Abstract

For the first time, in situ the hole shape evolution during ultrashort pulse laser drilling in semiconductor material is imaged. The trans-illumination of the sample at a wavelength of 1.06 µm is projected onto a standard CCD camera during the ablation, providing an image of the contour of the ablated structure perpendicular to the irradiation for drilling. This demonstrated technique enables a direct, high resolution investigation of the temporal evolution of the drilling process in the depth of the material without complex sample preparation or post processing.

©2010 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Ultrashort laser pulses offer the possibility of high precision manufacturing of microstructures in various kinds of materials due to their extreme peak intensities and short interaction timescales. Therefore, the laser material interaction process has been subject to detailed experimental as well as theoretical investigations since the mid 1990s. These investigations cover the influence of principle laser parameters, like pulse duration and pulse energy [18] or wavelength [9] on the threshold fluence and average ablation depth per pulse. A temporal analysis of the surface ablation process is possible by shadowgraphy imaging or transmission sensing of the ablation products and plasma separating from the surface. In addition, the study of velocity, size and distribution of the ablated particles provides an insight into the material decomposition mechanisms [1014]. Analytical and numerical models have been developed to describe the experimental observations [1520]. While these investigations reveal the physical process of the laser material interaction for ultrashort pulses, they are all related to the ablation process at the materials surface only.

For many industrial applications, like laser drilling, however, the ablation process in the depth of the material is important. In contrast to surface ablation the pulse propagation as well as the removal of the ablation products are modified within the capillary and therefore the process parameters are subject to change with increasing depth [21,22]. In addition the erosive effect of the generated plasma might act as a secondary ablation mechanism. This effect is generally present, also in single pulse ablation at the surface [23], but its importance can significantly increase within a capillary [24,25]. Further examples for this problem are the influence of the polarization on the hole cross-section [26] or even the complete stop of the ablation process at a certain depth. However, a direct observation of the ablation process inside the hole is not feasible when dealing with non-transparent materials like metals. The simplest approach to gain insight is the measurement of the breakthrough-time for a certain sample thickness as a measure for the average ablation rate [27]. In addition, several other methods have been developed to study the ablation process in the depth of the sample. Most of them involve polishing the sample until the longitudinal section of the drilled hole becomes visible [28,29]. This laborious technique requires a high level of experience, but it enables the access to the complete hole shape and the materials composition [30]. Despite that only a stepwise evaluation but no in situ observation of the drilling progress is possible with this approach, which means different holes need to be drilled to varying depths, requiring a stable and reproducible processes for each step. Another possibility is drilling close to the side surface of the sample (distance < 100 µm) [31]. The observation of the bulging of the side surface allows a time-dependent investigation of the drilling depth and speed, but gives no information about the cross-section of the hole and offers only limited resolution. A precise in situ depth-profiling with scan rates in the kHz regime is possible by optical coherence tomography (OCT) [32]. This technique is suitable for online process control [33], though other feature information beyond depth is only limited. The preparation of a sandwich structure of glass – metal plate – glass enables the in situ imaging of the evolution of the ablated material inside the capillary (a thin slit in the plate acts as the hole) [34]. However, here the ablation takes place in an artificial environment which does not correspond to the real drilling process. Furthermore, it is limited to few pulses due to the redeposition of material on the glass surfaces which consequently become non-transparent.

In this paper we demonstrate the use of silicon to investigate the ablation process in the depth of the material. Silicon has the advantage to be still transparent when illuminated with light at a frequency below or at the band edge (i.e. at 1.06 µm) which can at the same time be detected with standard devices based on silicon technology. When laser radiation above the band edge is used for the ablation process, the single photon absorption process is dominant and the material appears opaque to the ablation laser. This way, detrimental side effects, like nonlinear propagation or absorption effects which can lead to a different interaction/ablation regime, when e.g. glass is drilled, can be avoided. Thus, although silicon is a semiconductor, it can be considered as a model system for the ablation of non-transparent solids (including metals). The ablation behavior and the process of matter removal of silicon has already been studied, showing the similarity to those of metals in terms of ablation rate and threshold [35], characteristics of the ablation products [12] and simulation of the involved mechanisms [18].

2. Experimental setup

In our experiments we used a silicon sample with a width of 500 µm (typical wafer thickness). With optically polished surfaces we measured a transmission at perpendicular incidence of about 26% for the illumination wavelength of 1060 nm. This is mainly due to the strong Fresnel reflection of approx. 31% at each surface, because of the high refractive index of 3.5. However, this transmission still allows a trans-illumination concept for the observation of the drilling process. Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the setup.

 

Fig. 1 (Color online) Principle experimental setup for trans-illumination imaging of the laser drilling process in the silicon sample.

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For the illumination of the sample a fs laser oscillator (HighQ femtoTRAIN) with a wavelength of 1060 nm, a repetition rate of 82 MHz and an average power of 140 mW is used as the light source. The use of an ultra short pulsed laser opens the additional possibility of measurements and imaging of the ablation process with high time resolution (e.g. to trace ablation particles etc.). In this case a certain delay between the ablating laser pulse and the illuminating pulse as well as a pulse selection mechanism is required in addition. However, such schemes are outside the scope of this paper and will be discussed elsewhere. A telescope optic ensures an almost homogeneous illumination of the sample. The image of the sample is projected onto the CCD camera by a microscope objective (NA 0.1). Hence the magnification and the corresponding resolution can be adapted based on the focal length of the objective and the distance to the detector. We used a standard CCD camera (Basler scA1000-20fm) with a silicon based sensor. Since the 1060 nm radiation is at the band edge of silicon the sensitivity of the sensor is still high enough to yield a high quality image. An additional filter (Thorlabs FEL1050) in front of the camera is to be used in order to block scattered light from the drilling process, which would otherwise glare the whole image.

For the drilling we used a laser system (Trumpf TruMicro5050) with a wavelength of 1030 nm, a pulse duration of 8 ps and pulse energies up to 125 µJ at 400 kHz repetition rate. The actual pulse energy and repetition rate is controlled by an internal electro-optic modulator. The laser beam is circularly polarized due to a quarter wave plate and focused on the sample surface perpendicular to the illuminating beam. We used a meniscus lens with a focal length of 100 mm, resulting in a spot size of ca. 25 µm.

3. Experimental results

Figure 2 shows as an example a drilling process recorded with our technique. Here we used 25 µJ pulse energy, which corresponds to a fluence of 8 J/cm2, at a repetition rate of 100 Hz in the percussion drilling geometry. The borehole locally reduces the transmission of the sample, because it induces additional surfaces where the light is scattered or reflected due to Fresnel reflection. Hence, the longitudinal section of the hole is represented by the dark area in the images. The images are miscolored to highlight the outline of the borehole. The number of pulses applied to the sample N is used as a reference to the progress of the drilling process. In Fig. 2 only steps with a significant change in the shape of the borehole are represented to illustrate its evolution.

 

Fig. 2 (Color online) Trans-illumination images of the drilling process. The number of pulses applied is given below each picture. Arrows indicate the occurrences of bulges, change in drilling direction and the formation of multiple hole ends. Video online, with linear timescale (Media1).

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For the first N=500 pulses, see Fig. 2(a-e), the percussion drilling forms the typical tapered shape with a funnel-shaped entrance due to the Gaussian beam profile of the drilling laser. At the bottom there is a hemispherical dome. The average ablation rate is about 500 nm/pulse for the first 200 pulses and thereafter decreases to an average of 120 nm/pulse for the period from N=200 to N=500. The entrance diameter is approximately 25 µm and the depth 125 µm at this time, corresponding to an aspect ratio of about 5.

In the further progress the forward drilling continues, however at a significantly decreased drilling rate (ablation depth per pulse is 50 nm/pulse and 30 nm/pulse for Figs. 2(f) and (g), respectively). In addition there is also ablation which now occurs at the side walls of the hole, leading to an increased hole diameter at a random depth, see the arrow in Fig. 2(f). This effect might be caused by internal reflections within the capillary or the erosive influence of the generated plasma [23,24]. The bulges may increase by subsequent pulses and also new ones may occur (compare Figs. 2(f) and (g)). Such effects are not traceable using cut-out polishing techniques of different holes described above.

At N=3200, see arrow Fig. 2(h), the internal reflections at the bottom of the hole as well as the deviation of the beam due to the interaction with particles and plasma lead to a change in the direction of the drilling process which is now no longer determined by the incident laser beam itself. At random the drilling can proceed in different directions, leading to the formation of multiple borehole tails, see Fig. 2(i) and arrow in Fig. 2(j). The subsequent observation of the drilling process up to N=15000 pulses, see Fig. 2(k), showed no further increase in the depth of the hole. The diameter of the hole increases slightly and the internal walls are eroded due to the ablation caused by the side wings of the Gaussian beam profile. Therefore the central part of the hole in Fig. 2(k) looks more cylindrical compared to the tapered shape in Fig. 2(j) and before. The fluence in the wings of the beam is much lower than in the middle and the ablation rate is low [4,33], therefore this is a slow effect which still continues even at a high number of applied pulses. It will stop when the diameter of the hole has reached a size where the fluence at the hole walls drops below the ablation threshold.

4. Conclusion

The concept of transmission imaging of silicon samples can be used as a feasible technique to directly observe the borehole shape evolution in (ultra) short pulse drilling where features of micrometer size need to be visualized. We exemplarily recorded the drilling process for a hole with a final entrance diameter of approx. 35 µm and a maximum depth of 250 µm as a proof of principle. This technique is capable of visualizing special features and defects occurring in a certain depth or when a certain aspect ratio is reached. This includes bulges on the side walls, changes in the direction of the drilling progress and the formation of multiple hole tails at the bottom. All these observations are in agreement with the previous investigations of the hole shape in metals, where a cut-and-polish post processing technique was used [21,28,29,35]. These effects have been attributed to internal reflections, the influence of the capillary on the pulse propagation within the borehole and the interaction of the laser beam with the plasma and/or ablated particles. However, a direct observation and therefore a direct proof of these explanations was so far prevented by the complex post-processing techniques required.

In the future this imaging concept can be used to reveal the processes which appear in the depth of the material due to the high aspect ratio of the structures under investigation. This involves the ablation mechanism as well as the material removal and possible interaction with following laser pulses. It will help to develop a more detailed understanding of the ablation process and lead to a better control of processing parameters in order to improve the quality of laser micromachining. With regard to applications, the obtained information may appear extremely valuable to increase the processing speed and to improve the hole quality.

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge financial support from the Freistaat Thüringen (Grant No. 2007 FE 9020), the European Fund for Regional Development (EFRE), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.

References and links

1. D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994). [CrossRef]  

2. S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995). [CrossRef]  

3. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high-power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996). [CrossRef]  

4. C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996). [CrossRef]  

5. S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997). [CrossRef]  

6. B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999). [CrossRef]  

7. P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004). [CrossRef]  

8. D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004). [CrossRef]  

9. M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008). [CrossRef]  

10. J. König, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Plasma evolution during metal ablation with ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10597–10607 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

11. S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004). [CrossRef]  

12. S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005). [CrossRef]  

13. S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007). [CrossRef]  

14. N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

15. B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996). [CrossRef]  

16. N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004). [CrossRef]  

17. N. N. Nedialkov and P. A. Atanasov, “Molecular dynamics simulation study of deep hole drilling in iron by ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(13), 4411–4415 (2006). [CrossRef]  

18. P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006). [CrossRef]  

19. N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007). [CrossRef]  

20. M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007). [CrossRef]  

21. T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002). [CrossRef]  

22. A. E. Wynne and B. C. Stuart, “Rate dependence of short-pulse laser ablation of metals in air and vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 373–378 (2003). [CrossRef]  

23. D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007). [CrossRef]  

24. S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001). [CrossRef]  

25. T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001). [CrossRef]  

26. S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999). [CrossRef]  

27. A. Ancona, F. Röser, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “High speed laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power ultrafast fiber CPA system,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8958–8968 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

28. S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005). [CrossRef]  

29. A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008). [CrossRef]  

30. A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996). [CrossRef]  

31. J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008). [CrossRef]  

32. P. J. L. Webster, M. S. Muller, and J. M. Fraser, “High speed in situ depth profiling of ultrafast micromachining,” Opt. Express 15(23), 14967–14972 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

33. P. J. L. Webster, J. X. Z. Yu, B. Y. C. Leung, M. D. Anderson, V. X. D. Yang, and J. M. Fraser, “In situ 24 kHz coherent imaging of morphology change in laser percussion drilling,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 646–648 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

34. M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008). [CrossRef]  

35. E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003). [CrossRef]  

References

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  1. D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high-power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. König, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Plasma evolution during metal ablation with ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10597–10607 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  14. N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  16. N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  17. N. N. Nedialkov and P. A. Atanasov, “Molecular dynamics simulation study of deep hole drilling in iron by ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(13), 4411–4415 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. E. Wynne and B. C. Stuart, “Rate dependence of short-pulse laser ablation of metals in air and vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 373–378 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. Ancona, F. Röser, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “High speed laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power ultrafast fiber CPA system,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8958–8968 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  30. A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  31. J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  32. P. J. L. Webster, M. S. Muller, and J. M. Fraser, “High speed in situ depth profiling of ultrafast micromachining,” Opt. Express 15(23), 14967–14972 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. P. J. L. Webster, J. X. Z. Yu, B. Y. C. Leung, M. D. Anderson, V. X. D. Yang, and J. M. Fraser, “In situ 24 kHz coherent imaging of morphology change in laser percussion drilling,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 646–648 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  35. E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (5)

M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ancona, F. Röser, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “High speed laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power ultrafast fiber CPA system,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8958–8968 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (6)

S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. L. Webster, M. S. Muller, and J. M. Fraser, “High speed in situ depth profiling of ultrafast micromachining,” Opt. Express 15(23), 14967–14972 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

N. N. Nedialkov and P. A. Atanasov, “Molecular dynamics simulation study of deep hole drilling in iron by ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(13), 4411–4415 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. König, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Plasma evolution during metal ablation with ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10597–10607 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. E. Wynne and B. C. Stuart, “Rate dependence of short-pulse laser ablation of metals in air and vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 373–378 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (4)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high-power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Amoruso, S.

S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ancona, A.

Anderson, M. D.

Atanasov, P. A.

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov and P. A. Atanasov, “Molecular dynamics simulation study of deep hole drilling in iron by ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(13), 4411–4415 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ausanio, G.

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Axente, E.

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bouilly, D.

D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brajdic, M.

M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Breitling, D.

D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bruneau, S.

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bruzzese, R.

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chichkov, B. N.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Collmer, S.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
[Crossref]

Coyne, E.

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dausinger, F.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

Demchuk, A.

S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, J.

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Du, D.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dumitru, G.

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

Emsermann, A.

A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fallnich, C.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

Föhl, C.

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Franz, U.

A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fraser, J. M.

Garnov, S. V.

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

Glynn, T. J.

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gobert, O.

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

Graf, T.

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Herman, S.

Hermann, J.

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hermans, M.

M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
[Crossref]

Horn, A.

M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Imamova, S. E.

N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004).
[Crossref]

Itina, T. E.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, H.

Kamlage, G.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kaspar, J.

A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kelbassa, I.

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
[Crossref]

Khishchenko, K. V.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klimentov, S. M.

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

König, J.

Kononenko, T. V.

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

Konov, V. I.

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kraus, M.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
[Crossref]

Leung, B. Y. C.

Levashov, P. R.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lewis, L. J.

D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

Liu, X.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lorazo, P.

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Luft, A.

A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
[Crossref]

Magee, J.

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mannion, P.

E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mannion, P. T.

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meunier, M.

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Meynadier, P.

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

Michalowski, A.

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Momma, C.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Muller, M. S.

Nedialkov, N. N.

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov and P. A. Atanasov, “Molecular dynamics simulation study of deep hole drilling in iron by ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(13), 4411–4415 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nolte, S.

A. Ancona, F. Röser, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “High speed laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power ultrafast fiber CPA system,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8958–8968 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. König, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Plasma evolution during metal ablation with ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10597–10607 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

O’Connor, G.

E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
[Crossref]

O’Connor, G. M.

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ostendorf, A.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pagano, C.

S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
[Crossref]

Perdrix, M.

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

Perez, D.

D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007).
[Crossref]

Perry, M. D.

Petite, G.

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pivovarov, P. A.

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
[Crossref]

Poprawe, R.

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Povarnitsyn, M. E.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Preuss, S.

S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

Prokhorov, A. M.

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rademaker, K.

Radtke, J.

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Röser, F.

Rubenchik, A. M.

Ruf, A.

D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sallé, B.

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schou, J.

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

Semerok, A.

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sentis, M.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shore, B. W.

Sommer, S.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Stuart, B. C.

A. E. Wynne and B. C. Stuart, “Rate dependence of short-pulse laser ablation of metals in air and vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 373–378 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high-power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
[Crossref]

Stuke, M.

S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

Toftmann, B.

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Velotta, R.

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vitiello, M.

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

von Alvensleben, F.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

Walter, D.

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Walther, K.

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

Webster, P. J. L.

Wellegehausen, B.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

Welling, H.

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(10), 2716–2722 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wynne, A. E.

A. E. Wynne and B. C. Stuart, “Rate dependence of short-pulse laser ablation of metals in air and vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 373–378 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, V. X. D.

Yu, J. X. Z.

Zhang, N.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (7)

S. Preuss, A. Demchuk, and M. Stuke, “Sub-picosecond UV laser ablation of metals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 61(1), 33–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. Sallé, O. Gobert, P. Meynadier, M. Perdrix, G. Petite, and A. Semerok, “Femtosecond and picosecond lasermicroablation: ablation efficiency and laser microplasma expansion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7Suppl.), 381–383 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, C. Pagano, and X. Wang, “Features of plasma plume evolution and material removal efficiency during femtosecond laser ablation of nickel in high vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1017–1024 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. E. Wynne and B. C. Stuart, “Rate dependence of short-pulse laser ablation of metals in air and vacuum,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 373–378 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Nolte, C. Momma, G. Kamlage, A. Ostendorf, C. Fallnich, F. von Alvensleben, and H. Welling, “Polarization effects in ultrashort-pulse laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 68(5), 563–567 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Luft, U. Franz, A. Emsermann, and J. Kaspar, “A study of thermal and mechanical effects on materials induced by pulsed laser drilling,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 93–101 (1996).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (4)

S. Bruneau, J. Hermann, G. Dumitru, M. Sentis, and E. Axente, “Ultra-fast laser ablation applied to deep-drilling of metals,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1-4), 299–303 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov, P. A. Atanasov, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, and X. Wang, “Laser ablation of metals by femtosecond pulses: Theoretical and experimental study,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(19), 7761–7766 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. N. Nedialkov and P. A. Atanasov, “Molecular dynamics simulation study of deep hole drilling in iron by ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(13), 4411–4415 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. T. Mannion, J. Magee, E. Coyne, G. M. O’Connor, and T. J. Glynn, “The effect of damage accumulation behaviour on ablation thresholds and damage morphology in ultrafast laser micro-machining of common metals in air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 275–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. (2)

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in Steel with Frequency-doubled Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Radiation,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 129–134 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt Dynamics and Hole Formation during Drilling with Ultrashort Pulses,” J. Laser. Micro.Nanoengin. 3, 211–215 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

N. N. Nedialkov, S. E. Imamova, and P. A. Atanasov, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(4), 638–643 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Brajdic, M. Hermans, A. Horn, and I. Kelbassa, “In situ measurement of plasma and shock wave properties inside laser-drilled metal holes,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(10), 105703 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, “Short-pulse laser ablation of solid targets,” Opt. Commun. 129(1-2), 134–142 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

J. Dietrich, M. Brajdic, K. Walther, A. Horn, I. Kelbassa, and R. Poprawe, “Investigation of increased drilling speed by online high-speed photography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 705–710 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, M. Sentis, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, “Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals,” Phys. Rev. B 75(23), 235414 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Bouilly, D. Perez, and L. J. Lewis, “Damage in materials following ablation by ultrashort laser pulses: A molecular-dynamics study,” Phys. Rev. B 76(18), 184119 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, “Thermodynamic pathways to melting, ablation, and solidification in absorbing solids under pulsed laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 73(13), 134108 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, M. Vitiello, and X. Wang, “Femtosecond laser pulse irradiation of solid targets as a general route to nanoparticle formation in a vacuum,” Phys. Rev. B 71(3), 033406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, “Time-resolved shadowgraphs of material ejection in intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(16), 167602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (4)

D. Breitling, A. Ruf, and F. Dausinger, “Fundamental aspects in micromachining of metals with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 49–63 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, D. Breitling, C. Föhl, A. Ruf, J. Radtke, and F. Dausinger, “Hole formation process in laser deep drilling with short and ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 4426, 108–112 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Coyne, J. Magee, P. Mannion, and G. O’Connor, “A study of Femtosecond Laser interaction with Wafer Grade Silicon,” Proc. SPIE 4876, 487–499 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. V. Kononenko, S. M. Klimentov, V. I. Konov, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, F. Dausinger, and D. Breitling, “Propagation of short-pulsed laser radiation and stages of ablative deep channel formation,” Proc. SPIE 4274, 248–257 (2001).
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Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Klimentov, T. V. Kononenko, P. A. Pivovarov, S. V. Garnov, V. I. Konov, A. M. Prokhorov, D. Breitling, and F. Dausinger, “The role of plasma in ablation of materials by ultrashort laser pulses,” Quantum Electron. 31(5), 378–382 (2001).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

S. Amoruso, B. Toftmann, J. Schou, R. Velotta, and X. Wang, “Diagnostics of laser ablated plasma plumes,” Thin Solid Films 453–454, 562–572 (2004).
[Crossref]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (3220 KB)     

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (Color online) Principle experimental setup for trans-illumination imaging of the laser drilling process in the silicon sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (Color online) Trans-illumination images of the drilling process. The number of pulses applied is given below each picture. Arrows indicate the occurrences of bulges, change in drilling direction and the formation of multiple hole ends. Video online, with linear timescale (Media1).

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