Abstract

We operate a frequency-stable laser in a non-laboratory environment where the test platform is a passenger vehicle. We measure the acceleration experienced by the laser and actively correct for it to achieve a system acceleration sensitivity of Δf / f = 11(2) × 10−12/g, 6(2) × 10−12/g, and 4(1) × 10−12/g for accelerations in three orthogonal directions at 1 Hz. The acceleration spectrum and laser performance are evaluated with the vehicle both stationary and moving. The laser linewidth in the stationary vehicle with engine idling is 1.7(1) Hz.

©2011 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Frequency-stable lasers [1] are important tools whose present applications include optical frequency standards [2], gravitational wave detection [3], and tests of fundamental physics [4, 5]. Stability is most often achieved by locking the laser to a Fabry-Pérot cavity. This technique transfers the length stability of the cavity to frequency stability of the laser. While significant progress towards miniaturization [6] and transportability [7] has been achieved, thus far the best performing lasers have been constrained to operate in well controlled laboratory environments due primarily to reference cavity acceleration sensitivities greater than about 10−10/g [8, 9]. There is growing interest in frequency-stable lasers capable of operation outside the laboratory for applications such as geodesy [10, 11], hydrology [12], space-based tests of fundamental physics [13, 14], and low phase noise microwave synthesis [15].

In this work, we operate a cavity-stabilized laser in a non-laboratory environment. A passenger vehicle serves as the test platform. Switching the vehicle engine on allows us to test the laser performance in a vibrationally noisy environment, and driving the vehicle allows us to measure the laser’s frequency response to transport dynamics. Low passive acceleration and orientation sensitivity of the reference cavity are achieved by a design in which a spherical cavity spacer is held rigidly at two points on a diameter of the sphere [16]. The support axis orientation of 53° with respect to the optical axis reduces coupling of acceleration-induced squeeze forces to the cavity length. Acceleration sensitivity is further reduced by measuring the acceleration of the cavity and applying real-time feed-forward corrections to the laser frequency [17]. We test the laser both when the vehicle is stationary and when it is moving with peak accelerations greater than 0.1 g.

This paper proceeds as follows: Section 2 describes the test setup, including the real-time acceleration feed-forward scheme. Section 3 discusses the acceleration spectrum and laser performance when the vehicle is stationary as well as the acceleration sensitivity of the laser. Section 4 discusses the laser performance when the vehicle is moving. Finally, Section 5 summarizes and concludes.

2. Test setup

The setup consists of an optical breadboard, electronics for locking the laser and applying the acceleration feed-forward, and a computer for data acquisition, all of which are housed in a passenger vehicle [18, 19] (see Fig. 1). The vehicle is tethered to a building by a power cable and an optical fiber that transmits light from a reference laser located inside our laboratory for measurements of the test laser frequency. This limits the driving range to about 5 m over a grass surface.

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 Experimental setup. (a) Schematic of the test platform. A cavity-stabilized laser and the associated electronics are housed in a passenger vehicle in order to evaluate the performance of the laser in a field environment. The phase of the test laser is measured with respect to the phase of a laboratory-based reference laser via a fiber-optic link. (b) Photograph of the test platform showing the optical breadboard inside the thermal enclosure (open) in the back of the vehicle. (c) Mounting geometry of the accelerometers (drawn as arrows) used for acceleration feed-forward. The cube is centered on the reference cavity. FPGA: field-programmable gate array, ADC: analog-to-digital converter, DDS: direct-digital synthesizer, I/Q: in-phase/quadrature, PD: photodiode, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, PDH: Pound-Drever-Hall detector.

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The optical breadboard holds the test laser, the cavity, the optics for locking the laser to the cavity, and the optics for making frequency comparisons with the reference laser. The breadboard is an aluminum honeycomb construction with dimensions of 60 cm by 45 cm by 5 cm. Including the optics, the height is 30 cm and the mass is 34 kg. The breadboard rests on four viscoelastic polymer cylinders (38 mm diameter by 25 mm tall) for high-frequency vibration isolation. We do not use active vibration isolation because the majority of accelerations experienced in a moving vehicle have a displacement amplitude that is too large for an active vibration isolation system to correct, i.e., the vehicle dynamics are fundamentally non-inertial. The cavity is identical to that described in Ref. [16], with a 50.8 mm diameter spherical Corning Ultra Low Expansion (ULE) glass spacer [19] and fused silica mirrors, except that we have added ULE rings [20] to the backs of the mirrors to raise the zero-crossing temperature of the cavity coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) from about −25 °C to about 7 °C. The cavity temperature is stabilized at the CTE zero-crossing temperature by a thermoelectric cooler (TEC) inside the vacuum chamber, and the entire optical breadboard is enclosed in a box that is temperature stabilized to 30 °C by a resistive heater. Note that the field-test described in this paper relies on a compressive cavity mount to survive the lateral accelerations experienced while driving, and that the mounted cavity is insensitive to changes of the compressive force [16]. We are using the same o-ring mounting scheme described in Ref. [16] with a squeeze force of approximately 10 N, and we estimate that this mounting scheme could survive a maximum acceleration of roughly 7 g in any direction. A 1070 nm fiber laser (test laser) is locked to the cavity by the Pound-Drever-Hall (PDH) method [21] via fast feedback to an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) and slow feedback to a piezo-electric transducer in the laser cavity. The phase of the test laser is measured via a heterodyne beat note with an independent reference laser that is located inside our laboratory. This reference laser typically serves as the clock laser that drives the 1S0 to 3P0 transition in 27Al+ [2]. The reference laser light arrives through a polarization-maintaining noise-canceled fiber [22] and is superimposed with the test laser light on a fast photodiode. The resulting beat note is first mixed down to about 6 MHz, then further mixed to near 0 Hz by a demodulator circuit that outputs the in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) components of the signal. The I and Q components are recorded with an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) at a sample rate of either 10 kHz or 100 kHz.

Acceleration feed-forward is implemented via a Wiener filter technique similar to that described in Reference [17]. Instead of correcting the laser phase, however, here we correct the laser frequency. This allows us to use a Wiener filter with a much shorter time memory. The best performance is obtained with only one filter coefficient (per accelerometer), which is equivalent to correcting for an acceleration transfer function that is constant in frequency over the bandwidth of the accelerometer. This configuration minimizes the latency between measuring the acceleration and applying the feed-forward correction. The filter coefficients are derived from simultaneous measurements of the cavity accelerations and laser frequency noise with the vehicle engine on and the vehicle stationary for 100 s. All of the measurements presented in this paper used the same filter coefficients, and we did not observe degradation in feed-forward performance over a period of two weeks. Accelerations are measured by six one-axis, piezoelectric accelerometers [19, 23] mounted around the cavity in a geometry where there is one sensor at the center of each face of a cube, with the sensing axis oriented on a diagonal of the cube face such that these diagonals form a regular tetrahedron [24] (see Fig. 1(c)). The center of the cube is located near the center of the cavity. This arrangement of sensors allows us to measure both the linear and rotational acceleration in the limit that the centripetal acceleration is small. The accelerometers have a bandwidth of 0.06 Hz to 450 Hz and their signals are input into a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) that computes the predicted laser frequency by use of the stored Wiener filter. After the predicted frequency is calculated, the FPGA corrects the laser frequency by changing the output frequency of a direct digital synthesizer (DDS) that drives an AOM. The feed-forward update rate is approximately 10 kHz, and the latency between measuring the acceleration and applying the feed-forward correction is less than 100 μs.

3. Stationary laser stability and acceleration sensitivity

The first test was performed with the vehicle stationary and the engine either off or on (idle). Figure 2 shows the laser frequency and acceleration power spectral densities. The acceleration noise is shown with the vehicle engine on. It has a broad peak between 10 Hz and 20 Hz corresponding to the rotational frequency of the engine and a root-mean-square (RMS) value of 3.3 mg (1 g = 9.8 m/s2). When the acceleration feed-forward is turned on, the laser frequency noise is suppressed by greater than 20 dB between 3 Hz and 30 Hz where most of the acceleration noise resides. The remaining acceleration-based laser frequency noise may be due to the fact that we do not measure the angular velocity of the cavity. This implies that we do not have complete knowledge of the linear and angular acceleration because we cannot determine what fraction of the measured accelerations are due to centripetal acceleration. We attempted to obtain the angular velocity by numerical integration of the angular acceleration and incorporate it into the Wiener filter as well, but the integral diverged too quickly to be useful. Figure 3 shows the power spectrum of the beat note between the test laser and the reference laser with the vehicle engine on and acceleration feed-forward both off and on. We fit the beat note with the acceleration feed-forward on to a 1.7(1) Hz full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) coherent peak above a pedestal, with 77 % of the power in the coherent peak.

 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 Laser frequency noise (top) and acceleration (bottom) power spectral densities with the vehicle stationary. The laser frequency noise is shown for four cases, with the acceleration feed-forward (FF) and the vehicle engine on and off. Acceleration noise is shown with the engine on and corresponds to an RMS value of 3.3 mg. With the engine on, the acceleration feed-forward suppresses the laser frequency noise by over 20 dB between 3 and 30 Hz. The laser frequency noise is lower yet with the vehicle engine off, which shows that the acceleration feed-forward is not able to remove all of the acceleration-based laser frequency noise.

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 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 Power spectrum of the beat note with the vehicle engine on and the vehicle stationary for 5 s of data (resolution bandwidth = 0.6 Hz). The spectrum is shown both with the acceleration feed-forward (FF) off (170.5(7) Hz FWHM) and the acceleration feed-forward on. With the acceleration feed-forward on there is a 1.7(1) Hz FWHM coherent peak on top of a pedestal, with 77 % of the power in the coherent peak. The black lines are fits to Gaussian line shapes, with the feed-forward on case including a bimodal Gaussian pedestal. In both cases the beat note is normalized such that the total power is 1.

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Figure 4 shows the linear and angular acceleration sensitivity of the reference cavity alone and of the combined reference cavity with acceleration feed-forward system. These sensitivities were obtained by simultaneously measuring the acceleration and the laser frequency with the vehicle engine on and the vehicle stationary for 100 s, computing the Wiener filter for 500 filter coefficients, and taking the discrete Laplace transform of the filter coefficients to obtain the acceleration transfer functions. The acceleration sensitivity of the actively corrected reference cavity in the two horizontal and the vertical directions at 1 Hz is 11(2) × 10−12/g, 6(2) × 10−12/g, and 4(1) × 10−12/g. At higher frequency, the system acceleration sensitivity is limited by the signal-to-noise ratio of our acceleration measurement. Note that the system acceleration sensitivity depends on the acceleration environment because of the finite signal-to-noise ratio of the accelerometers, such that the acceleration sensitivity is lower when the magnitude of the acceleration is higher.

 figure: Fig. 4

Fig. 4 Acceleration sensitivity of the reference cavity (solid lines) and the actively corrected reference cavity (dashed lines) as a function of frequency. The three lines of each type are the mean (center curve) and standard error (lower and upper curves).

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4. Mobile laser stability

We performed a second set of measurements while driving over an uneven surface. Vehicle motion was limited to low speeds (less than 1 m/s) because at higher speeds the reference laser fiber noise cancellation was unreliable. However, even at low speeds the accelerations were as large as 0.1 g. Figure 5 shows the laser frequency and acceleration for two measurements with the acceleration feed-forward off and on. For each measurement we started and stopped driving several times. With the acceleration feed-forward off, there is approximately 1 kHz amplitude high-frequency noise due to driving over bumps and up to 2 kHz frequency shifts due to changes in orientation of the reference cavity with respect to gravity. The measured passive acceleration sensitivity of our reference cavity implies that a 2 kHz shift corresponds to a 4° change in orientation of the reference cavity, consistent with the uneven driving surface. With the acceleration feed-forward on, the high-frequency noise is suppressed but the frequency shifts are still present. This is because our piezo-electric accelerometers have no DC response, so at low frequency (below 0.06 Hz) the acceleration sensitivity of the actively-corrected reference cavity is exactly the same as that of the reference cavity alone.

 figure: Fig. 5

Fig. 5 Laser frequency and acceleration as a function of time while driving with the acceleration feed-forward off (top) and on (bottom). The acceleration feed-forward suppresses the high-frequency laser frequency noise due to driving over bumps but is unable to correct for frequency shifts due to changes in orientation of the reference cavity with respect to gravity.

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5. Conclusion

We have demonstrated operation of a frequency-stable laser in a field environment. In a stationary vehicle with the engine on, we achieve a 1.7(1) Hz FWHM laser in a 3.3 mg RMS acceleration environment. In a moving vehicle we show approximately 100 Hz FWHM operation with accelerations as large as 0.1 g for time scales less than 1 s. On longer time scales, we observe up to 2 kHz frequency shifts due to changes in orientation of the reference cavity with respect to gravity that cannot be corrected by the current acceleration feed-forward system. Orientation changes could be corrected for in future work by use of variable-capacitance MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) accelerometers in place of the piezo-electric accelerometers used here.

The acceleration sensitivity achieved in this work, 11(2) × 10−12/g, 6(2) × 10−12/g, and 4(1) × 10−12/g for accelerations in three orthogonal directions at 1 Hz, is roughly one order of magnitude lower than that of the best radio-frequency crystal oscillators [25]. To our knowledge, smaller acceleration sensitivies are achieved only in atomic frequency standards [26], where short-term fractional frequency noise is typically higher. This laser could be used for acceleration insensitive synthesis of low-noise radio-frequency or microwave signals via a femtosecond frequency comb [15, 27]. The technologies demonstrated in this work, acceleration and orientation insensitive reference cavities and acceleration feed-forward, pave the way for new applications of frequency-stable lasers outside the laboratory.

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge contributions to the construction of the cavity from R. E. Drullinger, M. Notcutt, and G. Hua. We thank W. Swann and D. Howe for critical readings of this manuscript. This work is supported by ONR, AFOSR, and DARPA. D. R. Leibrandt and M. J. Thorpe acknowledge support from the National Research Council. This work is not subject to U.S. copyright.

References and links

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2. C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

3. B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008). [CrossRef]  

4. T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

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6. A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, and J. Ye, “Compact, thermal-noise-limited optical cavity for diode laser stabilization at 1 × 10−15,” Opt. Lett. 32, 641–643 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

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13. S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009). [CrossRef]  

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16. D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, “Spherical reference cavities for frequency stabilization of lasers in non-laboratory environments,” Opt. Express 19, 3471–3482 (2010). [CrossRef]  

17. M. J. Thorpe, D. R. Leibrandt, T. M. Fortier, and T. Rosenband, “Measurement and real-time cancellation of vibration-induced phase noise in a cavity-stabilized laser,” Opt. Express 18, 18744–18751 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. 2007 Chevrolet Uplander minivan.

19. Commercial products are identified for technical clarity. Such identification does not imply endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

20. T. Legero, T. Kessler, and U. Sterr, “Tuning the thermal expansion properties of optical reference cavities with fused silica mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 914–919 (2010). [CrossRef]  

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23. PCB Piezotronics 393B04.

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References

  • View by:

  1. B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, “Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799–3802 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, and J. Ye, “Compact, thermal-noise-limited optical cavity for diode laser stabilization at 1 × 10−15,” Opt. Lett. 32, 641–643 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Vogt, C. Lisdat, T. Legero, U. Sterr, I. Ernsting, A. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, “Demonstration of a transportable 1 Hz-linewidth laser,” arXiv:1010.2685 (2010).
  8. S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, “Vibration insensitive optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Kleppner, “Time too good to be true,” Phys. Today 59, 10–11, March (2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, “Optical clocks and relativity,” Science 329, 1630–1633 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. R. Schmidt, F. Flechtner, U. Meyer, K. Neumayer, C. Dahle, R. König, and J. Kusche, “Hydrological Signals Observed by the GRACE Satellites,” Surv. Geophys. 29, 319–334 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  15. W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, “Spherical reference cavities for frequency stabilization of lasers in non-laboratory environments,” Opt. Express 19, 3471–3482 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. J. Thorpe, D. R. Leibrandt, T. M. Fortier, and T. Rosenband, “Measurement and real-time cancellation of vibration-induced phase noise in a cavity-stabilized laser,” Opt. Express 18, 18744–18751 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. 2007 Chevrolet Uplander minivan.
  19. Commercial products are identified for technical clarity. Such identification does not imply endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
  20. T. Legero, T. Kessler, and U. Sterr, “Tuning the thermal expansion properties of optical reference cavities with fused silica mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 914–919 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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  22. L. S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Delivering the same optical frequency at two places: accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1777–1779 (1994).
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  25. A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, D. A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K. M. Hudek, C. Hay, D. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, “Vibration sensitivity of microwave components,” in “Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. and EFTF Conf.”, (IEEE, 2007), pp. 541–546.
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2010 (6)

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, “Optical clocks and relativity,” Science 329, 1630–1633 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, “Spherical reference cavities for frequency stabilization of lasers in non-laboratory environments,” Opt. Express 19, 3471–3482 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. J. Thorpe, D. R. Leibrandt, T. M. Fortier, and T. Rosenband, “Measurement and real-time cancellation of vibration-induced phase noise in a cavity-stabilized laser,” Opt. Express 18, 18744–18751 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Legero, T. Kessler, and U. Sterr, “Tuning the thermal expansion properties of optical reference cavities with fused silica mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 914–919 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

R. Schmidt, F. Flechtner, U. Meyer, K. Neumayer, C. Dahle, R. König, and J. Kusche, “Hydrological Signals Observed by the GRACE Satellites,” Surv. Geophys. 29, 319–334 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

D. Kleppner, “Time too good to be true,” Phys. Today 59, 10–11, March (2006).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, “Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799–3802 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

1990 (1)

H. Hellwig, “Environmental sensitivities of precision frequency sources,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 39, 301–306 (1990).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phy. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Angonin, M.-C.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ashby, N.

A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, D. A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K. M. Hudek, C. Hay, D. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, “Vibration sensitivity of microwave components,” in “Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. and EFTF Conf.”, (IEEE, 2007), pp. 541–546.

Baillard, X.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumann, E.

Bergquist, J. C.

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, “Spherical reference cavities for frequency stabilization of lasers in non-laboratory environments,” Opt. Express 19, 3471–3482 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, “Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799–3802 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bertolami, O.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bize, S.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blatt, S.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, and J. Ye, “Compact, thermal-noise-limited optical cavity for diode laser stabilization at 1 × 10−15,” Opt. Lett. 32, 641–643 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bongs, K.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bordé, C. J.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boudot, R.

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bouyer, P.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boyd, M. M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, and J. Ye, “Compact, thermal-noise-limited optical cavity for diode laser stabilization at 1 × 10−15,” Opt. Lett. 32, 641–643 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brusch, A.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cacciapuoti, L.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Campbell, G. K.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cataliotti, F. S.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.-H.

J.-H. Chen, S.-C. Lee, and D. B. DeBra, “Gyroscope free strapdown inertial measurement unit by six linear accelerometers,” J. Guid. Control Dyn. 17, 286–290 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chou, C. W.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, “Optical clocks and relativity,” Science 329, 1630–1633 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010).
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Dittus, H.

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Duchayne, L.

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English, E. M. L.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
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Ertmer, W.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Ferrari, G.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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Fienga, A.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Flambaum, V.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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Flambaum, V. V.

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Flechner, F.

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Flechtner, F.

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Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phy. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
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Foreman, S. M.

Fortier, T. M.

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Fouché, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
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B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
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Galzerano, G.

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Gao, K.

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Gil, P.

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Gill, E.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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Gill, P.

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Hudek, K. M.

A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, D. A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K. M. Hudek, C. Hay, D. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, “Vibration sensitivity of microwave components,” in “Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. and EFTF Conf.”, (IEEE, 2007), pp. 541–546.

Hume, D. B.

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Kracht, D.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
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Kusche, J.

R. Schmidt, F. Flechtner, U. Meyer, K. Neumayer, C. Dahle, R. König, and J. Kusche, “Hydrological Signals Observed by the GRACE Satellites,” Surv. Geophys. 29, 319–334 (2008).
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B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
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Lämmerzahl, C.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Laporta, P.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Laskar, J.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Laurent, P.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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Neumayer, K.

R. Schmidt, F. Flechtner, U. Meyer, K. Neumayer, C. Dahle, R. König, and J. Kusche, “Hydrological Signals Observed by the GRACE Satellites,” Surv. Geophys. 29, 319–334 (2008).
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Nevsky, A.

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Rasel, E.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rathke, A.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, S.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Roques, F.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rosenband, T.

M. J. Thorpe, D. R. Leibrandt, T. M. Fortier, and T. Rosenband, “Measurement and real-time cancellation of vibration-induced phase noise in a cavity-stabilized laser,” Opt. Express 18, 18744–18751 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, “Spherical reference cavities for frequency stabilization of lasers in non-laboratory environments,” Opt. Express 19, 3471–3482 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, “Optical clocks and relativity,” Science 329, 1630–1633 (2010).
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C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rothacher, M.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Salomon, C.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
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S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Savage, R. L.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
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Schäfer, W.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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Schiller, S.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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S. Vogt, C. Lisdat, T. Legero, U. Sterr, I. Ernsting, A. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, “Demonstration of a transportable 1 Hz-linewidth laser,” arXiv:1010.2685 (2010).

Schmidt, P. O.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
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Schmidt, R.

R. Schmidt, F. Flechtner, U. Meyer, K. Neumayer, C. Dahle, R. König, and J. Kusche, “Hydrological Signals Observed by the GRACE Satellites,” Surv. Geophys. 29, 319–334 (2008).
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Schmidt-Kaler, F.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Schreiber, U.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schulz, B.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

Seidel, D.

A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, D. A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K. M. Hudek, C. Hay, D. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, “Vibration sensitivity of microwave components,” in “Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. and EFTF Conf.”, (IEEE, 2007), pp. 541–546.

Seifert, F.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sengstock, K.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stalnaker, J. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sterr, U.

T. Legero, T. Kessler, and U. Sterr, “Tuning the thermal expansion properties of optical reference cavities with fused silica mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 914–919 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Vogt, C. Lisdat, T. Legero, U. Sterr, I. Ernsting, A. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, “Demonstration of a transportable 1 Hz-linewidth laser,” arXiv:1010.2685 (2010).

Svehla, D.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takamoto, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Targat, R. L.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, J.

A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, D. A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K. M. Hudek, C. Hay, D. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, “Vibration sensitivity of microwave components,” in “Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. and EFTF Conf.”, (IEEE, 2007), pp. 541–546.

Thomsen, J. W.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thorpe, M. J.

Tino, G. M.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tobar, M. E.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Toncelli, A.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Touboul, P.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tourrenc, P.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Turyshev, S. G.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Veltkamp, C.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vigué, J.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Vogt, S.

S. Vogt, C. Lisdat, T. Legero, U. Sterr, I. Ernsting, A. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, “Demonstration of a transportable 1 Hz-linewidth laser,” arXiv:1010.2685 (2010).

Wagner, S.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

Walsworth, R.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. J.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
[Crossref]

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R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phy. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Webster, S. A.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, “Vibration insensitive optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weßels, P.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

Westergaard, P. G.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Willke, B.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wineland, D. J.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, “Optical clocks and relativity,” Science 329, 1630–1633 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winkelmann, L.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
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Wolf, P.

P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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Xu, Z.

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
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Ye, J.

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B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, “Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799–3802 (1999).
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S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
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W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
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R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phy. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersalé, G. Santarelli, and Y. L. Coq, “Sub-100 attoseconds stability optics-to-microwave synchronization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 211105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Class. Quantum Grav. (1)

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
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S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Görlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Müller, L. Iorio, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Heß, and W. Schäfer, “Einstein gravity explorer – a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
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P. Wolf, C. J. Bordé, A. Clairon, L. Duchayne, A. Landragin, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, F. S. Cataliotti, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, H. Klein, S. Reynaud, C. Salomon, E. Peik, O. Bertolami, P. Gil, J. Páramos, C. Jentsch, U. Johann, A. Rathke, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, D. Izzo, P. D. Natale, B. Christophe, P. Touboul, S. G. Turyshev, J. Anderson, M. E. Tobar, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Vigué, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, M.-C. Angonin, P. Delva, P. Tourrenc, G. Metris, H. Müller, R. Walsworth, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, K. Bongs, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, H. Dittus, C. Lämmerzahl, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, J. Laskar, A. Fienga, F. Roques, and K. Sengstock, “Quantum physics exploring gravity in the outer solar system: the SAGAS project,” Exp. Astron. 23, 651–687 (2009).
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S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, “Vibration insensitive optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
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J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. L. Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
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B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, “Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799–3802 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+ optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. L. Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
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T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
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2007 Chevrolet Uplander minivan.

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PCB Piezotronics 393B04.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. (a) Schematic of the test platform. A cavity-stabilized laser and the associated electronics are housed in a passenger vehicle in order to evaluate the performance of the laser in a field environment. The phase of the test laser is measured with respect to the phase of a laboratory-based reference laser via a fiber-optic link. (b) Photograph of the test platform showing the optical breadboard inside the thermal enclosure (open) in the back of the vehicle. (c) Mounting geometry of the accelerometers (drawn as arrows) used for acceleration feed-forward. The cube is centered on the reference cavity. FPGA: field-programmable gate array, ADC: analog-to-digital converter, DDS: direct-digital synthesizer, I/Q: in-phase/quadrature, PD: photodiode, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, PDH: Pound-Drever-Hall detector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Laser frequency noise (top) and acceleration (bottom) power spectral densities with the vehicle stationary. The laser frequency noise is shown for four cases, with the acceleration feed-forward (FF) and the vehicle engine on and off. Acceleration noise is shown with the engine on and corresponds to an RMS value of 3.3 mg. With the engine on, the acceleration feed-forward suppresses the laser frequency noise by over 20 dB between 3 and 30 Hz. The laser frequency noise is lower yet with the vehicle engine off, which shows that the acceleration feed-forward is not able to remove all of the acceleration-based laser frequency noise.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Power spectrum of the beat note with the vehicle engine on and the vehicle stationary for 5 s of data (resolution bandwidth = 0.6 Hz). The spectrum is shown both with the acceleration feed-forward (FF) off (170.5(7) Hz FWHM) and the acceleration feed-forward on. With the acceleration feed-forward on there is a 1.7(1) Hz FWHM coherent peak on top of a pedestal, with 77 % of the power in the coherent peak. The black lines are fits to Gaussian line shapes, with the feed-forward on case including a bimodal Gaussian pedestal. In both cases the beat note is normalized such that the total power is 1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Acceleration sensitivity of the reference cavity (solid lines) and the actively corrected reference cavity (dashed lines) as a function of frequency. The three lines of each type are the mean (center curve) and standard error (lower and upper curves).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Laser frequency and acceleration as a function of time while driving with the acceleration feed-forward off (top) and on (bottom). The acceleration feed-forward suppresses the high-frequency laser frequency noise due to driving over bumps but is unable to correct for frequency shifts due to changes in orientation of the reference cavity with respect to gravity.

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