Abstract

We describe the experimental realization of a dynamical optical trap for atoms: the Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical (RODiO) Trap. A blue detuned circularly scanned laser beam creates a time averaged “box” for the atoms. We characterized this novel confinement technique by varying the trapping geometry and the laser beam parameters. Our observations agree well with a numerical model.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Far-off-resonance optical trapping of atoms,” Phys.Rev.A 47, R4567 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. L. Chaloupka, Y. Fisher, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Single-beam, ponderomotive-optical trap for free electrons and neutral atoms,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1021 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Roee Ozeri, Lev Khaykovich, Nir Davidson, “Long spin relaxation times in a single-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59R1750 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).
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  13. K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J.P. Gordon, A. Ashkin, “Motion of atoms in a radition trap,” Phys.Rev.A 21, 1606 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Electro-Optical Products, Inc. (E.O.P.), Fresh Meadows, NY
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. We note that a form of viscous heating unique to dipole traps has been considered by T.A. Savard, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1095 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Shaffer, W. Chalupczak, N. P. Bigelow, “Photoassociative ionization of ultra-cold heteronu-clear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 811174 (1999).
  22. C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
    [CrossRef]

2000

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Roee Ozeri, Lev Khaykovich, Nir Davidson, “Long spin relaxation times in a single-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Shaffer, W. Chalupczak, N. P. Bigelow, “Photoassociative ionization of ultra-cold heteronu-clear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 811174 (1999).

1997

H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

We note that a form of viscous heating unique to dipole traps has been considered by T.A. Savard, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
[CrossRef]

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Chaloupka, Y. Fisher, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Single-beam, ponderomotive-optical trap for free electrons and neutral atoms,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1021 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Far-off-resonance optical trapping of atoms,” Phys.Rev.A 47, R4567 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1980

J.P. Gordon, A. Ashkin, “Motion of atoms in a radition trap,” Phys.Rev.A 21, 1606 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aminoff, C. G.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. H.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashkin, A.

Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.P. Gordon, A. Ashkin, “Motion of atoms in a radition trap,” Phys.Rev.A 21, 1606 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Balykin, V. I.

D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Bergeman, Thomas H.

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bharucha, C.

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigelow, N. P.

J. Shaffer, W. Chalupczak, N. P. Bigelow, “Photoassociative ionization of ultra-cold heteronu-clear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 811174 (1999).

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boesten, H. M. J. M.

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouyer, P.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cable, A.

Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cable, Alex

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaloupka, J. L.

Chalupczak, W.

J. Shaffer, W. Chalupczak, N. P. Bigelow, “Photoassociative ionization of ultra-cold heteronu-clear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 811174 (1999).

Chu, S.

H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, Steven

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cline, R. A.

J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Far-off-resonance optical trapping of atoms,” Phys.Rev.A 47, R4567 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Constant, E.

H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cornell, E. A.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalibard, J.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davidson, N.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, Nir

Roee Ozeri, Lev Khaykovich, Nir Davidson, “Long spin relaxation times in a single-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Desbiolles, P.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ejnisman, R.

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Ensher, J. R.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fisher, Y.

Friedman, N.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J.P.

J.P. Gordon, A. Ashkin, “Motion of atoms in a radition trap,” Phys.Rev.A 21, 1606 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Heinzen, D. J.

J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Far-off-resonance optical trapping of atoms,” Phys.Rev.A 47, R4567 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirano, Takuya

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasevich, M.

H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kessler, T. J.

Khaykovich, L.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khaykovich, Lev

Roee Ozeri, Lev Khaykovich, Nir Davidson, “Long spin relaxation times in a single-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, N.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Koshioka, M.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuga, Takahiro

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laryushin, D.V.

D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. M.

R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Letokhov, V. S.

D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Lovelace, R. V. E.

R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Masuhara, H.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. R.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehania, C.

R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Metcalf, Harold J.

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Migdall, Alan L.

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, J. D.

J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Far-off-resonance optical trapping of atoms,” Phys.Rev.A 47, R4567 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mishawa, H.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moore, F. L.

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Ozeri, R.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ozeri, Roee

Roee Ozeri, Lev Khaykovich, Nir Davidson, “Long spin relaxation times in a single-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, William D.

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D. E.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prodan, John V.

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rahman, A.

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Raizen, M. G.

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, J. C.

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudy, P.

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Sakai, Hirofumi

H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sasada, Hiroyuki

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Savard, T.A.

We note that a form of viscous heating unique to dipole traps has been considered by T.A. Savard, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shaffer, J.

J. Shaffer, W. Chalupczak, N. P. Bigelow, “Photoassociative ionization of ultra-cold heteronu-clear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 811174 (1999).

Shimizu, Yukiko

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiokawa, Noritsugu

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stapelfeldt, H.

H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steane, A. M.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, R.

R. Thompson, Res. Conf. BEC, Mont. Ste. Odile, France, Book of Abstr. p. 74 (1995).

Tommila, T. J.

R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Torii, Yoshio

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. C.

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verhaar, B. J.

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieman, C. E.

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, P. E.

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl.Phys.Lett.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Mishawa, N. Kitamura, H. Masuhara, “Optical trapping of a metal particle and a water droplet by a scanning laser beam,” Appl.Phys.Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nature

R. V. E. Lovelace, C. Mehania, T. J. Tommila, D. M. Lee, “Magnetic confinement of a neutral gas,” Nature 318, 30 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt.Comm.

D.V. Laryushin, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, “Reflection cooling of sodium atoms in an evanescent light wave,” Opt.Comm. 135, 138 (1997)
[CrossRef]

OSA Tech. Dig.

P. Rudy, R. Ejnisman, A. Rahman, S. Lee, N. P. Bigelow, “Characterization of the RODiO Trap (Rotating Off-resonant Dipole Optical Trap),” 1997 OSA Tech. Dig. Vol. 12, 67 (1997).

Phys Rev. A

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys Rev. A 61, 031401(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

We note that a form of viscous heating unique to dipole traps has been considered by T.A. Savard, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roee Ozeri, Lev Khaykovich, Nir Davidson, “Long spin relaxation times in a single-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. L. Moore, J. C. Robinson, C. Bharucha, P. E. Williams, M. G. Raizen, “Observation of dynamical localization in atomic momentum transfer: A new testing ground for quantum chaos,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2974 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shaffer, W. Chalupczak, N. P. Bigelow, “Photoassociative ionization of ultra-cold heteronu-clear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 811174 (1999).

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys.Rev.A

J.P. Gordon, A. Ashkin, “Motion of atoms in a radition trap,” Phys.Rev.A 21, 1606 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Far-off-resonance optical trapping of atoms,” Phys.Rev.A 47, R4567 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys.Rev.Lett.

Alan L. Migdall, John V. Prodan, William D. Phillips, Thomas H. Bergeman, Harold J. Metcalf, “First observation of magnetically trapped neutral atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 54, 2596 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steven Chu, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Ashkin, A. Cable, “Experimental observation of optically trapped atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 57, 314 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, Alex Cable, Steven Chu, D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahiro Kuga, Yoshio Torii, Noritsugu Shiokawa, Takuya Hirano, Yukiko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, S. Chu, “Raman cooling of atoms in an optical dipole trap,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 76, 2658 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Stapelfeldt, Hirofumi Sakai, E. Constant, P. B. Corkum, “Deflection of neutral molecules using the nonresonant dipole force,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 2787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, “Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor,” Science, 269, 198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. Thompson, Res. Conf. BEC, Mont. Ste. Odile, France, Book of Abstr. p. 74 (1995).

Electro-Optical Products, Inc. (E.O.P.), Fresh Meadows, NY

H. M. J. M. Boesten, C. C. Tsai, B. J. Verhaar, D. J. Heinzen, “Observation of a Shape Resonance in Cold-Atom Scattering by Pulsed Photoassociation,” Phys.Rev.Lett.77, 5194 (1996); J. D. Miller, R. A. Cline, D. J. Heinzen, “Photoassociation spectrum of ultracold Rb atoms,” Phys.Rev.Lett.71, 2204 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Characteristic plot of the number of atoms confined versus time for the RODiO trap directly loaded from a MOT.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Number of atoms captured by the RODiO as a function of RODiO laser detuning. The initial MOT contained ~106 atoms. The inset shows the 1/e expansion and escape time of the atom cloud released from RODiO as probed by induced fluorescence. The decay time reflects the velocity distribution of the atoms confined by the RODiO just before their release.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Number of atoms captured by the RODiO as a function of trap radius. The decay time reflects the velocity distribution of the atoms confined by the RODiO just before their release (see text and caption, Figure 2).

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