Abstract

We report photoluminescence in bulk chloride photo-thermo-refractive glass under irradiation with femtosecond laser pulses. The fluorescence originates from the bleaching of silver nanoparticles precipitating in the glass. Similarly to the conventional process of the femtosecond re-shaping of metal inclusions with diameter tens of nanometers, irradiation of the smaller nanoparticles results in a fast shrinking size with an ellipsoidal shape via photofragmentation. Under UV excitation, remaining sub-nanometer silver molecular clusters show visible and near IR fluorescence, which increases with chlorine concentration. The observed bleaching of silver nanoparticles in bulk glass-metal nanocomposite can find applications in data storage and bleaching of volume Bragg gratings.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glasses are prospective materials for recording of highly efficient volume phase holograms for the wavelength range 700–2500 nm [1–5]. The PTR-glasses possess high absorption coefficient in visible spectral range (λmax = 410 – 490 nm) due to precipitation of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) and formation of the NaF nanocrystallites in the glass host by photo-thermo-induced crystallization [6]. Unfortunately, absorption band associated with AgNPs restricts using PTR glass for fabrication holograms for the blue and green parts of the spectrum. However, it is well known that AgNPs can be eliminated by irradiation of glass with intense laser pulses [7–11]. It is worth noting that destruction and modification of metal nanoparticles immersed in liquids using pulsed lasers has been demonstrated almost two decades ago [12, 13]. Bleaching of AgNPs in glass matrix has also been extensively studied [7, 9, 14] including the interaction with femtosecond laser radiation with relatively large AgNPs (>30 nm) created in glass via ion-exchange process [14, 15]. This approach has resulted in the development of dichroic filters and can be employed for data storage devices based on the glass-metal nanocomposites [16]. Photofragmentation of AgNPs under irradiation with pulsed laser has been studied in phosphate glass [17] and SiO2 films [18]. In PTR glasses, the modification of AgNPs using second and third harmonics of YAG:Nd pulsed laser irradiation has been also studied [19, 20]. Different regimes of the interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with metal nanoparticles can be found in detailed review [21].

Chloride PTR glass is a new holographic material, which in addition to the remarkable crystallization properties also shows intense visible fluorescence under UV excitation [22]. This fluorescence originates from silver molecular clusters (AgMCs) and nanoclusters, which can be created by irradiation of the PTR glass by UV continuous wave laser [23], UV [24] and IR [25] pulsed lasers. It is worth noting that in conventional glass-metal nanocomposites based on soda-lime glass, observation of the fluorescence of AgMCs after optical bleaching requires additional thermal treatment [14]. Recently, second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption-induced luminescence were shown in the embedded laser-reshaped AgNPs upon picosecond pulsed laser excitation at 1064 nm [26].

In this paper, we report the visible fluorescence of chloride PTR glass after bleaching of AgNPs with femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser and demonstrate the presence of residue of crystal phase Na0.9Ag0.1Cl in the irradiated volume. In order to increase the speed of fluorescent centers creation in bulk PTR glass we employ Spatial Light Modulator (SLM) that allows us to split the beam and perform parallel glass bleaching with 25 beams.

2. Experimental

In the experiment, we use PTR glass that belongs to sodium-alumina-silicate system, Na2O - Al2O3 - ZnO - SiO2 - NaF - NaCl and was activated by CeO2 (0.007 mol.%), Sb2O3 (0.04 mol.%), and Ag2O (0.12 mol.%). Table 1 shows four studied glass compositions with variable chlorine concentration. The glasses were synthesized in fused silica crucibles at 1500°C in the air environment. Stirring with a Pt thimble was used to homogenize the liquid. After melting, the glasses were cooled down to 500°C, then annealed at glass transition temperature (Tg = 494°C) for 1 hour, and cooled down to room temperature with a rate of 0.15°C/min. Properties of chloride PTR glass were described elsewhere [1]. It is worth noting that a finite chlorine concentration in the PTR glass is necessary to observe AgNPs surface plasmon resonance absorption [1]. The samples were prepared as 1.5 mm thick polished plates. For the precipitation of AgNPs in the bulk PTR glass samples were irradiated by mercury lamp EFOS Novacure N2001 (Artisian) and thermally treatment in programmable muffle furnaces (Neibotherm) at 560°C at 90 min.

Tables Icon

Table 1. Key components of glass samples

Figure 1 shows experimental setup for glass processing with femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser (Quantronix Integra-C-3.5) with 790 nm central wavelength, maximum pulse energy 3.5 mJ, pulse duration 120 fs and repetition rate of 1 kHz. The laser beam was split by 25 using a liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator (Hamamatsu X10468-02). The diameter of each beam at sample plane was 2.5 µm with energy varying from 0 to 100 µJ per pulse. Minimal number of pulses per spot was 50 due to shutter switching speed. Cameras 1 and 2 served for laser intensity correction and observation of induced modifications, respectively. The processed samples were characterized by measuring transmission and with fluorescence spectra spectrophotometer (Perkin-Elmer Lambda C650) and photoluminescence quantum yield measurement system (Hamamatsu C9920-02G), respectively. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra were obtained using Ultima IV diffractometer (Rigaku).

 

Fig. 1 Scheme of optical setup. F1-F4 - lenses, B - zero order block. Inset circles (a) shows computer generated hologram of laser beams, generated by spatial light modulator; (b) schematic process of AgNPs bleaching with formation of fluorescent AgMCs in focal volume.

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For AgNPs formation in the PTR glass we employed UV irradiation of the samples and thermal treatment, which was described in details elsewhere [1]. Briefly, samples were irradiated by a mercury lamp with UV filter, which cuts down the emission spectrum to 320 nm. One can observe from absorption spectra in Fig. 2 (Curve 1, 2) that there is an absorption band at 305 nm associated with Ce3+ ions, which absorb a considerable part of the mercury lamp radiation. Due to ionization of Ce3+ ions, released electrons are trapped by Sb5+ and Ag+ ions and AgMCs Agm+ [6]. The following thermal treatment leads to the growth of AgNPs that are as big as 5 nm in average. Moreover, other nanocrystals are synthesized during the thermal treatment including NaAgCl, AgBr, NaF and CaF2 when the temperature exceeding the transition glass temperature [1, 2, 27]. The particular assortment of the nanocrystals strongly depends on glass composition and thermal treatment regime.

 

Fig. 2 Optical density spectra of AgCl3, before and after AgNPs bleaching with 50 femtosecond pulses of energy 2 - 0 µJ, 3 - 1 µJ, 4 - 5 µJ, 5 - 10 µJ, 6 - 30 µJ, 7 - 100 µJ. Curve 1 - as-prepared glass.

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3. Results and discussions

3.1. Bleaching of glass

The parallel glass processing by ultrashort laser pulses was performed using SLM with computer generated hologram (CGH). The calculation of computer generated hologram was performed on commercially available computer using Iterative Fourier Transform Algorithm [28]. An initial laser beam can be divided by array of beams with variable intensity. In present work, the size of array was 25 beams, as it shown at Fig. 1. However, it still can be extended up to 2500 beams with current setup [29]. The correction of aberrations was also implemented by SLM, so every beam had circular cross-section and equal size. Each beam was focused under glass surface at 150 µm. Similar approach was implemented for data recording in fused silica with high capacity [30].

Figure 2 (Curve 1) shows optical density spectrum of AgCl3 after thermal treatment, which caused formation of AgNPs in glass volume. The absorption band is related with AgNPs and caused by surface plasmon resonance is located at 432 nm pointing out at the presence of dielectric shell around spherical AgNPs [31]. According to the previous study, in similar glass composition NaAgCl crystals can be formed, which was also supported by XRD data [1]. Such a dielectric shell with relatively high refractive index (up to 2.0) with respect to glass host shifts the absorption band to longer wavelengths [31].

AgNPs in bulk PTR glass were bleached by focused femtosecond laser pulses. Since the central wavelength of the laser beam is in near IR, it interacts with the UV-treated PTR glass through two-photon absorption process, which is enhanced due to the surface plasmon resonance of AgNPs [32]. Figure 2 (Curves 2–7) shows that surface plasmon resonance peak amplitude can be suppressed significantly with increase of laser intensity from 0 to 100 µJ. Minimal dose of 50 pulses was used due to the restriction of shutter switching speed. Effect of metal nanoparticles bleaching is well-known as photodesctruction [21]. Red shift of surface plasmon resonance band on Curve 3 can be caused by increase of refractive index of AgNPs surroundings due to silver ions and AgMCs [33]. Following photodestruction process most likely accompanied with re-shaping of AgNPs from spherical to ellipsoidal seeing the appearance of two plasmon resonance peaks at 420 and 490 nm (Curves 4–6). However, this assumption should be studied further in details using Transmission Electron Microscopy.

3.2. Fluorescence study

Figure 3(a) shows fluorescence spectra of studied samples under excitation at 340 nm. Initial glasses with AgNPs possess only week fluorescence in visible under 340 nm wavelength (for instance AgCl3). However, in all irradiated areas we observed visible fluorescence under UV excitation. One can see that fluorescence maximum is located at 670 nm. The spectra are broad and consist of several fluorescence bands, which are most likely associated with different AgMCs [14, 34–36]. The identification of the AgMCs size is complicated due to the band overlapping. However, according to the previous studies, molecular clusters Agnm+, where n = 2 – 10 and m = 0 – 2, presumably are presented in glass [22]. The intensity of fluorescence grows considerably with the increase of the chlorine concentration from 0.5 to 3 mol.% (Fig. 3(a)). It is well known that chlorine ions make single covalent bond with silicon ions and break the glass network, creating point defects such as non-bridging oxygen hole centers, E’-centers etc. [37]. In addition, it was shown recently [22] that the fluorescence intensity of PTR glass increases with addition of chlorine ions. Thus, a dependence of fluorescence intensity on chlorine concentration after AgNPs bleaching can be explained by fluorescence quenching of AgMCs in glass with lower chlorine concentration. So, as long as chloride ions promote matrix defects formation, it can lead to further distance among AgMCs after AgNPs bleaching. It reduces the amount of fluorescence quenching channels. Another possible mechanism consist in energy transfer from AgMCs to matrix defects, suggested by Eichelbaum et al. [37], which can also serve as a fluorescent light source. With a number of matrix defects proportional to the chlorine concentration, their fluorescence at 500–700 nm spectral range can also contribute to the enhancement of the fluorescence intensity.

 

Fig. 3 (a) Fluorescence spectra of bleached glass under 340 nm excitation. Inset is an photo of AgCl3 under UV light excitation after bleaching. (b) Dependence of fluorescence intensity on AgNPs concentration before bleaching, which is monotonically increasing with initial dose of UV radiation.

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The intensity of the glass fluorescence rises with the increase of UV exposure time before AgNPs formation (Fig. 3(b)). This result can be explained by larger number of AgNPs formed during initial thermal treatment. It allows us to adjust fluorescence intensity after AgNPs bleaching for application. Figure 4(a) presents an array of modified areas in glass volume with variable fluorescence intensity. Different shapes can also be created using SLM and photodestruction process. Figure 4(b) demonstrates the image, which was made in glass by 50 femtosecond pulses without scanning process.

 

Fig. 4 (a) Fluorescent areas recorded with different intensity in each beam. Scale 10 µm. (b) Image of butterfly created by bleaching of AgCl3 using CGH. Scale 200 µm.

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3.3. XRD study

It is assumed that AgNPs are surrounded by NaAgCl nanocrystal shell before the bleaching, which causes the shift of surface plasmon resonance band [19]. According to the previous study of chloride PTR glass, a size of NaAgCl nanocrystals is 27 nm in average using Sherrer’s equation after 3 hours of thermal treatment at 530°C [1, 38]. Figure 5 shows XRD spectrum of AgCl3 with the same AgNPs initial size before (dashed) and after (solid) femtosecond laser bleaching. One can see that NaAgCl crystal phase was still presented in glass after bleaching. However, the intensity of peaks at 31° and 45° decreased significantly. A precipitation of SiO2 phase has occurred during the preparation of powder for XRD analysis. Using Sherrer’s equation the average size of NaAgCl nanocrystals reduced down to 8 nm.

 

Fig. 5 XRD spectrum of AgCl3 before (dashed) and after (solid) bleaching by femtosecond laser.

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Considerable change of NaAgCl may be related with photosensitivity of similar AgCl crystals to visible light [7]. This indicates that under irradiation with intense femtosecomnd pulses, photosensitivity of the NaAgCl nanocrystals may be due to the two- or three-photon absorption resulting in the reduction of silver ions in NaAgCl shell through a conventional photography mechanism [7]. However, more detailed study of influence of ultrashort laser pulses on NaAgCl nanocrystals in chloride PTR glass is required.

Our estimation shows that refractive index change is at the level of 10−4 − 10−3. This experimental finding is of great importance for Bragg grating applications. Eliminating of the plasmon resonance and the relatively high refractive index of remained crystal phase allows one to expand working spectral range for such gratings removing AgNPs absorption [1].

4. Summary

In conclusion, we have demonstrated a fluorescent clusters formation in chloride PTR glass by femtosecond laser bleaching of AgNPs. During the process AgNPs are fragmented to the fluorescent AgMCs of various size. Fluorescent study has revealed the dependence of fluorescence intensity on the chlorine concentration in glass. In addition, XRD showed that size of NaAgCl crystal phase reduced after the bleaching of AgNPs. These results demonstrate that chloride PTR glasses can be used for volume Bragg grating modification and data recording.

Funding

Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (project RFMEFI58715X0012); Academy of Finland (grant 298298); and Finnish National Agency for Education (grant TM-16-10406).

Acknowledgments

Authors would like to thank Alexander Ignatiev and Sergey Ivanov for discussion of results and mechanisms involved in studied processes, Victor Dubrovin for glass synthesis and Rustam Nuriev for XRD spectra preparation and characterization..

References and links

1. V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, and N. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1701–1713 (2016). [CrossRef]  

2. A. Dotsenko, L. Glebov, and V. Tsekhomsky, Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses (CRC, 1998).

3. O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999). [CrossRef]  

4. S. A. Ivanov, A. E. Angervaks, and A. S. Shcheulin, “Application of photo-thermo-refractive glass as a holographic medium for holographic collimator gun sights,” Proceedings of SPIE 9131, 91311B (2014).

5. J. Lumeau and E. Zanotto, “A review of the photo-thermal mechanism and crystallization of photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass,” Int. Mater. Rev. 6608, 1–19 (2016). [CrossRef]  

6. N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and V. Tsekhomskii, “Silver nanoparticles in oxide glasses: technologies and properties,” in “Silver Nanoparticles,” D. P. Perez, ed. (InTech, Vukovar, 2010), chap. 10, pp. 177–200.

7. T. P. Seward, “Coloration and optical anisotropy in silver-containing glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 40, 499–513 (1980). [CrossRef]  

8. J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000). [CrossRef]  

9. Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, and T. Tsuchiya, “Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457–6459 (1998). [CrossRef]  

10. A. Akella, T. Honda, A. Liu, and L. Hesselink, “Two-photon holographic recording in aluminosilicate glass containing silver particles,” Opt. Lett. 22, 967–969 (1997). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

11. P. Kamat, M. Flumiani, and G. Hartland, “Picosecond dynamics of silver nanoclusters. Photoejection of electrons and fragmentation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3123–3128 (1998). [CrossRef]  

12. M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997). [CrossRef]  

13. T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002). [CrossRef]  

14. A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004). [CrossRef]  

15. A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Optical three-dimensional shape analysis of metallic nanoparticles after laser-induced deformation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3215–3217 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

16. A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011). [CrossRef]  

17. J. Jiménez, “In situ optical study of the phase transformation kinetics of plasmonic Ag in laser-irradiated nanocomposite glass,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 425, 20–23 (2015). [CrossRef]  

18. M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005). [CrossRef]  

19. A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

20. J. Lumeau and L. Glebov, “Mechanisms and kinetics of short pulse laser-induced destruction of silver-containing nanoparticles in multicomponent silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Appl. opt. 53, 7362–7368 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. S. Hashimoto, D. Werner, and T. Uwada, “Studies on the interaction of pulsed lasers with plasmonic gold nanoparticles toward light manipulation, heat management, and nanofabrication,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. C Photochem. Rev. 13, 28–54 (2012). [CrossRef]  

22. V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014). [CrossRef]  

23. A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013). [CrossRef]  

24. A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015). [CrossRef]  

25. D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015). [CrossRef]  

26. S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

27. M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016). [CrossRef]  

28. H. Akahori, “Spectrum leveling by an iterative algorithm with a dummy area for synthesizing the kinoform,” Appl. opt. 25, 802–811 (1986). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

29. M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013). [CrossRef]  

30. J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014). [CrossRef]  

31. A. McFarland and R. Van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003). [CrossRef]  

32. L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, “Nonlinear photosensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass by high intensity laser irradiation,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 354, 4070–4074 (2008). [CrossRef]  

33. K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: Sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 19220–19225 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

34. K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013). [CrossRef]  

35. A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

36. Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011). [CrossRef]  

37. M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

38. A. L. Patterson, “The Scherrer Formula for X-Ray Particle Size Determination,” Phys. Rev. 56, 978–982 (1939). [CrossRef]  

References

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  • |

  1. V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, and N. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1701–1713 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Dotsenko, L. Glebov, and V. Tsekhomsky, Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses (CRC, 1998).
  3. O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. A. Ivanov, A. E. Angervaks, and A. S. Shcheulin, “Application of photo-thermo-refractive glass as a holographic medium for holographic collimator gun sights,” Proceedings of SPIE 9131, 91311B (2014).
  5. J. Lumeau and E. Zanotto, “A review of the photo-thermal mechanism and crystallization of photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass,” Int. Mater. Rev. 6608, 1–19 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and V. Tsekhomskii, “Silver nanoparticles in oxide glasses: technologies and properties,” in “Silver Nanoparticles,” D. P. Perez, ed. (InTech, Vukovar, 2010), chap. 10, pp. 177–200.
  7. T. P. Seward, “Coloration and optical anisotropy in silver-containing glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 40, 499–513 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, and T. Tsuchiya, “Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457–6459 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Akella, T. Honda, A. Liu, and L. Hesselink, “Two-photon holographic recording in aluminosilicate glass containing silver particles,” Opt. Lett. 22, 967–969 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. P. Kamat, M. Flumiani, and G. Hartland, “Picosecond dynamics of silver nanoclusters. Photoejection of electrons and fragmentation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3123–3128 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Optical three-dimensional shape analysis of metallic nanoparticles after laser-induced deformation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3215–3217 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Jiménez, “In situ optical study of the phase transformation kinetics of plasmonic Ag in laser-irradiated nanocomposite glass,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 425, 20–23 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.
  20. J. Lumeau and L. Glebov, “Mechanisms and kinetics of short pulse laser-induced destruction of silver-containing nanoparticles in multicomponent silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Appl. opt. 53, 7362–7368 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Hashimoto, D. Werner, and T. Uwada, “Studies on the interaction of pulsed lasers with plasmonic gold nanoparticles toward light manipulation, heat management, and nanofabrication,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. C Photochem. Rev. 13, 28–54 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. Akahori, “Spectrum leveling by an iterative algorithm with a dummy area for synthesizing the kinoform,” Appl. opt. 25, 802–811 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. A. McFarland and R. Van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  32. L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, “Nonlinear photosensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass by high intensity laser irradiation,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 354, 4070–4074 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  33. K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: Sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 19220–19225 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. A. L. Patterson, “The Scherrer Formula for X-Ray Particle Size Determination,” Phys. Rev. 56, 978–982 (1939).
    [Crossref]

2016 (4)

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, and N. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1701–1713 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lumeau and E. Zanotto, “A review of the photo-thermal mechanism and crystallization of photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass,” Int. Mater. Rev. 6608, 1–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Jiménez, “In situ optical study of the phase transformation kinetics of plasmonic Ag in laser-irradiated nanocomposite glass,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 425, 20–23 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

J. Lumeau and L. Glebov, “Mechanisms and kinetics of short pulse laser-induced destruction of silver-containing nanoparticles in multicomponent silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Appl. opt. 53, 7362–7368 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Ivanov, A. E. Angervaks, and A. S. Shcheulin, “Application of photo-thermo-refractive glass as a holographic medium for holographic collimator gun sights,” Proceedings of SPIE 9131, 91311B (2014).

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hashimoto, D. Werner, and T. Uwada, “Studies on the interaction of pulsed lasers with plasmonic gold nanoparticles toward light manipulation, heat management, and nanofabrication,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. C Photochem. Rev. 13, 28–54 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, “Nonlinear photosensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass by high intensity laser irradiation,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 354, 4070–4074 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: Sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 19220–19225 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. McFarland and R. Van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, and T. Tsuchiya, “Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457–6459 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. Kamat, M. Flumiani, and G. Hartland, “Picosecond dynamics of silver nanoclusters. Photoejection of electrons and fragmentation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3123–3128 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Akella, T. Honda, A. Liu, and L. Hesselink, “Two-photon holographic recording in aluminosilicate glass containing silver particles,” Opt. Lett. 22, 967–969 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

T. P. Seward, “Coloration and optical anisotropy in silver-containing glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 40, 499–513 (1980).
[Crossref]

1939 (1)

A. L. Patterson, “The Scherrer Formula for X-Ray Particle Size Determination,” Phys. Rev. 56, 978–982 (1939).
[Crossref]

Abdolvand, A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011).
[Crossref]

Agafonova, D.

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

Akahori, H.

Akella, A.

Angervaks, A. E.

S. A. Ivanov, A. E. Angervaks, and A. S. Shcheulin, “Application of photo-thermo-refractive glass as a holographic medium for holographic collimator gun sights,” Proceedings of SPIE 9131, 91311B (2014).

Bellec, M.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beresna, M.

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bigot, J.

J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

Binet, L.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bourhis, K.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Canioni, L.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Caurant, D.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Daunois, A.

J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dotsenko, A.

A. Dotsenko, L. Glebov, and V. Tsekhomsky, Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses (CRC, 1998).

Dubrovin, V.

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, and N. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1701–1713 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dussauze, M.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Efimov, O.

O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eichelbaum, M.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M. A.

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: Sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 19220–19225 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emmerling, F.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flumiani, M.

P. Kamat, M. Flumiani, and G. Hartland, “Picosecond dynamics of silver nanoclusters. Photoejection of electrons and fragmentation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3123–3128 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gecevicius, M.

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gillespie, W. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glebov, L.

J. Lumeau and L. Glebov, “Mechanisms and kinetics of short pulse laser-induced destruction of silver-containing nanoparticles in multicomponent silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Appl. opt. 53, 7362–7368 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, “Nonlinear photosensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass by high intensity laser irradiation,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 354, 4070–4074 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Dotsenko, L. Glebov, and V. Tsekhomsky, Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses (CRC, 1998).

Graener, H.

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Optical three-dimensional shape analysis of metallic nanoparticles after laser-induced deformation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3215–3217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grantham, S.

O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999).
[Crossref]

Grebenev, V.

A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Halte, V.

J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hartland, G.

P. Kamat, M. Flumiani, and G. Hartland, “Picosecond dynamics of silver nanoclusters. Photoejection of electrons and fragmentation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3123–3128 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hashimoto, S.

S. Hashimoto, D. Werner, and T. Uwada, “Studies on the interaction of pulsed lasers with plasmonic gold nanoparticles toward light manipulation, heat management, and nanofabrication,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. C Photochem. Rev. 13, 28–54 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hein, J.

M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

Herrmann, A.

M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

Hirao, K.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoell, A.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Honda, T.

Ignat’ev, A.

A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ignatiev, A.

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, and N. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1701–1713 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

Ignatiev, D.

A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

Inoue, M.

Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, and T. Tsuchiya, “Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457–6459 (1998).
[Crossref]

Iryo, K.

T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, S. A.

S. A. Ivanov, A. E. Angervaks, and A. S. Shcheulin, “Application of photo-thermo-refractive glass as a holographic medium for holographic collimator gun sights,” Proceedings of SPIE 9131, 91311B (2014).

Jiménez, J.

J. Jiménez, “In situ optical study of the phase transformation kinetics of plasmonic Ag in laser-irradiated nanocomposite glass,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 425, 20–23 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kaakkunen, J.

M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kamat, P.

P. Kamat, M. Flumiani, and G. Hartland, “Picosecond dynamics of silver nanoclusters. Photoejection of electrons and fragmentation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3123–3128 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P.

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Klyukin, D.

A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

Konnai, A.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kurobori, T.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. S.

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: Sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 19220–19225 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leontieva, V.

Liu, A.

Lumeau, J.

J. Lumeau and E. Zanotto, “A review of the photo-thermal mechanism and crystallization of photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass,” Int. Mater. Rev. 6608, 1–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lumeau and L. Glebov, “Mechanisms and kinetics of short pulse laser-induced destruction of silver-containing nanoparticles in multicomponent silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Appl. opt. 53, 7362–7368 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, “Nonlinear photosensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass by high intensity laser irradiation,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 354, 4070–4074 (2008).
[Crossref]

McFarland, A.

A. McFarland and R. Van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

Merle, J.

J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mojzeš, P.

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nagashima, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nanto, H.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nikonorov, N.

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, and N. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1701–1713 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and V. Tsekhomskii, “Silver nanoparticles in oxide glasses: technologies and properties,” in “Silver Nanoparticles,” D. P. Perez, ed. (InTech, Vukovar, 2010), chap. 10, pp. 177–200.

Nuryev, R.

A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

Pacchioni, G.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paivasaari, K.

M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013).
[Crossref]

Papon, G.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

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A. L. Patterson, “The Scherrer Formula for X-Ray Particle Size Determination,” Phys. Rev. 56, 978–982 (1939).
[Crossref]

Petit, Y.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pfänder, N.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podlipensky, A.

A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Polte, J.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Procházka, M.

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rademann, K.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, M.

O. Efimov, L. Glebov, S. Grantham, and M. Richardson, “Photoionization of silicate glasses exposed to IR femtosecond pulses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 253, 58–67 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, V.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Royon, A.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rüssel, C.

M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sakakura, M.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Seifert, G.

A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Optical three-dimensional shape analysis of metallic nanoparticles after laser-induced deformation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3215–3217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Podlipensky, V. Grebenev, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ionization and photomodification of Ag nanoparticles in soda-lime glass by 150 fs laser irradiation: A luminescence study,” J. Lumin. 109, 135–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sendova, M.

M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sendova-Vassileva, M.

M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005).
[Crossref]

Seward, T. P.

T. P. Seward, “Coloration and optical anisotropy in silver-containing glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 40, 499–513 (1980).
[Crossref]

Shakhverdov, T.

A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shcheulin, A. S.

S. A. Ivanov, A. E. Angervaks, and A. S. Shcheulin, “Application of photo-thermo-refractive glass as a holographic medium for holographic collimator gun sights,” Proceedings of SPIE 9131, 91311B (2014).

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sidorov, A.

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, V. Leontieva, N. Nikonorov, T. Shakhverdov, and A. Sidorov, “Formation of luminescent centers in photo-thermo-refractive silicate glasses under the action of UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 1635 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Dubrovin, A. Ignatiev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, T. Shakhverdov, and D. Agafonova, “Luminescence of silver molecular clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. 36, 753–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ignat’ev, N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and T. Shakhverdov, “Influence of UV irradiation and heat treatment on the luminescence of molecular silver clusters in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Spectrosc. 114, 769–774 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Ignatiev, D. Ignatiev, D. Klyukin, N. Nikonorov, R. Nuryev, and A. Sidorov, “Influence of 532 and 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses on photodestruction of silver nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” in “Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology,” (2016), pp. 241–245.

N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and V. Tsekhomskii, “Silver nanoparticles in oxide glasses: technologies and properties,” in “Silver Nanoparticles,” D. P. Perez, ed. (InTech, Vukovar, 2010), chap. 10, pp. 177–200.

Siiman, L.

L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, “Nonlinear photosensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass by high intensity laser irradiation,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids 354, 4070–4074 (2008).
[Crossref]

Silvennoinen, M.

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013).
[Crossref]

Simo, A.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stalmashonak, A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Optical three-dimensional shape analysis of metallic nanoparticles after laser-induced deformation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3215–3217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Štepánek, J.

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stoica, M.

M. Stoica, A. Herrmann, J. Hein, and C. Rüssel, “UV-vis spectroscopic studies of CaF2 photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 62, 424–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stößer, R.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Svirko, Y. P.

D. Klyukin, A. Sidorov, N. Nikonorov, M. Silvennoinen, Y. P. Svirko, and A. Ignatiev, “Formation of luminescence centers and nonlinear optical effects in silver-containing glasses under femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Spectr. 119, 456–459 (2015).
[Crossref]

Takei, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tatchev, D.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Treguer, M.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Troutt, A.

M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tsekhomskii, V.

N. Nikonorov, A. Sidorov, and V. Tsekhomskii, “Silver nanoparticles in oxide glasses: technologies and properties,” in “Silver Nanoparticles,” D. P. Perez, ed. (InTech, Vukovar, 2010), chap. 10, pp. 177–200.

Tsekhomsky, V.

A. Dotsenko, L. Glebov, and V. Tsekhomsky, Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses (CRC, 1998).

Tsuchiya, T.

Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, and T. Tsuchiya, “Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457–6459 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tsuji, M.

T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tsuji, T.

T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
[Crossref]

Turpin, P.-Y.

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tyrk, M. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uwada, T.

S. Hashimoto, D. Werner, and T. Uwada, “Studies on the interaction of pulsed lasers with plasmonic gold nanoparticles toward light manipulation, heat management, and nanofabrication,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. C Photochem. Rev. 13, 28–54 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vahimaa, P.

M. Silvennoinen, J. Kaakkunen, K. Paivasaari, and P. Vahimaa, “Parallel microstructuring using femtosecond laser and spatial light modulator,” Phys. Procedia 41, 693–697 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vainio, U.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 18824–33 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R.

A. McFarland and R. Van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

Videau, J.

K. Bourhis, A. Royon, G. Papon, M. Bellec, Y. Petit, L. Canioni, M. Dussauze, V. Rodriguez, L. Binet, D. Caurant, M. Treguer, J. Videau, and T. Cardinal, “Formation and thermo-assisted stabilization of luminescent silver clusters in photosensitive glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 1637–1644 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vlcková, B.

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, N.

T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, and T. Tsuchiya, “Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457–6459 (1998).
[Crossref]

Weigel, W.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19, 135701 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Werner, D.

S. Hashimoto, D. Werner, and T. Uwada, “Studies on the interaction of pulsed lasers with plasmonic gold nanoparticles toward light manipulation, heat management, and nanofabrication,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. C Photochem. Rev. 13, 28–54 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, T.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yanagida, T.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46, 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zanotto, E.

J. Lumeau and E. Zanotto, “A review of the photo-thermal mechanism and crystallization of photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass,” Int. Mater. Rev. 6608, 1–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. Gecevičius, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Seemingly unlimited lifetime data storage in nanostructured glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zolotovskaya, S. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, M. A. Tyrk, A. Stalmashonak, W. A. Gillespie, and A. Abdolvand, “On second harmonic generation and multiphoton-absorption induced luminescence from laser-reshaped silver nanoparticles embedded in glass,” Nanotechnology 27, 435703 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

M. Procházka, P. Mojzeš, J. Štěpánek, B. Vlcková, and P.-Y. Turpin, “Probing applications of laser-ablated Ag colloids in SERS spectroscopy: improvement of ablation procedure and SERS spectral testing,” Anal. Chem. 69, 5103–5108 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

M. Sendova-Vassileva, M. Sendova, and A. Troutt, “Laser modification of silver nanoclusters in SiO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 871–875 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 2011–2014 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

T. Tsuji, K. Iryo, N. Watanabe, and M. Tsuji, “Preparation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation in solution : influence of laser wavelength on particle size,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 202, 80–85 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Bigot, V. Halte, J. Merle, and A. Daunois, “Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. 251, 181–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

Int. Mater. Rev. (1)

J. Lumeau and E. Zanotto, “A review of the photo-thermal mechanism and crystallization of photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass,” Int. Mater. Rev. 6608, 1–19 (2016).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of optical setup. F1-F4 - lenses, B - zero order block. Inset circles (a) shows computer generated hologram of laser beams, generated by spatial light modulator; (b) schematic process of AgNPs bleaching with formation of fluorescent AgMCs in focal volume.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical density spectra of AgCl3, before and after AgNPs bleaching with 50 femtosecond pulses of energy 2 - 0 µJ, 3 - 1 µJ, 4 - 5 µJ, 5 - 10 µJ, 6 - 30 µJ, 7 - 100 µJ. Curve 1 - as-prepared glass.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Fluorescence spectra of bleached glass under 340 nm excitation. Inset is an photo of AgCl3 under UV light excitation after bleaching. (b) Dependence of fluorescence intensity on AgNPs concentration before bleaching, which is monotonically increasing with initial dose of UV radiation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Fluorescent areas recorded with different intensity in each beam. Scale 10 µm. (b) Image of butterfly created by bleaching of AgCl3 using CGH. Scale 200 µm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 XRD spectrum of AgCl3 before (dashed) and after (solid) bleaching by femtosecond laser.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Key components of glass samples

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