Abstract

Processes of photo-induced light scattering are studied in single crystals of LiNbO3:Fe to uncover the origin of a new part of the entire scattering pattern which can be observed on a viewing screen. The new scattering manifests itself as two arcs enclosing the directly transmitting pump beam. It is shown that this type of scattering is due to a parametric wave-mixing process of coherent optical noise and a pump beam on a combination of photorefractively recorded phase-gratings and photo-induced ferroelectric structures. Phase-matching conditions corresponding to the new scattering are introduced. All photo-induced scattering phenomena contributing to the total scattering pattern are discussed, compared and classified.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. Photorefractive materials and their applications, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, New York, 2005).
  2. B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, "Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals," Phys. Rep. 275,197-254 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, "Photorefractive nonlinearity of periodically poled ferroelectrics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14,2641-2649 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. A. Basun, A. A. Kaplyanskii, and S. P. Feofilov, "Light induced three-dimensional polar structure in ruby crystals," JETP Lett. 37,586-589 (1983).
  8. A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. S. Furman, "Photoelectric domains in para- and ferroelectrics," JETP Lett. 41,216-220 (1985).
  10. V. V. Lemeshko and V. V. Obhukhovsky, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30,1614-1618 (1988).
  11. M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Feinberg, "Asymmetric self-defocusing of an optical beam from the photorefractive effect," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72,46-51 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).
  15. D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius and R. P. Edwin, "Refractive indices of lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 17,332-335 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. I. Sturman, "Low-frequency noise and photoinduced light scattering in photorefractive crystals," JETP 73,593-595 (1991).
  17. D. D. Cooke and M. Kerker, "Light scattering from long thin glass cylinders at oblique incidence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59,43-48 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Li and D. Feng, "Domain structures induced by defects in Ba2NaNb5O15 and LiNbO3," Ferroelectrics 97,217-226 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. G. Deshmukh and K. Singh, "Interferometric study of the microtopography arising from 35. domain walls in crystals of lithium niobate," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 97,1321-1323 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, "Photorefractive nonlinearity of periodically poled ferroelectrics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14,2641-2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, "Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals," Phys. Rep. 275,197-254 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

B. I. Sturman, "Low-frequency noise and photoinduced light scattering in photorefractive crystals," JETP 73,593-595 (1991).

1989 (1)

Q. Li and D. Feng, "Domain structures induced by defects in Ba2NaNb5O15 and LiNbO3," Ferroelectrics 97,217-226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

V. V. Lemeshko and V. V. Obhukhovsky, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30,1614-1618 (1988).

1986 (1)

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

1985 (1)

A. S. Furman, "Photoelectric domains in para- and ferroelectrics," JETP Lett. 41,216-220 (1985).

1983 (1)

S. A. Basun, A. A. Kaplyanskii, and S. P. Feofilov, "Light induced three-dimensional polar structure in ruby crystals," JETP Lett. 37,586-589 (1983).

1982 (1)

1980 (1)

V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius and R. P. Edwin, "Refractive indices of lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 17,332-335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

K. G. Deshmukh and K. Singh, "Interferometric study of the microtopography arising from 35. domain walls in crystals of lithium niobate," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 97,1321-1323 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

Aguilar, M.

Agulló-López, F.

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, "Photorefractive nonlinearity of periodically poled ferroelectrics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14,2641-2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Basun, S. A.

S. A. Basun, A. A. Kaplyanskii, and S. P. Feofilov, "Light induced three-dimensional polar structure in ruby crystals," JETP Lett. 37,586-589 (1983).

Belabaev, K. G.

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

Buse, K.

U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, G.

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooke, D. D.

Deshmukh, K. G.

K. G. Deshmukh and K. Singh, "Interferometric study of the microtopography arising from 35. domain walls in crystals of lithium niobate," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 97,1321-1323 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Dorosh, I. R.

V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Edwin, R. P.

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius and R. P. Edwin, "Refractive indices of lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 17,332-335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Evlanova, N. F.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Feng, D.

Q. Li and D. Feng, "Domain structures induced by defects in Ba2NaNb5O15 and LiNbO3," Ferroelectrics 97,217-226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Feofilov, S. P.

S. A. Basun, A. A. Kaplyanskii, and S. P. Feofilov, "Light induced three-dimensional polar structure in ruby crystals," JETP Lett. 37,586-589 (1983).

Furman, A. S.

A. S. Furman, "Photoelectric domains in para- and ferroelectrics," JETP Lett. 41,216-220 (1985).

Gliko, O. A.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goul’kov, M.

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulkov, M.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Goulkov, M. Yu.

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, "Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals," Phys. Rep. 275,197-254 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hartwig, U.

U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Imbrock, J.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imlau, M.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaplyanskii, A. A.

S. A. Basun, A. A. Kaplyanskii, and S. P. Feofilov, "Light induced three-dimensional polar structure in ruby crystals," JETP Lett. 37,586-589 (1983).

Kazansky, P. G.

Kerker, M.

Kewitsch, A. S.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiseleva, I. N.

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

Kösters, M.

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krätzig, E.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuz’minov, Yu. S.

V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lavrichev, S. V.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lemeshko, V. V.

V. V. Lemeshko and V. V. Obhukhovsky, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30,1614-1618 (1988).

Li, Q.

Q. Li and D. Feng, "Domain structures induced by defects in Ba2NaNb5O15 and LiNbO3," Ferroelectrics 97,217-226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, I.

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naumova, I. I.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obhukhovsky, V. V.

V. V. Lemeshko and V. V. Obhukhovsky, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30,1614-1618 (1988).

Obukovskii, V. V.

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

Odoulov, S.

U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odoulov, S. G.

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, "Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals," Phys. Rep. 275,197-254 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Odulov, S. G.

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

Podivilov, E.

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pruneri, V.

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, "Photorefractive nonlinearity of periodically poled ferroelectrics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14,2641-2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riccius, H. D.

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius and R. P. Edwin, "Refractive indices of lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 17,332-335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G. J.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segev, M.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharp, E. J.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shumelyuk, A.

Singh, K.

K. G. Deshmukh and K. Singh, "Interferometric study of the microtopography arising from 35. domain walls in crystals of lithium niobate," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 97,1321-1323 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. S.

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius and R. P. Edwin, "Refractive indices of lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 17,332-335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, "Photorefractive nonlinearity of periodically poled ferroelectrics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14,2641-2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B. I.

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, "Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals," Phys. Rep. 275,197-254 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Sturman, "Low-frequency noise and photoinduced light scattering in photorefractive crystals," JETP 73,593-595 (1991).

Taratuta, R. A.

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

Tkachenko, N.V.

V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Towe, T.W.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voronov, V. V.

V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Woike, Th.

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Hartwig, M. Kösters, Th. Woike, K. Buse, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency mixing of photorefractive and ferroelectric gratings in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 31,583-585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Kösters, U. Hartwig, Th. Woike, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Quantitative characterization of periodically poled lithium niobate by electrically induced Bragg diffraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,182910 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (2)

Q. Li and D. Feng, "Domain structures induced by defects in Ba2NaNb5O15 and LiNbO3," Ferroelectrics 97,217-226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, O. A. Gliko, and S. V. Lavrichev, "Czochralski-grown lithium niobate with regular domain structure," Ferroelectrics 190,107-112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

K. G. Deshmukh and K. Singh, "Interferometric study of the microtopography arising from 35. domain walls in crystals of lithium niobate," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 97,1321-1323 (1973).
[CrossRef]

JETP (1)

B. I. Sturman, "Low-frequency noise and photoinduced light scattering in photorefractive crystals," JETP 73,593-595 (1991).

JETP Lett. (2)

S. A. Basun, A. A. Kaplyanskii, and S. P. Feofilov, "Light induced three-dimensional polar structure in ruby crystals," JETP Lett. 37,586-589 (1983).

A. S. Furman, "Photoelectric domains in para- and ferroelectrics," JETP Lett. 41,216-220 (1985).

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius and R. P. Edwin, "Refractive indices of lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 17,332-335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, "Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals," Phys. Rep. 275,197-254 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, Th. Woike, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. B¨aumer, and H. Hesse, "Holographic light scattering in photorefractive crystals with local response," Phys. Rev. B 65,195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Goul’kov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, "Degenerate parametric light scattering in periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,4021-4024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, G. J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric domain gratings in strontium barium niobate induced by photorefractive space charge fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73,1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Voronov, I. R. Dorosh, Yu. S. Kuz’minov, and N.V. Tkachenko, "Photoinduced light scattering in ceriumdoped barium strontium niobate crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10,1346-1349 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (2)

K. G. Belabaev, I. N. Kiseleva, V. V. Obukovskii, S. G. Odulov, and R. A. Taratuta, "New parametric holographictype scattering of light in lithium tantalate crystals," Sov. Phys. Solid State 28,321-322 (1986).

V. V. Lemeshko and V. V. Obhukhovsky, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30,1614-1618 (1988).

Other (1)

Photorefractive materials and their applications, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, New York, 2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic illustration of the experimental setup. The apex angle α and the azimuth angle β are used to precisely describe positions on the scattering pattern

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photographs of the scattering, taken from the viewing screen. a) The entire scattering pattern at normal pump beam incidence: i) polarization-isotropic lobes, ii) polarization-anisotropic ring, iii) polarization-isotropic line, iv) polarization-anisotropic arcs. b) Photograph of pattern iv) taken for oblique light incidence (θ p =77°) with only ordinary polarized light passing the polarizer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Intensity kinetics of the pump beam (a), pattern i) (b), pattern ii) (c), pattern iii) (d), and of pattern iv) (e) with λ = 532 nm and Ip =0.5 W/cm2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity dynamics of a single speckle of the scattering in the steady state: a) pattern i), b) pattern ii), and c) pattern iv).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The phase-matching diagram, in the plane parallel to the pump beam and the c-axis, explaining the appearance of the patterns ii) and iv).

Equations (3)

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k p 1 e k s 2 o = k s 1 e k p 2 e = K 12 ,
K 23 = k s 2 o k s 3 o ,
K 23 = K 12 + K 13 ,

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