Abstract

We show that optically-induced photorefractive space-charge fields can remove 180° ferroelectric domains in rhodium-doped barium titanate. The cross section of the domains must be small (less than 100 microns) for this process to occur.

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References

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  1. P. G�nter and J.-P. Huignard, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, edited by P. G�nter and J.P. Huignard, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1988.
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. DiDomenico, Jr. and S. H. Wemple, "Oxygen-Octahedra Ferroelectrics. I. Theory of Electro-optical and Nonlinear optical Effects," J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720-734 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. E. Lines, A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Clarendon Press, 1977), Chap. 13.
  4. A. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A.Yariv, G.J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, R.R.Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric Domain Gratings in Strontium Barium Niobate Induced by Photorefractive Space Charge Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1174-1177 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V.V. Lemeshko, V.V. Obukhovskii, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30 (6) 933- 936 (1988).
  6. V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. Volk, "Spontaneous polarization reversal and photorefractive effect in single-domain iron-doped lithium niobate crystals" phys. stat. sol.(a) 45, 249-252 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. R. Volk, A. A. Grekov, N. A. Kosonogov, V. M. Fridkin, "Influence of illumination on the domain structure and Curie temperature of BaTiO3," Sov. Phys.-Solid State 14, 2740-2743 (1973).
  8. R. S. Cudney, J. Fousek, M. Zgonik, P. G�nter, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, "Enhancement of the amplitude and lifetime of photo-induced space-charge fields in multi-domain ferroelectric crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3883 -3886 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, "Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79-81 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Grubsky, S. MacCormack, and J. Feinberg, "All-optical three dimensional mapping of 180� domains hidden in a BaTiO3 crystal," Opt. Lett. 21, 6-8 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R.S. Cudney, V. Garc�s-Ch�vez, P. Negrete-Regagnon, "Analysis of ferroelectric 180� domain structures in BaTiO3 using second harmonic scattering", Opt. Lett. 22, 439-441 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. S. Campbell, "Some Observations on Switched Single Crystal Barium Titanate," Phil. Mag. 7, 1157-1166 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Fogarty, B. Steiner, M. Cronin-Golomb, U. Laor, R. Uhrin, J. Martin, "High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction Imaging of Anti-Parallel Ferroelectric Domains in Barium Titanate and Strontium Barium Niobate," in Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices, Estes Park, 1995, pp. 9-12.

Other (13)

P. G�nter and J.-P. Huignard, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, edited by P. G�nter and J.P. Huignard, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1988.
[CrossRef]

M. DiDomenico, Jr. and S. H. Wemple, "Oxygen-Octahedra Ferroelectrics. I. Theory of Electro-optical and Nonlinear optical Effects," J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720-734 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Lines, A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Clarendon Press, 1977), Chap. 13.

A. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A.Yariv, G.J. Salamo, T.W. Towe, E. J. Sharp, R.R.Neurgaonkar, "Ferroelectric Domain Gratings in Strontium Barium Niobate Induced by Photorefractive Space Charge Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1174-1177 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V.V. Lemeshko, V.V. Obukhovskii, "Domains in photoexcited LiNbO3:Fe," Sov. Phys. Solid State 30 (6) 933- 936 (1988).

V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. Volk, "Spontaneous polarization reversal and photorefractive effect in single-domain iron-doped lithium niobate crystals" phys. stat. sol.(a) 45, 249-252 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Volk, A. A. Grekov, N. A. Kosonogov, V. M. Fridkin, "Influence of illumination on the domain structure and Curie temperature of BaTiO3," Sov. Phys.-Solid State 14, 2740-2743 (1973).

R. S. Cudney, J. Fousek, M. Zgonik, P. G�nter, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, "Enhancement of the amplitude and lifetime of photo-induced space-charge fields in multi-domain ferroelectric crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3883 -3886 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, "Electrical control of fixation and erasure of holographic patterns in ferroelectric materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79-81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

V. Grubsky, S. MacCormack, and J. Feinberg, "All-optical three dimensional mapping of 180� domains hidden in a BaTiO3 crystal," Opt. Lett. 21, 6-8 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.S. Cudney, V. Garc�s-Ch�vez, P. Negrete-Regagnon, "Analysis of ferroelectric 180� domain structures in BaTiO3 using second harmonic scattering", Opt. Lett. 22, 439-441 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Campbell, "Some Observations on Switched Single Crystal Barium Titanate," Phil. Mag. 7, 1157-1166 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. Fogarty, B. Steiner, M. Cronin-Golomb, U. Laor, R. Uhrin, J. Martin, "High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction Imaging of Anti-Parallel Ferroelectric Domains in Barium Titanate and Strontium Barium Niobate," in Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices, Estes Park, 1995, pp. 9-12.

Supplementary Material (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental set-up. a) The reference beam enters through the “c” face. b) The reference beam enters through the “a” face.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(2.2MB) Movie of the the decay of domain structure. The domains are visualized using the configuration shown in Fig. 1a. λ=515 nm ; intensity per beam ~20 mW/cm2. Exterior angle between beams: 60°.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(2MB) Tomography of the domain structure after optical poling. The figure on the left shows the position at which the reference beam enters the a-face of the crystal. The figure on the right shows the domain structure of the region sampled by the reference beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(1.4MB) Movie of the decay of the domain structure at the exit face of the crystal.

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