Abstract

In this paper, we report on the design, fabrication and subsequent investigation of a broad band cross polarization converter based on a C2-symmetric ring/disk cavity. Different plasmon hybridization modes are excited in the ring/disk cavity and enable the polarization manipulations. The designed cross polarization converter can convert the x or y polarized incident wave to its cross polarized wave in the frequency range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz with a bandwidth of ~38% of the central wavelength and an efficiency higher than 80%. At 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz, the x (y) polarized incident wave is converted to a left (right) handed and right (left) handed circularly polarized wave, respectively.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Polarization is an important property of electromagnetic waves and great efforts have been made to manipulate it [14]. For instance, metamaterials have been used to realize circular polarizers [5], polarization rotators [6] or metasurface with asymmetric transmission [7] to manipulate the polarization of electromagnetic waves. Circular polarizers or polarization rotators can be realized by applying anisotropic metamaterials which cause different phase delays for differently polarized waves [8, 9]. Chiral metamaterials have also been used to manipulate the polarization [10, 11] and obtain asymmetric transmission [12, 13] in both the microwave band and the optical band. Especially, in the microwave band the structures with diodes can be used to actively manipulate the polarization [14].

Recently, plasmon resonances and plasmon hybridizations were observed in metamaterials [1518], and have been applied for the manipulation of polarization [19], as absorbers [20], to study negative refraction [21], for wave guiding and for biological sensing [22, 23]. Polarization dependent plasmonic resonances in the same structure can interfere with each other and contribute to the polarization conversion [24]. Using multi-order plasmon resonances, a broadband polarization rotator can be realized [25]. Plasmon hybridization can also occur within a single, complex structure if the structure supports multiple plasmon resonances. Plasmon hybridizations, including Fano resonances, have been observed in metamaterial structures at microwave wavelengths [2633]. A Fano resonance can be excited in metamaterials by symmetry breaking or by oblique incidence which causes an interference between a broad bright plasmon mode and a narrow dark plasmon mode [18, 32]. A Fano resonance can be regarded as the classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). The EIT-like effect has been used to realize a metasurface which can manipulate the polarization of electromagnetic waves, although only in a narrow band [34].

A ring is a highly tunable structure and can support multipolar plasmon modes. These modes can be excited by oblique incidence, retardation effects or coupling with a disk [35]. A ring/disk cavity is a structure with a disk inside or outside of a ring [36] and a concentric ring/disk cavity is a highly tunable metallic structure with significant potential to support plasmon hybridization [37]. Because of symmetry breaking, Fano resonances can be excited in nonconcentric ring/disk cavities due to the interaction of higher multipolar modes [38, 39]. Recently, resonant cavity modes in elliptical and circular plasmonic nanoantennas have been studied [40, 41]. The azimuthal symmetry breaking of the elliptical plasmonic nanoantenna leads to even and odd cavity resonant modes which can result in the polarization conversion and absorption [42, 43].

In this article, we propose a structure which consists of a layer of a C2-symmetric ring/disk cavity and a layer of a perfect electric conductor separated by a dielectric layer. The plasmon resonances of the ring can couple with the cavity modes of the elliptical disk, resulting in different plasmon hybridizations. The plasmon hybridizations in the C2-symmetric ring/disk cavity are polarization dependent and lead to a broad band cross polarization conversion. The cross polarization converter can work in two orthogonal polarization directions with a bandwidth of ~38% of the central wavelength and an efficiency of more than 80%. Furthermore, at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz, a linearly incident wave is converted to a left handed or right handed circularly polarized wave. Thus, the designed structure can also be used as a linear-to-circular polarizer.

2. Structure design

The anisotropic structures support polarization dependent effects. The manipulation of the polarization states occurs due to the interference between the polarization dependent reflections or transmissions. The ring/disk cavities are demonstrated to support different plasmon hybridizations [39]. The structure of the proposed cross polarization converter is shown in Fig. 1(a). The proposed ring/disk cavity is a C2-symmetric structure with an elliptical disk in a circular ring. Thus, the proposed structure supports multiple polarization dependent plasmon hybridizations and these plasmon hybridizations lead to a broad band cross polarization conversion.

 

Fig. 1 (a) The proposed structure of the ring/disk cavity. (b) A photograph of the fabricated sample. (c) The polarization of the incident wave.

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The geometrical parameters of the designed ring/disk cavity are given by p = 12.5 mm, r1 = 4 mm, r2 = 3.8 mm, a = 1.3 mm and b = 3.46 mm. The broad band cross polarization converter is fabricated by the printed circuit board fabrication process. The relative dielectric constant and the loss tangent of the substrate are 3.5 and 0.003, respectively. The thickness of the substrate is 4mm. The designed ring/disk cavities were etched from 0.035mm flat copper on one side of a substrate. On the other side of the substrate a metallic sheet was placed which ensures that most of the incident power is reflected. The fabricated sample consists of 32 × 32 unit cells with a total square area of 400 mm × 400 mm as shown in Fig. 1(b).

As shown in Fig. 1(c), the incident and reflected electric fields can be projected onto two directions parallel to the major axis (135deg) and the minor axis (45deg) of the elliptical disk, respectively. Thus, the amplitude and the phase of the waves in these two directions can be controlled independently, and the polarization state of the reflected wave can then be manipulated by the interference of these waves. Under illumination of an x polarized or y polarized wave, the two orthogonal components (polarized along 45deg and 135deg) of the reflected wave have almost the same amplitude. Then, if the structure generates a phase difference of π between the two components of the reflected wave, the reflected wave is linearly polarized and rotated 90deg to the incident wave, i.e. the x (y) polarized incident wave is converted to its cross polarization wave. In another case, if the phase difference of the two components of the reflected wave is designed to be π/2 or -π/2, the reflected wave is a left handed or right handed circularly polarized wave, i.e. the linearly x (y) polarized wave is converted to a circularly polarized wave.

3. Results and discussion

3.1. Simulation and measurement results

To numerically investigate the performance of our design, the frequency domain solver of the commercially available software CST MICROWAVE STUDIO was employed. The underlying simulation method is the Finite Integration Technique (FIT). For the simulations, the unit cell boundary condition was used for the x and y directions, and the absorbing boundary condition was used for the z direction. The model is excited by using a Floquet port with a normal incidence of linearly polarized waves in the frequency range from 8 to 16 GHz. When the incident wave is x polarized or y polarized, due to the symmetry of the structure, the amplitude and the phase of the co-polarized and cross-polarized reflected wave do not change. Thus, for sake of simplicity, only the simulation results for an incident y polarized wave are shown in Fig. 2. Because a homogeneous copper layer was introduced beneath the ring/disk structure, the transmission of the proposed cross polarization converter is zero.

 

Fig. 2 The simulated (a) and the measured (b) reflectance of the broad band cross polarization converter.

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Rij refers to the complex amplitude of the i-polarized component of the reflected wave when a j-polarized wave incides with unit power, where the subscripts i and j could be x or y. Figure 2(a) shows the simulated amplitude of the reflectance for a y polarized incident wave propagating along the z-axis. The simulation results show that, in the frequency range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz, the power of the reflected cross-polarized wave is larger than 0.8, indicating an efficiency higher than 80%. With a value of below 0.1, the power of the reflected co-polarized wave is strongly suppressed. Thus, the incident wave is converted to its cross polarized wave with a bandwidth of ~38% of the central wavelength. Figure 2(b) shows the measured amplitude of the reflectance, which confirms the results of the simulation.

The simulated phase of Rij is shown in Fig. 3(a). Because |Ryy|2 is insignificant compared to |Rxy|2, in the frequency range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz, the phase difference has little effect on the performance of the proposed design. Interestingly, however, at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz, the amplitudes of the y and x components of the reflected wave have the same value, and the phase differences are ~-π/2 and ~π/2, respectively. Thus, for an incident y-polarized wave, the reflected waves at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz are right handed and left handed circular polarized waves. Due to the symmetry of the designed structure, for an incident x-polarized wave, the reflected waves at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz are left handed and right handed circularly polarized waves [44]. The measured phases of Rij are shown in Fig. 3(b) and also confirm the results of the simulations.

 

Fig. 3 The phase of the cross-polarized (black solid line) and co-polarized (red dashed line) reflectance.

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To evaluate the performance of the proposed broad band cross polarization converter, the polarization rotation azimuth angle ψ and the ellipticity η were calculated from the simulation results using the following equations which are derived from the Stokes parameters [45]:

ψ=12tan1{2Rcos(φ)1R2},
η=12sin1{2Rsin(φ)1+R2},
where R = |Rxy|/|Ryy| and φ = arg(Rxy) - arg(Ryy). The numerical value of tan η represents the ratio of the axes of an ellipse and the sign of η distinguishes the handedness. If η is ± 45 deg and tan η = 1, the wave is circularly polarized. The results for the calculation of ψ and η are shown in Figs. 4(a) and 4(b). In the interval from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz, the polarization rotation angle is ~90 deg and the ellipticity indicates that the reflected wave is almost linearly polarized. The results further indicate that the incident wave is reflected to its cross polarization wave with a bandwidth of ~38% of the central wavelength. Notably, at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz, the ellipticity is ~45 deg and ~-45 deg, which suggests that, at these two frequencies, the linearly polarized incident wave is converted to a right handed and a left handed circularly polarized wave, respectively.

 

Fig. 4 Comparison of the simulated rotation angle (a), ellipticity (b) and the PCR (c) with the measured rotation angle (d), ellipticity (e) and the PCR (f).

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To further investigate the efficiency of the polarization conversion, the polarization conversion ratio (PCR) is introduced. It is defined as

PCR=|Rxy|2/(|Ryy|2+|Rxy|2).
The calculated PCR is shown in Fig. 4(c). In the range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz the PCR is higher than 90%.

To verify the simulation results, the performance of the fabricated sample was measured by employing the free-space test method in a microwave anechoic chamber. A vector network analyzer (Agilent E8363B) and two linearly polarized standard-gain horn antennas were used to transmit and receive the electromagnetic waves. Figure 5 shows a schematic illustration of the measurement setup. The reflection measurement was calibrated by replacing the sample with a metallic sheet of the same size. The co-polarization wave and the cross-polarization wave were measured with the receiving horn antenna rotated by 0 deg and 90 deg, respectively.

 

Fig. 5 Schematic illustration of the measurement setup.

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The measured amplitude of the reflectance is shown in Fig. 2(b) and is compared with the simulation results in Fig. 2(a). The polarization rotation azimuth angle ψ, the ellipticity η and the PCR calculated from the measurement results are shown in Figs. 4(d)-4(f). By comparing the measurement results with the simulation results, the validity of the simulation results and the performances of the designed structure were demonstrated. The divergence between the simulation and the measurement results were caused by machining errors and measurement errors.

3.2. Broad band cross polarization conversion mechanism

In order to understand the broad band polarization conversion mechanism, the plasmon hybridizations were investigated by observing the simulated distributions of the electric field Ez, i.e. the component of the electric field perpendicular to the metasurface. For a better understanding of the behavior of the proposed ring/disk cavity, the structure was simulated for frequencies in the range from 8 to 16 GHz under normal incidence of waves polarized along the major axis and the minor axis of the elliptical disk, respectively.

The reflectance for an incident wave polarized along the major axis of the elliptical disk is shown in Fig. 6(a). Because of the metallic sheet, the transmission is zero and the reflectance dips are caused by absorption. The reflectance is higher than 0.9 in the range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz, and the reflectance dips are located at 9.74 GHz and 14.32 GHz. The simulated distributions of the electric field Ez at 9.74 GHz, 11.5 GHz, 14.32 GHz and 15.75 GHz are shown in Fig. 7(a). The dipolar ring mode and the e11 disk mode [40] are out of phase with each other at 9.74 GHz and cause a dark mode in the ring/disk cavity. At 11.5 GHz, an hexapole ring mode is excited in the ring and it is out of phase with the e11 disk mode. Mimicking gap surface plasmons are generated [40] at 14.32 GHz and suppress the hexapole ring mode. In addition, the elliptical disk oscillates in phase with the mimicking gap surface plasmons. At 15.75 GHz, the e11 disk mode is in phase with the hexapole ring mode. At 15.75 GHz, the intensity of mimicking gap surface plasmons has decreased and they are out of phase with the e11 disk mode.

 

Fig. 6 The reflected amplitude for an incident wave polarized along the major axis (a) and the minor axis (b) of the elliptical disk. The inset of the panels (a) and (b) shows the corresponding polarization of the incident wave.

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Fig. 7 Simulated distributions of the electric field Ez for an incident wave polarized along the major axis (a) and minor axis (b) of the elliptical disk, respectively.

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The reflectance for an incident wave polarized along the minor axis of the elliptical disk is shown in Fig. 6(b). Dips in reflectance occur at 12.9 GHz and 15.42 GHz. At 15.42 GHz, the reflectance is below 0.2. The simulated distributions of the electric field Ez are shown in Fig. 7(b). At 9.6 GHz, 12.9 GHz, and 14.85 GHz, the o11 disk mode [40] is out of phase with the dipolar ring mode and creates a dark plasmon mode in the ring/disk cavity. The o11 disk mode is out of phase with the hexapole ring mode at 15.42 GHz. At 15.42 GHz, mimicking gap surface plasmons are generated and are in phase with the o11 disk mode.

To understand how the plasmon hybridizations contribute to the broad band cross polarization conversion, the phase of the reflectance is shown in Fig. 8. The plasmon hybridizations excited by the incident waves polarized along the major axis and the minor axis cause a ~180 deg phase difference in the frequency range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz. Thus, if waves polarize along the major axis and the minor axis simultaneously incide with the same phase, due to the ~180 deg difference in the reflected phase, the total reflected field is rotated 90 deg to the total incident wave, i.e. the total incident wave is converted to its cross polarized wave. Similarly, at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz, the phase differences of the reflected waves are ~-90 deg and ~90 deg, respectively. Thus the total reflected waves at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz are circularly polarized, i.e. the linearly polarized incident wave is converted to a circularly polarized reflected wave.

 

Fig. 8 The phase of the reflectance for an incident wave polarized along the major axis (red) and the minor axis (blue) of the elliptical disk, respectively.

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4. Conclusion

In conclusion, we have numerically and experimentally demonstrated a broad band cross polarization converter based on plasmon hybridizations in a C2-symmetric ring/disk cavity. From 9.65 GHz to 14.16 GHz, the x or y polarized incident wave is converted to its cross polarized wave with a bandwidth of ~38% of the central wavelength and an efficiency higher than 80%. At 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz, the x (y) polarized incident wave is converted to a left (right) handed and a right (left) handed circularly polarized wave, respectively. The polarization rotation azimuth angle, the ellipticity and the polarization conversion ratio were calculated in order to evaluate the performance of the broad band cross polarization converter. The plasmon hybridizations were investigated by observing the distribution of the electric field Ez. Due to the plasmon hybridization, the phases of the reflected wave polarized along the major axis and the minor axis of the elliptical disk have a difference of ~180 deg in the frequency range from 9.65 to 14.16 GHz, and a phase difference of ~ ± 90 deg at 9.25 GHz and 14.35 GHz. These phase differences result from the plasmon hybridizations and are causing the manipulation of the polarization.

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (NSF) of China under Grant Nos. 61331005, 61001039 and 41390454.

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References

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  1. S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
  2. Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, T. Cai, and T. J. Cui, “Compact dual-band circular polarizer using twisted Hilbert-shaped chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24912–24921 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231116 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric chiral metamaterial circular polarizer based on four U-shaped split ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1653–1655 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. T. Chuss, E. J. Wollack, G. Pisano, S. Ackiss, K. U-Yen, and M. Ng, “A translational polarization rotator,” Appl. Opt. 51(28), 6824–6830 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).
  9. A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 513–515 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Asymmetric transmission: a generic property of two-dimensional periodic patterns,” J. Opt. 13(2), 024006 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. F. Monticone and A. Alu, “Metamaterials and plasmonics: From nanoparticles to nanoantenna arrays, metasurfaces, and metamaterials,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047809 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. V. A. Podolskiy, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmon modes and negative refraction in metal nanowire composites,” Opt. Express 11(7), 735–745 (2003).
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  22. H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, and G. X. Wang, “Plasmonic nanosensor based on Fano resonance in waveguide-coupled resonators,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3780–3782 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  26. B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. N. Niakan, M. Askari, and A. Zakery, “High Q-factor and large group delay at microwave wavelengths via electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(9), 2329–2333 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  31. N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  32. V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. L. Zhu, F. Y. Meng, L. Dong, J. H. Fu, F. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Polarization manipulation based on electromagnetically induced transparency-like (EIT-like) effect,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32099–32110 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  36. Y. Zhang, T. Q. Jia, H. M. Zhang, and Z. Z. Xu, “Fano resonances in disk-ring plasmonic nanostructure: strong interaction between bright dipolar and dark multipolar mode,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4919–4921 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  38. F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  42. F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  43. B. X. Zhang, Y. H. Zhao, Q. Z. Hao, B. Kiraly, I. C. Khoo, S. F. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053811 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  45. M. Born, E. Wolf, and A. B. Bhatia, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light, 7th ed. (Cambridge University, 1999), Chap. 1.

2014 (8)

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Monticone and A. Alu, “Metamaterials and plasmonics: From nanoparticles to nanoantenna arrays, metasurfaces, and metamaterials,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047809 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (10)

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zhu, F. Y. Meng, L. Dong, J. H. Fu, F. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Polarization manipulation based on electromagnetically induced transparency-like (EIT-like) effect,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32099–32110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 513–515 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, T. Cai, and T. J. Cui, “Compact dual-band circular polarizer using twisted Hilbert-shaped chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24912–24921 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231116 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (9)

D. T. Chuss, E. J. Wollack, G. Pisano, S. Ackiss, K. U-Yen, and M. Ng, “A translational polarization rotator,” Appl. Opt. 51(28), 6824–6830 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, and G. X. Wang, “Plasmonic nanosensor based on Fano resonance in waveguide-coupled resonators,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3780–3782 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, T. Q. Jia, H. M. Zhang, and Z. Z. Xu, “Fano resonances in disk-ring plasmonic nanostructure: strong interaction between bright dipolar and dark multipolar mode,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4919–4921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Niakan, M. Askari, and A. Zakery, “High Q-factor and large group delay at microwave wavelengths via electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(9), 2329–2333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (6)

B. X. Zhang, Y. H. Zhao, Q. Z. Hao, B. Kiraly, I. C. Khoo, S. F. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric chiral metamaterial circular polarizer based on four U-shaped split ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1653–1655 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Asymmetric transmission: a generic property of two-dimensional periodic patterns,” J. Opt. 13(2), 024006 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053811 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Ackiss, S.

Akosman, A. E.

Ali, T. A.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Alici, K. B.

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allen, J.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allen, M.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I. A. I.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alu, A.

F. Monticone and A. Alu, “Metamaterials and plasmonics: From nanoparticles to nanoantenna arrays, metasurfaces, and metamaterials,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047809 (2014).
[Crossref]

Askari, M.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Burnett, M. T.

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
[Crossref]

Burokur, S. N.

B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cai, T.

Cao, W.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chakrabarty, A.

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. F.

Cheong, H. S.

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chuss, D. T.

Cui, T. J.

H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, T. Cai, and T. J. Cui, “Compact dual-band circular polarizer using twisted Hilbert-shaped chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24912–24921 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dabidian, N.

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Lustrac, A.

B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

Dong, X.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Asymmetric transmission: a generic property of two-dimensional periodic patterns,” J. Opt. 13(2), 024006 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, M. D.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y. J.

C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, J. H.

Fu, Y. H.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ginzburg, P.

P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grbic, A.

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. Y.

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S.

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hao, F.

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hao, Q. Z.

He, Q.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Y. H.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Hu, Y. S.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Huang, C.

C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, T. J.

Jang, W. H.

Jia, T. Q.

Jia, Y.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S. C.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Jiang, T.

C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T. A.

Jiang, Y.

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).

Jin, X. R.

Kante, B.

B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Khanikaev, A. B.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I. C.

Kim, K. W.

Kiraly, B.

Kitano, M.

Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lamb, V. D.

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Larsson, E. M.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053811 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y. P.

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, R.

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. C.

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. M.

Lourtioz, J. M.

B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

Luk’yanchuk, B.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, T. T.

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, G. B.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Ma, H.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

Martínez, A.

P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, F. Y.

Menzel, C.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053811 (2010).
[Crossref]

Minkowski, F.

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mo, W. D.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Monticone, F.

F. Monticone and A. Alu, “Metamaterials and plasmonics: From nanoparticles to nanoantenna arrays, metasurfaces, and metamaterials,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047809 (2014).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mousavi, S. H.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mutlu, M.

Na, B.

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, T.

Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ng, M.

Niakan, N.

Nielsen, M. G.

Nikitov, S. A.

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, T.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ozbay, E.

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Park, J. W.

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peng, R. W.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Pfeiffer, C.

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pisano, G.

Plum, E.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Asymmetric transmission: a generic property of two-dimensional periodic patterns,” J. Opt. 13(2), 024006 (2011).
[Crossref]

Podolskiy, V. A.

Pors, A.

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, M. Q.

Qu, S. B.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rhee, J. Y.

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053811 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez-Fortuño, F. J.

P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rose, M.

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarychev, A. K.

Sellier, A.

B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Serebryannikov, A. E.

Shalaev, V. M.

Shi, H.

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).

Shi, J. H.

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, J. Allen, M. Allen, and G. Shvets, “Gyromagnetically Induced Transparency of Metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(11), 117402 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sobhani, H.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Z. Y.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sonnefraud, Y.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Sun, K.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S. L.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, W. J.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sutherland, D. S.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tamayama, Y.

Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tuong, P. V.

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

U-Yen, K.

Van Dorpe, P.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vandenbosch, G. A. E.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verellen, N.

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G. M.

Wang, G. X.

Wang, J. F.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Wang, Y. K.

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. B.

C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Q. H.

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-Dimensional Plasmon Rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wollack, E. J.

Wu, C. H.

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Xiao, S. Y.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiong, X.

S. C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. S. Hu, Y. H. Hu, G. B. Ma, R. W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).

Xu, H. X.

Xu, Y. Q.

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. Z.

Yang, H. L.

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y. P.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yasui, K.

Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ye, H. J.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, S. W.

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zakery, A.

Zayats, A. V.

P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, A.

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).

Zhang, B. X.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, H. M.

Zhang, W. L.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, T. Q. Jia, H. M. Zhang, and Z. Z. Xu, “Fano resonances in disk-ring plasmonic nanostructure: strong interaction between bright dipolar and dark multipolar mode,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4919–4921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J. M.

C. Huang, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, Z. B. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. H.

Zhao, Z.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Asymmetric transmission: a generic property of two-dimensional periodic patterns,” J. Opt. 13(2), 024006 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, H.

Zheng, M.

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, S.

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).

Zhou, L.

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

Zhu, L.

Zhu, Z.

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Y. Sonnefraud, N. Verellen, H. Sobhani, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Experimental Realization of Subradiant, Superradiant, and Fano Resonances in Ring/Disk Plasmonic Nanocavities,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1664–1670 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

J. H. Shi, X. C. Liu, S. W. Yu, T. T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231116 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, A. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. Li, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, Y. Zhang, X. Dong, M. Zheng, J. Li, J. Liu, Z. Zhao, and X. Duan, “Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011108 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, R. Liu, B. Na, Y. Q. Xu, Z. Zhu, Y. K. Wang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Engineering electromagnetic responses of bilayered metamaterials based on Fano resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(7), 071906 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Papasimakis, Y. H. Fu, V. A. Fedotov, S. L. Prosvirnin, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 211902 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q. H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. A. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4-6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B. (2)

F. Monticone and A. Alu, “Metamaterials and plasmonics: From nanoparticles to nanoantenna arrays, metasurfaces, and metamaterials,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047809 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. He, S. L. Sun, S. Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Y. Song, W. J. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic waves with metamaterials: Concept and microwave realizations,” Chin. Phys. B. 23(4), 047808 (2014).
[Crossref]

Frequenz (1)

H. Shi, S. Zheng, A. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Design of a circular polarized horn antenna with an anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Frequenz 68, 271–276 (2013).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Asymmetric transmission: a generic property of two-dimensional periodic patterns,” J. Opt. 13(2), 024006 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

P. Ginzburg, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, A. Martínez, and A. V. Zayats, “Analogue of the quantum hanle effect and polarization conversion in non-hermitian plasmonic metamaterials,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6309–6314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry Breaking in Plasmonic Nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR Sensing and a Tunable Fano Resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

P. V. Tuong, J. W. Park, V. D. Lamb, W. H. Jang, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. P. Lee, “Dielectric and Ohmic losses in perfectly absorbing metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 295, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, C. H. Wu, N. Dabidian, K. B. Alici, and G. Shvets, “Electromagnetically induced polarization conversion,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3423–3427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

L. Zhu, F. Y. Meng, L. Dong, J. H. Fu, F. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Polarization manipulation based on electromagnetically induced transparency-like (EIT-like) effect,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32099–32110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Podolskiy, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmon modes and negative refraction in metal nanowire composites,” Opt. Express 11(7), 735–745 (2003).
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X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, Y. J. Feng, J. M. Zhao, C. Huang, Z. B. Wang, and T. A. Jiang, “Polarization modulation by tunable electromagnetic metamaterial reflector/absorber,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23196–23203 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, T. Cai, and T. J. Cui, “Compact dual-band circular polarizer using twisted Hilbert-shaped chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24912–24921 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chakrabarty, F. Wang, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q. H. Wei, “Cavity modes and their excitations in elliptical plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 20(11), 11615–11624 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. X. Zhang, Y. H. Zhao, Q. Z. Hao, B. Kiraly, I. C. Khoo, S. F. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053811 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245417 (2007).
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B. Kante, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 79(7), 075121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Tamayama, K. Yasui, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Electromagnetically induced transparency like transmission in a metamaterial composed of cut-wire pairs with indirect coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 89(7), 075120 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The proposed structure of the ring/disk cavity. (b) A photograph of the fabricated sample. (c) The polarization of the incident wave.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The simulated (a) and the measured (b) reflectance of the broad band cross polarization converter.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The phase of the cross-polarized (black solid line) and co-polarized (red dashed line) reflectance.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of the simulated rotation angle (a), ellipticity (b) and the PCR (c) with the measured rotation angle (d), ellipticity (e) and the PCR (f).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic illustration of the measurement setup.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The reflected amplitude for an incident wave polarized along the major axis (a) and the minor axis (b) of the elliptical disk. The inset of the panels (a) and (b) shows the corresponding polarization of the incident wave.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated distributions of the electric field Ez for an incident wave polarized along the major axis (a) and minor axis (b) of the elliptical disk, respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The phase of the reflectance for an incident wave polarized along the major axis (red) and the minor axis (blue) of the elliptical disk, respectively.

Equations (3)

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ψ= 1 2 tan 1 { 2Rcos( φ ) 1 R 2 },
η= 1 2 sin 1 { 2Rsin(φ) 1+ R 2 },
PCR= | R xy | 2 / ( | R yy | 2 + | R xy | 2 ) .

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