Abstract

Microwave Photonics, a symbiotic field of research that brings together the worlds of optics and radio frequency is currently facing several challenges in its transition from a niche to a truly widespread technology essential to support the ever-increasing values for speed, bandwidth, processing capability and dynamic range that will be required in next generation hybrid access networks. We outline these challenges, which are the subject of the contributions to this focus issue.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Microwave photonics (MWP) [14] is a multidisciplinary field that brings together the worlds of radiofrequency engineering and optoelectronics. MWP brings a considerable added value to traditional microwave and RF systems as photonics allows the realization of key functionalities in these systems which are either are very complex or even not directly possible in the radiofrequency domain. Furthermore, it has succeeded in creating new opportunities for information and communication (ICT) systems and networks benefiting from the symbiosis of the optics and radiofrequency fields. This added value has been instrumental in attracting an increasing interest from both the research community and the industry over the last two decades.

While initially the research activity in this field was focused towards defense applications, MWP has expanded to address a considerable number of civil applications, including cellular [5], wireless [6], and satellite [7] communications, cable television [8], distributed antenna systems [9], optical signal processing [10] and medical imaging systems using terahertz (THz) waves [4] and optical coherence tomography techniques [11].

One of the main driving forces for MWP in the near and middle term future is expected to come from broadband wireless access networks [4] installed in shopping malls, airports, hospitals, stadiums, power plants and other large buildings. On top of this, the proliferation of tablet devices such as iPads, will exert further pressure for more efficient wireless infrastructures. Furthermore, it is also expected that the demand for microwave photonics will be driven by the growth of fiber links directly to the home and the proliferation of converged [12] and in-home networks [13].

Many of these novel application areas will demand ever-increasing values for speed, bandwidth, processing capability and dynamic range while, at the same time, will require devices that are small, lightweight and with low power consumption, exhibiting large tunability and strong immunity to electromagnetic interference. To cope with this growth scenario MWP has to address several challenges related to three strategic areas: 1) arbitrary microwave waveform generation and signal processing, 2) high-speed radio over fiber systems and 3) the integration of flexible MWP systems on a chip.

2. Arbitrary microwave waveform generation and signal processing

Microwave arbitrary waveforms are widely used in radar, communications, imaging, and warfare systems [14,15]. These are usually generated in the electrical domain using digital electronics. Due to the limited sampling rate, the generation of a microwave arbitrary waveform in the electrical domain is limited to a small time bandwidth product (TBWP). The challenge is to increase this figure. For many applications, however, microwave waveforms with a large TBWP are needed. Thanks to the high speed and broad bandwidth offered by optics, the generation of a large TBWP microwave waveforms in the optical domain has been considered a solution to this challenge. In general, photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms can be implemented based on free-space optics [16,17], fiber optics [18,19], and integrated optics [20,21]. In a free-space-based system, a spatial light modulator (SLM), as a temporal or spectral shaper, is usually used. The advantage of using an SLM is the real-time updatability, which allows the generation of fast updatable microwave arbitrary waveforms. The limitation of a free-space-based system is the relatively large size and high loss, which could be avoided by using fiber optics. Fiber optics based microwave arbitrary waveform generation systems have been demonstrated with different architectures. One important component in a fiber-optic-based system is a fiber Bragg grating [22], which can be designed to have an arbitrary spectral response, allowing the generation a microwave arbitrary waveform. Recently, the generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms based on photonic integrated circuits (PICs) has been a topic of interest. Compared with a free-space or fiber-optics-based system, a PIC-based system has a much smaller size and better stability. For example, a microwave arbitrary waveform generator based on a silicon-photonic chip was demonstrated. The silicon-photonic chip consists of multiple ring resonators as a spectral shaper. The spectrum of the shaper could be controlled by means of thermal tuning of the embedded micro-heaters and frequency-chirped and other microwave waveforms were generated.

Photonic processing of microwave signals has also been a topic of interest and has been intensively investigated. The challenge here is to implement versatile, tunable and reconfigurable multiband structures featuring small size and low power consumption. The key advantages of processing a microwave signal in the optical domain are the high speed, wideband width and large tuning range, which may not be achievable by digital or analog electronics. Microwave signal processing functions implemented in the optical domain usually include filtering [23,24], differentiation [25] and integration [26], Hilbert transformation [27], mixing [28], and phase shifting [29]. These functions can be implemented based on free-space optics, fiber optics and integrated optics. For example, a microwave photonic filter can be implemented using an all-fiber [23,24] or an integrated [30] delay-line module with a finite impulse response. A differentiator and a Hilbert transformer can be implemented using a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) [25,26]. Recently, an all-optical integrator implemented based on a silicon photonic chip was demonstrated.

3. High speed mm-wave and radio over fiber systems

Millimeter-wave (mm-wave) based radio-over-fiber systems have been actively researched over the past two decades with the earlier work focusing on overcoming major transmission limitations and impairments including RF power fading due to fiber chromatic dispersion [31], intermodulation distortions arising from the nonlinearity of optical and millimeter-wave components [32], optical spectral efficiency and efficient generation of mm-wave optical carriers [33]. These works have resulted in the introduction of optical single sideband modulation scheme to combat the impact of fiber chromatic dispersion [34,35], optical carrier suppression modulation scheme for efficient generation of optical mm-wave signals [36], linearization schemes to improve the mm-wave radio-over-fiber link performance [3739], and wavelength interleaving schemes to improve spectral efficiency [40,41]. However the research focus has changed over the last decade and has now shifted towards strategies to increase the wireless transmission data rate, which is the current challenge. This push is driven, as mentioned in section 1, by the unprecedented increase of affordable smart portable devices coupled with the high expectation of end users for seamless wireless connectivity.

To meet this future demand of multi-gigabits wireless data transmission, there are many different strategies that are being looked into for mm-wave radio-over-fiber scheme. The two main approaches to augment wireless data capacity are to increase the wireless spectral efficiency and to move to higher frequency wireless windows. Recently a lot of research on mm-wave fiber-wireless has targeted the W-band (75-110 GHz) to harvest the large amount bandwidth for meeting the high capacity wireless demand [4249]. The transmission of 10 Gb/s on 120 GHz wireless signal, using simple amplitude-shift-keying (ASK) modulation has been demonstrated [44] and the capacity was further quadrupled by using advanced modulation format [46]. The race to push through the 100 Gb/s barrier for wireless data transmission has seen many different strategies being introduced. These schemes rely heavily on advanced modulation format with optical polarization multiplexing with MIMO configuration [47,48] to increase the degrees of freedom for transporting wireless data. The introduction of optical polarization multiplexing and MIMO has made truly ultra-broadband mm-wave radio-over-fiber technology feasible, which has seen demonstrations of >100 Gb/s wireless data transmission in the W-band in the recent times [4749]. On the other hand, the use of optical polarization multiplexing the needs for coherent detection to be implemented within the antenna base stations, which may increase the cost and complexity of the base station architecture. Nevertheless the 100 Gb/s wireless data transmission breakthrough has opened up a new era for ultra broadband mm-wave radio-over-fiber technology with many issues to be solved and investigated.

4. Integrated circuits for microwave photonics

Up to date, MWP systems and links have relied almost exclusively on discrete optoelectronic devices, standard optical fibers and fiber-based components, which have been employed to support several functionalities [13]. These configurations are bulky, expensive, power consuming and lack the desired flexibility. Integrated Microwave Photonics (IMWP) [50], which aims at the incorporation of MWP components/subsystems in photonic circuits, is an emergent area of scientific and technical research that is considered crucial for the implementation of both low-cost and advanced analog optical front-ends and, thus, instrumental to achieve the aforementioned evolution objectives.

IMWP is still in its infancy with sparse contributions being reported only recently which address either a very particular functionality or a limited set of devices. More specifically, efforts on the integration of MWP functionalities have been reported by several groups spanning III-V semiconductors [51], hybrid [52], silicon [53,54], and Si3N4 (TripleX) [55] technologies. In the context of filtering applications, most of the reported approaches are based on single and multiple cavity ring resonators. Other MWP functionalities have also been demonstrated by partially using integrated circuits. For example, broadband tunable phase shifters and true time delay lines have been reported based on cascaded SOA devices [56,57], passive silicon on insulator [58], and Si3N4 [59] optical rings, and passive III-V photonic crystal waveguides [60]. Primary attempts for arbitrary waveform generators have been recently reported in CMOS compatible silicon [61].

As a summary of the current state-of-the-art of integrated microwave photonics, the following limitations and challenges can be identified in this area:

  • a) The complete integration of any MWP functionality on a photonic chip has not yet been achieved or reported. This feature is highly desirable to benefit from the SWAP and cost advantages that integrated optics brings.
  • b) The implementation of the main MWP functionalities is contingent on the use of tunable dispersive optical delay lines, which are currently limited to optical fiber coils or Bragg gratings. A major scientific challenge is to design and fabricate integrated tunable MWP delay lines with the required low loss and high delay values. Some preliminary progress using Photonic Crystal waveguides has been recently reported [30,60], but a considerable work is still required.
  • c) The different applications demonstrated so far are generally based on very different circuit architectures with ad hoc designs, meaning that a particular circuit layout is designed for a particular functionality. A common architecture or MWP transistor with programmable functionalities would open the path towards medium and large-scale integration with unprecedented applications.

5 Concluding remarks

This focus issue presents a dozen papers reporting state of the art research results produced by internationally recognized research teams in the field of Microwave Photonics in the specific strategic areas outlined in the introduction and briefly developed in sections 2-4. The works provide an excellent sample of the current progress being achieved in addressing the main challenges and provide suitable information regarding the next steps to be taken in these directions.

Acknowledgments

JC wishes to acknowledge the financial support given by the Research Excellency Award Program GVA PROMETEO 2013/012, Next generation Microwave Photonic technologies.

References and links

1. A. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(3), 877–887 (2002). [CrossRef]  

2. J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007). [CrossRef]  

3. J. Yao, “Microwave Photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 314–335 (2009). [CrossRef]  

4. “See special Technology Focus on Microwave Photonics,” Nat. Photonics 1, 723–736 (2011).

5. H. Al-Raweshidi and S. Komaki, eds., Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks, Artech House, Boston (2002).

6. M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Performance analysis of 802.11e transmission bursting in fiber-fed networks,” in Radio and Wireless Symp., 133–136 (2008).

7. M. Sotom, B. Bénazet, A. Le Kernec, and M. Maignan, “Microwave Photonic Technologies for Flexible Satellite Telecom Payloads” in Proc. 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009. ECOC '09. 1–4, Vienna (2009).

8. W. I. Way, Broadband Hybrid Fiber/Coax Access System Technologies, Artech House, San Diego, (1998).

9. M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010). [CrossRef]  

10. J. Capmany, J. Mora, I. Gasulla, J. Sancho, J. Lloret, and S. Sales, “Microwave Photonic signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 571–586 (2013). [CrossRef]  

11. R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, “Continuously-tunable microwave photonic true-time-delay based on a fiber-coupled beam deflector and diffraction grating,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5371–5378 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

12. M. Popov, “The convergence of wired and wireless services delivery in access and home networks”, Invited paper, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC/NFOEC), (2010). [CrossRef]  

13. A. M. Koonen, M. G. Larrodé, A. Ng'oma, K. Wang, H. Yang, Y. Zheng, and E. Tangdiongga, “Perspectives of Radio-over-Fiber Technologies, ” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThP3, (2008).

14. A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review,” Opt. Commun. 284(15), 3669–3692 (2011). [CrossRef]  

15. J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun. 284(15), 3723–3736 (2011). [CrossRef]  

16. J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett. 27(15), 1345–1347 (2002). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

17. J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 581–583 (2003). [CrossRef]  

18. H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 55(9), 1958–1963 (2007). [CrossRef]  

19. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56(2), 542–553 (2008). [CrossRef]  

20. M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 117–122 (2010). [CrossRef]  

21. P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun. 284(15), 3737–3741 (2011). [CrossRef]  

22. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 882–884 (2008). [CrossRef]  

23. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, and S. Sales, “Discrete-time optical processing of microwave signals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(2), 702–723 (2005). [CrossRef]  

24. R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 832–846 (2006). [CrossRef]  

25. M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, and V. Pruneri, “Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: design and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19798–19807 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

26. M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1028 (2010), doi:. [CrossRef]  

27. M. H. Asghari and J. Azaña, “All-optical Hilbert transformer based on a single phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating: design and analysis,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 334–336 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

28. A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43(9), 2311–2317 (1995). [CrossRef]  

29. H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14009–14014 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

30. J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun 3, 1075 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

31. H. Schmuck, “Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 31(21), 1848–1849 (1995). [CrossRef]  

32. T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 921–928 (2006). [CrossRef]  

33. J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2309–2311 (1992).

34. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett. 33(1), 74–75 (1997). [CrossRef]  

35. J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett. 33(6), 512–513 (1997). [CrossRef]  

36. Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006). [CrossRef]  

37. T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, and A. J. Seeds, “High-dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3274–3282 (2007). [CrossRef]  

38. S. H. Lee, J. M. Kang, Y. Y. Won, H. C. Kwon, and S. K. Han, “Linearization of RoF optical source by using light-injected gain modulation,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics, 265–268. Seoul, Korea (2005).

39. D. Novak, T. Clark, S. O’Connor, D. Oursler, and R. Waterhouse, “High performance, compact RF photonic transmitter with feedforward linearization,” Proc. Military Communication Conference 2010 (Milcom2010), 880–884 (2010). [CrossRef]  

40. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett. 37(16), 1043–1045 (2001). [CrossRef]  

41. H. Toda, T. Yamashita, K.-I. Kitayama, and T. Kuri, “A DWDM mm-wave fiber-radio system by optical frequency interleaving for high spectral efficiency,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics (MWP), 85–88, Long Beach, USA (2001)

42. X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal 4(3), 691–698 (2012). [CrossRef]  

43. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011). [CrossRef]  

44. A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz band wireless link using radio-over-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2338–2344 (2008). [CrossRef]  

45. F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal 3(2), 209–219 (2011). [CrossRef]  

46. A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express 19(26), B56–B63 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

47. X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5106–5108 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

48. J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013). [CrossRef]  

49. Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, G. K. Chang, and Z. Cao, “Integration of 112 Gb/s PDM-16QAM wireline and wireless data delivery in millimeter wave RoF system,” Proc. OFC2013, Anaheim, USA, 2013, OM3D.2. [CrossRef]  

50. C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(4), 506–538 (2013). [CrossRef]  

51. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic microwave filters monolithically integrated in InPInGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1611–1619 (2011). [CrossRef]  

52. H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010). [CrossRef]  

53. P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23784–23789 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

54. J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12402–12407 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

55. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27359–27370 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

56. W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Wideband 360 ° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 6156–6163 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

57. P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21180–21188 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

58. M. Pu, L. Liu, W. Xue, Y. Ding, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Widely tunable microwave phase shifter based on silicon-on-insulator dual-microring resonator,” Opt. Express 18(6), 6172–6182 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

59. M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21475–21484 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

60. S. Combrié, P. Coman, N. V. Q. Tran, M. Patterson, G. Demand, S. Hughes, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouren, J. Bourderionnet, and A. De Rossi, “Toward a miniature optical true-time delay line”, SPIE Newsroom, (2010).

61. M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 117–122 (2010). [CrossRef]  

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 877–887 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Yao, “Microwave Photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 314–335 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. “See special Technology Focus on Microwave Photonics,” Nat. Photonics1, 723–736 (2011).
  5. H. Al-Raweshidi and S. Komaki, eds., Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks, Artech House, Boston (2002).
  6. M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Performance analysis of 802.11e transmission bursting in fiber-fed networks,” in Radio and Wireless Symp., 133–136 (2008).
  7. M. Sotom, B. Bénazet, A. Le Kernec, and M. Maignan, “Microwave Photonic Technologies for Flexible Satellite Telecom Payloads” in Proc. 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009. ECOC '09. 1–4, Vienna (2009).
  8. W. I. Way, Broadband Hybrid Fiber/Coax Access System Technologies, Artech House, San Diego, (1998).
  9. M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Capmany, J. Mora, I. Gasulla, J. Sancho, J. Lloret, and S. Sales, “Microwave Photonic signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 571–586 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, “Continuously-tunable microwave photonic true-time-delay based on a fiber-coupled beam deflector and diffraction grating,” Opt. Express19(6), 5371–5378 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Popov, “The convergence of wired and wireless services delivery in access and home networks”, Invited paper, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC/NFOEC), (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. M. Koonen, M. G. Larrodé, A. Ng'oma, K. Wang, H. Yang, Y. Zheng, and E. Tangdiongga, “Perspectives of Radio-over-Fiber Technologies, ” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThP3, (2008).
  14. A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3669–3692 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3723–3736 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1345–1347 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(9), 1958–1963 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, and S. Sales, “Discrete-time optical processing of microwave signals,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(2), 702–723 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 832–846 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, and V. Pruneri, “Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: design and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express17(22), 19798–19807 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. H. Asghari and J. Azaña, “All-optical Hilbert transformer based on a single phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating: design and analysis,” Opt. Lett.34(3), 334–336 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  29. H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(13), 14009–14014 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. H. Schmuck, “Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion,” Electron. Lett.31(21), 1848–1849 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  32. T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).
  34. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  36. Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  37. T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, and A. J. Seeds, “High-dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(11), 3274–3282 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  38. S. H. Lee, J. M. Kang, Y. Y. Won, H. C. Kwon, and S. K. Han, “Linearization of RoF optical source by using light-injected gain modulation,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics, 265–268. Seoul, Korea (2005).
  39. D. Novak, T. Clark, S. O’Connor, D. Oursler, and R. Waterhouse, “High performance, compact RF photonic transmitter with feedforward linearization,” Proc. Military Communication Conference 2010 (Milcom2010), 880–884 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  40. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  41. H. Toda, T. Yamashita, K.-I. Kitayama, and T. Kuri, “A DWDM mm-wave fiber-radio system by optical frequency interleaving for high spectral efficiency,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics (MWP), 85–88, Long Beach, USA (2001)
  42. X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  43. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  44. A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz band wireless link using radio-over-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  45. F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  46. A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  49. Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, G. K. Chang, and Z. Cao, “Integration of 112 Gb/s PDM-16QAM wireline and wireless data delivery in millimeter wave RoF system,” Proc. OFC2013, Anaheim, USA, 2013, OM3D.2.
    [CrossRef]
  50. C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  51. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic microwave filters monolithically integrated in InPInGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(11), 1611–1619 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  52. H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  53. P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express18(23), 23784–23789 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  54. J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  55. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  56. W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Wideband 360 ° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(6), 6156–6163 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  57. P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  58. M. Pu, L. Liu, W. Xue, Y. Ding, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Widely tunable microwave phase shifter based on silicon-on-insulator dual-microring resonator,” Opt. Express18(6), 6172–6182 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  59. M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  60. S. Combrié, P. Coman, N. V. Q. Tran, M. Patterson, G. Demand, S. Hughes, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouren, J. Bourderionnet, and A. De Rossi, “Toward a miniature optical true-time delay line”, SPIE Newsroom, (2010).
  61. M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (3)

J. Capmany, J. Mora, I. Gasulla, J. Sancho, J. Lloret, and S. Sales, “Microwave Photonic signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 571–586 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(13), 14009–14014 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (12)

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, “Continuously-tunable microwave photonic true-time-delay based on a fiber-coupled beam deflector and diffraction grating,” Opt. Express19(6), 5371–5378 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3669–3692 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3723–3736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

“See special Technology Focus on Microwave Photonics,” Nat. Photonics1, 723–736 (2011).

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic microwave filters monolithically integrated in InPInGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(11), 1611–1619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, L. Liu, W. Xue, Y. Ding, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Widely tunable microwave phase shifter based on silicon-on-insulator dual-microring resonator,” Opt. Express18(6), 6172–6182 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Wideband 360 ° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(6), 6156–6163 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express18(23), 23784–23789 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz band wireless link using radio-over-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, and A. J. Seeds, “High-dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(11), 3274–3282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(9), 1958–1963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmuck, “Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion,” Electron. Lett.31(21), 1848–1849 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

Agarwal, A.

Ahmed, Z.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

Arlunno, V.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Asghari, M. H.

Azaña, J.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. H. Asghari and J. Azaña, “All-optical Hilbert transformer based on a single phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating: design and analysis,” Opt. Lett.34(3), 334–336 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banwell, T.

Bell, A.

M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berger, P.

Borkowski, R.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bourderionnet, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bovington, J.

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

Bucholtz, F.

Burla, M.

Caballero, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Callender, C. L.

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

Celo, D.

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, G.-K.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. W.

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chi, H.

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(9), 1958–1963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, J.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Chuang, H.-P.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

Colman, P.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Combrié, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crisp, M.

M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Rossi, A.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, L.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Dogadeev, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, P.

Dong, Z.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dumais, P.

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D.

Feng, N. N.

Ferrara, M.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Gasulla, I.

Gomes, N. J.

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Performance analysis of 802.11e transmission bursting in fiber-fed networks,” in Radio and Wireless Symp., 133–136 (2008).

Guzzon, R. S.

Han, Y.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heideman, A.

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Heideman, R.

Heidemann, R.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

Herrera, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, A.

Hoekman, M.

Hofstetter, R.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

Hosako, I.

Huang, C.-B.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

Inagaki, K.

Ismail, T.

Jacob, S.

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Janner, D.

Jensen, J. B.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L. A.

Kado, Y.

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Khan, M. H.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M. R.

Kitayama, K.

Knight, G. A.

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kosugi, T.

Kukutsu, N.

Kuo, F.-M.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuri, T.

Kurniawan, T.

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. M.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

Lau, K. Y.

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1345–1347 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, D. C.

Lehoucq, G.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leinse, A.

Leinse, S.

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Li, X.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, D.

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Lim, C.

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, A. C.

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.-P.

Liu, L.

Lloret, J.

Luff, B. J.

Marpaung, C.

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Marpaung, D.

Marti, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, J. D.

Menendez, R.

Minasian, R. A.

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J. E.

Mjeku, M.

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Performance analysis of 802.11e transmission bursting in fiber-fed networks,” in Radio and Wireless Symp., 133–136 (2008).

Monroy, I. T.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

Morandotti, R.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

Morohashi, I.

Moss, D. J.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

Nagatsuma, T.

Nirmalathas, A.

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Norberg, E. J.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O’Reilly, J. J.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

Ortega, B.

Ou, H.

Pang, C.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pang, X.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Parker, J.

Pastor, D.

Pederson, J. S.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peters, J. D.

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

Pu, M.

Qi, M.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

Razzari, L.

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Roeloffzen, C.

Roeloffzen, R.

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Sales,

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

Samadi, P.

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sambaraju, R.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sancho, J.

Schermer, R. T.

Schmuck, H.

H. Schmuck, “Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion,” Electron. Lett.31(21), 1848–1849 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A.

A. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 877–887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

Shahoei, H.

Shao, Y.

Shen, H.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.-W.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. H.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Toliver, P.

Tucker, R. S.

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Villarruel, C. A.

Walber, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R.

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R. B.

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3669–3692 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1345–1347 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Westergren, U.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wiener, A. M.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winnall, S. T.

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, T. K.

Xavier, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xuan, Y.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xue, W.

Yamaguchi, R.

Yao, J.

Yao, J. P.

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(13), 14009–14014 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3723–3736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, and V. Pruneri, “Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: design and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express17(22), 19798–19807 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(9), 1958–1963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, Y.

Yu, J.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L.

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, L.

Zibar, D.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmuck, “Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion,” Electron. Lett.31(21), 1848–1849 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Journal (2)

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (7)

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(9), 1958–1963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 877–887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun (1)

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (4)

“See special Technology Focus on Microwave Photonics,” Nat. Photonics1, 723–736 (2011).

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3669–3692 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3723–3736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (11)

R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, “Continuously-tunable microwave photonic true-time-delay based on a fiber-coupled beam deflector and diffraction grating,” Opt. Express19(6), 5371–5378 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(13), 14009–14014 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, and V. Pruneri, “Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: design and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express17(22), 19798–19807 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express18(23), 23784–23789 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Wideband 360 ° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(6), 6156–6163 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, L. Liu, W. Xue, Y. Ding, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Widely tunable microwave phase shifter based on silicon-on-insulator dual-microring resonator,” Opt. Express18(6), 6172–6182 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (12)

M. Popov, “The convergence of wired and wireless services delivery in access and home networks”, Invited paper, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC/NFOEC), (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Koonen, M. G. Larrodé, A. Ng'oma, K. Wang, H. Yang, Y. Zheng, and E. Tangdiongga, “Perspectives of Radio-over-Fiber Technologies, ” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThP3, (2008).

H. Al-Raweshidi and S. Komaki, eds., Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks, Artech House, Boston (2002).

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Performance analysis of 802.11e transmission bursting in fiber-fed networks,” in Radio and Wireless Symp., 133–136 (2008).

M. Sotom, B. Bénazet, A. Le Kernec, and M. Maignan, “Microwave Photonic Technologies for Flexible Satellite Telecom Payloads” in Proc. 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009. ECOC '09. 1–4, Vienna (2009).

W. I. Way, Broadband Hybrid Fiber/Coax Access System Technologies, Artech House, San Diego, (1998).

M. Crisp, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. Bell, “Wideband Radio over Fiber Distributed Antenna Systems for Energy Efficient In-Building Wireless Communications,” In Proc. 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 1–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, J. M. Kang, Y. Y. Won, H. C. Kwon, and S. K. Han, “Linearization of RoF optical source by using light-injected gain modulation,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics, 265–268. Seoul, Korea (2005).

D. Novak, T. Clark, S. O’Connor, D. Oursler, and R. Waterhouse, “High performance, compact RF photonic transmitter with feedforward linearization,” Proc. Military Communication Conference 2010 (Milcom2010), 880–884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Toda, T. Yamashita, K.-I. Kitayama, and T. Kuri, “A DWDM mm-wave fiber-radio system by optical frequency interleaving for high spectral efficiency,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics (MWP), 85–88, Long Beach, USA (2001)

Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, G. K. Chang, and Z. Cao, “Integration of 112 Gb/s PDM-16QAM wireline and wireless data delivery in millimeter wave RoF system,” Proc. OFC2013, Anaheim, USA, 2013, OM3D.2.
[CrossRef]

S. Combrié, P. Coman, N. V. Q. Tran, M. Patterson, G. Demand, S. Hughes, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouren, J. Bourderionnet, and A. De Rossi, “Toward a miniature optical true-time delay line”, SPIE Newsroom, (2010).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics