Abstract

We investigated the experimental damage threshold of platinum coating on a silicon substrate illuminated by soft x-ray radiation at grazing incidence angle of 2 degrees. The coating was the same as the blazed grating used for the soft X-ray self-seeding optics of the Linac Coherent Light Source free electron laser. The irradiation condition was chosen such that the absorbed dose was similar to the maximum dose expected for the grating. The expected dose was simulated by solving the Helmholtz equation in non-homogenous media. The experiment was performed at 900 eV photon energy for both single pulse and multi-shot conditions. We have not observed single shot damage. This corresponds to a single shot damage threshold being higher than 3 J/cm2. The multiple shot damage threshold measured for 10 shots and about 600 shots was determined to be 0.95 J/cm2 and 0.75 J/cm2 respectively. The damage threshold occurred at an instantaneous dose which is higher that the melt dose of platinum.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

In recent years, the advent of the Free Electron Laser (FEL) opened up the door to new classes of experiments, including dynamical studies of chemical and physical phenomenon, lens-less diffraction of periodic and non-periodic structures and the study of samples that are suffering radiation damage at third generation x-ray sources. The FEL pulses have very high peak power, ultra-short duration and are produced in a narrow photon bandwidth. In most cases, the radiation is produced by the Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) mechanism. The SASE-produced radiation suffers poor shot-to-shot reproducibility. The centroid of the energy spectrum jitters, both the spectral and time profiles have poor coherence properties, and the bandwidth of a SASE beam can be of the order of 0.5% (or higher) of the fundamental emitted photon energy. To create a Fourier limited FEL pulse, a couple of approaches were adopted. One of them is direct seeding, where an external laser, emitting a particular wavelength [1] “seeds” the electron beam to create a coherent emission at the same wavelength, but with amplified pulse power. More recently, the Fermi@Elettra team employed a technique called High Gain Harmonic Generation (HGHG) [2]. In this case, an external laser seeds the electron beam at a particular wavelength, but the radiation is amplified at a shorter wavelength. In both direct seeding and HGHG, the maximum photon energy is limited by the availability of an external seeding laser with enough power and with proper temporal characteristics at short enough wavelengths. A way to overcome this limit is using the self-seeding scheme, consisting of a monochromator inserted into the undulator chain that generates the SASE beam [3]. After a few undulator sections, a monochromator filters the SASE beam and a photon beam with narrowed photon bandwidth is used to seed the electrons in the downstream undulators. This scheme was successfully demonstrated in the hard x-ray regime at LCLS [4] and is now being implemented in the soft X-ray regime [5, 6 ].

For the soft X-ray self-seeding (SXRSS) project, the narrow bandwidth of the SASE beam is selected by a diffraction grating based monochromator. The SXRSS project is designed to reach a resolving power E/ΔE of 5000 or larger and to fit the monochromator into a single undulator section, just under 4m long. In order to achieve this goal it turned out that the grating should work in fixed incidence mode [6] and should be the very first optical element. The distance from the source to the grating varies from 3m to 8m depending on photon energy and undulator configuration.

It is expected that a B4C coated grating would have a higher damage threshold than the platinum coating. However, it is known that mirrors working in x-ray regime suffer from carbon contamination. Carbon contaminated B4C based optics cannot be cleaned by oxygen methods as the cleaning process damages B4C material. By contrast, platinum-coated optics can be cleaned from the carbon contamination in situ [7]. Therefore we decided to pursue the platinum coated grating solution and test damage of platinum coatings in the soft x-ray regime.

Damage studies of optical components have a long history and are related to development of powerful light sources such as lasers or synchrotron storage rings. A unique property of XFEL beams is the combination of ultrashort pulse durations and high photon energies which are usually much higher than binding energies of solids. Most of damage studies for such beam parameters have been performed at XFEL sources for single shots and normal incidence conditions (see e.g [8]. and references cited therein). Recently, several damage studies at grazing incidence condition in hard X-ray regime were reported for single shots [9,10 ].There have been some multi shot studies in UV [11] and soft X-ray regime [12] which were done for normal incidence conditions and for non-nonmetallic materials. However the investigations of damage due to multishot exposure of ultrashort, intense x-ray pulses and at grazing incidence conditions have not been reported yet in the literature.

The reason to perform the tests is the absence of multishot damage studies at the photon energies at which we plan to work (500-1200 eV) and the difficulty to predict the behaviors of thin films deposited on a substrate which are illuminated at grazing incidence The planned photon energy for the initial commissioning of the SXRSS was around 900 eV, and we decided to concentrate our studies on this particular value.

2. Experimental

2.1 Experimental setup

The measurements were carried out at the SXR instrument at LCLS. A detailed description of this instrument and its beamline components are given elsewhere [13]. Here we only give a brief overview and schematics in Fig. 1 , which is relevant to this study. The FEL beam produced in the undulator traverses the Front End Enclosure (FEE) which houses a gas attenuator and the gas detectors that measure the pulse energy of the FEL beam for each pulse [14]. Before the beam reaches the SXR beamline it is reflected off the soft x-ray offset mirrors (SOMS) and directed into the SXR beamline. The beamline consists of a monochromator which can be operated in zeroth order by reflecting off the unruled area of the grating or in a monochromatic mode. After the exit slit of the monochromator a gas detector (GMD) measures the average and shot by shot pulse energy [15].

 

Fig. 1 Schematic lay-out of the SXR beamline: Front End enclosure (FEE) with diagnostics and Soft X-ray offset Mirrors (SOMS) and M3S1 mirror, Hutch 1 contains the monochromator (miror M1 and grating) and hutch 2 the Gas Monitor Detector (GMD) and focusing (KB) optics. The sample was mounted in the sample chamber located after the experimental chamber.

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A Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) refocusing mirror pair can change the beam size on the sample. The sample was mounted in the monitor tank downstream of the experimental chamber which also houses YAG screens to view the beam spot. The sample was mounted on a rotatable manipulator and was pre-aligned to the FEL beam coordinates to an accuracy of better than 0.1 degrees.

The LCLS photon energy was tuned to 900eV and the monochromator was operated in zeroth order. The FEL pulse energy was measured by the FEE gas detectors for each pulse. The transmission of the KB mirrors has been characterized previously to be around 50%.

The beam size was monitored using a Ce:YAG sample mounted on the same sample holder and adjusted to 30 – 40 um with the bendable KB mirror system and left at this position during the irradiation. The fluence was controlled via the adjustable gas attenuator pressure.

An Opal camera mounted at the end of a microscope allowed for online monitoring of the sample during the irradiation.

2.2 Sample

The irradiated sample was a 60x20x5 mm silicon substrate with a single layer of 51 nm (+/− 0.15 nm) of platinum deposited on the surface via sputtering (by Incoatec gmbh). No binding layer or adhesive layer was used to increase the adhesion of Pt to the silicon substrate. The measured micro roughness was below 0.5 nm rms, good enough to detect any damage induced to the optical surface by the radiation.

2.3 Determination of the maximum fluence at normal incidence

The measurement of the maximum fluence of a non-Gaussian beam involves two steps: pulse energy measurements and determination of the so called effective area Aeff [16–18 ] of the focused beam. The effective area Aeff is defined as:

Aeff=SF(x,y)/Fmaxdxdy=Ep/Fmax
where F(x,y) is the fluence distribution, Fmax the maximum fluence and Ep the pulse energy. The effective area Aeff establishes a simple relationship between the maximum fluence Fmax and the photon pulse energy Ep: Fmax = Ep/Aeff. Pulse energy was measured by a gas detector. described in details elsewhere [15]. The effective area Aeff was measured by the imprints method [17]. We have used a polished PbWO4 crystal [19, 20 ] as a target for imprints. Series of imprints were done at different pulse energy levels Ep and analyzed in a way described in [17, 18 ]. An image of a typical imprint is presented in Fig. 2 . For each imprint the area S of the damage spot was measured using an optical microscope working in the differential interference contrast mode. The normalized fluence scan f(S) was constructed according to the procedure described in [18]. The fluence scan f(S) was fit to a combination of two Gaussian functions and the effective area was determined as prescribed in [18]. The fit is presented in Fig. 3 . It should be noted that the measured effective areas are related to normal incidence conditions.

 

Fig. 2 An image of a typical imprint in the PbWO4 target. In this particular case the maximum fluence was twice higher than the damage threshold in the PbWO4 .

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Fig. 3 The measured fluence scan f(S) (full circles) fitted with two Gaussian functions (solid line) according to procedure described in [18]. The effective area calculated from the fitted function is equal to 560 μm2

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Our experiment was carried out in two different days, at two different focusing conditions corresponding to two different effective areas measured as 560 μm2 and 1200 μm2.

2.4 Irradiation at grazing incidence

The irradiation conditions for the grazing incidence case were chosen such that the absorbed dose was similar or higher than the maximum dose expected for the blazed grating used in the optical system for the SXRSS project. The expected dose was simulated by solving the Helmholtz equation in non-homogenous media, which will be described in more details in section 3. The simulations showed that, to have a comparable dose, the angle of incidence should be 2 degrees.

We have performed single shot and multi-shot irradiations for 10 and about 600 shots at different pulse energy levels (see Fig. 4 ). The pulse energy was controlled by changing the gas pressure in a gas attenuator. The average incoming FEL pulse energy, before the gas attenuator, was on the order of 1 mJ. More precisely, after having measured each single shot per irradiated area we determined the average pulse energy for the first multishot study to be 1.07mJ and for the second multishot study to be 0.98mJ.

 

Fig. 4 Examples of images showing damage of the Pt coating caused by 10 shots of the focused x-ray beam (effective area 560 μm2) at grazing incidence of 2 degrees. Different images correspond to different pressures of the gas attenuator: a) 80 Pa, b) 93 Pa, c) 107Pa, d) 0120 Pa and e) 133 Pa

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For each attenuation level we irradiated two separate sample locations by moving the sample to a fresh spot. We changed the transmission of the beam line, by changing the pressure of the gas, over the range 0.07 – 3.5%, corresponding to pulse energy on the sample from 0.7 to 35 μJ. This attenuation range was sufficient to observe the damage threshold for multi-shot irradiations. As it turned out after the experiment we were not able to detect single shot damage in this attenuation range.

3. Simulations

In our simulations we used a beam propagation method to solve the Helmholtz equation in in-homogeneous media [21, 22 ]. This type of simulation explained the results of damage experiment for carbon coated lamellar grating performed at FLASH facility [22]. Figure 5 shows simulation of distribution of absorbed energy density ed in the blazed silicon grating coated with 50 nm thick Pt layer for 900 eV photon energy. The simulation shows that the specific field distribution at the surface leads to an enhancement of the absorbed energy at the edge of the blazed grating structure illuminated at 1 degree incident angle. The maximum value of ed is about 20% lower than the ed calculated for the flat surface illuminated by the beam at 2.1 degrees grazing incident angle. This angle corresponds to the angle between the incident beam and the grating’s facets. The simulations showed that the maximum absorbed dose ed will be similar for both cases if one decreases the grazing incidence for the flat surface to 2 degrees. Therefore, to mimic this situation we have chosen in our experiment 2 degrees as the incident angle. We would like to note that both the grating and the flat surface case was simulated using the same code. The simulations also show that the dependence of the absorbed energy on the photon energy in the range 200 eV - 1200 eV is rather weak with a flat maximum around 800 eV (see Fig. 4). Therefore one can expect that the results obtained for the photon energy of 900 eV, used in our experiment, are also representative for a larger photon energy range.

 

Fig. 5 a) Side view of simulated distribution of absorbed energy density ed in the blazed silicon grating coated with 50 nm thick Pt layer. The color scale is proportional to the absorbed energy density. The grating is illuminated from the upper left side at 1 degree grazing incident angle. The blaze angle of the grating is 1.1 degrees. The vertical and horizontal dimension is not to scale. b) Dependence of maximum of absorbed energy density ed as a function of photon energy.

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4. Data analysis and results

The damage threshold at grazing incidence was determined as follows. First the area of the damaged spots was plotted as a function of attenuator pressure (Fig. 6 ). The pressure is proportional to the logarithm of the transmission of the beamline. This plot relates to the so called Liu plot [23] which is often used in damage threshold analysis.

 

Fig. 6 The area of the damaged spots as a function of the attenuator pressure for the second set of exposures (effective area of 560 μm2). Crosses and circles represent two different repetitions of using the same irradiation conditions.

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We used linear regression and the last three points on the plot to calculate the pressure Pth at which the damage would vanish. The damage threshold is then determined as Fth = Eth/Aeff where Eth is the transmitted energy corresponding to Pth.

As it has been mentioned above we did two series of multishot irradiations applying 10 shots and 600 shots for each focusing case. The focusing conditions for these two series were characterized by measured effective area of the spots of 1200 μm2 and 560 μm2 respectively. The determined damage thresholds are different in the two cases. They were 0.75 J/cm2 and 0.95 J/cm2 for the 600 shots case and 10 shots case respectively. One can observe that the lower damage threshold corresponds to larger number of shots.

The maximum combined uncertainty in our measurement is about 35% and is due to the individual uncertainties in determining the attenuator pressure threshold values at 0.5%, measuring the effective area at 10%, and determining the overall transmission at 20%, and the pulse energy measurement at 5%.

Surprisingly, our focusing and transmission conditions did not produce any single shot damage. We did not have on-line high resolution microscope to realize during experiment that single shot damage was not happening. Therefore we can only state that we were not able to detect any single shot damage and that the threshold is higher than 3 J/cm2. We intend to reinvestigate the single shot damage threshold in future studies.

5. Discussion

The key quantity that helps to assess the damage is the instantaneous absorbed dose per atom at the mirror surface:

Datom=F(1R)sin(θ)dρatom
where F is the fluence, R is the reflectivity, θ is the grazing incidence angle, ρatomis the number of atoms per unit volume, d=λ4πIm[n1(cos(θ)/n)2]is the extinction length, λ is the wavelength and n is the complex refractive index.

The calculated absorbed dose for the damage thresholds 0.75 J/cm2 and 0.95 J/cm2 corresponds to 6 eV/atom and 8 eV atom respectively. These dose values can be compared with the energy density Dmelt which is required to bring a solid to the melt temperature. In the case of platinum Dmelt ≈0.47 eV/atom. This value is close to the experimental single shot damage value of 0.51eV/atom measured for bulk platinum sample at hard X-rays [24].

Clearly, a significant amount of absorbed energy is transported away from the surface before it melts. A simplified picture of what happens when the surface of a solid is excited by a femtosecond X-ray pulse can be viewed within the so called two temperature model [25] describing separately electron and ion systems that are coupled thermally by an energy transfer mechanism, e.g. by the electron – phonon coupling. The heat diffusion is also modeled individually in the two subsystems with appropriate thermal conductivity models. In addition to thermal diffusion the ballistic transport of electrons can be also taken into account [26]. The typical ion - electron temperature equilibration times, measured for metals, are in order of 1 ps - 30 ps depending on the ion atomic weight and electron-phonon coupling strength. It is known from experiments performed for metals using femtosecond optical pulses that during this time the electron system can transport the energy far beyond the absorption layer [26]. As a result the maximum ion temperature of the surface measured in pump-and probe experiments were lower than expected when assuming thermal equilibrium in the absorption layer.

Recent damage experiment done at grazing incidence with 10 keV photons [10] also indicated that the electrons transported energy away from the absorption region before it melts. In this work authors concluded that in order to explain the measured damage thresholds the energy deposition length should be about 30 nm compared to 2 nm absorption length. The energy deposition length was attributed to the electron collisional range [27] and the thermal diffusion was not considered.

For the grazing incidence angle of 2.0 degrees the calculated absorption length d of 1.7 nm is much smaller than the thickness of the coating of 50 nm. The calculated instantaneous absorption dose is approximately 14 times larger than the melt dose. Therefore one can conclude that the energy deposition range of ~24 nm should be also approximately 14 times longer than the absorption length.

One should note that there are other mechanisms which could contribute to the difference between the measured and the calculated damage threshold which is based on a simple thermal theory. That may include energy transport to vacuum by the photoelectrons or change in binding energy under the influence of intense, short-wavelength radiation [28]. However, considering such mechanisms in our modeling of the damage threshold goes beyond the scope of the present work.

Summary

Our results and the results reported in [10] are very important for development of metal coated optics that is exposed to intense, ultrashort X-ray pulses. They show that the effect of the grazing incidence illumination increase the damage threshold by factor of ten or more beyond the limit predicted by theory which is based on thermal equilibrium and the energy deposition mechanism due to photoabsorption. According to our best knowledge there is no theory reported in the literature that can predict precisely the damage threshold at grazing incidence. Understanding the underlying processes which contribute to increasing of the damage threshold can help to design optics which can withstand higher instantaneous power and optimize scientific instruments at XFELs.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank M. Holmes, G. Gassner, SXR Instrument and SLAC Metrology teams for their help during the beam time. This work was supported by DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.

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References

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  1. L. H. Yu, “Generation of intense UV radiation by subharmonically seeded single-pass free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 44(8), 5178–5193 (1991).
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2014 (2)

2013 (5)

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chalupský, T. Burian, V. Hájková, L. Juha, T. Polcar, J. Gaudin, M. Nagasono, R. Sobierajski, M. Yabashi, and J. Krzywinski, “Fluence scan: an unexplored property of a laser beam,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26363–26375 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

L. Juha, V. Hajkova, J. Chalupsky, V. Vorlicek, A. Ritucci, A. Reale, P. Zuppella, and M. Stoermer, “Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 093117 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Hohlfeld, S. S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251(1-3), 237–258 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Possible application of X-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an X-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 341–352 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

L. H. Yu, “Generation of intense UV radiation by subharmonically seeded single-pass free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 44(8), 5178–5193 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1982 (1)

1974 (1)

I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

1968 (1)

E. J. Kobetich and R. Katz, “Energy Deposition by Electron Beams and δ Rays,” Phys. Rev. 170(2), 391–396 (1968).
[Crossref]

Abbey, B.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abela, R.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

Ables, E.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Abraham, B.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aiura, Y.

Allaria, E.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, “The FERMI@Elettra free-electron-laser source for coherent x-ray physics: photon properties, beam transport system and applications,” New J. Phys. 12(7), 075002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Amann, J.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Amann, J. W.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
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Andreasson, J.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Aquila, A.

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
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Arp, U.

Arthur, J.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Bajt, S.

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
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V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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Baker, S. L.

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
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S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
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Berg, W.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
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Beye, M.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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Bionta, R.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Bionta, R. M.

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blank, V.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
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Bohacek, P.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
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Bostedt, C.

Bozek, J.

Brachmann, A.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Burian, T.

J. Chalupský, T. Burian, V. Hájková, L. Juha, T. Polcar, J. Gaudin, M. Nagasono, R. Sobierajski, M. Yabashi, and J. Krzywinski, “Fluence scan: an unexplored property of a laser beam,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26363–26375 (2013).
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A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
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S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
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Cadenazzi, G.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Callegari, C.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, “The FERMI@Elettra free-electron-laser source for coherent x-ray physics: photon properties, beam transport system and applications,” New J. Phys. 12(7), 075002 (2010).
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Cammarata, M.

Chalupsky, J.

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Juha, V. Hajkova, J. Chalupsky, V. Vorlicek, A. Ritucci, A. Reale, P. Zuppella, and M. Stoermer, “Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 093117 (2009).
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Chalupský, J.

Chapman, H.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chapman, H. N.

Chow, K.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Cihelka, J.

Cocco, D.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, “The FERMI@Elettra free-electron-laser source for coherent x-ray physics: photon properties, beam transport system and applications,” New J. Phys. 12(7), 075002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Coffee, R.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Conrad, U.

J. Hohlfeld, S. S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251(1-3), 237–258 (2000).
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Coppola, N.

Decker, F.-J.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dowell, D.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dzelzainis, T.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Edstrom, S.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eisebitt, S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emma, P.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Emma, P. J.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

Farahani, S. D.

Faustlin, R.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fawley, W. M.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, “The FERMI@Elettra free-electron-laser source for coherent x-ray physics: photon properties, beam transport system and applications,” New J. Phys. 12(7), 075002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feldhaus, J.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Possible application of X-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an X-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 341–352 (1997).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Fernández-Perea, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Field, C.

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Fisher, A.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Flechsig, U.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

Fong, K.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Friedrich, S.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frisch, J.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fritz, D.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fujimori, A.

Fukutani, H.

Galasso, G.

Galayda, J.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Garcia, M. E.

F. Ch. Kabeer, E. S. Zijlstra, and M. E. Garcia, “Road of warm dense noble metals to the plasma state: Ab initio theory of the ultrafast structural dynamics in warm dense matter,” Phys. Rev. B 89(10), 100301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gardener, C.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gassner, G. L.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

Gaudin, J.

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupský, T. Burian, V. Hájková, L. Juha, T. Polcar, J. Gaudin, M. Nagasono, R. Sobierajski, M. Yabashi, and J. Krzywinski, “Fluence scan: an unexplored property of a laser beam,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26363–26375 (2013).
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J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerken, N.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilevich, S.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gleeson, A.

Graf, A.

Güdde, J.

J. Hohlfeld, S. S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251(1-3), 237–258 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hajdu, J.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hajkova, V.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Juha, V. Hajkova, J. Chalupsky, V. Vorlicek, A. Ritucci, A. Reale, P. Zuppella, and M. Stoermer, “Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 093117 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hájková, V.

Harmand, M.

Hastings, J.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Hau-Riege, S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hau-Riege, S. P.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hays, G.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heimann, P.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Heimann, P. A.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hering, P.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hohlfeld, J.

J. Hohlfeld, S. S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251(1-3), 237–258 (2000).
[Crossref]

Holmes, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
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Iverson, R.

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Juha, L.

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Jurek, M.

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J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
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Katayama, T.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
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T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
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Kato, H.

Katz, R.

E. J. Kobetich and R. Katz, “Energy Deposition by Electron Beams and δ Rays,” Phys. Rev. 170(2), 391–396 (1968).
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Kelez, N.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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Khorsand, A. R.

Kim, J.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
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T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
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Kishiyama, K.

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J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
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Kobetich, E. J.

E. J. Kobetich and R. Katz, “Energy Deposition by Electron Beams and δ Rays,” Phys. Rev. 170(2), 391–396 (1968).
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Koide, T.

Koyama, T.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
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A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
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Kreis, S.

Krupin, O.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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Krzywinski, J.

J. Chalupský, T. Burian, V. Hájková, L. Juha, T. Polcar, J. Gaudin, M. Nagasono, R. Sobierajski, M. Yabashi, and J. Krzywinski, “Fluence scan: an unexplored property of a laser beam,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26363–26375 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Mimura, H.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
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Moeller, S.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
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W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
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Moeller, S. P.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
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Möller, S.

Montanez, P. A.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
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D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
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Nagasono, M.

Nagler, B.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
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V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
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Nataraj, P.

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
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Nilsson, A. R.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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Niwano, M.

Nordlund, D.

Nugent, K. A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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Nuhn, H.-D.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
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J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
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S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Ohashi, H.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
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A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
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T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
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Ott, L.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Ozkan, C.

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
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J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
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Parmigiani, F.

E. Allaria, C. Callegari, D. Cocco, W. M. Fawley, M. Kiskinova, C. Masciovecchio, and F. Parmigiani, “The FERMI@Elettra free-electron-laser source for coherent x-ray physics: photon properties, beam transport system and applications,” New J. Phys. 12(7), 075002 (2010).
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Pelka, J.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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Perel’man, T. L.

I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Pile, G.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Pivovaroff, M.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Polcar, T.

Ratner, D.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
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S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Ratner, D. F.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
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Reale, A.

L. Juha, V. Hajkova, J. Chalupsky, V. Vorlicek, A. Ritucci, A. Reale, P. Zuppella, and M. Stoermer, “Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 093117 (2009).
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Richter, M.

Riley, D.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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Ritucci, A.

L. Juha, V. Hajkova, J. Chalupsky, V. Vorlicek, A. Ritucci, A. Reale, P. Zuppella, and M. Stoermer, “Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 093117 (2009).
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Robinson, J.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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Rodes, L. N.

D. Cocco, R. Abela, J. W. Amann, K. Chow, P. J. Emma, Y. Feng, G. L. Gassner, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, P. A. Montanez, D. Morton, H.-D. Nuhn, D. F. Ratner, L. N. Rodes, U. Flechsig, J. J. Welch, and J. Wu, “The optical design of the soft x-ray selfseeding at LCLS,” Proc. SPIE 8849, 88490A (2013).
[Crossref]

Rodes, N.

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Rowen, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
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W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
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V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
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J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ryutov, D.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
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S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
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Rzepiela, J.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saksl, K.

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saldin, E. L.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Possible application of X-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an X-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 341–352 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sato, S.

Sato, T.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
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T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
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Schaffert, S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scherz, A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlotter, W.

Schlotter, W. F.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schneider, J. R.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Possible application of X-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an X-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 341–352 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schneidmiller, E. A.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Possible application of X-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an X-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 341–352 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schoenlein, R.

Y. Feng, J. Amann, D. Cocco, C. Field, J. Hastings, P. Heimann, Z. Huang, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, K. Chow, P. Emma, N. Rodes, and R. Schoenlein, “System design for Self-Seeding the LCLS at Soft X-Ray Energies,” Proc. FEL 2012 conference, Nara, Japan (2012).

Schultz, D.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schulz, J.

Senba, Y.

Shen, S.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shidara, T.

Shirk, M.

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shu, D.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shvyd’ko, Yu.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singer, A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sinn, H.

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, P. M.

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smith, T.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sobierajski, R.

J. Chalupský, T. Burian, V. Hájková, L. Juha, T. Polcar, J. Gaudin, M. Nagasono, R. Sobierajski, M. Yabashi, and J. Krzywinski, “Fluence scan: an unexplored property of a laser beam,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26363–26375 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorgenfrei, F.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorokin, A. A.

Soufli, R.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(4), 043107 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, A. Graf, S. L. Baker, R. Soufli, R. Sobierajski, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, J. Gaudin, J. Krzywinski, S. Moeller, M. Messerschmidt, J. Bozek, and C. Bostedt, “Interaction of short x-ray pulses with low-Z x-ray optics materials at the LCLS free-electron laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23933–23938 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Hau-Riege, R. A. London, R. M. Bionta, R. Soufli, D. Ryutov, M. Shirk, S. L. Baker, P. M. Smith, and P. Nataraj, “Multiple pulse thermal damage thresholds of materials for x-ray free electron laser optics investigated with an ultraviolet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sovak, P.

Spampinati, S.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stefan, P.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stoermer, M.

L. Juha, V. Hajkova, J. Chalupsky, V. Vorlicek, A. Ritucci, A. Reale, P. Zuppella, and M. Stoermer, “Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 093117 (2009).
[Crossref]

Störmer, M.

Stoupin, S.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Swiggers, M. L.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupsky, P. Bohacek, V. Hajkova, S. P. Hau-Riege, P. A. Heimann, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, and J. J. Turner, “Comparing different approaches to characterization of focused X-ray laser beams,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 631(1), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Terentyev, S.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tiedtke, K.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Timneanu, N.

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Togashi, T.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
[Crossref]

Toleikis, S.

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hajkova, L. Juha, P. Bohacek, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Vysin, J. Gaudin, P. A. Heimann, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Jurek, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Pelka, R. Sobierajski, J. Krzywinski, M. Messerschmidt, S. P. Moeller, B. Nagler, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, M. L. Swiggers, J. J. Turner, S. M. Vinko, T. Whitcher, J. Wark, M. Matuchova, S. Bajt, H. Chapman, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, J. Andreasson, J. Hajdu, B. Iwan, N. Timneanu, K. Saksl, R. Faustlin, A. Singer, K. Tiedtke, S. Toleikis, I. Vartaniants, and H. Wabnitz, “X-ray laser-induced ablation of lead compounds,” Proc. SPIE 8077, 807718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chalupský, J. Krzywinski, L. Juha, V. Hájková, J. Cihelka, T. Burian, L. Vysín, J. Gaudin, A. Gleeson, M. Jurek, A. R. Khorsand, D. Klinger, H. Wabnitz, R. Sobierajski, M. Störmer, K. Tiedtke, and S. Toleikis, “Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27836–27845 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tompkins, H.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tono, K.

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, and H. Ohashi, “Damage threshold investigation using grazing incidence irradiation by hard X-ray free electron laser,” Proc. SPIE 8848, 88480T (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Katayama, J. Kim, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Investigation of ablation thresholds of optical materials using 1-µm-focusing beam at hard X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15382–15388 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trakhtenberg, E.

J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron lase,” Nat. Photonics 6(10), 693–698 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tschentscher, T.

A. Aquila, C. Ozkan, R. Sobierajski, V. Hájková, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, L. Juha, M. Störmer, H. Ohashi, T. Koyama, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, M. Yabashi, H. Sinn, T. Tschentscher, A. P. Mancuso, and J. Gaudin, “Results from single shot grazing incidence hard x-ray damage measurements conducted at the SACLA FEL,” Proc. SPIE 8777, 87770H (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gaudin, C. Ozkan, J. Chalupský, S. Bajt, T. Burian, L. Vyšín, N. Coppola, S. D. Farahani, H. N. Chapman, G. Galasso, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, L. Juha, M. Jurek, R. A. Loch, S. Möller, M. Nagasono, M. Störmer, H. Sinn, K. Saksl, R. Sobierajski, J. Schulz, P. Sovak, S. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, and J. Krzywinski, “Investigating the interaction of x-ray free electron laser radiation with grating structure,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3033–3035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turner, J.

S. Moeller, J. Arthur, A. Brachmann, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, P. Emma, Y. Feng, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, J. Galayda, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, J. Krzywinski, S. Lewis, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, B. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, R. Bionta, E. Ables, B. Abraham, C. Gardener, K. Fong, S. Friedrich, S. Hau-Riege, K. Kishiyama, T. McCarville, D. McMahon, M. McKernan, L. Ott, M. Pivovaroff, J. Robinson, D. Ryutov, S. Shen, R. Soufli, and G. Pile, “Photon Beamlines and Diagnostics at LCLS,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 635(1), S6–S11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

K. Tiedtke, A. A. Sorokin, U. Jastrow, P. Juranić, S. Kreis, N. Gerken, M. Richter, U. Arp, Y. Feng, D. Nordlund, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, L. Juha, P. Heimann, B. Nagler, H. J. Lee, S. Mack, M. Cammarata, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, M. Holmes, M. Rowen, W. Schlotter, S. Moeller, and J. J. Turner, “Absolute pulse energy measurements of soft x-rays at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21214–21226 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic lay-out of the SXR beamline: Front End enclosure (FEE) with diagnostics and Soft X-ray offset Mirrors (SOMS) and M3S1 mirror, Hutch 1 contains the monochromator (miror M1 and grating) and hutch 2 the Gas Monitor Detector (GMD) and focusing (KB) optics. The sample was mounted in the sample chamber located after the experimental chamber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 An image of a typical imprint in the PbWO4 target. In this particular case the maximum fluence was twice higher than the damage threshold in the PbWO4 .
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The measured fluence scan f(S) (full circles) fitted with two Gaussian functions (solid line) according to procedure described in [18]. The effective area calculated from the fitted function is equal to 560 μm2
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Examples of images showing damage of the Pt coating caused by 10 shots of the focused x-ray beam (effective area 560 μm2) at grazing incidence of 2 degrees. Different images correspond to different pressures of the gas attenuator: a) 80 Pa, b) 93 Pa, c) 107Pa, d) 0120 Pa and e) 133 Pa
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 a) Side view of simulated distribution of absorbed energy density ed in the blazed silicon grating coated with 50 nm thick Pt layer. The color scale is proportional to the absorbed energy density. The grating is illuminated from the upper left side at 1 degree grazing incident angle. The blaze angle of the grating is 1.1 degrees. The vertical and horizontal dimension is not to scale. b) Dependence of maximum of absorbed energy density ed as a function of photon energy.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The area of the damaged spots as a function of the attenuator pressure for the second set of exposures (effective area of 560 μm2). Crosses and circles represent two different repetitions of using the same irradiation conditions.

Equations (2)

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A e f f = S F ( x , y ) / F max d x d y = E p / F max
D a t o m = F ( 1 R ) sin ( θ ) d ρ a t o m

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