Abstract

We report on the first mode-locked thin disk laser based on Yb:LuScO3. This new mixed gain material combines the emission peaks of two sesquioxides, leading to a gain bandwidth of more than 20 nm. We achieve 7.2 W average output power in 227-fs pulses, which is shorter than for any previous ultrafast thin disk laser. The output power was limited by a growth defect near the center of the thin disk.

©2009 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction and motivation

The combination of the thin disk laser concept [1,2] with semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) [3] resulted in compact mode-locked lasers with unprecedented power levels and pulse energies [4]. Ultrafast thin disk lasers reached average powers of up to 80 W [5], which is higher than for any other mode-locked laser source. Pulse energies as high as 11.3 µJ [6] were generated in a cavity geometry using the thin disk as a simple folding mirror and 25.9 μJ were achieved in an active multi-pass cavity with 13 reflections on the disk [7]. These results were obtained with the well established gain material Yb:YAG (Yb:Y3Al5O12). Unfortunately, its limited gain bandwidth does not support pulse durations shorter than 700 fs in an efficient high-power mode-locked thin disk laser. This pulse duration is too long for many application areas. An important example is high field science, which previously relied on complex amplifier systems operating at low repetition rates. The multi-megahertz repetition rate of ultrafast thin disk lasers can substantially shorten measurement times and increase signal-to-noise ratio [4]. Ultrafast thin disk lasers are promising for driving high-harmonic generation at high average power levels. Such table-top multi-megahertz VUV/XUV sources with high photon flux would have a high impact in fields as diverse as medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and materials science. So far, high field experiments with Yb:YAG thin disk lasers used external pulse compression [8,9]. Achieving shorter pulses directly from a thin disk laser by employing new gain materials with larger bandwidths is a promising alternative. The shortest pulse duration previously demonstrated with an ultrafast thin disk laser was realized with the Yb:KYW (Yb:KY(WO4)2) gain material, which provides an emission bandwidth of about 25 nm but also a strongly curved spectrum at the emission peak [10]. At a pump power of 100 W, the laser generated 22 W average output power in 240 fs pulses. The laser wavelength was tuned off the emission maximum with a prism and a knife edge, which flattened the gain spectrum. Without intra-cavity spectral shaping, the laser generated 400 fs pulses [11]. Despite these promising first results, which were already published in 2002, power scaling with this gain material is not yet demonstrated. Unfortunately, it is challenging to manufacture high quality thin disks because the host material KYW shows a strong anisotropy in terms of thermo-optical and mechanical properties. This is typical for all monoclinic double tungstate crystals and challenges stable fundamental mode operation at high pump power levels [12,13].

In contrast, Yb3+-doped cubic sesquioxides RE2O3 (i.e. with RE = Sc and/or Lu) have isotropic thermo-mechanical properties, making these materials well-suited for power scaling. In conventional laser cavity designs, efficient cw operation with a slope efficiency up to 86% [14] and mode-locked operation with a pulse duration of 65 fs [15,16] have been demonstrated. Thin disk lasers with cubic sesquioxides reached slope efficiencies over 80% and total efficiencies up to 73%, which is better than any other thin disk material [14,17]. The first mode-locked sesquioxide thin disk laser employed Yb:Lu2O3 as gain material. It generated pulses as short as 370 fs at a central wavelength of 1034 nm with an average output power of 20.5 W. The laser achieved with 43% a higher optical-to-optical efficiency than previous ultrafast thin disk lasers. The output power was only limited by the available pump power [18]. Very recently, we further improved the mode-locked average output power to 63 W [19], confirming the power scaling potential of sesquioxides for mode-locked thin disk lasers. However, the bandwidth of Yb:Lu2O3 does not support substantially shorter pulse durations in thin disk operation. One approach to achieve shorter pulses is the combination of different gain media in one resonator as presented with Yb:Y2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3 in [20], which resulted in pulses as short as 53 fs with an average output power of 1 W. A more established technique and easier to implement for thin disk lasers is the growth of mixed crystals with a disordered lattice structure to tailor the emission properties and enlarge the gain bandwidth of the gain medium [21,22]. Yb:Sc2O3 and Yb:Lu2O3 are very suitable for this purpose, because their emission peaks are separated by 8 nm. This is due to the larger splitting of the Yb:Sc2O3 Stark-sublevels of the lower 3F7/2-multiplet compared to Yb:Lu2O3. The new stoichiometrically mixed Yb:LuScO3 combines the emission peaks of both materials, leading to a nearly doubled gain bandwidth of more than 20 nm centered around 1039 nm (Fig. 1 ). Despite its disordered crystal structure, the thermal conductivity is as high as 3.5 W/(m·K) and remains nearly constant with increasing Yb-doping concentration [23]. Thus, the thermo-mechanical properties of a Yb:LuScO3 thin disk laser have supported a cw output power of 33 W with 45 W launched pump power at a high slope efficiency of 81% [24]. In addition, a conventional low-power SESAM mode-locked Yb:LuScO3 laser generated pulses of only 111 fs, which was half the pulse duration of Yb:Sc2O3 in the same laser setup [25]. Here we report on the first passively mode-locked Yb:LuScO3 thin disk laser. We obtained 227-fs-pulses with an average output power of 7.2 W without any spectral shaping or external pulse compression. These are the shortest pulses that have ever been obtained from an ultrafast thin disk laser.

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 (color online) Comparison of the gain spectra of Yb:LuScO3 with Yb:Lu2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3 for an inversion of β = 0.25 (left). Gain spectrum of Yb:LuScO3 for different levels of inversion (right).

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2. Experimental setup

Our Yb(3%):LuScO3 crystal was grown by the heat exchanger method (HEM) at the Institute of Laser-Physics in Hamburg, Germany [26]. The only available disk has a thickness of 250 µm. It has a highly reflective coating for both pump and laser wavelength on the side which is soldered onto a water-cooled heat sink. The other side of the disk has an antireflective coating for the same spectral range. Additionally, the disk has a wedge of 0.1° in order to reduce the effect of residual reflections into the cavity mode, which can make mode-locked operation unstable. The crystal was pumped with a fiber-coupled diode laser with an emission bandwidth of 3 nm at the center wavelength of 976 nm. Our pump module is set up for 24 passes through the gain medium and a pump spot diameter on the disk of 1.2 mm. The fraction of absorbed pump power in this configuration was estimated to be > 98%. The experimental setup of the laser resonator is shown schematically in Fig. 2 .

 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 (color online) Experimental setup of the Yb:LuScO3 thin disk (TD) laser cavity (not to scale). Two dispersive mirrors introduce a negative GDD of ≈-2200 fs2 per roundtrip. The Brewster plate has a thickness of 5 mm. Cavity dimensions: SESAM-R1 = 34.9 cm, R1-R2 = 42.6 cm, R2-TD = 47.7 cm, TD-R3 = 50.1 cm, R3-OC = 49.4 cm. HR: curved highly reflective mirror, DM: dispersive mirror, OC: output coupler, SESAM: semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

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The Yb:LuScO3 laser head was used as a folding mirror inside a standing-wave cavity. We placed a SESAM as the cavity end mirror to start and stabilize passive modelocking. It consisted of a 30-pair GaAs/AlAs Bragg mirror with two InGaAs quantum well absorber layers placed in the antinodes of the antiresonant standing-wave pattern. Additionally, the cavity contained two dispersive mirrors introducing a total of ≈-2200 fs2 of negative group delay dispersion (GDD) per cavity roundtrip. A 5-mm thick fused silica plate inserted at Brewster’s angle ensured linear polarization of the laser output and was accountable for the self-phase modulation (SPM) required in soliton mode-locked lasers [27]. In order to optimize the pulse duration, the amount of nonlinearity could be controlled by moving this Brewster plate near the output coupler along the axis of the diverging beam. The amount of SPM scales inversely proportional to the cross section of the laser beam in the Brewster plate. The total length of the resonator was 2.25 m, corresponding to a repetition rate of 66.5 MHz. We used a SESAM with a saturation fluence of 61 μJ/cm2, a modulation depth of 1.47% and non-saturable losses of ~0.2% measured at 1030 nm [28].

3. Experimental results

We obtained self-starting modelocking with a pulse duration as short as 227 fs using a 4.2% output coupler. The autocorrelation trace and optical spectrum of these pulses are shown in Fig. 3 . The spectral bandwidth of 5.2 nm centered near 1041 nm indicates nearly transform limited sech 2-pulses with a time-bandwidth product of 0.329 (ideal: 0.315). The maximumoutput power was 7.2 W with 34 W of pump power, resulting in an optical-to-optical efficiency η opt of 21%. The energy per pulse was 0.11 µJ and the peak power 0.42 MW. The M 2-value was measured to be 1.4. We verified single-pulse operation with a long-range autocorrelation of more than 60 ps and a sampling oscilloscope with a temporal resolution of < 20 ps. This is important because stable modelocking can also be achieved with multiple pulses simultaneously oscillating in the cavity. This mode of operation is often difficult to detect using only short-range autocorrelation, optical and RF-spectrum [29].

 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 (color online) Normalized autocorrelation (left) and optical spectrum (right) of the measured output beam (solid blue lines) with fit curves assuming ideal sech 2 pulses (dashed red lines). The shortest pulses have a duration of 227 fs and a spectral bandwidth of 5.2 nm centered near 1041 nm.

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In a slightly different configuration and with a higher output coupling of 5.2% we obtained an output power of up to 10.1 W with 39 W of pump power. The pulse duration was 321 fs and the pulse energy 0.15 µJ. The spectral bandwidth of 3.9 nm corresponds to a nearly transform-limited time-bandwidth product of 0.342. The longer pulses are expected with a higher output coupling because the soliton phase shift decreases [27,30]. The optical-to-optical efficiency of 26% is similar to other high power mode-locked laser systems with potassium tungstates as active media [11,31,32], but clearly below the η opt of 43% obtained with Yb:Lu2O3 [18]. From Fig. 4 we can determine a slope efficiency of 39% for the mode-locked Yb:LuScO3 laser. Thus, at higher pump power we will observe a significant increase of the overall optical-to-optical efficiency in our setup.

 figure: Fig. 4

Fig. 4 (color online) Output power versus incident pump power using an outcoupling mirror with T = 5.2% for the laser wavelength. Stable soliton modelocking is obtained at 30 W pump power with a slope efficiency (η slope) of 39%.

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The average output power in mode-locked operation was most likely limited by growth defects in the pumped area of the disk. While at medium pump powers the transverse output beam was nearly diffraction limited, at higher pump powers the mode deformed and the M 2-value increased. Modelocking became unstable at 40 W of pump power. This can be explained by the onset of higher order transverse modes, which destabilize the pulse formation. Nomarski interference microscopy revealed several grain boundaries (Fig. 5 ) in the pumped area of the only available disk, which is marked with the white circle.

 figure: Fig. 5

Fig. 5 Nomarski interference microscope photography of the Yb:LuScO3 disk used in the experiments. The white circle corresponds to the pump spot with a diameter of 1.2 mm. The grain boundaries are invisible under a normal microscope.

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Unfortunately, the pump module does not allow to shift the location of the pump spot on the disk. This disk was made out of the first boule ever grown of this material and we expect that disks of better quality can be fabricated from boules grown under optimized conditions in the future. Even with this disk the current limitation in output power could have been prevented by soldering the crystal at a slightly different position onto the heat sink. However, as the grain boundaries were invisible under normal light, we were not aware of this issue. Attempts to shift the disk by re-melting the solder were not successful. We believe that the melting point was increased considerably because the metal coating of the disk’s back-side partially alloyed with the indium-tin-solder.

4. Conclusion and outlook

We presented the first mode-locked Yb:LuScO3 thin disk laser. It delivered the shortest pulses obtained from a mode-locked thin disk laser so far. The nearly transform limited pulses had a duration of 227 fs at 7.2 W of average output power. In a modified configuration we achieved an output power of up to 10.1 W and pulses with a duration of 321 fs. The average output power was limited by growth defects in the only available disk. We expect that further improvements of the growth process will result in better quality disks. Nevertheless the current result clearly demonstrates the potential of Yb:LuScO3 thin disk lasers for efficient high average power operation and pulse durations in the 200-fs-regime.

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge financial support by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF).

References and links

1. A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

2. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007). [CrossRef]  

3. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996). [CrossRef]  

4. T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008). [CrossRef]  

5. E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004). [CrossRef]  

6. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin disk laser oscillator with pulse energy beyond the 10-microjoule level,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6397–6407 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

7. J. Neuhaus, D. Bauer, J. Zhang, A. Killi, J. Kleinbauer, M. Kumkar, S. Weiler, M. Guina, D. H. Sutter, and T. Dekorsy, “Subpicosecond thin-disk laser oscillator with pulse energies of up to 25.9 microjoules by use of an active multipass geometry,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20530–20539 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, S. V. Marchese, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “32 W of average power in 24-fs pulses from a passively mode-locked thin disk laser with nonlinear fiber compression,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP), (Vienna, Austria, 2005), paper TuA3.

9. T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

10. H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1723–1725 (2001). [CrossRef]  

11. F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002). [CrossRef]  

12. A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001). [CrossRef]  

13. S. Biswal, S. P. O’Connor, and S. R. Bowman, “Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Appl. Opt. 44(15), 3093–3097 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “High Power Laser Operation of Sesquioxides Yb:Lu2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (San Jose, USA, 2008), paper CTuKK4.

15. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, S. Hosokawa, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped 65 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb(3+):Lu(2)O(3) and nondoped Y(2)O(3) combined ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1380–1382 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

16. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3382–3384 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

17. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Express 15(11), 7075–7082 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16966–16971 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “63-W Average Power from Femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 Thin Disk Laser,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (Munich, Germany, 2009), paper CA2.3.

20. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, M. Noriyuki, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped ultrashort-pulse generation based on Yb(3+):Sc(2)O(3) and Yb(3+):Y(2)O(3) ceramic multi-gain-media oscillator,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3353–3361 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006). [CrossRef]  

22. C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005). [CrossRef]  

23. R. Peters, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, K. Schenk, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Ytterbium-doped Sesquioxides for High-Power Solid-State Lasers: Recent Progress in Crystal Growth and Laser Operation,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (Munich, Germany, 2009), paper CA9.1.

24. R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “A New Mixed Sesquioxide Yb:LuScO3: Spectroscopic Properties and Highly Efficient Thin-Disk Laser Operation,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP), (Denver, USA, 2009), paper MC4.

25. A. Schmidt, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. Klehr, and G. Erbert, “Passively Mode-Locked Yb:LuScO3 Oscillator,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (Denver, USA, 2009), paper MB12.

26. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1934–1938 (2008). [CrossRef]  

27. F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, “Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 20, 16–18 (1995). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

28. M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004). [CrossRef]  

29. F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998). [CrossRef]  

30. R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001). [CrossRef]  

31. G. R. Holtom, “Mode-locked Yb:KGW laser longitudinally pumped by polarization-coupled diode bars,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2719–2721 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

32. G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Siegel, M. Emons, U. Bünting, and U. Morgner, “Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 thin-disk oscillator operated in the positive and negative dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1608–1610 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

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  1. A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
  2. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin disk laser oscillator with pulse energy beyond the 10-microjoule level,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6397–6407 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Neuhaus, D. Bauer, J. Zhang, A. Killi, J. Kleinbauer, M. Kumkar, S. Weiler, M. Guina, D. H. Sutter, and T. Dekorsy, “Subpicosecond thin-disk laser oscillator with pulse energies of up to 25.9 microjoules by use of an active multipass geometry,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20530–20539 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, S. V. Marchese, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “32 W of average power in 24-fs pulses from a passively mode-locked thin disk laser with nonlinear fiber compression,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP), (Vienna, Austria, 2005), paper TuA3.
  9. T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1723–1725 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Biswal, S. P. O’Connor, and S. R. Bowman, “Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Appl. Opt. 44(15), 3093–3097 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “High Power Laser Operation of Sesquioxides Yb:Lu2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (San Jose, USA, 2008), paper CTuKK4.
  15. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, S. Hosokawa, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped 65 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb(3+):Lu(2)O(3) and nondoped Y(2)O(3) combined ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1380–1382 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3382–3384 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80% slope efficiency,” Opt. Express 15(11), 7075–7082 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16966–16971 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “63-W Average Power from Femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 Thin Disk Laser,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (Munich, Germany, 2009), paper CA2.3.
  20. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, M. Noriyuki, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped ultrashort-pulse generation based on Yb(3+):Sc(2)O(3) and Yb(3+):Y(2)O(3) ceramic multi-gain-media oscillator,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3353–3361 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  23. R. Peters, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, K. Schenk, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Ytterbium-doped Sesquioxides for High-Power Solid-State Lasers: Recent Progress in Crystal Growth and Laser Operation,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (Munich, Germany, 2009), paper CA9.1.
  24. R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “A New Mixed Sesquioxide Yb:LuScO3: Spectroscopic Properties and Highly Efficient Thin-Disk Laser Operation,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP), (Denver, USA, 2009), paper MC4.
  25. A. Schmidt, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. Klehr, and G. Erbert, “Passively Mode-Locked Yb:LuScO3 Oscillator,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (Denver, USA, 2009), paper MB12.
  26. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1934–1938 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  27. F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, “Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 20, 16–18 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  29. F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  31. G. R. Holtom, “Mode-locked Yb:KGW laser longitudinally pumped by polarization-coupled diode bars,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2719–2721 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Siegel, M. Emons, U. Bünting, and U. Morgner, “Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 thin-disk oscillator operated in the positive and negative dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1608–1610 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (6)

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1934–1938 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Siegel, M. Emons, U. Bünting, and U. Morgner, “Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 thin-disk oscillator operated in the positive and negative dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1608–1610 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin disk laser oscillator with pulse energy beyond the 10-microjoule level,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6397–6407 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Neuhaus, D. Bauer, J. Zhang, A. Killi, J. Kleinbauer, M. Kumkar, S. Weiler, M. Guina, D. H. Sutter, and T. Dekorsy, “Subpicosecond thin-disk laser oscillator with pulse energies of up to 25.9 microjoules by use of an active multipass geometry,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20530–20539 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, S. Hosokawa, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped 65 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb(3+):Lu(2)O(3) and nondoped Y(2)O(3) combined ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1380–1382 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

2006 (2)

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. R. Holtom, “Mode-locked Yb:KGW laser longitudinally pumped by polarization-coupled diode bars,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2719–2721 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Biswal, S. P. O’Connor, and S. R. Bowman, “Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate,” Appl. Opt. 44(15), 3093–3097 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1723–1725 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Aus der Au, J.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Baer, C. R. E.

Baggett, J. C.

Bauer, D.

Biswal, S.

Bowman, S. R.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brunner, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bünting, U.

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cascales, C.

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

Contag, K.

Dekorsy, T.

Emons, M.

Engqvist, A. G.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Furusawa, K.

Gao, J.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Gingras, G.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

Grange, R.

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Guina, M.

Haiml, M.

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hashimoto, S.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin disk laser oscillator with pulse energy beyond the 10-microjoule level,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6397–6407 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holtom, G. R.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hosokawa, S.

Huber, G.

Hügel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Innerhofer, E.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, “Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 20, 16–18 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin disk laser oscillator with pulse energy beyond the 10-microjoule level,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6397–6407 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16966–16971 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, “Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 20, 16–18 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Killi, A.

Kisel, V. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kleinbauer, J.

Klevtsova, R. F.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

Konstantinova, A. F.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kumkar, M.

Kupchenko, M. I.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Marchese, S. V.

Matrosov, V. N.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matrosova, T. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Méndez Blas, A.

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

Monro, T. M.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Nees, J.

Neuhaus, J.

Noriyuki, M.

O’Connor, S. P.

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Orekhova, V. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

Palmer, G.

Paschotta, R.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Richardson, D. J.

Rico, M.

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Shirakawa, A.

Siegel, M.

Speiser, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
[Crossref]

Südmeyer, T.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin disk laser oscillator with pulse energy beyond the 10-microjoule level,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6397–6407 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16966–16971 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D. H.

Tokurakawa, M.

Tolstik, N. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Troshin, A. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Volkow, V.

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Weiler, S.

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Witzel, B.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yagi, H.

Yanagitani, T.

Zaldo, C.

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Crystallogr. Rep. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and Nonlinear Laser Properties of the χ(3)-Active Monoclinic α-KY(WO4)2 Crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46(4), 665–672 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Modelocking with slow and fast saturable absorbers - What's the difference?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1934–1938 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked high-power lasers and nonlinear optics - a powerful combination,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1(2), 82–85 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (8)

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, “Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 20, 16–18 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. R. Holtom, “Mode-locked Yb:KGW laser longitudinally pumped by polarization-coupled diode bars,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2719–2721 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Siegel, M. Emons, U. Bünting, and U. Morgner, “Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 thin-disk oscillator operated in the positive and negative dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1608–1610 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, S. Hosokawa, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped 65 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb(3+):Lu(2)O(3) and nondoped Y(2)O(3) combined ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1380–1382 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3382–3384 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1723–1725 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO(4))(2) laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1162–1164 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

C. Cascales, A. Méndez Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkow, and C. Zaldo, “The optical spectroscopy of lanthanides R3+ in ABi(XO4)2 (A = Li, Na; X = Mo, W) and LiYb(MoO4)2 multifunctional single crystals: Relationship with the structural local disorder,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1672–1680 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

R. Peters, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, K. Schenk, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Ytterbium-doped Sesquioxides for High-Power Solid-State Lasers: Recent Progress in Crystal Growth and Laser Operation,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (Munich, Germany, 2009), paper CA9.1.

R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “A New Mixed Sesquioxide Yb:LuScO3: Spectroscopic Properties and Highly Efficient Thin-Disk Laser Operation,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP), (Denver, USA, 2009), paper MC4.

A. Schmidt, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. Klehr, and G. Erbert, “Passively Mode-Locked Yb:LuScO3 Oscillator,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (Denver, USA, 2009), paper MB12.

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “High Power Laser Operation of Sesquioxides Yb:Lu2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (San Jose, USA, 2008), paper CTuKK4.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “63-W Average Power from Femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 Thin Disk Laser,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (Munich, Germany, 2009), paper CA2.3.

E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, S. V. Marchese, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “32 W of average power in 24-fs pulses from a passively mode-locked thin disk laser with nonlinear fiber compression,” presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP), (Vienna, Austria, 2005), paper TuA3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (color online) Comparison of the gain spectra of Yb:LuScO3 with Yb:Lu2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3 for an inversion of β = 0.25 (left). Gain spectrum of Yb:LuScO3 for different levels of inversion (right).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (color online) Experimental setup of the Yb:LuScO3 thin disk (TD) laser cavity (not to scale). Two dispersive mirrors introduce a negative GDD of ≈-2200 fs2 per roundtrip. The Brewster plate has a thickness of 5 mm. Cavity dimensions: SESAM-R1 = 34.9 cm, R1-R2 = 42.6 cm, R2-TD = 47.7 cm, TD-R3 = 50.1 cm, R3-OC = 49.4 cm. HR: curved highly reflective mirror, DM: dispersive mirror, OC: output coupler, SESAM: semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (color online) Normalized autocorrelation (left) and optical spectrum (right) of the measured output beam (solid blue lines) with fit curves assuming ideal sech 2 pulses (dashed red lines). The shortest pulses have a duration of 227 fs and a spectral bandwidth of 5.2 nm centered near 1041 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (color online) Output power versus incident pump power using an outcoupling mirror with T = 5.2% for the laser wavelength. Stable soliton modelocking is obtained at 30 W pump power with a slope efficiency (η slope) of 39%.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Nomarski interference microscope photography of the Yb:LuScO3 disk used in the experiments. The white circle corresponds to the pump spot with a diameter of 1.2 mm. The grain boundaries are invisible under a normal microscope.

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