Abstract

A numerical study of reflectivity and transmittivity of an ensemble of short oriented linear Frenkel chains, which forms a thin film with a thickness of the order of an optical wavelength, is carried out. The eigenstates of a single chain are considered to be of a collective (excitonic) origin. A distribution of chains over lengths resulting in inhomogeneous broadening of the exciton optical transition is taken into account. We report a bistable behavior of both reflectivity and transmittivity of the film in a spectral domain close to the exciton resonance, caused by saturation of the nonlinear refraction index. Estimates of driving parameters show that thin films of oriented J-aggregates of polymethine dyes deposited on a dielectric substrate seem to be a suitable object for observation of the predicted behavior.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, “Cooperative and stimulated emission in poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) thin films and solutions,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9141 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, “Extremely low excitation threshold, superradiant, molecular aggregate lasing system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3057 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Özçelik, I. Özçelik, and D. L. Akins, “Superradiant lasing from J-aggregated molecules adsorbed onto colloidal silver,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1949 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. V. V. Gusev, “Mirrorless optical bistability in molecular aggregates with dipole-dipole interaction,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electr. 1, 235 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. Malyshev and P. Moreno, “Mirrorless optical bistability of linear molecular aggregates,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 416 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Effect of exciton-exciton annihilation on optical bistability of a linear molecular aggregate,” Opt. Commun. 140, 83 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Optical bistable response of an open Frenkel chain: Exciton-exciton annihilation and boundary effects,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 670 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Bistable behavior of transmittivity of an ultrathin film comprised of linear molecular aggregates,” Opt. Commun. 169, 177 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. G. Benedict and E. D. Trifonov, “Coherent reflection as superradiation from the boundary of a resonant medium,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 2854 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. G. Benedict, V. A. Malyshev, E. D. Trifonov, and A. I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: Local field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. V. A. Malyshev and E. Conejero Jarque, “Optical hysteresis and instabilities inside the polariton band gap,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1868 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. A. Malyshev and E. Conejero Jarque, “Spatial effects in nonlinear resonant reflection from the boundary of a dense semi-infinite two-level medium: Normal incidence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1167 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. Conejero Jarque and V. A. Malyshev, “Nonlinear reflection from a dense saturable absorber: from stability to chaos,” Opt. Commun. 142, 66 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Pulse reflectivity at a dense-gas-dielectric interface,” Opt. Commun. 131, 408 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Superradiant amplification in an optically dense gas,” Opt. Commun. 143, 329 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Reflected echo from a resonant two-level system,” Opt. Commun. 144, 231 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “The different regimes of the optically dense amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 149, 393 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Amplification by an optically dense resonant two-level system embedded in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Commun. 155, 213 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  20. D. B. Chesnut and A. Suna, “Fermion behaviour of one-dimensional excitons,” J. Chem. Phys. 39, 146 (1963).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Fidder, J. Knoester, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical properties of disordered molecular aggregates: Numerical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7880 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  22. K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  23. L. Roso-Franco, “Self-reflected Wave Inside a Very Dense Saturable Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2149 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. L. Roso-Franco, “Propagation of light in a nonlinear absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1878 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  25. L. Roso-Franco and M. Ll. Pons, “Reflection of a plane wave at the boundary of a saturable absorber: normal incidence,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 1645 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. M. Basharov, “Thin-film of two-level atoms - a simple model of optical bistability and self-pulsations,” Zh. Exp. Teor. Fiz.94, 12 (1988) [JETP67, 1741 (1988)].
  27. A. S. Davydov, Theory of molecular excitons, (Plenum Press, New York, 1971).
  28. H. Fidder, J. Terpstra, and D. A. Wiersma, “Dynamics of Frenkel excitons in disordered molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6895 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  29. L. Daehne and E. Biller, “Huge splitting of dichroic absorption energies in ordered cyanine dye films,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1727 (1999).
    [Crossref]

1999 (2)

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Bistable behavior of transmittivity of an ultrathin film comprised of linear molecular aggregates,” Opt. Commun. 169, 177 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Daehne and E. Biller, “Huge splitting of dichroic absorption energies in ordered cyanine dye films,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1727 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (5)

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “The different regimes of the optically dense amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 149, 393 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Amplification by an optically dense resonant two-level system embedded in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Commun. 155, 213 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, “Cooperative and stimulated emission in poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) thin films and solutions,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9141 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Özçelik, I. Özçelik, and D. L. Akins, “Superradiant lasing from J-aggregated molecules adsorbed onto colloidal silver,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1949 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Optical bistable response of an open Frenkel chain: Exciton-exciton annihilation and boundary effects,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 670 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (7)

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Effect of exciton-exciton annihilation on optical bistability of a linear molecular aggregate,” Opt. Commun. 140, 83 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, “Extremely low excitation threshold, superradiant, molecular aggregate lasing system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3057 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev and E. Conejero Jarque, “Spatial effects in nonlinear resonant reflection from the boundary of a dense semi-infinite two-level medium: Normal incidence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1167 (1997).
[Crossref]

E. Conejero Jarque and V. A. Malyshev, “Nonlinear reflection from a dense saturable absorber: from stability to chaos,” Opt. Commun. 142, 66 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Superradiant amplification in an optically dense gas,” Opt. Commun. 143, 329 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Reflected echo from a resonant two-level system,” Opt. Commun. 144, 231 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Pulse reflectivity at a dense-gas-dielectric interface,” Opt. Commun. 131, 408 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. Malyshev and P. Moreno, “Mirrorless optical bistability of linear molecular aggregates,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 416 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

V. V. Gusev, “Mirrorless optical bistability in molecular aggregates with dipole-dipole interaction,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electr. 1, 235 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (3)

M. G. Benedict, V. A. Malyshev, E. D. Trifonov, and A. I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: Local field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fidder, J. Knoester, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical properties of disordered molecular aggregates: Numerical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7880 (1991).
[Crossref]

H. Fidder, J. Terpstra, and D. A. Wiersma, “Dynamics of Frenkel excitons in disordered molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6895 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

L. Roso-Franco and M. Ll. Pons, “Reflection of a plane wave at the boundary of a saturable absorber: normal incidence,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 1645 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. G. Benedict and E. D. Trifonov, “Coherent reflection as superradiation from the boundary of a resonant medium,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 2854 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

L. Roso-Franco, “Self-reflected Wave Inside a Very Dense Saturable Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2149 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1963 (1)

D. B. Chesnut and A. Suna, “Fermion behaviour of one-dimensional excitons,” J. Chem. Phys. 39, 146 (1963).
[Crossref]

Akins, D. L.

S. Özçelik, I. Özçelik, and D. L. Akins, “Superradiant lasing from J-aggregated molecules adsorbed onto colloidal silver,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1949 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, “Extremely low excitation threshold, superradiant, molecular aggregate lasing system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3057 (1997).
[Crossref]

Basharov, A. M.

A. M. Basharov, “Thin-film of two-level atoms - a simple model of optical bistability and self-pulsations,” Zh. Exp. Teor. Fiz.94, 12 (1988) [JETP67, 1741 (1988)].

Benedict, M. G.

M. G. Benedict, V. A. Malyshev, E. D. Trifonov, and A. I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: Local field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Benedict and E. D. Trifonov, “Coherent reflection as superradiation from the boundary of a resonant medium,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 2854 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biller, E.

L. Daehne and E. Biller, “Huge splitting of dichroic absorption energies in ordered cyanine dye films,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1727 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chesnut, D. B.

D. B. Chesnut and A. Suna, “Fermion behaviour of one-dimensional excitons,” J. Chem. Phys. 39, 146 (1963).
[Crossref]

Conejero Jarque, E.

Daehne, L.

L. Daehne and E. Biller, “Huge splitting of dichroic absorption energies in ordered cyanine dye films,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1727 (1999).
[Crossref]

Davydov, A. S.

A. S. Davydov, Theory of molecular excitons, (Plenum Press, New York, 1971).

Feller, K.-H.

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Bistable behavior of transmittivity of an ultrathin film comprised of linear molecular aggregates,” Opt. Commun. 169, 177 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Optical bistable response of an open Frenkel chain: Exciton-exciton annihilation and boundary effects,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 670 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Effect of exciton-exciton annihilation on optical bistability of a linear molecular aggregate,” Opt. Commun. 140, 83 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fidder, H.

H. Fidder, J. Terpstra, and D. A. Wiersma, “Dynamics of Frenkel excitons in disordered molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6895 (1991).
[Crossref]

H. Fidder, J. Knoester, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical properties of disordered molecular aggregates: Numerical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7880 (1991).
[Crossref]

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, “Cooperative and stimulated emission in poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) thin films and solutions,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9141 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gellermann, W.

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
[Crossref]

Glaeske, H.

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Bistable behavior of transmittivity of an ultrathin film comprised of linear molecular aggregates,” Opt. Commun. 169, 177 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Optical bistable response of an open Frenkel chain: Exciton-exciton annihilation and boundary effects,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 670 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Effect of exciton-exciton annihilation on optical bistability of a linear molecular aggregate,” Opt. Commun. 140, 83 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gross, B.

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Amplification by an optically dense resonant two-level system embedded in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Commun. 155, 213 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “The different regimes of the optically dense amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 149, 393 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Reflected echo from a resonant two-level system,” Opt. Commun. 144, 231 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Superradiant amplification in an optically dense gas,” Opt. Commun. 143, 329 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Pulse reflectivity at a dense-gas-dielectric interface,” Opt. Commun. 131, 408 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gusev, V. V.

V. V. Gusev, “Mirrorless optical bistability in molecular aggregates with dipole-dipole interaction,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electr. 1, 235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Knoester, J.

H. Fidder, J. Knoester, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical properties of disordered molecular aggregates: Numerical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7880 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
[Crossref]

Malyshev, V.

V. Malyshev and P. Moreno, “Mirrorless optical bistability of linear molecular aggregates,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 416 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malyshev, V. A.

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Bistable behavior of transmittivity of an ultrathin film comprised of linear molecular aggregates,” Opt. Commun. 169, 177 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Optical bistable response of an open Frenkel chain: Exciton-exciton annihilation and boundary effects,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 670 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev and E. Conejero Jarque, “Spatial effects in nonlinear resonant reflection from the boundary of a dense semi-infinite two-level medium: Normal incidence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1167 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Effect of exciton-exciton annihilation on optical bistability of a linear molecular aggregate,” Opt. Commun. 140, 83 (1997).
[Crossref]

E. Conejero Jarque and V. A. Malyshev, “Nonlinear reflection from a dense saturable absorber: from stability to chaos,” Opt. Commun. 142, 66 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. A. Malyshev and E. Conejero Jarque, “Optical hysteresis and instabilities inside the polariton band gap,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1868 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. G. Benedict, V. A. Malyshev, E. D. Trifonov, and A. I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: Local field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manassah, J. T.

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “The different regimes of the optically dense amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 149, 393 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Amplification by an optically dense resonant two-level system embedded in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Commun. 155, 213 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Superradiant amplification in an optically dense gas,” Opt. Commun. 143, 329 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Reflected echo from a resonant two-level system,” Opt. Commun. 144, 231 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Pulse reflectivity at a dense-gas-dielectric interface,” Opt. Commun. 131, 408 (1996).
[Crossref]

Minoshima, K.

K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
[Crossref]

Misawa, K.

K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
[Crossref]

Moreno, P.

V. Malyshev and P. Moreno, “Mirrorless optical bistability of linear molecular aggregates,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 416 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ono, H.

K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
[Crossref]

Özçelik, I.

S. Özçelik, I. Özçelik, and D. L. Akins, “Superradiant lasing from J-aggregated molecules adsorbed onto colloidal silver,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1949 (1998).
[Crossref]

Özçelik, S.

S. Özçelik, I. Özçelik, and D. L. Akins, “Superradiant lasing from J-aggregated molecules adsorbed onto colloidal silver,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1949 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, “Extremely low excitation threshold, superradiant, molecular aggregate lasing system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3057 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pons, M. Ll.

L. Roso-Franco and M. Ll. Pons, “Reflection of a plane wave at the boundary of a saturable absorber: normal incidence,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 1645 (1990).
[Crossref]

Roso-Franco, L.

L. Roso-Franco and M. Ll. Pons, “Reflection of a plane wave at the boundary of a saturable absorber: normal incidence,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 1645 (1990).
[Crossref]

L. Roso-Franco, “Propagation of light in a nonlinear absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1878 (1987).
[Crossref]

L. Roso-Franco, “Self-reflected Wave Inside a Very Dense Saturable Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2149 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suna, A.

D. B. Chesnut and A. Suna, “Fermion behaviour of one-dimensional excitons,” J. Chem. Phys. 39, 146 (1963).
[Crossref]

Terpstra, J.

H. Fidder, J. Terpstra, and D. A. Wiersma, “Dynamics of Frenkel excitons in disordered molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6895 (1991).
[Crossref]

Trifonov, E. D.

M. G. Benedict, V. A. Malyshev, E. D. Trifonov, and A. I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: Local field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Benedict and E. D. Trifonov, “Coherent reflection as superradiation from the boundary of a resonant medium,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 2854 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vardeny, Z. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, “Cooperative and stimulated emission in poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) thin films and solutions,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9141 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wiersma, D. A.

H. Fidder, J. Terpstra, and D. A. Wiersma, “Dynamics of Frenkel excitons in disordered molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6895 (1991).
[Crossref]

H. Fidder, J. Knoester, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical properties of disordered molecular aggregates: Numerical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7880 (1991).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, “Cooperative and stimulated emission in poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) thin films and solutions,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9141 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellermann, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative Emission in π-Conjugated Polymer Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 729 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zaitsev, A. I.

M. G. Benedict, V. A. Malyshev, E. D. Trifonov, and A. I. Zaitsev, “Reflection and transmission of ultrashort light pulses through a thin resonant medium: Local field effects,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 3845 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. Opt. Electr. (1)

V. V. Gusev, “Mirrorless optical bistability in molecular aggregates with dipole-dipole interaction,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electr. 1, 235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, “Extremely low excitation threshold, superradiant, molecular aggregate lasing system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3057 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Özçelik, I. Özçelik, and D. L. Akins, “Superradiant lasing from J-aggregated molecules adsorbed onto colloidal silver,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1949 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. Misawa, K. Minoshima, H. Ono, and T. Kobayashi, “New fabrication method for highly oriented J-aggregates dispersed in polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 577 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

H. Fidder, J. Terpstra, and D. A. Wiersma, “Dynamics of Frenkel excitons in disordered molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6895 (1991).
[Crossref]

D. B. Chesnut and A. Suna, “Fermion behaviour of one-dimensional excitons,” J. Chem. Phys. 39, 146 (1963).
[Crossref]

H. Fidder, J. Knoester, and D. A. Wiersma, “Optical properties of disordered molecular aggregates: Numerical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7880 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

L. Roso-Franco and M. Ll. Pons, “Reflection of a plane wave at the boundary of a saturable absorber: normal incidence,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 1645 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (8)

V. A. Malyshev, H. Glaeske, and K.-H. Feller, “Bistable behavior of transmittivity of an ultrathin film comprised of linear molecular aggregates,” Opt. Commun. 169, 177 (1999).
[Crossref]

E. Conejero Jarque and V. A. Malyshev, “Nonlinear reflection from a dense saturable absorber: from stability to chaos,” Opt. Commun. 142, 66 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Pulse reflectivity at a dense-gas-dielectric interface,” Opt. Commun. 131, 408 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Superradiant amplification in an optically dense gas,” Opt. Commun. 143, 329 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “Reflected echo from a resonant two-level system,” Opt. Commun. 144, 231 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. T. Manassah and B. Gross, “The different regimes of the optically dense amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 149, 393 (1998).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Amplitude reflection (r) and transmission (t) coefficients of a thin film with thickness L=λ comprised of linear chains with mean length =30 and standard deviation a=9 calculated at adiabatic scanning of the input field amplitude ei up and down for different values of the inhomogeneous width σ=(2π 2 a/ 3)·(U/ Γ ¯ ), where U/ Γ ¯ was varied. The rest of the parameters is: Ψ=2πd̄ 2 n 0/ħ Γ ¯ =-δ=7.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Examples of the spatial profiles of the field amplitude module inside the film at σ=2 obtained at adiabatic scanning of the input field amplitude up (a) and down (b). The rest of parameters is the same as in Fig. 1. The darkness of a local differential domain is proportional to the respective field amplitude module.

Equations (14)

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k = ( 2 N + 1 ) 1 2 n = 1 N sin π kn N + 1 n , k = 1 , 2 , . N ,
E k = ω 21 2 U cos π k N + 1 .
ρ ˙ 21 = ( i ω + Γ ) ρ 21 i d ε Z ,
Z ˙ = 2 i d ε [ ρ 12 ρ 21 ] Γ 1 ( Z + 1 ) ,
ε ( x , t ) = ε i ( x , t ) 2 π c 0 L d x t 𝓟 ( x , t x x c ) .
𝓟 = n 0 N p ( N ) d [ ρ 21 + ρ 12 ] ,
R ˙ = ( i δ + γ ) R + μ e Z ,
Z ˙ = 1 2 μ ( e R * + e * R ) γ 1 ( Z + 1 ) ,
e ( ξ , τ ) = e i ( τ ) e i ξ + Ψ 0 k i L d ξ e i ξ ξ N p ( N ) μ R ( ξ , τ ) ,
e r ( τ ) = e ( 0 , τ ) e 0 ( τ ) = Ψ 0 k i L d ξ e i ξ N p ( N ) μ R ( ξ , τ ) ,
e t ( τ ) = e ( kL , τ ) = e i ( τ ) e i k i L + Ψ 0 k i L d ξ e i ( k i L ξ ) N p ( N ) μ R ( ξ , τ ) .
p ( N ) = 1 2 π a exp [ ( N N ) 2 2 a 2 ] ,
d 2 e d ξ 2 + n 2 ( e 2 ) e = 0 ,
n 2 ( e 2 ) = 1 + 2 Ψ i + δ 1 + δ 2 + γ e 2 γ 1 ,

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