Abstract

A low-loss and highly birefringent polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber has been fabricated. The fiber loss and modal birefringence at 1550 nm were 1.3 dB/km and 1.4×10-3, respectively.

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References

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  1. T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, and T. Edahiro, "Low-loss single polarisation fibres with asymmetrical strain birefringence," Electron. Lett. 17, 530-531 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, "Fabrication of polarisation-maintaining fibres using gas-phase etching," Electron. Lett. 18, 1036-1038 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. Russel, and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, S. Kawanishi, M. Nakazawa, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, "Low-loss, 2 km-long photonic crystal fiber with zero GVD in the near IR suitable for picosecond pulse propagation at the 800 nm band," in Proc. Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001) CPD3.
  6. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Kawanishi and K. Okamoto, "Polarization maintaining holey optical fiber," IEICE Soc. Conf. 2000, 2000, B-10-153 (in Japanese).
  8. S. B. Libori, J. Broeng, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, and H. R. Simomsen, "High-birefringent photonic crystal fiber," in Proc. Optical Fiber Conference (OFC), Vol. 54 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), TuM2.
  9. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. J. Steel, T. P. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 488-490 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, "Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 477-488 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "The MIT Photonic-Bands Package," http://ab-initio.mit.edu/mpb/

Other (12)

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, and T. Edahiro, "Low-loss single polarisation fibres with asymmetrical strain birefringence," Electron. Lett. 17, 530-531 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, "Fabrication of polarisation-maintaining fibres using gas-phase etching," Electron. Lett. 18, 1036-1038 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. Russel, and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, S. Kawanishi, M. Nakazawa, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, "Low-loss, 2 km-long photonic crystal fiber with zero GVD in the near IR suitable for picosecond pulse propagation at the 800 nm band," in Proc. Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001) CPD3.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawanishi and K. Okamoto, "Polarization maintaining holey optical fiber," IEICE Soc. Conf. 2000, 2000, B-10-153 (in Japanese).

S. B. Libori, J. Broeng, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, and H. R. Simomsen, "High-birefringent photonic crystal fiber," in Proc. Optical Fiber Conference (OFC), Vol. 54 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), TuM2.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Steel, T. P. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 488-490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, "Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 477-488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "The MIT Photonic-Bands Package," http://ab-initio.mit.edu/mpb/

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic view (a) and SEM photograph (b) of a polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Loss spectrum and (b) OTDR waveform of a PM-PCF

Fig.3.
Fig.3.

Wavelength dependence of PM-PCF birefringence. The solid curve shows the calculated results.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Wavelength dependence of PM-PCF polarization mode dispersion.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

GVD characteristics for both polarization modes. Measured and calculated results are shown.

Equations (3)

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L B = 2 π β x β y = λ n x n y = λ B ,
σ = 1 c 1 λ k d 2 β dk 2 ,
δ σ = σ x σ y = 1 c 1 λ ( k d 2 β x dk 2 k d 2 β y dk 2 ) .

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