Abstract

We present the results of numerical experiments on a two-dimensional model atom driven by a high-intense laser pulse. The electron wave-packet behavior is studied in a range of laser parameters corresponding to the dynamic stabilization regime. Wave packet localization in this regime with arbitrary laser polarizations is shown to manifest itself macroscopically by high-order harmonic production in the form of long trains of attosecond pulses. Calculations for the sub-relativistic regime of laser-atom interaction are carried out without making the dipole approximation in order to take into account the Lorentz force effect in wave packet evolution. The transition from polychotomy to the magnetic-field-induced drifting at very high laser intensities is documented which results in the electron delocalization. As a consequence, the intensity dependence of the atomic survival probability as well as that of the efficiency of high-order harmonic production possess a wide “stabilization window” followed by an abrupt drop because of the magnetic field effect.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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  3. Q. Su, J. H. Eberly, and J. Javanainen, “Dynamics of atomic ionization suppression and electron localization in an intense high-frequency radiation field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 862–865 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamic stabilization of hydrogen in an intense, high-frequency, pulsed laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2601–2604 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. V. C. Reed, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Suppression of ionization in superintense fields without dichotomy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1415–1418 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2592–2595 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. Katsouleas and W. B. Mori, “Comment on “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields”,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1561 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Polychotomy, spreading, and relativistic drift in strong field photodetachment,” Laser Phys. 3, 265–273 (1993).
  9. A. Bugacov, M. Pont, and R. Shakeshaft, “Possibility of breakdown of atomic stabilization in an intense high-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R4027–R4030 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  10. O. Latinne, C. J. Joachain, and M. Dörr, “Atomic hydrogen in a superintense high-frequency field: testing the dipole approximation,” Europhys. Lett. 26, 333–338 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. H. Keitel and P. L. Knight, “Monte Carlo classical simulations of ionization and harmonic generation in the relativistic domain,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 1420–1430 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).
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    [Crossref]
  14. J. R. Vázques de Aldana and L. Roso, “Magnetic-field effect in atomic ionization by intense laser fields,” Opt. Express 5, 144–148 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/11811.htm.
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  15. R. M. Potvliege, “Role of the magnetic component of the incident field in the adiabatic stabilization of circular states,” Laser Phys. 10, 143–146 (2000).
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  18. N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).
  20. M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Strong field ionization in arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4550–4553 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comp. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Patel, N. J. Kylstra, and P. L. Knight, “Ellipticity and pulse shape dependence of localized wavepackets,” Opt. Express 4, 496–511 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/10164.htm.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. V. C. Reed, K. Burnett, and P. L. Knight, “Harmonic generation in the Kramers-Henneberger stabilization regime,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R34–R37 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. G. Kaiser, A Friendly Guide to Wavelets (Birkhauser, Boston, 1994).
  26. M. V. Wickerhauser, Adapted Wavelet Analysis from Theory to Software (A.K. Peters, Wellesley, MA, 1994).
  27. D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Wavelet Methods for Time Series Analysis (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000).
  28. P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750–R1753 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 021802(R) (2000).
    [Crossref]
  30. P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234–1237 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “High harmonic generation from ultrafast pump lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 638–641 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  33. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2000 (3)

R. M. Potvliege, “Role of the magnetic component of the incident field in the adiabatic stabilization of circular states,” Laser Phys. 10, 143–146 (2000).

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 021802(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (4)

M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Strong field ionization in arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4550–4553 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60, 389–486 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “High harmonic generation from ultrafast pump lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 638–641 (1997).
[Crossref]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

C. H. Keitel and P. L. Knight, “Monte Carlo classical simulations of ionization and harmonic generation in the relativistic domain,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 1420–1430 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750–R1753 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Latinne, C. J. Joachain, and M. Dörr, “Atomic hydrogen in a superintense high-frequency field: testing the dipole approximation,” Europhys. Lett. 26, 333–338 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (4)

T. Katsouleas and W. B. Mori, “Comment on “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields”,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1561 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Polychotomy, spreading, and relativistic drift in strong field photodetachment,” Laser Phys. 3, 265–273 (1993).

A. Bugacov, M. Pont, and R. Shakeshaft, “Possibility of breakdown of atomic stabilization in an intense high-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R4027–R4030 (1993).
[Crossref]

V. C. Reed, K. Burnett, and P. L. Knight, “Harmonic generation in the Kramers-Henneberger stabilization regime,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R34–R37 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2592–2595 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamic stabilization of hydrogen in an intense, high-frequency, pulsed laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2601–2604 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. C. Reed, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Suppression of ionization in superintense fields without dichotomy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1415–1418 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

Q. Su, J. H. Eberly, and J. Javanainen, “Dynamics of atomic ionization suppression and electron localization in an intense high-frequency radiation field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 862–865 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comp. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750–R1753 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Babin, A. A.

A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).

Bugacov, A.

A. Bugacov, M. Pont, and R. Shakeshaft, “Possibility of breakdown of atomic stabilization in an intense high-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R4027–R4030 (1993).
[Crossref]

Burnett, K.

V. C. Reed, K. Burnett, and P. L. Knight, “Harmonic generation in the Kramers-Henneberger stabilization regime,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R34–R37 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. C. Reed, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Suppression of ionization in superintense fields without dichotomy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1415–1418 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burnett, N. H.

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chu, S. I.

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 021802(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

Dörr, M.

O. Latinne, C. J. Joachain, and M. Dörr, “Atomic hydrogen in a superintense high-frequency field: testing the dipole approximation,” Europhys. Lett. 26, 333–338 (1994).
[Crossref]

Eberly, J. H.

Q. Su, J. H. Eberly, and J. Javanainen, “Dynamics of atomic ionization suppression and electron localization in an intense high-frequency radiation field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 862–865 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farina, D.

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).

Fedorov, M. V.

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Polychotomy, spreading, and relativistic drift in strong field photodetachment,” Laser Phys. 3, 265–273 (1993).

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2592–2595 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feit, M. D.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comp. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Fleck, J. A.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comp. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Gavrila, M.

M. Gavrila, “Atomic structure and decay in high frequency fields,” in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M. Gavrila, ed. (Academic, San Diego, CA, 1992).

Grobe, R.

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Polychotomy, spreading, and relativistic drift in strong field photodetachment,” Laser Phys. 3, 265–273 (1993).

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2592–2595 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Y.

Javanainen, J.

Q. Su, J. H. Eberly, and J. Javanainen, “Dynamics of atomic ionization suppression and electron localization in an intense high-frequency radiation field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 862–865 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joachain, C. J.

O. Latinne, C. J. Joachain, and M. Dörr, “Atomic hydrogen in a superintense high-frequency field: testing the dipole approximation,” Europhys. Lett. 26, 333–338 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, G.

G. Kaiser, A Friendly Guide to Wavelets (Birkhauser, Boston, 1994).

Kapteyn, H. C.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Katsouleas, T.

T. Katsouleas and W. B. Mori, “Comment on “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields”,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1561 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keitel, C. H.

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60, 389–486 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. H. Keitel and P. L. Knight, “Monte Carlo classical simulations of ionization and harmonic generation in the relativistic domain,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 1420–1430 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, A. V.

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk169, 58–66 (1999) (Phys. Usp.38, 54–61 (1999)).
[Crossref]

A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).

Kiselev, A. M.

A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).

Knight, P. L.

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Patel, N. J. Kylstra, and P. L. Knight, “Ellipticity and pulse shape dependence of localized wavepackets,” Opt. Express 4, 496–511 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/10164.htm.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Strong field ionization in arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4550–4553 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60, 389–486 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. H. Keitel and P. L. Knight, “Monte Carlo classical simulations of ionization and harmonic generation in the relativistic domain,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 1420–1430 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. C. Reed, K. Burnett, and P. L. Knight, “Harmonic generation in the Kramers-Henneberger stabilization regime,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R34–R37 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. C. Reed, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Suppression of ionization in superintense fields without dichotomy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1415–1418 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krause, J. L.

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamic stabilization of hydrogen in an intense, high-frequency, pulsed laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2601–2604 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “High harmonic generation from ultrafast pump lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 638–641 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamic stabilization of hydrogen in an intense, high-frequency, pulsed laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2601–2604 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kylstra, N. J.

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Patel, N. J. Kylstra, and P. L. Knight, “Ellipticity and pulse shape dependence of localized wavepackets,” Opt. Express 4, 496–511 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/10164.htm.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lappas, D. G.

A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Strong field ionization in arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4550–4553 (1997).
[Crossref]

Latinne, O.

O. Latinne, C. J. Joachain, and M. Dörr, “Atomic hydrogen in a superintense high-frequency field: testing the dipole approximation,” Europhys. Lett. 26, 333–338 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lontano, M.

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).

Maquet, A.

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750–R1753 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mori, W. B.

T. Katsouleas and W. B. Mori, “Comment on “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields”,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1561 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Patel, A.

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Patel, N. J. Kylstra, and P. L. Knight, “Ellipticity and pulse shape dependence of localized wavepackets,” Opt. Express 4, 496–511 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/10164.htm.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
[Crossref]

Percival, D. B.

D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Wavelet Methods for Time Series Analysis (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000).

Piraux, B.

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750–R1753 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pont, M.

A. Bugacov, M. Pont, and R. Shakeshaft, “Possibility of breakdown of atomic stabilization in an intense high-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R4027–R4030 (1993).
[Crossref]

Potvliege, R. M.

R. M. Potvliege, “Role of the magnetic component of the incident field in the adiabatic stabilization of circular states,” Laser Phys. 10, 143–146 (2000).

Protopapas, M.

A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Strong field ionization in arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4550–4553 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60, 389–486 (1997).
[Crossref]

Reed, V. C.

V. C. Reed, K. Burnett, and P. L. Knight, “Harmonic generation in the Kramers-Henneberger stabilization regime,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R34–R37 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. C. Reed, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Suppression of ionization in superintense fields without dichotomy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1415–1418 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roso, L.

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Vázques de Aldana and L. Roso, “Magnetic-field effect in atomic ionization by intense laser fields,” Opt. Express 5, 144–148 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/11811.htm.
[Crossref]

L. Roso and J. R. Vázques de Aldana, “Atomic photoionization beyond the dipole approximation,” LPHYS’2000, Bordeaux, France, July 17–21, 2000, http://www-drecam.cea.fr/Lphys-2000/strong.htm;Laser Phys.11 (2001) - in press.

Ryabikin, M. Yu.

M. Yu. Ryabikin and A. M. Sergeev, “Lorentz force effect in strong-field atomic stabilization,” Seminar on Physics of Multiphoton Processes, Moscow, Russia, April 5, 2000, http://www.gpi.ru/wrc/seminar/delone/2000.html; see also: LPHYS’2000, Bordeaux, France, July 17–21, 2000, http://www-drecam.cea.fr/Lphys-2000/strong.htm;Laser Phys.11 (2001) - in press.

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk169, 58–66 (1999) (Phys. Usp.38, 54–61 (1999)).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).

Schafer, K. J.

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “High harmonic generation from ultrafast pump lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 638–641 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamic stabilization of hydrogen in an intense, high-frequency, pulsed laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2601–2604 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sergeev, A. M.

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk169, 58–66 (1999) (Phys. Usp.38, 54–61 (1999)).
[Crossref]

M. Yu. Ryabikin and A. M. Sergeev, “Lorentz force effect in strong-field atomic stabilization,” Seminar on Physics of Multiphoton Processes, Moscow, Russia, April 5, 2000, http://www.gpi.ru/wrc/seminar/delone/2000.html; see also: LPHYS’2000, Bordeaux, France, July 17–21, 2000, http://www-drecam.cea.fr/Lphys-2000/strong.htm;Laser Phys.11 (2001) - in press.

A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).

Shakeshaft, R.

A. Bugacov, M. Pont, and R. Shakeshaft, “Possibility of breakdown of atomic stabilization in an intense high-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R4027–R4030 (1993).
[Crossref]

Steiger, A.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comp. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. N.

A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).

Su, Q.

Q. Su, J. H. Eberly, and J. Javanainen, “Dynamics of atomic ionization suppression and electron localization in an intense high-frequency radiation field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 862–865 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, X. M.

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 021802(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

Vázques de Aldana, J. R.

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Vázques de Aldana and L. Roso, “Magnetic-field effect in atomic ionization by intense laser fields,” Opt. Express 5, 144–148 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org/oearchive/source/11811.htm.
[Crossref]

L. Roso and J. R. Vázques de Aldana, “Atomic photoionization beyond the dipole approximation,” LPHYS’2000, Bordeaux, France, July 17–21, 2000, http://www-drecam.cea.fr/Lphys-2000/strong.htm;Laser Phys.11 (2001) - in press.

Walden, A. T.

D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Wavelet Methods for Time Series Analysis (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000).

Wickerhauser, M. V.

M. V. Wickerhauser, Adapted Wavelet Analysis from Theory to Software (A.K. Peters, Wellesley, MA, 1994).

Worthington, R. A.

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

O. Latinne, C. J. Joachain, and M. Dörr, “Atomic hydrogen in a superintense high-frequency field: testing the dipole approximation,” Europhys. Lett. 26, 333–338 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Comp. Phys. (1)

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comp. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

R. M. Potvliege, “Role of the magnetic component of the incident field in the adiabatic stabilization of circular states,” Laser Phys. 10, 143–146 (2000).

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Polychotomy, spreading, and relativistic drift in strong field photodetachment,” Laser Phys. 3, 265–273 (1993).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (6)

A. Patel, M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Stabilization with arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R2652–R2655 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, “Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750–R1753 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, “Probing the spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 021802(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

V. C. Reed, K. Burnett, and P. L. Knight, “Harmonic generation in the Kramers-Henneberger stabilization regime,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R34–R37 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bugacov, M. Pont, and R. Shakeshaft, “Possibility of breakdown of atomic stabilization in an intense high-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A 48, R4027–R4030 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. H. Keitel and P. L. Knight, “Monte Carlo classical simulations of ionization and harmonic generation in the relativistic domain,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 1420–1430 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

N. J. Kylstra, R. A. Worthington, A. Patel, P. L. Knight, J. R. Vázques de Aldana, and L. Roso, “Breakdown of stabilization of atoms interacting with intense, high-frequency laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1835–1838 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Su, J. H. Eberly, and J. Javanainen, “Dynamics of atomic ionization suppression and electron localization in an intense high-frequency radiation field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 862–865 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamic stabilization of hydrogen in an intense, high-frequency, pulsed laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2601–2604 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. C. Reed, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Suppression of ionization in superintense fields without dichotomy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1415–1418 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Grobe and M. V. Fedorov, “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2592–2595 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Katsouleas and W. B. Mori, “Comment on “Packet spreading, stabilization, and localization in superstrong fields”,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1561 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Protopapas, D. G. Lappas, and P. L. Knight, “Strong field ionization in arbitrary laser polarizations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4550–4553 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “High harmonic generation from ultrafast pump lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 638–641 (1997).
[Crossref]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60, 389–486 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (9)

M. Gavrila, “Atomic structure and decay in high frequency fields,” in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M. Gavrila, ed. (Academic, San Diego, CA, 1992).

A. A. Babin, A. V. Kim, A. M. Kiselev, A. M. Sergeev, and A. N. Stepanov, “Interaction of superstrong laser fields with matter: hypotheses, effects, and applications,” Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika39, 713–734 (1996) (Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics39, 472–485 (1996)).

M. Yu. Ryabikin and A. M. Sergeev, “Lorentz force effect in strong-field atomic stabilization,” Seminar on Physics of Multiphoton Processes, Moscow, Russia, April 5, 2000, http://www.gpi.ru/wrc/seminar/delone/2000.html; see also: LPHYS’2000, Bordeaux, France, July 17–21, 2000, http://www-drecam.cea.fr/Lphys-2000/strong.htm;Laser Phys.11 (2001) - in press.

L. Roso and J. R. Vázques de Aldana, “Atomic photoionization beyond the dipole approximation,” LPHYS’2000, Bordeaux, France, July 17–21, 2000, http://www-drecam.cea.fr/Lphys-2000/strong.htm;Laser Phys.11 (2001) - in press.

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, D. Farina, and M. Lontano, “Effect of magnetic component of laser field on efficiency of high-energy photon burst generation from atoms ionized by few-optical-cycle pulses,” in ICONO’98: Ultrafast Phenomena and Interaction of Super-Strong Laser Fields with Matter: Nonlinear Optics and High-Field Physics, M. V. Fedorov, V. M. Gordienko, V. V. Shuvalov, and V. D. Taranukhin, eds., Proc. SPIE3735, 158–164 (1999).

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk169, 58–66 (1999) (Phys. Usp.38, 54–61 (1999)).
[Crossref]

G. Kaiser, A Friendly Guide to Wavelets (Birkhauser, Boston, 1994).

M. V. Wickerhauser, Adapted Wavelet Analysis from Theory to Software (A.K. Peters, Wellesley, MA, 1994).

D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Wavelet Methods for Time Series Analysis (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000).

Supplementary Material (6)

» Media 1: MOV (661 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (798 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1412 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (685 KB)     
» Media 5: MOV (992 KB)     
» Media 6: MOV (1003 KB)     

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(677 KB) Movie of time evolution of the electron probability distribution in a 14-cycle linearly polarized laser pulse with ω o=1 and Eo =15 (in the dipole approximation)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Snapshot from the movie in Fig. 2 taken after 12 cycles of a laser pulse

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(817 KB) Movie of time evolution of the electron probability distribution in a 14-cycle circularly polarized laser pulse with ωo =1 and Eo =15 (in the dipole approximation)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Snapshot from the movie in Fig. 3 taken after 12 cycles of a laser pulse

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(1.446 MB) Movie of time evolution of the electron probability distribution in a 14-cycle circularly polarized laser pulse with ω o=0.2 and E o=0.1 (in the dipole approximation)

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Snapshot from the movie in Fig. 5 taken after 9 cycles of a laser pulse

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Harmonic spectrum for the same case as in Fig. 1

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Time profile of the 57-th harmonic for the same case as in Fig. 1

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(702 KB) Movie of time evolution of the electron probability distribution in a 14-cycle laser pulse with wo=1 and E o=15 (without the dipole approximation)

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

(1.015 MB) Same as in Fig. 9 with Eo =20

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

(1.027 MB) Same as in Fig. 9 with E o=22.5

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Snapshots of the electron probability distribution after 12 cycles of a laser pulse with wo=1 and a) E o=15, b) E o=20, and c) E o=22.5 (without the dipole approximation)

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Harmonic spectrum for a 14-cycle laser pulse with wo=1 and E o=22.5 with (upper curve) and without (lower curve) the dipole approximation

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Atom survival probability for a 14-cycle pulse with ωo=1 as a function of the electric field strength E o with (upper curve) and without (lower curve) the dipole approximation

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Intensity of the 49-th harmonic for a 14-cycle pulse with ωo=1 as a function of the electric field strength E o with (upper curve) and without (lower curve) the dipole approximation

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i Ψ t = V ( r ) Ψ + 1 2 ( p + A c ) 2 Ψ
Ψ ˜ = exp [ i v z z + i 2 t ( v x 2 + v z 2 ) d t ] Ψ ,
i Ψ ˜ t = V Ψ ˜ 1 2 ( 2 x 2 + 2 x 2 ) Ψ ˜ i v x Ψ ˜ x i v z Ψ ˜ z .

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