Abstract

We generate ultrabroadband biphotons via the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a quasi-phase-matched nonlinear grating that has a linearly chirped poling period. Using these biphotons in conjunction with superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs), we measure the narrowest Hong-Ou-Mandel dip to date in a two-photon interferometer, having a full width at half maximum (FWHM) of ≈ 5.7 fsec. This FWHM corresponds to a quantum optical coherence tomography (QOCT) axial resolution of 0.85 µm. Our results indicate that a high flux of nonoverlapping biphotons may be generated, as required in many applications of nonclassical light.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

In 1987, Hong, Ou, and Mandel (HOM) introduced a new interferometric technique for measuring the subpicosecond temporal separation between two indistinguishable photons [1]. Their approach has since been employed in various applications; these include the generation of entangled states [2, 3], the measurement of the degree of indistinguishability between photons from a single-photon source [4, 5], and quantum optical coherence tomography (QOCT) [6, 7]. In the experimental arrangement used by HOM, the indistinguishable signal and idler photons (biphotons) are generated by the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) [8, 9, 10] and each impinges on one of the input ports of a 50:50 beam splitter. The superposed beams interfere and single-photon detectors are placed at the output ports. The coincidence rate of the detector output pulses is recorded as a function of the temporal delay introduced between the two photons. The result is the celebrated HOM dip, in which the photon-coincidence rate vanishes at zero delay; the width of the dip is determined by the biphoton spectral density.

In a recent paper [11], the generation of ultrabroadband biphotons that span a bandwidth of ≈ 300 nm about the wavelength λ 0 = 812 nm has been reported. Using these ultrabroadband biphotons in conjunction with semiconductor single-photon avalanche photodiodes (APDs), a narrow HOM dip with a FWHM of 7.1 fsec was measured. However, since the APDs used in their experiments had a limited bandwidth (particularly in the near infrared-region), the authors speculated that the bandwidth of the emitted biphtons could in fact be larger than that observed in their experiments, and that an even narrowerHOM dip would emerge, were they to make use of single-photon detectors with a broader spectral response.

The measurement of an ultranarrowHOMdip reveals the possibility for engineering ultranarrow biphoton wavepackets, which in turn enables the generation of a high flux non-overlapping biphotons [12]. This is essential for making practical use of SPDC light in nonclassical applications such as entangled-photon microscopy [13], spectroscopy [14], and photoemission [15].

In this paper, we discuss the generation of ultrabroadband biphotons following the prescription provided in Ref. [11], but we make use of superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs), which offer a broader spectral response than APDs [16]. This has enabled us, on the twentieth anniversary of the appearance of Ref. [1], to measure the narrowest HOM dip to date, with a FWHM of 5.7±0.2 fsec, corresponding to an axial resolution of ≈ 0.85µm in QOCT. The method we use to generate ultrabroadband biphotons in this work makes use of a quasi-phase matched (QPM) nonlinear grating with a nonuniform poling period Λ [11, 17, 18]. The poling pattern Λ(z), where z is the spatial coordinate along the direction of pump propagation, provides a collection of phase matching conditions over the length of the grating, which leads to broadband biphoton generation; at the same time, the poling pattern can be chosen to engender a special phase relation among the various spectral components, thereby allowing the biphoton wavepacket to be compressed using the techniques of ultrafast optics [19]. For example, in the absence of group-velocity dispersion (GVD), a linearly chirped spatial frequency, K g(z) = 2π/Λ(z), ensures an exact linear chirp of the biphoton wavepacket [18], which is readily compressed.

In particular, our biphoton source consists of a near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate (SLT) crystal onto which a grating of length L = 1.8 cm has been poled with a linearly chirped spatial frequency, K g(z)=K 0-α z, where K 0 is the grating’s spatial frequency at its entrance face (z = 0), and α = 9.7 × 10-6µm-2 is a parameter that represents the degree of linear chirp. We make use of third-orderQPM for which K g(z) = 3·2π/Λ(z), so that K 0 = 3·2π0 where Λ0 = 9.824µmis the poling period at z = 0. Our SLT crystal was fabricated from congruently melting composition lithium tantalate using the vapor-transport-equilibration (VTE) method [20, 21]. A monochromatic Kr+-ion laser operated at λ p = 406 nm pumps our chirped periodically poled SLT grating that was operated at a temperature of T = 52.6 °C. The resulting down-converted signal and idler photons are each centered at the degenerate wavelength λ 0 = 812 nm and emitted in a noncollinear direction that makes an angle θ ≈ 1.1° with the pump. Using these entangled-photons in an HOM interferometer, we trace the HOM dip using two types of single-photon detectors: APDs and SSPDs.

The APDs used in our experiments were commercially available single-photon-counting modules (SPCM-AQR-15) from EG&G, whereas the SSPDs were our own devices, assembled following the method described in Ref. [22]. The active element of each SSPD was a meander-shaped narrow stripe of width 80–120 nm that covers a 10µm × 10µm area. The stripe was fabricated from a 4-nm-thick superconducting niobium nitride (NbN) film that has been sputtered on a double-sided polished sapphire substrate, using direct electron-beam lithography and reactive ion etching, following Ref. [23]. The devices were fitted at the bottom of a vacuum insert that was placed vertically in a standard 60-liter liquid-helium transport dewar. By reducing the He vapor pressure inside the vacuum insert, the operating temperature of the SSPDs could be reduced to 1.8 K. The optical input was fed to the active area of each SSPD via a single-mode fiber, and the electrical output was connected to a high-frequency coaxial cable through a gold coplanar transmission line that also served as the electrical contact to the NbN meander. The outputs of the coaxial cables were then connected to room-temperature high-frequency amplifiers (Phillips Scientific 6954 0.0001-1.5 GHz) to boost the electrical signals before they were fed to the discrimination and coincidence circuitry. Further information and illustrative figures are available in Ref. [22].

These single-photon detectors were used in a HOM interferometer and the coincidence rate N c(τ) of the detector output pulses were recorded as a function of the temporal delay τ between the signal and idler photons. The results are presented in Fig. 1. The symbols represent the measured data points and the curves are Gaussian fits to the data. Although theoretical formulas are available for these curves [11], Gaussian fits serve our purposes well, as confirmed by the reduced χ 2 values, which were 0.0005 and 0.0014 for the HOM dips obtained with the APD and SSPD detectors, respectively.

 

Fig. 1. (Color online). Normalized Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) coincidence interferograms (dips) that were obtained using a pair of semiconductor single-photon avalanche photo-diodes (APDs) (squares), and using a pair of superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs) (circles). The symbols represent the measured data points and the curves are Gaussian fits to the data. The FWHM of the measured dips are 6.2±0.1, and 5.7±0.2 fsec for the experiments conducted using APDs and SSPDs, respectively. These observed ultra narrow dips translate to ultra-high axial QOCT resolution of 0.93 and 0.85 µm, respectively.

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The HOM dip obtained using the APD detectors (squares) has a FWHM of 6.2±0.1 fsec while that obtained using the SSPD detectors (circles) has a FWHM of 5.7±0.2 fsec. These ultra narrow dips translate to ultra-high axial QOCT resolutions of ≈ 0.93 and 0.85 µm, respectively.

We have also computed the root-mean-square (RMS) width of these HOM dips directly from the data without fitting and confirmed that the use of SSPDs results in an ≈ 9% narrowing of the dip. The data in Fig. 1 indicate that the HOM dip obtained using SSPDs is slightly assymetric and this was also confirmed by computing the third central moment for the data. This effect may be attributed to the shape of the spectral response of the SSPDs.

Simulations for an ideal experimental arrangement (with no spectral cutoffs) predict a biphoton bandwidth of ≈ 550 nm (see Fig. 4(a) of Ref. [11]), corresponding to a HOM dip of width 2.7-fsec (see simulation curves for α = 9.7 × 10-6 µm-2 in Figs. 3 and 4(c) of Ref. [11]). The limited bandwidths of the various optical components in the experimental arrangement, including the detectors and beamsplitter, increase the width of the measured dip, as expected. The reduced visibility of the observed dips arises from the spatial asymmetry of the HOM interferometer that was used in these experiments; one of the arms had an even number of mirrors while the other had an odd number. The symmetric HOM used in the experiments reported in Ref. [11] yields dips with higher visibility.

We conclude that the use of the SSPD detectors broadens the overall spectral response of the HOM interferometer, as evidenced by the narrowing of the HOM dip, thereby confirming that a higher density of nonoverlapping biphotons can, in fact, be obtained.

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by a U. S. Army Research Office (ARO) Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) Grant and by the The Bernard M. Gordon Center for Subsurface Sensing and Imaging Systems (CenSSIS), an NSF Engineering Research Center.

References and links

1. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

2. Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

3. Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

4. R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

5. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002). [CrossRef]  

7. M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967). [CrossRef]  

9. D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967). [CrossRef]  

10. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

12. A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

13. M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).

14. B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998). [CrossRef]  

15. F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004). [CrossRef]  

16. A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004). [CrossRef]  

17. S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.

20. M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007). [CrossRef]  

22. A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron . 13, 944–951 (2007). [CrossRef]  

23. G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond . 13, 192–195 (2003). [CrossRef]  

References

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  1. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.
  11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).
  14. B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.
  20. M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

2003 (1)

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1967 (2)

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

Alexandrovski, A.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Alley, C. O.

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alloing, B.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balet, L.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bitauld, D.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967).
[Crossref]

Campos, R. A.

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carrasco, S.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chauvin, N.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chulkova, G.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Currie, M.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dayan, B.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Divochiy, A.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Drakinsky, V.

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fattal, D.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fei, H.-B.

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiore, A.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A. A.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerardino, A.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gol’tsman, G. N.

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goltsman, G.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Halder, M.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967).
[Crossref]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hum, D. S.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jorel, C.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jost, B. M.

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
[Crossref]

Katz, M.

Kaurova, N.

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kondilenko, V.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Korneev, A.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kouminov, P.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lissandrin, F.

F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lo, W.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lunghi, L.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Magde, D.

D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967).
[Crossref]

Mahr, H.

D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967).
[Crossref]

Mandel, L.

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.

Marsili, F.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Matvienko, V.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Miller, G. D.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minaeva, O.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nasr, M. B.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

Okunev, O.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Oshman, M. K.

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967).
[Crossref]

Ou, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Pe’er, A.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pearlman, A.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Route, R. K.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saleh, B. E. A.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).

Santori, C.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A.

Sergienko, A. V.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shih, Y. H.

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slysz, W.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, K.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sobolewski, R.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Solomon, G. S.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teich, M. C.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).

Torner, L.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torres, J. P.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urbanek, K.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vachtomin, Y.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Verevkin, A.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Voronov, B.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vuckovic, J.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilsher, K.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wolf, E.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.

Yamamoto, Y.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zinoni, C.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 944–951 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond (1)

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.  13, 192–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967).
[Crossref]

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(Color online). Normalized Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) coincidence interferograms (dips) that were obtained using a pair of semiconductor single-photon avalanche photo-diodes (APDs) (squares), and using a pair of superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs) (circles). The symbols represent the measured data points and the curves are Gaussian fits to the data. The FWHM of the measured dips are 6.2±0.1, and 5.7±0.2 fsec for the experiments conducted using APDs and SSPDs, respectively. These observed ultra narrow dips translate to ultra-high axial QOCT resolution of 0.93 and 0.85 µm, respectively.

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