction [1,2], invisible cloaking [3], subwavelength resolution imaging [4]. The possibility to couple electromagnetic radiation into subwavelength scale makes metamaterials a versatile platform for light manipulation and light-matter interactions. The unique physics observed in metamaterials is generally originated from the resonance nature of their resonant elements. Hence, realizing resonators with high quality (Q) factors is of cardinal importance since various applications require metamaterials that support high-Q-factor resonances accompanying with strong field concentrations in subwavelength volume, such as optical switching [5,6], filtering [7,8], chemical/biological sensing [9–11], and slow light processing [12–15]. However, the Q factor of the majority of metal-based metamaterials is severely limited by high ohmic and radiative losses (Q<10) [13–25], which are considered a major hindrance to the development of typical plasmonic devices. Therefore, demonstration of metamaterials with ultrahigh Q-factor resonances has proven to be a challenging and crucial task for realistic applications.

In general, the ohmic losses at terahertz region are quite low since the noble metals used for fabrication of metamaterials have extremely high conductivity, hence the main challenge in achieving high Q factor resonance in terahertz metamaterials is to ultimately overcome the radiation loss. In order to restrain the radiative loss and reach high Q in metamaterials, several strategies have been proposed and demonstrated by engineering the configuration of the building blocks or controlling the coupling mechanism of the component units. Introducing asymmetry in metamaterials has been proposed as a promising approach to exciting trapped mode or Fano mode with extremely low radiation loss and thus achieving high Q-factor [18–30]. Another approach to remarkably improving Q factor of resonance in metamaterials is to excite dark or sub-radiant modes [31–35], which are usually weakly coupled to free space and cause low radiation loss. The third approach to obtaining high Q-factor resonances is to utilize the diffraction coupling of localized surface plasmon mode in mirror-symmetric coupled joint split ring resonators, which can trap the photon energy in the subwavelength scale and greatly suppress the radiative loss [36]. In addition, recent studies have reported that high Q-factor resonance can also be achieved if the metamaterial design is tailored in such a way that it could sustain toroidal mode [37–40]. In some planar toroidal metamaterials, the mirroring effect has recently been introduced to support high-Q-factor toroidal dipole mode excitation, whose Q factor is proved to be significantly higher than that of the counterpart Fano resonance [40]. Nevertheless, most of the previous high Q-factor metamaterials only possess single resonance, and excitation of multiple ultrahigh Q-factor resonances may has particular importance for improvement and expansion of functionalities of metamaterials. The ability to integrate multiple and extremely sharp resonances in metamaterial could enable novel designs for multispectral thermal imaging [41], multispectral filters [42], as well as for the realization of advanced label-free bio/chemical sensors [43–45]. The sensing performance of such plasmonic sensors would be greatly benefited from simultaneously detecting the material parameters of the analyte at multiple resonances.

In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a metamaterial consisting of mirror-symmetry-broken double split ring resonators (MBDSRRs) that sustains double ultrahigh Q-factor resonances with highly suppressed radiation loss. In a conventional mirror-symmetric DSRR array, only the dipole resonance can be excited with the external field perpendicular to the gap of the SRR, and the surface currents are all oriented in phase due to the symmetry constrains. By breaking the symmetry of the mirror-arranged DSRR, we observe the occurrence of two otherwise forbidden ultrahigh-Q-factor resonances with one trapped mode and another octupolar mode. The Q-factor of the trapped mode can be linearly modulated by varying the symmetry parameter of the metamaterial, while the Q-factor of the octupolar mode can be tailored exponentially. This multiple high-Q-factor metamaterial would pave an alternative way to design ultrasensitive chemical and biological sensors, high performance narrow-band filters, absorbers and optoelectronic detectors.

2. Metamaterial design and experiment

In the present work, two rectangular SRRs are mirror-arranged to construct mirror-symmetric metamaterial (MDSRR), whereas the mirror-symmetry can be broken by simply shifting one of the SRR gap off the center and thus converted to mirror-symmetry-broken metamaterial (MBDSRR). In this mirrored system, capacitive coupling between the two SRRs is dominated. Therefore, we deliberately employ rectangular SRRs instead of the traditional squared ones to increase the coupling area [46], i.e. increase the capability of field accumulation and reduce radiation loss, and thus enhance the Q factor. Figure 1(a) depicts a schematic of the metamaterial structure with the relevant dimensional parameters and the polarization configuration (the electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields of the incident wave). The SEM image of the fabricated metamaterial samples is shown in Fig. 1(b). The planar gold MBDSRRs have a side length of lx = ly = 50.5 µm, a width of w = 4 µm, a mirror distance of d = 5.5 µm, a gap of g = 3 µm and super cell lattice constants of p = px = py = 64 µm. The asymmetric parameter δ is defined as the displacement of the gap of SRR from the central horizontal axis.

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 (a) Structural schematic of the proposed MBDSRR with detailed geometric dimensions. (b) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of fabricated mirror-symmetry-broken metamaterials.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

The metamaterial samples were fabricated by conventional electron-beam lithography technique, where 200 nm gold structures were deposited on a high-resistivity 1-mm-thick double-side polished silicon (n = 3.45) substrate utilizing thermal evaporation and then followed by a lift-off procedure. The overall sample array size is 5 mm × 5 mm. The fabricated samples were characterized by broadband terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) system. The terahertz beam had a frequency independent diameter of 3 mm at the focus, which is much smaller than the sample size of 5 × 5 mm2 to prevent beam clipping. The metamaterial samples were placed midway between the transmitter and receiver in the far-field at the focused beam waist, and the transmitted electric field was recorded in the time domain. A bare silicon wafer substrate which identical to the sample substrates, was used as reference for the transmission measurements. After Fourier transformation of the THz time-domain data, the frequency dependent transmission coefficient of the metamaterials,|t˜(ω)|=|E˜sam(ω)/E˜ref(ω)|, is obtained from the transmitted THz spectrum of the sample divided by the reference spectrum. All the measurements were performed at a normal incidence with x-polarization. The experiments were performed at room temperature in a N2 atmosphere to mitigate the effects of water vapor. Here, a 1-mm-thick high-resistivity silicon substrate was used to delay the Fabry-Perot reflection from the rear surface of the substrate that enabled a scan length of 25 ps with frequency resolution about 40 GHz.

Corresponding numerical simulations were carried out by utilizing commercially full-wave simulation software CST Microwave Studio based on finite integration method. Unit cell boundary conditions in both x and y directions along with open boundary condition in the z direction were applied to the metamaterial unit cell. The simulation parameters of the gold were calculated by the Drude model with plasma frequency ωp=1.37×1016rad s−1 and damping rate γ=4.08×1013rad s−1 [47,48]. Silicon substrate was modeled as a lossless dielectric with relative electrical permittivity of 11.9.

3. Results and discussions

Figures 2(a)-2(c) show the SEM images of mirror-symmetric metamaterial (MDSRR), MBDSRR with δ = 8 μm, and MBDSRR with δ = 17 μm, while the corresponding experimental and simulated transmission spectra of those samples with x-polarization are shown in Figs. 2(d)-2(f) and Figs. 2(g)-2(i), respectively. Reasonably good agreement is achieved between the simulations and the measurements, and the slightly discrepancies in the frequency and sharpness of the resonances between the theory and the experiments is attributed to the fabrication tolerance and the limited resolution of the THz-TDS system. In the case of MDSRR with the two split gaps at the center of the arms (δ = 0 μm), there is excitation of only one broadband dipolar resonance at 1.16 THz due to the symmetric linear currents oscillating in the two SRR arms parallel to the polarization of the excitation field. The definition of Q factor is Q=2πf0×PSPL=f0Δf, where f0 is the resonant frequency, PS and PL are stored and dissipated energy, ∆f is the bandwidth at half maxima of the resonance. Thus, the Q factor of the dipolar mode is rather small with a value of 3. Intriguingly, as gradually breaking the mirror symmetry of the structure by shifting the gap displacement (δ = 8 μm), we observed that two abrupt ultrasharp resonances feature with Q-factor as high as 27 and 37 occur at f1 = 0.45 THz and f3 = 1.29 THz in the simulated transmission spectrum, respectively, as shown in Fig. 2(h). The simulated modulation depth [(Tmax-Tmin) × 100%] for the two resonance are 9.8% and 54%, respectively. The experimentally measured Q factor and modulation depth of f1 are about 13 and 6.2%, respectively. Relative large deviation in Q factor of f1 between the simulated and experimental results is due to the rather weak intensity of the resonance as well as the poor spectral resolution at such a low frequency of the THz-TDS system. Besides, the dipolar mode f2 also appears with the resonant frequency slightly red-shifted. For the sharp resonance f3, the corresponding experimentally measured Q factor and modulation depth are 34 and 41.2%, respectively. By further increasing the asymmetry of the MBDSRR (δ = 17 μm), two sharp resonances still appeared and remarkably pronounced with higher modulation depth. From the simulated transmission spectrum, we observed that the modulation depth of f1 and f3 increase to 44.5% and 78%, respectively, while the Q factor of f1 and f3 decrease to 17 and 25, respectively. The corresponding experimental results indicate that the Q factors for the f1 and f3 are 11 and 21, respectively. Meanwhile, the experimental modulation depth of the f1 and f3 extracted from the measured spectrum are 28.1% and 55.5%, respectively. It is worth noting that the values of both Q factor and modulation depth of the resonance f1 and f3 are much higher than that of the conventional metamaterials (The Q factor of both the fundamental inductive-capacitive and dipolar resonances in conventional metamaterials are usually smaller than ten) [13–23].

 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of samples (a) MDSRR, (b) MBDSRR with δ = 8 μm, and (c) MBDSRR with δ = 17 μm are shown in the left column. The scale bar is 15 µm. The measured and simulated transmission spectra of the corresponding the MSRR and MBDSRR structures are shown in the middle and right columns, respectively. Insets depict the incident electric (E) and magnetic (H) field orientations.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

In order to better understand the fundamental nature and physical mechanism of these spectral resonances in greater detail, the surface current and electric field distributions at the three resonant frequencies (f1, f2, and f3) were calculated as shown in Fig. 3. The induced surface currents on the MBDSRRs are schematically illustrated by a few electric current elements, which can be regarded as electric dipoles that radiate electromagnetic waves to the far field. The physical origin of the resonances can be well elucidated by the basic multipole theory in electromagnetic scattering and radiation [36,49]. For the resonance f1, two circular electric current loops in the MBDSRR are excited, and the current elements in the SRR arms both along the x and y directions always oscillate (π) out of phase (point in opposite directions) due to the symmetry constraints, such that the electric dipole moment can be well canceled in the direction of the incident field, which dramatically reduces radiative damping and contributes to the formation of the high-Q-factor resonance. In other words, the scatter field for this resonance is dominated by magnetic dipole moment rather than electric dipole moment. According to the aforementioned elaborations, we interpret resonance f1 as the trapped mode [18] arising from the symmetry breaking inside the structure. In contrast, for the second resonance f2, a conventional dipolar resonance is observed, and the surface currents flow in phase along the incident field, which indicate that the radiated electromagnetic fields interfere constructively, as shown in Fig. 3(b). The in phase currents of the dipolar resonance f2 obviously lead to a comparatively larger net dipole moment than the one induced by the out-of-phase currents in the resonance f1, which result in high radiation loss and low Q factor.

 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 Surface current and electric distributions for the MBDSRR structure at (a) and (d) trapped-mode resonance f1, (b) and (e) dipolar resonance f2, (c) and (f) octupolar resonance f3. The simulation results of current and electric field intensities are in arbitrary units (color coded). Notice the current and electric field intensities of octupolar resonance f3 are much larger than those of resonance f1 and f2 .

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

For the ultrahigh-Q-factor resonance f3, neither a conventional dipole nor a classical trapped mode is observed, but a high-order octupolar mode appeared as depicted in Figs. 3(c) and 3(f). The current and electric field distributions clearly show the characteristic behavior of the n = 6 mode, where n denotes the eigenmode of the MBDSRR, which manifest that the higher order mode is octupolar in nature [49,50]. The current distributions in the MBDSRR of this particular resonance are of no symmetry, which is distinct from that of the traditional eigenmode of SRRs. Although the current distributions in each SRR behave in a different way, the overall electric current elements in the mirrored SRR also oscillate out of phase, leading to the cancellation of the dipole moment and significant suppression of the radiative loss. What’s more, it is worth mentioning that the diffraction coupling effect also plays an important role in the enhancement of Q factor of octupolar mode. According to the diffraction coupling theory [15,36], the resonant frequency of the lattice surface mode is determined by fLSM=ci2+j2np, where c is the speed of light in vacuum, p is the lattice constant of the metamaterial array, n is the refractive index of the substrate, and (i, j) is a pair of integers indicating the order of the lattice surface mode. The resonant frequency of the first order lattice surface mode for our MBDSRR array is 1.36 THz, which is very close to the octupolar mode f3. This implies that the photon energy could be strongly confined into the metamaterial structures through diffraction coupling, which dramatically increases the energy stored (PS) by the subwavelength resonators [36]. The current and electric field distributions for f3 [Figs. 3(c) and 3(f)] clearly show that the ultra-strong localized current and electric fields are confined into the MBDSRR, which manifests that the incident photon energy is strongly trapped into the metamaterials while radiation damping is suppressed, and thus resulting in the ultrahigh-Q-factor octupolar mode.

For the MBDSRR with higher asymmetry (δ = 17 μm), the current distributions for trapped mode f1 and octupolar mode f3 are rather similar to those of the MBDSRR with lower asymmetry (δ = 8 μm), and the resonant nature of those modes are not substantially changed. The only change that have taken place is that the current distributions in the left SRR are suppressed while the current distributions in the right asymmetric SRR are enhanced, which leads to a weaker cancellation of the electric dipole moment and huge radiation loss. Therefore, the Q factors of both resonances are degraded as the increase of asymmetry δ.

To optimize the Q factor of the metamaterial, we further performed a parametric study of the effect of the asymmetry parameter (δ) on the behavior of the spectral responses. Figure 4(a) depicts the simulated transmission spectra for a sweep of the asymmetry parameter (δ) from 0 to 17 μm by steps of 1 μm each in a color map. All of the resonances f1, f2, and f3 for the MBDSRR exhibit a slight shift towards higher frequencies due to the decreased capacitive coupling in the structure when the asymmetry is increased. Both the trapped and octupolar modes exhibit gradual broadening with an enhancement in the modulation depth as the asymmetry enlarged. The Q factor (left scale) and the modulation depth (right scale) of the trapped and octupolar modes as a function of asymmetry (δ) have also been extracted, as shown in Figs. 4(b) and 4(c), respectively. Although simultaneously maximizing the Q factor and the modulation depth are highly desirable, there exists a significant trade-off between the Q factor and the modulation depth for both resonances. For the trapped-mode resonance f1, the Q-factor drastically decreases from 40 to 17 as the asymmetry changes from 1 to 17 μm, while the modulation depth increases rapidly from 0.93% to 44.5% [see Fig. 4(b)]. Increasing the asymmetry results in an enhancement of the modulation depth and a decline of the Q factor approximately in a linear manner. The linear relationship between the Q factor and the degree of asymmetry δ is roughly described by Qf1=Kδ+C, where the parameters extracted from the fitted results are K = 1.37 and C = 40.6, respectively. The Q factor monotonically decreases with higher asymmetry due to the increasing in the radiative loss of the MBDSRR as the difference in the surface current distributions between two excited SRR enlarged and the effective dipole moment are partially canceled in far field.

 figure: Fig. 4

Fig. 4 (a) The transmission spectra of the MBDSRR versus the asymmetry parameter δ. The Q factor (left scale) and modulation depth (right scale) achieved of (b) trapped mode f1 and (c) octupolar mode f3 when sweeping δ for the x-polarization.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Interestingly, once introducing the asymmetry parameter δ with tiny value (1 μm), the otherwise forbidden octupolar mode f3 immediately appeared with extremely high Q nature (Q = 106). However, the resonance modulation depth is quite low (5.3%) for such small asymmetry. By further sweeping the asymmetry parameter, an interesting behavior is observed for the octupolar mode. The Q factor exhibits an exponential decreasing behavior versus the asymmetry parameter δ, while the modulation depth prominently enhanced from 5.3% to 78.4% when the asymmetry increases [see Fig. 4(c)]. The dependence of Q factor of the octupolar mode on the asymmetry parameter δ is summarized as Qf3=Aexp(δ/B)+D, where the coefficients retrieved from numerical fitting are: A = 151, B = 3.3, and D = 23, respectively. The decreasing exponential fitting curve reveals the saturation characteristic of the Q factor for the octupolar resonance with large asymmetry (δ>13). The Q factor decreases exponentially with increasing asymmetry as a consequence of the fact that the cancellation of dipole moment in the MBDSRR is weakened and the remaining net dipole moment causes relative high radiative loss.

Although the physical origin of the degradation of Q factor with increased asymmetry for both modes are similar, the decay manners of the trapped and octupolar modes are quite different due to their distinct resonant nature. The spectral responses of the MBDSRRs strongly depend on the capacitive gap position of the asymmetric SRR, which indicates that the electric (capacitive) coupling in the coupled resonator system is dominant since the magnetic coupling between the resonators is not so sensitive to the gap position of asymmetric SRR. However, it should be noted that the magnetic coupling also plays an important role in the excitation of the sharp trapped mode f1, while has less contribution to the dipolar mode f2 and high-Q-factor octupolar mode f3. In addition, it is worth mentioning that both the trapped and octupolar modes are dark modes that are inaccessible in the symmetric configuration, and they only occur when the mirror-symmetry is broken. Once established, varying the asymmetry do not affect the formation of the trapped and octupolar modes, but dramatically tailor the Q factor and modulation depth of those two modes. The MBDSRR possessing double sharp resonances with adjustable Q factor and modulation depth could be used for versatile applications by choosing an appropriate asymmetry parameter.

4. Conclusions

In conclusion, we experimentally demonstrated a scheme to excite ultrahigh-Q-factor trapped and octupolar modes simultaneously by utilizing metamaterial consists of mirror-symmetry-broken DSRRs. By tailoring the asymmetry parameter, both the Q factor and the modulation depth of two resonances could be engineered. When the asymmetry decreased, the Q factor of the trapped mode increases linearly, while the Q factor of the octupolar mode increases exponentially. Moreover, the mirror-symmetric-broken metamaterials with multipole high-Q-factor resonances could be extremely useful in real world applications such as spectroscopy, communications, nonlinear optics, and coherent lasing spasers.

Funding

National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFA0200400, and 2016YFA0200800); National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91323304, 11674387, 11504414, 11574369, 11574385, 11574368, 61390503); Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB07020200).

References and links

1. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

2. J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

3. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

4. M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

5. S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

7. A. Bitzer, J. Wallauer, H. Helm, H. Merbold, T. Feurer, and M. Walther, “Highly selective terahertz bandpass filters based on trapped mode excitation,” Opt. Express 17, 22108–22113 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011). [CrossRef]  

9. R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014). [CrossRef]  

10. M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017). [CrossRef]  

11. A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015). [CrossRef]  

12. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

13. Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

15. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).

16. D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009). [CrossRef]  

17. G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014). [CrossRef]  

18. V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016). [CrossRef]  

20. Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016). [CrossRef]  

21. L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015). [CrossRef]  

22. R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

23. C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011). [CrossRef]  

24. W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

25. G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016). [CrossRef]  

26. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

27. Y. Moritake, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, “Demonstration of sharp multiple Fano resonances in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9332–9339 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

28. D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

29. N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014). [CrossRef]  

30. N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015). [CrossRef]  

31. I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

32. S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015). [CrossRef]  

33. I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012). [CrossRef]  

34. I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015). [CrossRef]  

35. T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009). [CrossRef]  

36. S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016). [CrossRef]  

37. Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013). [CrossRef]  

38. M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

39. Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

40. M. Gupta and R. Singh, “Toroidal versus Fano resonances in high Q planar THz metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 2119–2125 (2016). [CrossRef]  

41. A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

42. J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012). [CrossRef]  

43. C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016). [CrossRef]  

44. G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017). [CrossRef]  

45. K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

46. H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

47. W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

48. N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

49. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).

50. N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Bitzer, J. Wallauer, H. Helm, H. Merbold, T. Feurer, and M. Walther, “Highly selective terahertz bandpass filters based on trapped mode excitation,” Opt. Express 17, 22108–22113 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).
  16. D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. Y. Moritake, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, “Demonstration of sharp multiple Fano resonances in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9332–9339 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  30. N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  31. I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  33. I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  34. I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  35. T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  36. S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  37. Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  38. M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. M. Gupta and R. Singh, “Toroidal versus Fano resonances in high Q planar THz metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 2119–2125 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  41. A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  43. C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  44. G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  45. K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  46. H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  47. W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  49. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).
  50. N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (14)

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gupta and R. Singh, “Toroidal versus Fano resonances in high Q planar THz metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 2119–2125 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Moritake, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, “Demonstration of sharp multiple Fano resonances in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9332–9339 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (7)

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bitzer, J. Wallauer, H. Helm, H. Merbold, T. Feurer, and M. Walther, “Highly selective terahertz bandpass filters based on trapped mode excitation,” Opt. Express 17, 22108–22113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alapan, Y.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I. A.

Azad, A.

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bitzer, A.

Born, N.

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burokur, S. N.

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, J. X.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaker, M.

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Cheng, H.

Chin, X. Y.

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cibella, S.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cong, L.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, A.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, L.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T. J.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalvit, D. A. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dani, K. M.

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dayal, G.

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
[Crossref]

De Luca, A.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delprat, S.

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dignam, M. M.

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ding, L.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z. G.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Du, S.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

e, Y.

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

ElKabbash, M.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gholipour, B.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Z.

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, C.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

Güney, D. Ö.

D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gupta, M.

M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta and R. Singh, “Toroidal versus Fano resonances in high Q planar THz metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 2119–2125 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gurkan, U. A.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

Hane, K.

He, M.

Hebestreit, E.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Helm, H.

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hinczewski, M.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, Y.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ilker, E.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jansen, C.

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W. X.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin, B.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanamori, Y.

Kang, L.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, M.

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kravchenko, I. I.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krishnamoorthy, H. N. S.

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ku, Z.

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leoni, R.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, T. Q.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, L.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lupu, A.

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lustrac, A.

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maissen, C.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manjappa, M.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

Merbold, H.

Michel, A.-K. U.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moloney, J. V.

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Moritake, Y.

Nam, S.

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neubrech, F.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, J.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozaki, T.

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Y.-S.

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plum, E.

N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prasankumar, R. P.

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raybould, T. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rho, J.

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rocheleau, D.

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rockstuhl, C.

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rose, M.

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savinov, V.

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scalari, G.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schäferling, M.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scheller, M.

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, T. H.

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, J. H.

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta and R. Singh, “Toroidal versus Fano resonances in high Q planar THz metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 2119–2125 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soci, C.

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C.

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sreekanth, K. V.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srivastava, Y. K.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strangi, G.

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, X.

Tang, C.

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taubner, T.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

Tittl, A.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upadhya, P. C.

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wallauer, J.

Walther, M.

Wang, B.

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S. M.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Withayachumnankul, W.

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, P.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wuttig, M.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, X.

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yiwen, E.

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

Zeng, Y.

D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, “Sharp Fano resonances in THz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6312–6319 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, A. Y.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. N.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. H.

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (4)

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gupta, V. Savinov, N. Xu, L. Cong, G. Dayal, S. Wang, W. Zhang, N. I. Zheludev, and R. Singh, “Sharp toroidal resonances in planar terahertz metasurfaces,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8206–8211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Du, A. Cui, Z. Li, Y. Fan, S. Chen, W. Li, J. Li, and C. Gu, “High-quality-factor mid-infrared toroidal excitation in folded 3D metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 29(17), 1606298 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tittl, A.-K. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27(31), 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (7)

M. Gupta and R. Singh, “Toroidal versus Fano resonances in high Q planar THz metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 2119–2125 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “High-Q plasmonic Fano resonance for multiband surface-enhanced infrared absorption of molecular vibrational sensing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600559 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal, X. Y. Chin, C. Soci, and R. Singh, “Independent tailoring of super-radiant and sub-radiant modes in high-Q plasmonic Fano resonant metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1860–1866 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, R. Singh, J. V. Moloney, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metamaterials with ultrahigh angular sensitivity,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 642–645 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, and R. Singh, “Accessing the high-Q dark plasmonic Fano resonances in superconductor metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1875–1881 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, L. Cong, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultrahigh-Q Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: strong influence of metallic conductivity at extremely low asymmetry,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

N. I. Zheludev, E. Plum, and V. A. Fedotov, “Metamaterial polarization spectral filter: isolated transmission line at any prescribed wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(17), 171915 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Gupta, Y. K. Srivastava, M. Manjappa, and R. Singh, “Sensing with toroidal metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(12), 121108 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Born, I. Al-Naib, C. Jansen, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and M. Koch, “Excitation of multiple trapped eigenmodes in terahertz metamolecule lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101107 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, S. Delprat, D. Rocheleau, M. Chaker, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Excitation of a high-Q subradiant resonance mode in mirrored single-gap asymmetric split ring resonator terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071108 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, S. Cibella, R. Leoni, and J. Faist, “High quality factor, fully switchable terahertz superconducting metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(26), 261104 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Jansen, I. Al-Naib, N. Born, and M. Koch, “Terahertz metasurfaces with high Q-factors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051109 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, L. Liang, L. Ding, B. Jin, Y. Hou, C. Li, L. Jiang, W. Liu, W. Hu, Y. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Label-free measurements on cell apoptosis using a terahertz metamaterial-based biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(24), 241105 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

S. Yang, X. Xia, Z. Liu, E. Yiwen, Y. Wang, C. Tang, W. Li, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Multispectral plasmon-induced transparency in hyperfine terahertz meta-molecules,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 28(44), 445002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

A. Cui, Z. Liu, J. Li, T. H. Shen, X. Xia, Z. Li, Z. Gong, H. Li, B. Wang, J. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, and C. Gu, “Directly patterned substrate-free plasmonic “nanograter” structures with unusual Fano resonances,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e308 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, S. R. J. Brueck, and A. J. Taylor, “Subpicosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3565–3569 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

S. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y.-S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, X. Yin, A. J. Taylor, and X. Zhang, “Photoinduced handedness switching in terahertz chiral metamolecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, V. Savinov, T. A. Raybould, and N. I. Zheludev, “Electromagnetic toroidal excitations in matter and free space,” Nat. Mater. 15(3), 263–271 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. V. Sreekanth, Y. Alapan, M. ElKabbash, E. Ilker, M. Hinczewski, U. A. Gurkan, A. De Luca, and G. Strangi, “Extreme sensitivity biosensing platform based on hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 15(6), 621–627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (7)

T. Q. Li, H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, Z. H. Zhu, Z. G. Dong, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Suppression of radiation loss by hybridization effect in two coupled split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. B 80(11), 115113 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Xia, Y. e, C. Tang, Y. Wang, J. Li, L. Wang, and C. Gu, “Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Fan, Z. Wei, H. Li, H. Chen, and C. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 161103 (2016).

D. Ö. Güney, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 125129 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Multiband stereometamaterial-based polarization spectral filter,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, E. Hebestreit, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, D. Christodoulides, T. Ozaki, and R. Morandotti, “Conductive coupling of split ring resonators: a path to THz metamaterials with ultrasharp resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(18), 183903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (4)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Structural schematic of the proposed MBDSRR with detailed geometric dimensions. (b) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of fabricated mirror-symmetry-broken metamaterials.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of samples (a) MDSRR, (b) MBDSRR with δ = 8 μm, and (c) MBDSRR with δ = 17 μm are shown in the left column. The scale bar is 15 µm. The measured and simulated transmission spectra of the corresponding the MSRR and MBDSRR structures are shown in the middle and right columns, respectively. Insets depict the incident electric (E) and magnetic (H) field orientations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Surface current and electric distributions for the MBDSRR structure at (a) and (d) trapped-mode resonance f1, (b) and (e) dipolar resonance f2, (c) and (f) octupolar resonance f3. The simulation results of current and electric field intensities are in arbitrary units (color coded). Notice the current and electric field intensities of octupolar resonance f3 are much larger than those of resonance f1 and f2 .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The transmission spectra of the MBDSRR versus the asymmetry parameter δ. The Q factor (left scale) and modulation depth (right scale) achieved of (b) trapped mode f1 and (c) octupolar mode f3 when sweeping δ for the x-polarization.

Metrics