Abstract

Easy to handle light sources with non-classical emission features are strongly demanded in the growing field of quantum communication. We report on single-photon emission from an electrically pumped quantum dot with unmatched spectral purity, making spatial or spectral filtering dispensable.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

The development of quantum communication from toy model demonstrations to commercial applications and reliable quantum networks demands the fabrication and characterization of integrated and packaged light sources with non-classical emission characteristics. Most approaches in quantum communication still rely on the use of attenuated laser pulses or heralded photons from spontaneous parametric down-conversion [1, 2, 3]. But a true deterministic single-photon source is inevitable since security in long distance communication is crucially limited by Poisson statistics and is also a requisite for realizations of all-optical quantum computation [4]. Photoluminescence from single semiconductor quantum dots [5] has become an important player in the field meeting the demanded deterministic emission of single-photon states [6, 7] and even opening the gates to coherent mapping of information onto stationary solid-state quantum bit systems for information processing [8] due to its narrow linewidth.

The standard procedure for single-photon generation from single quantum dots is selective optical excitation via a microscope objective with high numerical aperture [9]. However, electrical excitation is required to allow for the fabrication of integrated compact devices and to avoid large-scale external pump sources. Early schemes utilized a simultaneous Coulomb-blockade for electrons and holes in a semiconductor triple quantum well nanostructure [10]. Other realizations embedded single self-organized quantum dots in pin-diode structures [11, 12, 13, 14, 15]. Their emission can be enhanced and directed into distinctive modes by the growth of Bragg reflectors [16]. But the desired ultimate control in integrated ready-to-go single-photon sources for quantum communication includes the deterministic injection of a single electron and a single hole into a quantum dot since it avoids the need for spectral or spatial filtering of the emission. Recently, it was shown [17] that it is possible to selectively pump a single QD in a pin-diode and to obtain a pure emission spectrum with only a single exciton line. Here, we report for the first time on non-classical photon statistics from such a device.

2. Sample fabrication

A promising approach for single-photon generation based on electrical pumping uses a micron-size aluminum oxide aperture to restrict the current flow to a single dot [13, 14]. Thus, electrical excitation of more than one dot was significantly suppressed, and non-classical statistics of the electroluminescence was measured. But that work could not finally prove the injection of a single electron and a single hole into the pin-junction that generates sub-Poissonian statistics without external filtering. The structure of our device has been described elsewhere [17, 18] and will be sketched only shortly (Fig. 1). It is grown on semi-insulating (100) epi-ready GaAs substrates using a Riber-32P MBE system. The light emitting diode (LED) consists of an un-doped GaAs layer with InAs quantum dots of low density inserted, a 60 nm thick aperture layer of high aluminum content AlGaAs, and p- and n-type GaAs electrical contact layers. The low quantum dot density of 108 cm-2 was obtained in the Stranski-Krastanow mode by deposition of 1.8 ML of InAs. Cylindrical mesas were processed by inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching, and selective oxidation of the high aluminum content AlGaAs layers led to submicron-size oxide current apertures. Subsequent Si 3N4 deposition allowed Au/Pt/Ti and Au/Au-Ge/Ni metallization to form p- and n-contacts, respectively.

 

Fig. 1. Schematic cross section of the device structure.

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3. Measurements

In order to probe the electrical excitation of only a single quantum dot, we measured the electroluminescence spectrum at an injection current of 870 pA and a bias voltage of 1.65V (Fig. 2(a)). It reveals just one single line, and emission of the wetting layer is also completely suppressed. For experiments related to entangled pair generation using biexciton-exciton decays [20], emission from an uncharged dot is requisite. Via high resolution spectroscopy, we could determine a fine structure splitting of 55 µeV due to electron-hole exchange interaction. The existence of a splitting proves the electroluminescence to originate from an exciton rather than a trion state and will allow further experiments towards entanglement generation with this device. Still, other dots may be excited and their electroluminescence blocked by a shadow mask. But, the micro-photoluminescence of a few dots (Fig. 2(b)) at 10 K exhibited a set of several discrete lines. This proves that the oxide aperture above the dot under study is transparent for near infrared light, and the absence of light emission other than from the exciton decay in the electroluminescence spectrum clearly demonstrates the pumping of indeed only a single quantum dot.

 

Fig. 2. (a) Electroluminscence spectrum at a current of 870 pA and 1.65 V bias voltage (b) Micro-photoluminescence with a laser spot size of 2 µm.

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In Fig. 3, six electroluminescence spectra are depicted to further characterize the emission of our device at increasing injection current. At around 1 nA, corresponding to an injection of 5 electrons/ns, the exciton intensity saturates. With the typical exciton lifetime of 1 ns [19, 21, 22] and an internal quantum efficiency of about unity [5, 23, 24], this gives a remarkable injection efficiency of about 20% since the capture time for carriers is in the picosecond regime. This is two orders of magnitude better than in previously reported structures [11, 12, 13, 14]. At higher currents, two additional lines appear. They both originate from the same dot since they obey the same spectral jitter. The high-energy peak is assigned to the biexciton decay due to its super-linear dependence on the injection current. The third line is unpolarized and does not show any splitting; thus, it can be attributed to the trion. As already mentioned, the emission from uncharged dots paves the way for on-demand generation of entangled photon pairs from our device which was not possible in earlier realizations [14].

Given these extremely clean emission features and excellent carrier control, we further exploited the use of our device as a single-photon source. Non-classical photon statistics is characterized by the second-order intensity correlation function via a Hanbury-Brown and Twiss setup (HBT) [25] consisting of a 50:50 beam splitter and two avalanche photo diodes (APDs). In contrast to all previous HBT setups related to quantum dot experiments, no spatial or spectral filtering of the exciton line was needed (except a 10 nm FWHM band pass filter centered at 953 nm in front of one APD to avoid cross-talk between the detectors).

 

Fig. 3. Electroluminescence spectra at different current injection. For clarity an offset is added to each spectrum.

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Fig. 4. Autocorrelation measurement under continuous wave current injection (0.9 nA, 1.65 V) at 10 K. No spectral filtering was used to isolate a single transition in a single quantum dot. The dashed line shows a fit function as described in the text.

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The result of our autocorrelation measurement is depicted in Fig. 4. In order to interpret our experimental data, we use the rate model described in [26]. While an ideal single-photon source shows an antibunching dip of the correlation function down to zero, the limited time resolution of our HBT setup must be taken into account. Thus, the ideal function g (2)t)=1−exp(−Δt/τ) was convoluted with a Gaussian (FWHM: 800 ps) and yields a dip depth of around 65 %. The time resolution of 800 ps was independently determined by an autocorrelation measurement of ultra-short laser pulses. The convoluted fit shown in Fig. 4 agrees well with our experimental data and proves that our quantum dot LED represents indeed an ideal electrically pumped single-photon source.

4. Conclusion

In summary, the measurements characterize our quantum dot LEDs with submicron-size aperture as highly efficient light sources that allows the controlled injection of a single electron and a single hole into a single quantum dot. Photons from uncharged dots can be extracted in well-defined polarization modes. Photon statistics exhibits strong antibunching. Together with its high efficiency and unmatched spectral purity, our structure is predestined for the generation of single-photon states as required for numerous applications in quantum communication. Tuning the fine structure splitting to zero [27] would allow to implement the method of cascaded decay of a biexciton proposed in [20] to generate polarization entangled photon pairs from an electrically pumped device. Similar as in the case of recently demonstrated polarization entangled photon pair generation from optically excited quantum dots [28, 29], a quantum state tomography by a linear combination of cross correlation measurements using 16 different polarization combinations could be performed with our setup. A source of entangled photon pairs on demand should allow the usage for various experiments in quantum information processing where resources of single photons and entangled photon pairs are needed. Although the purity of state generation by parametric down-conversion has not been obtained yet, first results based on single quantum dots [28, 29] are very promising. As an add-on to optically excited on-demand sources, electrical excitation provides the potential for future easy to use as well as highly integrated real devices.

Acknowledgements

This work was partly funded by the SANDiE Network of Excellence of the European Commission, contract number NMP4-CT-2004-500101, DLR (Rus 05/007), and SFB 296 of DFG. V.H. acknowledged financial support by DLR/bmbf and TUB, and M.S. acknowledged financial support by Ev. Studienwerk Villigst and Deutsche Telekom Stiftung.

References and links

1. T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004) [CrossRef]  

2. H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005) [CrossRef]  

3. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002) [CrossRef]  

4. M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

5. D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N.N. Ledentsov, “Quantum Dot Heterostructures” (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998)

6. P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

7. C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000) [CrossRef]  

8. L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003) [CrossRef]  

10. J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999) [CrossRef]  

11. Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002) [CrossRef]  

12. A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002) [CrossRef]  

13. C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004) [CrossRef]  

14. D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006) [CrossRef]  

15. R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006) [CrossRef]  

16. C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

17. A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006) [CrossRef]  

18. V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002) [CrossRef]  

19. P. Michler, “Single Quantum Dots” (Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2003)

20. O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998) [CrossRef]  

22. R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001) [CrossRef]  

23. P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000); [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

24. C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002) [CrossRef]  

25. R.H. Brown and R.Q. Twiss, “A Test of a New Type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178, 1046 (1956) [CrossRef]  

26. T. Aichele, “Detection and Generation of Non-Classical Light States from Single Quantum Emitters,” Ph.D. thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2005)

27. R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

28. R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

29. N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006) [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

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  1. T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
    [Crossref]
  2. H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N.N. Ledentsov, “Quantum Dot Heterostructures” (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998)
  6. P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  8. L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
    [Crossref]
  11. Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
    [Crossref]
  14. D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  16. C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  18. V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  19. P. Michler, “Single Quantum Dots” (Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2003)
  20. O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
    [Crossref]
  22. R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  23. P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  25. R.H. Brown and R.Q. Twiss, “A Test of a New Type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178, 1046 (1956)
    [Crossref]
  26. T. Aichele, “Detection and Generation of Non-Classical Light States from Single Quantum Emitters,” Ph.D. thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2005)
  27. R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (7)

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

2002 (5)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
[Crossref]

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002)
[Crossref]

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (4)

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

1956 (1)

R.H. Brown and R.Q. Twiss, “A Test of a New Type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178, 1046 (1956)
[Crossref]

Aichele, T.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

T. Aichele, “Detection and Generation of Non-Classical Light States from Single Quantum Emitters,” Ph.D. thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2005)

Akopian, N.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alloing, B.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[Crossref]

Atkinson, P.

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avron, J.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bakarov, A.K.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

Beattie, N.S.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

Becher, C.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennett, A.J.

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

Benson, O.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
[Crossref]

Berlatzky, Y.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bimberg, D.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N.N. Ledentsov, “Quantum Dot Heterostructures” (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998)

Brown, R.H.

R.H. Brown and R.Q. Twiss, “A Test of a New Type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178, 1046 (1956)
[Crossref]

Buratto, S.K.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carson, P.J.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.X.

A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002)
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

Cirac, J.I.

L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cooper, K.

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

Dale, Y.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

de Riedmatten, H.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

Duan, L.-M.

L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellis, D.J.P.

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

Esser, N.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Farrer, I.

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Fiore, A.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[Crossref]

A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002)
[Crossref]

Fix, R.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Fleischer, K.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Gerardot, B.D.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gershoni, D.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
[Crossref]

Grote, N.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Grundmann, M.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N.N. Ledentsov, “Quantum Dot Heterostructures” (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998)

Haisler, V.A.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Hatanaka, T.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Heitz, R.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, A.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

Hopfer, F.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Hu, E.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hubner, M.C.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Ilegems, M.

A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002)
[Crossref]

Imamoglu, A.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kailuweit, P.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Kalagin, A.K.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

Kalburge, A.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

Kan, H.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
[Crossref]

Kardynal, B.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
[Crossref]

Kimura, T.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Kiraz, A.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kosaka, H.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Leadbeater, M.L.

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Ledentsov, N.N.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N.N. Ledentsov, “Quantum Dot Heterostructures” (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998)

Li, L.H.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindner, N.H.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobo, C.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

Lobo, C.J.

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Lochmann, A.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Lukin, M.D.

L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madhukar, A.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

Marcikic, I.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

Mason, M.D.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Metzner, C.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Michler, P.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Michler, “Single Quantum Dots” (Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2003)

Möller, C.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, K.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Nambu, Y.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Paranthoen, C.

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[Crossref]

Pelton, M.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pepper, M.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Persson, J.

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

Petroff, P.M.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poem, E.

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pohl, U.W.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pötschke, K.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramelow, S.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reuter, D.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
[Crossref]

Richter, W.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Ritchie, D.A.

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Rodt, S.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

Schliwa, A.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, R.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Schoenfeld, W.V.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scholz, M.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scholz, U.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Schulz, O.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

Seguin, R.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seifert, W.

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

Sellin, R.L.

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Shields, A.J.

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Solomon, G.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

Stevenson, R.M.

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Stock, E.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

Strouse, G.F.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stufler, S.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Thompson, R.M.

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Tittel, W.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
[Crossref]

Tomita, A.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Totopov, A.I.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

Twiss, R.Q.

R.H. Brown and R.Q. Twiss, “A Test of a New Type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178, 1046 (1956)
[Crossref]

van Houwelingen, J.A.W.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

Vitzethum, M.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Wieck, A.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

Xie, Q.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
[Crossref]

Young, R.J.

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

Zbinden, H.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zinoni, C.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[Crossref]

Zoller, P.

L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zwiller, V.

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, “Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509(2003)
[Crossref]

A. Fiore, J.X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, “Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002)
[Crossref]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, “Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[Crossref]

D.J.P. Ellis, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D.A. Ritchie, “Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006)
[Crossref]

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M.C. Hubner, and S. Stufler, et al., “Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006)
[Crossref]

V.A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R.L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, “Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V.A. Haisler, A.I. Totopov, A.K. Bakarov, and A.K. Kalagin, “Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter,” Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006)
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, and K. Nakamura, “Single-Photon Interference over 150-km Transmission Using Silica-Based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004)
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L.H. Li, and A. Fiore, “Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm,” Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (5)

L.-M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature 397, 500 (1999)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M.D. Mason, P.J. Carson, G.F. Strouse, and S.K. Buratto, “Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature,” Nature 406, 968 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.H. Brown and R.Q. Twiss, “A Test of a New Type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178, 1046 (1956)
[Crossref]

R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, and A.J. Shields, “A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs,” Nature 439, 179 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J.A.W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, “Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998)
[Crossref]

R.M. Thompson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, I. Farrer, C.J. Lobo, D.A. Ritchie, M.L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, “Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, “Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, and P.M. Petroff, “Entangled Photon Pairs from Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, “Size-Dependent Fine-Structure Splitting in Self-Organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, “Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Using Triggered Single Photons from a Single Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, “Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000)
[Crossref]

Physica E (1)

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A quantum dot single-photon source,” Physica E 13, 412 (2002)
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum Cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)
[Crossref]

Science (2)

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N.S. Beattie, D.A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically Driven Single-Photon Source,” Science 295, 102 (2002)
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, “A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,” Science 290, 2282 (2000);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

T. Aichele, “Detection and Generation of Non-Classical Light States from Single Quantum Emitters,” Ph.D. thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2005)

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N.N. Ledentsov, “Quantum Dot Heterostructures” (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998)

P. Michler, “Single Quantum Dots” (Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2003)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic cross section of the device structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Electroluminscence spectrum at a current of 870 pA and 1.65 V bias voltage (b) Micro-photoluminescence with a laser spot size of 2 µm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Electroluminescence spectra at different current injection. For clarity an offset is added to each spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation measurement under continuous wave current injection (0.9 nA, 1.65 V) at 10 K. No spectral filtering was used to isolate a single transition in a single quantum dot. The dashed line shows a fit function as described in the text.

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