Abstract

Polarization mode dispersion (PMD), which can be induced by circulators or even moderate lengths of optical fiber, is known to be a dominant source of instrumentation noise in fiber-based PS-OCT systems. In this paper we propose a novel PMD compensation method that measures system PMD using three fixed calibration signals, numerically corrects for these instrument effects and reconstructs an improved sample image. Using a frequency multiplexed PS-OFDI setup, we validate the proposed method by comparing birefringence noise in images of intralipid, muscle, and tendon with and without PMD compensation.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9, 903–908 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. E. Saxer, J.F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J.S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25, 1355–1357 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.30, 2587–2589 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Z. Lu and S. J. Matcher, “Absolute fast axis determination using non-polarization- maintaining fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.37, 1931–1933 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized Jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express18, 854–876 (2010). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-854
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. Götzinger, B. Baumann, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Polarization maintaining fiber based ultra-high resolution spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express17, 22704–22717 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22704
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

Andrekson, P. A.

Baumann, B.

Boudoux, C.

Bouma, B.

Bouma, B. E.

Cense, B.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Choi, W.

de Boer, J.

de Boer, J. F.

K. H. Kim, B. H. Park, Y. Tu, T. Hasan, B. Lee, J. Li, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging based on unpolarized light,” Opt. Express19, 552–561 (2011). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-2-552
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16, 1096–1103 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1096
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.30, 2587–2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Vakoc, S. H. Yun, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Phase-resolved optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express13, 5483–6593 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-14-5483
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components,” Opt. Lett.29, 2512–2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.24, 300–302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, “Eye-length measurement by interferometry with partially coherent light,” Opt. Lett.22, 934–936 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Boer, J.F.

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Saxer, J.F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J.S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25, 1355–1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desjardins, A. E.

Duker, J. S.

Fercher, A. F.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gentle, J.

J. Gentle, Numerical Linear Algebra for Applications in Statistics (Springer, 1998), chap. 2.

G├Âtzinger, E.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halpern, E. F.

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasan, T.

Hee, M. R.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9, 903–908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

Houser, S. L.

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

Jiao, S.

Karlsson, M.

Kim, K. H.

Lee, B.

Li, J.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Z.

Makita, S.

Matcher, S. J.

Mengedoht, K.

Milner, T. E.

Nadkarni, S.

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, J. S.

Nelson, J.S.

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Saxer, J.F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J.S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25, 1355–1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oh, W. Y.

Oh, W.Y.

Park, B. H.

K. H. Kim, B. H. Park, Y. Tu, T. Hasan, B. Lee, J. Li, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging based on unpolarized light,” Opt. Express19, 552–561 (2011). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-2-552
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16, 1096–1103 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1096
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.30, 2587–2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components,” Opt. Lett.29, 2512–2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Saxer, J.F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J.S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25, 1355–1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.H.

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, M. C.

Pircher, M.

Potsaid, B.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samuelsson, R.

Saxer, C.

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saxer, C. E.

Schmidt-Erfurth, U.

M. Pircher, C. K. Hitzenberger, and U. Schmidt-Erfurth, “Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography in the human eye,” Prog. Retin. Eye Res.30, 431451 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishkov, M.

Srinivas, S.M.

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sunnerud, H.

Swanson, E. A.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9, 903–908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tearney, G.

Tearney, G. J.

Tu, Y.

Vakoc, B. J.

van Gemert, M. J. C.

Wang, L. V.

Werner, W.

Xie, C.

Yamanari, M.

Yao, G.

Yasuno, Y.

Yun, S.

Yun, S. H.

Zhang, E. Z.

Zhao, Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1)

S. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, E. F. Halpern, S. L. Houser, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49, 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

B.H. Park, C. Saxer, S.M. Srinivas, J.S. Nelson, and J.F. de Boer, “In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.6, 474479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (9)

E. Z. Zhang and B. J. Vakoc, “Polarimetry noise in fiber-based optical coherence tomography instrumentation,” Opt. Express19, 16830–16842 (2011). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-18-16830
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yun, G. Tearney, J. de Boer, and B. Bouma, “Removing the depth-degeneracy in optical frequency domain imaging with frequency shifting,” Opt. Express12, 4822–4828 (2004). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-20-4822
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16, 1096–1103 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1096
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, B. H. Park, Y. Tu, T. Hasan, B. Lee, J. Li, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging based on unpolarized light,” Opt. Express19, 552–561 (2011). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-2-552
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamanari, S. Makita, and Y. Yasuno, “Polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation,” Opt. Express16, 5892–5906 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-8-5892
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Baumann, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, D. Huang, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source / Fourier domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with a passive polarization delay unit,” Opt. Express20, 10229–10241 (2012). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-9-10229
[CrossRef]

B. J. Vakoc, S. H. Yun, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Phase-resolved optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express13, 5483–6593 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-14-5483
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized Jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express18, 854–876 (2010). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-854
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, B. Baumann, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Polarization maintaining fiber based ultra-high resolution spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express17, 22704–22717 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22704
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components,” Opt. Lett.29, 2512–2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett.28, 1981–1983 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.24, 300–302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.30, 2587–2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Lu and S. J. Matcher, “Absolute fast axis determination using non-polarization- maintaining fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.37, 1931–1933 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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