Abstract

Simultaneous generation of monoenergetic tunable protons and carbon ions from intense laser multi-component nanofoil interaction is demonstrated by using particle-in-cell simulations. It is shown that, the protons with the largest charge-to-mass ratio are instantly separated from other ion species and are efficiently accelerated in the ”phase stable” way. The carbon ions always ride on the heavier oxygen ion front with an electron-filling gap between the protons and carbon ions. At the cost of widely spread oxygen ions, monoenergetic collimated protons and carbon ions are obtained simultaneously. By modulating the heavier ion densities in the foil, it is capable to control the final beam quality, which is well interpreted by a simple analytical model.

© 2013 OSA

1. Introduction

With a lot of potential applications in oncology [1], proton imaging, and inertial confinement fusion [2], laser-driven ion acceleration has drawn increasing attention these years. Several ion acceleration mechanisms have been proposed, e.g., target normal sheath acceleration (TNSA [35]), which is one of the best understood laser-driven ion acceleration mechanisms to date. However, the obtained maximum ion energy was limited to 67.5 MeV for protons and 10 MeV/u for heavy ions both with a quasi-thermal distribution [4, 5]. In most applications, high quality ion beams are generally desirable [6]. For example, in medical therapy for tumor, we demand a narrow ion energy spread to ensure that the ion energy is deposited over a small distance in the patient’s tissue [1]. Meanwhile, a tunable ion peak energy is very beneficial to the therapy of large size tumors. In the concept of fast ignition with laser-driven ions, it is desirable to control the ion energy spectrum as this may lead to a significant reduction of the proton energy required for ignition [2]. Despite of the relative success of the TNSA in several experiments [4,5], the beam quality of the generated protons and heavy ions is much lower than in conventional accelerators, which is insufficient for further applications in practice.

Thanks to the significant increase of the laser peak intensity (up to 1022W/cm2) and the laser contrast (> 10−10), radiation pressure acceleration (RPA) or ”light-sail” regime was proposed, which holds the promise of achieving monoenergetic ion acceleration in laser thin-foil interaction [712]. The one dimensional (1D) flying mirror model revealed the underlying dynamics and well predicted the final ion energy [7]. Particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations showed that GeV monoenergetic collimated proton beams could be produced from a shaped foil [13, 14], a density-modulated foil [15], and a multi-layer foil [16] at a laser intensity of 1021–22W/cm2. Experimental investigations on RPA have also obtained significant progress these years. By irradiating a diamondlike carbon foil with a circularly polarized laser, 30 MeV carbon ions (C+6) were observed for the first time in experiments [17]. The recent ”light-sail” experiment has further demonstrated the quasi-monoenergetic proton generation in this regime [1820]. However, the inevitable transverse instabilities, e.g., Rayleigh-Taylor-like (RT) instability, quickly destroyed the foil acceleration structure and deteriorated the beam quality [21, 22]. The stabilization and tunability of ion acceleration are still two critical issues in the RPA regime, which prevent the laser-driven ion beam applications [6]. Recent studies showed that, by using a C-H mixing foil we may obtain stable proton acceleration with respect to the RT-like instability [23,24]. In this case, carbon ions are immediately separated from the light protons as the laser pressure acts on the foil. Due to their smaller charge-to-mass ratio, the carbon ions move behind the protons and are widely spread in space. Finally, only a high quality proton beam is obtained, whereas stable carbon ion acceleration is still out of the reach in RPA.

In this paper, we demonstrate the simultaneous generation of monoenergetic protons and carbon ions by radiation pressure acceleration of a multi-component nanofoil. It is shown that, the light protons with the largest charge-to-mass ratio moves ahead of the carbon ions and experience a phase stable acceleration. The carbon ion layer always rides at the heavier oxygen ion front with a small electron-filling gap between the protons and carbon ions. The gap plays a key role for proton acceleration because the protons are free from the instability. The oxygen ion layer thermally expands and widely spreads in space which acts as a natural ”buffer” for carbon ion acceleration. Finally, monoenergetic collimated protons and carbon ions are obtained simultaneously. More impressive is that, the peak energy and the energy spread of both protons and carbon ions could be controlled by modulating the initial heavier ion densities in the foil.

2. 3D and 2D PIC simulations and results

We first carry out 3D simulations to demonstrate the feasibility of the scheme by using the PIC code VLPL [25]. The simulation box is x × y × z = 20λ0 × 20λ0 × 20λ0, which is sampled by 5000×400×400 grid cells. Here, λ0 = cT0 = 1μm is the laser wavelength, c is the light speed, and T0 = 3.3 fs is the laser period. The time step is Δt = 0.0045T0. A circularly polarized laser pulse is incident on the foil from the left boundary at t = 0. The temporal profile of the pulse is trapeziform (linear growth-plateau-linear decrease) and the duration is 12T0 (1T0 + 10T0 + 1T0). The spatial profile is super-Gaussian with the amplitude a=a0exp(r4/σ04) where a0 = 30 is the peak laser intensity and σ0 = 5λ0. A planar foil is initially positioned at x = 5λ0 with a thickness of l = 0.08λ0 (80nm), which is composed of multi-ion-species, e.g., carbon ions (C+6), protons (H+), and oxygen ions (O+6). This is identical to the real chemical composition of the widely employed Formvar film in experiments [19]. Here, partially ionized oxygen ions are adopted to model the real oxygen ion state in experiments. The ion number density ratio is nC : nH : nO = 1 : 1 : 3 with the corresponding electron density ne = 125nc, where nc=meωo2/4πe2 is the critical plasma density, me is the electron rest mass, and ω0 = 2π/T0 is the laser frequency. Each cell contains 27 numerical macroparticles in the plasma region. Mean-while, a0πnel/ncλ0 is satisfied to make sure of an optimal foil acceleration in RPA [24].

Figures 1(a)–1(c) show the 3D simulation results of the laser thin-foil interaction at t = 35T0. When radiation pressure dominates the foil acceleration at high laser intensities, electrons move ahead of ions immediately and strong charge separation fields are created. For a thin foil consisting of three ion components with different charge-to-mass ratios, C6+, H+, and O6+, three ion layers are thus formed as illustrated in Fig. 1(a): a compact proton layer (cyan), a thin carbon ion layer (blue), and a thermally expanding oxygen ion layer (purple). The carbon ions ride on the heavier oxygen ion’s front and a small gap forms between the carbon layer and the proton layer. This is significantly different from the two-ion-species case in Ref. [23] where the carbon ion layer is tightly adjacent to the protons and a smooth interface thus forms. Figs. 1(b)–1(c) show the ion energy spectrum and the divergency angle θ = p/px at t = 35T0. We can see a pronounced energy peak for both protons (∼108MeV) and carbon ions (∼43MeV/u). The corresponding peak divergency angle is also very small, ∼ 3.6° for H+ and ∼ 5.4° for C+6. However, the oxygen ions exhibit a thermal-like energy spectrum with a relatively large divergency angle. In accord with the observations above, the carbon ion energy peaks at the cuttoff energy of the oxygen ions and meanwhile, is approximately equal to the adjacent proton’s energy. Such a compact acceleration structure is very stable and can be kept for a long time even after the laser pulse passes away. To our knowledge, it is the first time to simultaneously achieve such a stable monoenergetic proton and carbon ion acceleration in full 3D geometries.

 

Fig. 1 3D simulations of laser nanofoil interaction at t = 35T0. (a) Multi-panel visualization of density distributions of protons (cyan), carbon ions (blue), and oxygen ions (purple). The circle shows the proton bunch and carbon ion bunch, respectively. (b,c) Energy spectra and divergency angles of protons (black), carbon ions (red), and oxygen ions (blue).

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For more insights into the underlying physics, we perform a series of 2D simulations. Because of circularly polarized laser pulses, 2D simulations shall reveal the same observations compared with the 3D ones, but require much less run hours. In the following 2D simulations, we keep the electron and proton densities as in the 3D case above but vary the density ratio of carbon ions to oxygen ions. Here, 4 cases are being considered: nC : nH : nO=1:1:3 (cases 1), 2:1:2 (case 2), 3:1:1 (case 3), and 4:1:0 (case 4). Figs. 2(a)– 2(d) present the axial charge density (niqi) distribution of ions and the corresponding axial electric field Ex at t = 15T0. At that time, the laser-foil interacts for only 5 laser cycles and the RT-like instability is still in a linear stage [21]. Three different ion regions can be clearly recognized in the Fig. 2 together with an electron-filling gap between the protons and carbon ions. It is also found that the protons in all 4 cases are experiencing a strong linearly-decreasing electric field (Ex,max ∼ 15E0) by which protons are accelerated in a ”phase-stable” way [9]. Finally, monoenergetic proton beams could be obtained for all 4 cases as seen in Figs. 3(a)– 3(d).

 

Fig. 2 Axial charge densitiy (niqi) distributions of protons (black), carbon ions (red), and oxygen ions (blue) at t = 15T0. (a) case 1, (b) case 2, (c) case 3, and (d) case 4. The pink shows the corresponding axis electric field Ex.

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Fig. 3 Energy spectra of protons (black), carbon ions (red), and oxygen ions (blue) within y = 5 – 15λ0 at t = 15T0. (a) case 1, (b) case 2, (c) case 3, and (d) case 4.

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The ion energy spectrum is very sensitive to the initial ion density ratio. With the decrease of the oxygen ion density in the foil, the proton peak energy increases from 122MeV to 162MeV and the energy spread becomes relatively smaller. On the contrary, the heavier ion (C+6, O+6) acceleration is more complicated. First, Coulomb explosion is not very important in this stage as seen from Fig. 2 and the laser pressure dominates the ion acceleration. When the oxygen ion density is lower in the foil, the carbon ions’ acceleration becomes worse. Their peak energy downshifts from 45MeV in the case 1 to 25MeV in the case 3 and then disappears in the case 4. The energy spectrum also becomes broader and approaches a thermal distribution in the case 3. By comparison, in all 4 cases the oxygen ions show a spatially expanding distribution with a thermal-like energy spectrum. We also did one more simulations by substituting C+6 with C+5 but keeping its charge density in the case 1. Stable monoenergetic proton and carbon ion acceleration were reproduced together with an expanding oxygen layer.

3. Analysis and discussions

Actually, the different ion acceleration process depends on the different evolution of the RT-like instability in the foil. We first set up a simple analytical model as shown in Fig. 4 to interpret the underlying physics. Starting from the general formulas of the RT instability in a single-ion layer, we obtain the basic equation of the perturbed pressure p seeded on the vacuum-plasma interface I as [24]

ρvt=δpδρg,
where ρ, v, and g are the mass density, the perturbation velocity, and the acceleration [24]. In the accelerating reference frame of the foil, the above Eq. (1) can be further simplified as 2δp/x2=kRT2δp where kRT is the perturbation wave-number in the direction parallel to the interface [23]. The solution to the equation is δp = AekRTx + BekRTx with A and B being the amplitude coefficients of the perturbation. Then, we find the perturbation amplitude is exponentially decaying away from the first interface by ∼ ekRTLion where Lion is the thickness of the ion layer. That is, the layer father away from the perturbed interface is more stable with respect to the instability. In our case, the typical perturbation growth scales kRT ∼ 1/LC where LC is the thickness of the carbon ion layer. Taking the first three interfaces into account, we find the velocity perturbation at the interface III follows
vIIIvI~exp(LOLC),
Equation (2) reveals that the velocity perturbation is rapidly decaying at a rate depending on LO/LC. Considering LOLC in our cases, the perturbation amplitude peaks at the first unstable interface, becomes much smaller at the second interface, and finally attenuated at the third interface. The analysis is actually in excellent agreement with that from the linear stability theory of the accelerated foil in the relativistic limit [21]. That is, the instability evolves much faster for heavy ions than the light ions. Due to the gap between the carbon ions and the protons, the proton layer is free from the instability so that monoenergetic proton acceleration is always achieved in all 4 cases above. When the initial oxygen ion density nO is larger, the oxygen ion layer becomes opaque to the laser. The layer expands and the thickness LO enlarges which is beneficial to the attenuation of the instability according to Eq. (2). On the contrary, when nO is smaller and the foil is transparent to the laser, the oxygen ion layer thickness becomes too thin to attenuate the perturbation. Gradually, the heavier oxygen ion’s ”buffering” role is replaced by C+6 and the carbon ion acceleration is thus deteriorated. In order to obtain stable carbon ion acceleration in experiments, another heavier ion species, e.g., C+5 or F+7 with a lower charge-to-mass ratio, is required so that the perturbation is rapidly exhausted before it approaches the carbon ion layer. This actually offers us an approach to control the beam quality by modulating the heavier ion density in the foil which could be achieved as suggested in Ref. [26]. In real experiments, due to the prepulse or pedestal of the laser, partially ionized heavier ions are considerably produced so that stable proton and carbon ion acceleration are thus obtained.

 

Fig. 4 Schematic of the laser multi-component nanofoil interaction and the evolution of the RT-like instability. The top red is protons and the bottom gray is oxygen ions with the middle blue being the carbon ions. Between the carbon ion layer and the proton layer is an electron-filling gap.

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The model also provides us with an alternative interpretation for recent observations in Ref. [20], where a C8H8F2 foil was used. In their experiments, a lot of C+4, C+5, and F+5 may be produced because of the prepulse of the laser. According to our model, the observed carbon ion peak (C+6) in the energy spectrum may be attributed to the ”buffer” effect of the heavier fluorin ions (F+5) and partially ionized carbon ions, e.g., C4+ and C5+. Because the material contains only a few heavier ions, very tiny peaks of protons and carbon ions were observed.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, we study intense laser nanofoil interaction and demonstrate the generation of monoenergetic tunable protons and carbon ions by using PIC simulations. It is shown that, the protons always move ahead of carbon ions with the latter followed by oxygen ions. A small electron-filling gap forms between the protons and carbon ions, which plays a key role for monoenergetic proton acceleration. The oxygen ion layer thermally expands and widely spreads in space, which acts as a natural ”buffer” for carbon ion acceleration. Finally, monoenergetic collimated protons and carbon ions are obtained simultaneously. By modulating the oxygen ion density in the foil, the energy spread and the peak energy of both protons and carbon ions could be controlled, which may have diverse applications in future.

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by NSFC (Grant Nos. 11205243, 91230205, 11375265), RFDP (Contract Nos. 20124307120002), and the Research Projects of NUDT. TR18 is also acknowledged.

References and links

1. B. J. Galow, Z. Harman, and C. H. Keitel, “Intense high-quality medical proton beams via laser fields,” Opt. Express 18, 25950–25957 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

2. N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 025002 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

3. S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 542–549 (2001). [CrossRef]  

4. H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London) 439, 445–448 (2006). [CrossRef]  

5. S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas 18, 056710 (2011). [CrossRef]  

6. A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 751–793 (2013). [CrossRef]  

7. T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 175003 (2004). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 10, 013021 (2008). [CrossRef]  

9. X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 135003 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

10. T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 045001 (2013). [CrossRef]  

11. Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 026408 (2003). [CrossRef]  

12. V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 51, 024014 (2009). [CrossRef]  

13. M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024801 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys. 12, 045004 (2010). [CrossRef]  

15. T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams 27, 611–617 (2009). [CrossRef]  

16. Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 024502 (2013). [CrossRef]  

17. A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 245003 (2009). [CrossRef]  

18. S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 185006 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 16, 011303 (2013). [CrossRef]  

20. B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys. 15, 033031 (2013). [CrossRef]  

21. F. Pegoraro and S. V. Bulanov, “Photon Bubbles and Ion Acceleration in a Plasma Dominated by the Radiation Pressure of an Electromagnetic Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 065002 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

22. M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas 18, 073106 (2011). [CrossRef]  

23. T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 065002 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

24. T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas 18, 043110 (2011). [CrossRef]  

25. A. Pukhov, “Three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle-in-cell code VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab),” J. Plasma Phys. 61, 425–433 (1999). [CrossRef]  

26. K. Ostrikov, “Colloquium: Reactive plasmas as a versatile nanofabrication tool,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 751–793 (2013).

References

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  1. B. J. Galow, Z. Harman, and C. H. Keitel, “Intense high-quality medical proton beams via laser fields,” Opt. Express18, 25950–25957 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85, 751–793 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 024801 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams27, 611–617 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. F. Pegoraro and S. V. Bulanov, “Photon Bubbles and Ion Acceleration in a Plasma Dominated by the Radiation Pressure of an Electromagnetic Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 065002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Pukhov, “Three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle-in-cell code VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab),” J. Plasma Phys.61, 425–433 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K. Ostrikov, “Colloquium: Reactive plasmas as a versatile nanofabrication tool,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77, 751–793 (2013).

2013 (6)

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85, 751–793 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Ostrikov, “Colloquium: Reactive plasmas as a versatile nanofabrication tool,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77, 751–793 (2013).

2012 (1)

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

B. J. Galow, Z. Harman, and C. H. Keitel, “Intense high-quality medical proton beams via laser fields,” Opt. Express18, 25950–25957 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams27, 611–617 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 024801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

F. Pegoraro and S. V. Bulanov, “Photon Bubbles and Ion Acceleration in a Plasma Dominated by the Radiation Pressure of an Electromagnetic Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 065002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Pukhov, “Three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle-in-cell code VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab),” J. Plasma Phys.61, 425–433 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abicht, F.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Amthor, K.-U.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, A. A.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Aurand, B.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bierbach, J.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Borghesi, M.

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85, 751–793 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bränzel, J.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bulanov, S. V.

F. Pegoraro and S. V. Bulanov, “Photon Bubbles and Ion Acceleration in a Plasma Dominated by the Radiation Pressure of an Electromagnetic Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 065002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bussmann, M.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cerchez, M.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. E.

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 024801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams27, 611–617 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, T. E.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q. L.

Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doria, D.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eliasson, B.

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Elkin, B.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Esirkepov, T.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, R. G.

A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fang, J. X.

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flippo, K. A.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gaillard, S. A.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gall, B.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Galow, B. J.

Geissel, M.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geissler, M.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbon, P.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Z. Y.

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Habs, D.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harman, Z.

Hatchett, S.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hegelich, B. M.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Henig, A.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Herzer, S.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hilz, P.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hörlein, R.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jäckel, O.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kakolee, K. F.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaluza, M. C.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kar, S.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karmakar, A.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Keitel, C. H.

Key, M. H.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khudik, V.

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, D.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kluge, T.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kreuzer, C.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuehl, T.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, N.

M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuschel, S.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Labaune, C.

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langdon, A. B.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ledingham, K. W. D.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. T.

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liesfeld, B.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, B. C.

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C. S.

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lockard, T.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. R.

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macchi, A.

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85, 751–793 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mackinnon, A.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McKenna, P.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naumova, N.

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nickles, P. V.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Offermann, D. T.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Osterholz, J.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ostermayr, T.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ostrikov, K.

K. Ostrikov, “Colloquium: Reactive plasmas as a versatile nanofabrication tool,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77, 751–793 (2013).

Passoni, M.

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85, 751–793 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Paz, A. E.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pegoraro, F.

F. Pegoraro and S. V. Bulanov, “Photon Bubbles and Ion Acceleration in a Plasma Dominated by the Radiation Pressure of an Electromagnetic Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 065002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pennington, D.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pfotenhauer, S.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polz, J.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, R.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priebe, G.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pukhov, A.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 024801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams27, 611–617 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Pukhov, “Three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle-in-cell code VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab),” J. Plasma Phys.61, 425–433 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, B.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quinn, K.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramakrishna, B.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ratliff, T. H.

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, A. P. L.

A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rödel, C.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Roth, M.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sagdeev, R. Z.

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sarri, G.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schlegel, T.

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schnürer, M.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schollmeier, M.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, J.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwoerer, H.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sentoku, Y.

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shao, X.

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Z. M.

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z.-M.

Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Snavely, R. A.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sokollik, T.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, I. V.

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinke, S.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tripathi, V. K.

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. M.

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wilks, S. C.

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Willi, O.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, X. Q.

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi, S. A.

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M. Y.

Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, T. P.

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 024801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams27, 611–617 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.Y

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zepf, M.

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H. Y.

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ziegler, W.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Plasma Phys. (1)

A. Pukhov, “Three-dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle-in-cell code VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab),” J. Plasma Phys.61, 425–433 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

T. P. Yu, M. Chen, and A. Pukhov, “High quality GeV proton beams from a density-modulated foil target,” Laser Part. Beams27, 611–617 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jäckel, K.-U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature (London)439, 445–448 (2006).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (3)

A. P. L. Robinson, M. Zepf, S. Kar, and R. G. Evans, “Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses,” New J. Phys.10, 013021 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Aurand, S. Kuschel, O. Jäckel, C. Rödel, H. Y. Zhao, S. Herzer, A. E. Paz, J. Bierbach, J. Polz, B. Elkin, G. G. Paulus, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, T. Kuehl, and M. C. Kaluza, “Radiation pressure-assisted acceleration of ions using multi-component foils in high-intensity laserCmatter interactions,” New J. Phys.15, 033031 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and Z. M. Sheng, “Target shape effects on monoenergetic GeV proton acceleration,” New J. Phys.12, 045004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Plasmas (5)

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas18, 043110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Chen, N. Kumar, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Stabilized radiation pressure dominated ion acceleration from surface modulated thin-foil targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Cui, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, Y. T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Quasimonoenergetic proton bunches generation from doped foil targets irradiated by intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas20, 024502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Gaillard, T. Kluge, K. A. Flippo, M. Bussmann, B. Gall, T. Lockard, M. Geissel, D. T. Offermann, M. Schollmeier, Y. Sentoku, and T. E. Cowan, “Increased laser-accelerated proton energies via direct laser-light-pressure acceleration of electrons in microcone targets,” Phys. Plasmas18, 056710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Wilks, A. B. Langdon, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, S. Hatchett, M. H. Key, D. Pennington, A. Mackinnon, and R. A. Snavely, “Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laserCsolid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas8, 542–549 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

Q. L. Dong, Z.-M. Sheng, M. Y. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optimization of ion acceleration in the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with ultrathin foils,” Phys. Rev. E68, 026408 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

X. Q. Yan, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Guo, B. C. Liu, Y. R. Lu, J. X. Fang, and J. E. Chen, “Generating High-Current Monoenergetic Proton Beams by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse in the Phase-Stable Acceleration Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 135003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright Betatronlike X Rays from Radiation Pressure Acceleration of a Mass-Limited Foil Target,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 045001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Naumova, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, C. Labaune, I. V. Sokolov, and G. Mourou, “Hole Boring in a DT Pellet and Fast-Ion Ignition with Ultraintense Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 025002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Henig, S. Steinke, M. Schnürer, T. Sokollik, R. Hörlein, D. Kiefer, D. Jung, J. Schreiber, B. M. Hegelich, X. Q. Yan, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, T. Tajima, P. V. Nickles, W. Sandner, and D. Habs, “Radiation-Pressure Acceleration of Ion Beams Driven by Circularly Polarized Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 245003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kar, K. F. Kakolee, B. Qiao, A. Macchi, M. Cerchez, D. Doria, M. Geissler, P. McKenna, D. Neely, J. Osterholz, R. Prasad, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, G. Sarri, O. Willi, X.Y Yuan, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi, “Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 185006 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pegoraro and S. V. Bulanov, “Photon Bubbles and Ion Acceleration in a Plasma Dominated by the Radiation Pressure of an Electromagnetic Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 065002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi, S. V. Bulanov, G. Mourou, and T. Tajima, “Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 175003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Chen, A. Pukhov, and T. P. Yu, “Enhanced Collimated GeV Monoenergetic Ion Acceleration from a Shaped Foil Target Irradiated by a Circularly Polarized Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 024801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, and M. Chen, “Stable Laser-Driven Proton Beam Acceleration from a Two-Ion-Species Ultrathin Foil,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 065002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (1)

S. Steinke, P. Hilz, M. Schnürer, G. Priebe, J. Bränzel, F. Abicht, D. Kiefer, C. Kreuzer, T. Ostermayr, J. Schreiber, A. A. Andreev, T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, and W. Sandner, “Stable laser-ion acceleration in the light sail regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams16, 011303 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion (1)

V. K. Tripathi, C. S. Liu, X. Shao, B. Eliasson, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Laser acceleration of monoenergetic protons in a self-organized double layer from thin foil,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion51, 024014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85, 751–793 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Ostrikov, “Colloquium: Reactive plasmas as a versatile nanofabrication tool,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77, 751–793 (2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

3D simulations of laser nanofoil interaction at t = 35T0. (a) Multi-panel visualization of density distributions of protons (cyan), carbon ions (blue), and oxygen ions (purple). The circle shows the proton bunch and carbon ion bunch, respectively. (b,c) Energy spectra and divergency angles of protons (black), carbon ions (red), and oxygen ions (blue).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Axial charge densitiy (niqi) distributions of protons (black), carbon ions (red), and oxygen ions (blue) at t = 15T0. (a) case 1, (b) case 2, (c) case 3, and (d) case 4. The pink shows the corresponding axis electric field Ex.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy spectra of protons (black), carbon ions (red), and oxygen ions (blue) within y = 5 – 15λ0 at t = 15T0. (a) case 1, (b) case 2, (c) case 3, and (d) case 4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the laser multi-component nanofoil interaction and the evolution of the RT-like instability. The top red is protons and the bottom gray is oxygen ions with the middle blue being the carbon ions. Between the carbon ion layer and the proton layer is an electron-filling gap.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ v t = δ p δ ρ g ,
v III v I ~ exp ( L O L C ) ,

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