Abstract

An electronic wave packet is excited in the Rydberg states of atomic calcium. The strong excitation of the remaining valence electron modifies the particular coherent superposition state associated with this Rydberg wave packet due to the electron-electron correlation. This modification is observed by a coherent pump-probe measurement in which the change of the global phase of the wave packet with respect to a local oscillator is found. The magnitude of the electron-electron correlation is varied experimentally and leads to sharp resonances in the phase. The coherence is maintained despite the open autoionization channel. The process also allows the manipulation of individual states within the wave packet.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W.S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of Quantum Dynamics: the Dream is Alive,” Science 259, 1581–89 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. P. Heberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, “Ultrafast coherent control and destruction of excitons in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Ekert and R. Jozsa, “Quantum computation and Shor’s factoring algorithm,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 733–53 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Measurement of the Amplitude and Phase of a Sculpted Rydberg Wave Packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508–5511 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Controlling the shape of a quantum wave function,” Nature 397, 233–35 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. Alber and P. Zoller, “Laser excitation of electronic wave packets in Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rep. 199, 231–280 (1991) and references therein.
    [Crossref]
  9. M. W. Noel and C. R. Stroud, “Excitation of an Atomic Electron to a Coherent Superposition of Macroscopically Distinct States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1913–1916 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Parker and C.R. Stroud, “Coherence and decay of Rydberg wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 716–719 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  12. John A. Yeazell, Mark Mallalieu, and C. R. Stroud, “Observation of the collapse and revival of a Rydberg electronic wave packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2007–2010 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. W.E. Cooke, T.F. Gallagher, S.A. Edelstein, and R.M. Hill, “Doubly excited autoionizing Ryd- berg states of Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 178–181 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-front autoionization: Classical decay of two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 976–979 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-function shock waves,” Phys. Rev. A46, 4347–4353 (1992).
  16. X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Amplitude modulation of atomic wave functions,” Phys. Rev. A46, R2201–R2204 (1992).
  17. F. Robicheaux, “Atomic dynamics with photon-dressed core states,” Phys. Rev. A47, 1391–1402 (1993).
  18. Lars G. Hanson and P. Lambropoulos, “Nondispersing wave packets in two-electron atoms: Atomic mode locking by loss modulation,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 74, 5009–5012(1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. N.J. Druten and H.G. Muller, “Rydberg transitions induced by optical core dressing,” Phys. Rev. A52, 3047–3056 (1995).
  20. F. Robicheaux and W. T. Hill III, “Autoionizing Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A54, 3276–3289 (1996).
  21. O. Zobay and G. Alber, “Spontaneous photon emission in isolated-core excited Rydberg systems and dynamics of electronic wave packets” Phys. Rev. A54, 5361–5373 (1996).
  22. Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Autoionization of a quasicontinuum: Population trapping, self-trapping, and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A58, 1267–1274 (1998).
  23. R. R. Jones, “Measurement of electronic radial probability distributions using time-resolved isolated core excitation,” Phys. Rev. A57, 446–451 (1998).
  24. M. B. Campbell, T. J. Bensky, and R. R. Jones, “Observation of oscillations between degenerate bound-state configurations in rapidly autoionizing two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A57, 4616–4620 (1998).
  25. D. W. Schumacher, B. J. Lyons, and T. F. Gallagher, “Wave Packets in Perturbed Rydberg Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4359–4362 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  26. B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).
  27. M. Strehle, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond time-resolved Rydberg wave-packet dynamics in the two-electron system calcium,” Phys. Rev. A58, 450–455 (1998).
  28. Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Observation of a Nondecaying Wave Packet in a Two-Electron Atom” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5772–5775 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  29. L. D. Noordam, D. I. Duncan, and T. F. Gallagher, “Ramsey fringes in atomic Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A45, 4734–4737 (1992).
  30. S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  31. Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Reconstruction of engineered atomic wave functions via phase-dependent population measurements,” Phys. Rev.A 56, 2316–2320 (1997).
    [Crossref]

1999 (1)

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Controlling the shape of a quantum wave function,” Nature 397, 233–35 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (7)

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Measurement of the Amplitude and Phase of a Sculpted Rydberg Wave Packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508–5511 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Autoionization of a quasicontinuum: Population trapping, self-trapping, and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A58, 1267–1274 (1998).

R. R. Jones, “Measurement of electronic radial probability distributions using time-resolved isolated core excitation,” Phys. Rev. A57, 446–451 (1998).

M. B. Campbell, T. J. Bensky, and R. R. Jones, “Observation of oscillations between degenerate bound-state configurations in rapidly autoionizing two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A57, 4616–4620 (1998).

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

M. Strehle, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond time-resolved Rydberg wave-packet dynamics in the two-electron system calcium,” Phys. Rev. A58, 450–455 (1998).

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Observation of a Nondecaying Wave Packet in a Two-Electron Atom” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5772–5775 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Reconstruction of engineered atomic wave functions via phase-dependent population measurements,” Phys. Rev.A 56, 2316–2320 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. W. Schumacher, B. J. Lyons, and T. F. Gallagher, “Wave Packets in Perturbed Rydberg Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4359–4362 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (5)

F. Robicheaux and W. T. Hill III, “Autoionizing Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A54, 3276–3289 (1996).

O. Zobay and G. Alber, “Spontaneous photon emission in isolated-core excited Rydberg systems and dynamics of electronic wave packets” Phys. Rev. A54, 5361–5373 (1996).

M. W. Noel and C. R. Stroud, “Excitation of an Atomic Electron to a Coherent Superposition of Macroscopically Distinct States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1913–1916 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ekert and R. Jozsa, “Quantum computation and Shor’s factoring algorithm,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 733–53 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (4)

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. Heberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, “Ultrafast coherent control and destruction of excitons in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lars G. Hanson and P. Lambropoulos, “Nondispersing wave packets in two-electron atoms: Atomic mode locking by loss modulation,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 74, 5009–5012(1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N.J. Druten and H.G. Muller, “Rydberg transitions induced by optical core dressing,” Phys. Rev. A52, 3047–3056 (1995).

1993 (2)

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. Robicheaux, “Atomic dynamics with photon-dressed core states,” Phys. Rev. A47, 1391–1402 (1993).

1992 (3)

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-function shock waves,” Phys. Rev. A46, 4347–4353 (1992).

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Amplitude modulation of atomic wave functions,” Phys. Rev. A46, R2201–R2204 (1992).

L. D. Noordam, D. I. Duncan, and T. F. Gallagher, “Ramsey fringes in atomic Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A45, 4734–4737 (1992).

1991 (2)

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-front autoionization: Classical decay of two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 976–979 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Alber and P. Zoller, “Laser excitation of electronic wave packets in Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rep. 199, 231–280 (1991) and references therein.
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

John A. Yeazell, Mark Mallalieu, and C. R. Stroud, “Observation of the collapse and revival of a Rydberg electronic wave packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2007–2010 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

J. Parker and C.R. Stroud, “Coherence and decay of Rydberg wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 716–719 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

W.S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of Quantum Dynamics: the Dream is Alive,” Science 259, 1581–89 (1983).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

W.E. Cooke, T.F. Gallagher, S.A. Edelstein, and R.M. Hill, “Doubly excited autoionizing Ryd- berg states of Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 178–181 (1978).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J.

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Controlling the shape of a quantum wave function,” Nature 397, 233–35 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Measurement of the Amplitude and Phase of a Sculpted Rydberg Wave Packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508–5511 (1998).
[Crossref]

Alber, G.

O. Zobay and G. Alber, “Spontaneous photon emission in isolated-core excited Rydberg systems and dynamics of electronic wave packets” Phys. Rev. A54, 5361–5373 (1996).

G. Alber and P. Zoller, “Laser excitation of electronic wave packets in Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rep. 199, 231–280 (1991) and references therein.
[Crossref]

Averbukh, I. Sh.

I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

A. P. Heberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, “Ultrafast coherent control and destruction of excitons in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bensky, T. J.

M. B. Campbell, T. J. Bensky, and R. R. Jones, “Observation of oscillations between degenerate bound-state configurations in rapidly autoionizing two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A57, 4616–4620 (1998).

Biraben, F.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bourzeix, S.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Controlling the shape of a quantum wave function,” Nature 397, 233–35 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Measurement of the Amplitude and Phase of a Sculpted Rydberg Wave Packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508–5511 (1998).
[Crossref]

Campbell, M. B.

M. B. Campbell, T. J. Bensky, and R. R. Jones, “Observation of oscillations between degenerate bound-state configurations in rapidly autoionizing two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A57, 4616–4620 (1998).

Che, J.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Xin

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Autoionization of a quasicontinuum: Population trapping, self-trapping, and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A58, 1267–1274 (1998).

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Observation of a Nondecaying Wave Packet in a Two-Electron Atom” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5772–5775 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Reconstruction of engineered atomic wave functions via phase-dependent population measurements,” Phys. Rev.A 56, 2316–2320 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cooke, W.E.

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-function shock waves,” Phys. Rev. A46, 4347–4353 (1992).

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Amplitude modulation of atomic wave functions,” Phys. Rev. A46, R2201–R2204 (1992).

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-front autoionization: Classical decay of two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 976–979 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.E. Cooke, T.F. Gallagher, S.A. Edelstein, and R.M. Hill, “Doubly excited autoionizing Ryd- berg states of Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 178–181 (1978).
[Crossref]

Dahleh, M.

W.S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of Quantum Dynamics: the Dream is Alive,” Science 259, 1581–89 (1983).
[Crossref]

Druten, N.J.

N.J. Druten and H.G. Muller, “Rydberg transitions induced by optical core dressing,” Phys. Rev. A52, 3047–3056 (1995).

Duncan, D. I.

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

L. D. Noordam, D. I. Duncan, and T. F. Gallagher, “Ramsey fringes in atomic Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A45, 4734–4737 (1992).

Edelstein, S.A.

W.E. Cooke, T.F. Gallagher, S.A. Edelstein, and R.M. Hill, “Doubly excited autoionizing Ryd- berg states of Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 178–181 (1978).
[Crossref]

Ekert, A.

A. Ekert and R. Jozsa, “Quantum computation and Shor’s factoring algorithm,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 733–53 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, T. F.

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

D. W. Schumacher, B. J. Lyons, and T. F. Gallagher, “Wave Packets in Perturbed Rydberg Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4359–4362 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. D. Noordam, D. I. Duncan, and T. F. Gallagher, “Ramsey fringes in atomic Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A45, 4734–4737 (1992).

Gallagher, T.F.

W.E. Cooke, T.F. Gallagher, S.A. Edelstein, and R.M. Hill, “Doubly excited autoionizing Ryd- berg states of Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 178–181 (1978).
[Crossref]

Gerber, G.

M. Strehle, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond time-resolved Rydberg wave-packet dynamics in the two-electron system calcium,” Phys. Rev. A58, 450–455 (1998).

Hanson, Lars G.

Lars G. Hanson and P. Lambropoulos, “Nondispersing wave packets in two-electron atoms: Atomic mode locking by loss modulation,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 74, 5009–5012(1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heberle, A. P.

A. P. Heberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, “Ultrafast coherent control and destruction of excitons in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, R.M.

W.E. Cooke, T.F. Gallagher, S.A. Edelstein, and R.M. Hill, “Doubly excited autoionizing Ryd- berg states of Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 178–181 (1978).
[Crossref]

Hill III, W. T.

F. Robicheaux and W. T. Hill III, “Autoionizing Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A54, 3276–3289 (1996).

Jones, R. R.

R. R. Jones, “Measurement of electronic radial probability distributions using time-resolved isolated core excitation,” Phys. Rev. A57, 446–451 (1998).

M. B. Campbell, T. J. Bensky, and R. R. Jones, “Observation of oscillations between degenerate bound-state configurations in rapidly autoionizing two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A57, 4616–4620 (1998).

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

Jozsa, R.

A. Ekert and R. Jozsa, “Quantum computation and Shor’s factoring algorithm,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 733–53 (1996).
[Crossref]

Julien, L.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kohler, B.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kohler, K.

A. P. Heberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, “Ultrafast coherent control and destruction of excitons in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krause, J. L.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lagendijk, A.

A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lambropoulos, P.

Lars G. Hanson and P. Lambropoulos, “Nondispersing wave packets in two-electron atoms: Atomic mode locking by loss modulation,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 74, 5009–5012(1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lyons, B. J.

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

D. W. Schumacher, B. J. Lyons, and T. F. Gallagher, “Wave Packets in Perturbed Rydberg Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4359–4362 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mallalieu, Mark

John A. Yeazell, Mark Mallalieu, and C. R. Stroud, “Observation of the collapse and revival of a Rydberg electronic wave packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2007–2010 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Messina, M.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, H.G.

N.J. Druten and H.G. Muller, “Rydberg transitions induced by optical core dressing,” Phys. Rev. A52, 3047–3056 (1995).

A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nez, F.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
[Crossref]

Noel, M. W.

M. W. Noel and C. R. Stroud, “Excitation of an Atomic Electron to a Coherent Superposition of Macroscopically Distinct States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1913–1916 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noordam, L. D.

L. D. Noordam, D. I. Duncan, and T. F. Gallagher, “Ramsey fringes in atomic Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A45, 4734–4737 (1992).

Noordam, L.D.

A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

Parker, J.

J. Parker and C.R. Stroud, “Coherence and decay of Rydberg wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 716–719 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plimmer, M. D.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rabitz, H.

W.S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of Quantum Dynamics: the Dream is Alive,” Science 259, 1581–89 (1983).
[Crossref]

Robicheaux, F.

F. Robicheaux and W. T. Hill III, “Autoionizing Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A54, 3276–3289 (1996).

F. Robicheaux, “Atomic dynamics with photon-dressed core states,” Phys. Rev. A47, 1391–1402 (1993).

Schumacher, D. W.

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

D. W. Schumacher, B. J. Lyons, and T. F. Gallagher, “Wave Packets in Perturbed Rydberg Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4359–4362 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schwenter, N.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolow, Albert

I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strehle, M.

M. Strehle, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond time-resolved Rydberg wave-packet dynamics in the two-electron system calcium,” Phys. Rev. A58, 450–455 (1998).

Stroud, C. R.

M. W. Noel and C. R. Stroud, “Excitation of an Atomic Electron to a Coherent Superposition of Macroscopically Distinct States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1913–1916 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

John A. Yeazell, Mark Mallalieu, and C. R. Stroud, “Observation of the collapse and revival of a Rydberg electronic wave packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2007–2010 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stroud, C.R.

J. Parker and C.R. Stroud, “Coherence and decay of Rydberg wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 716–719 (1986).
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A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

van Linden van den Heuvell, H.B.

A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
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Vrakking, M. J. J.

I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-function shock waves,” Phys. Rev. A46, 4347–4353 (1992).

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Amplitude modulation of atomic wave functions,” Phys. Rev. A46, R2201–R2204 (1992).

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-front autoionization: Classical decay of two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 976–979 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warren, W.S.

W.S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of Quantum Dynamics: the Dream is Alive,” Science 259, 1581–89 (1983).
[Crossref]

Weichmann, U.

M. Strehle, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond time-resolved Rydberg wave-packet dynamics in the two-electron system calcium,” Phys. Rev. A58, 450–455 (1998).

Weinacht, T. C.

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Controlling the shape of a quantum wave function,” Nature 397, 233–35 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Measurement of the Amplitude and Phase of a Sculpted Rydberg Wave Packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508–5511 (1998).
[Crossref]

Whitnell, R. M.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, K. R.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
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Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Autoionization of a quasicontinuum: Population trapping, self-trapping, and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A58, 1267–1274 (1998).

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Observation of a Nondecaying Wave Packet in a Two-Electron Atom” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5772–5775 (1998).
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Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Reconstruction of engineered atomic wave functions via phase-dependent population measurements,” Phys. Rev.A 56, 2316–2320 (1997).
[Crossref]

John A. Yeazell, Mark Mallalieu, and C. R. Stroud, “Observation of the collapse and revival of a Rydberg electronic wave packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2007–2010 (1990).
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Zobay, O.

O. Zobay and G. Alber, “Spontaneous photon emission in isolated-core excited Rydberg systems and dynamics of electronic wave packets” Phys. Rev. A54, 5361–5373 (1996).

Zoller, P.

G. Alber and P. Zoller, “Laser excitation of electronic wave packets in Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rep. 199, 231–280 (1991) and references therein.
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Nature (1)

T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Controlling the shape of a quantum wave function,” Nature 397, 233–35 (1999).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium:sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99, 89–94 (1993).
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Phys. Rep. (1)

G. Alber and P. Zoller, “Laser excitation of electronic wave packets in Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rep. 199, 231–280 (1991) and references therein.
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Phys. Rev. (12)

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-function shock waves,” Phys. Rev. A46, 4347–4353 (1992).

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Amplitude modulation of atomic wave functions,” Phys. Rev. A46, R2201–R2204 (1992).

F. Robicheaux, “Atomic dynamics with photon-dressed core states,” Phys. Rev. A47, 1391–1402 (1993).

L. D. Noordam, D. I. Duncan, and T. F. Gallagher, “Ramsey fringes in atomic Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A45, 4734–4737 (1992).

N.J. Druten and H.G. Muller, “Rydberg transitions induced by optical core dressing,” Phys. Rev. A52, 3047–3056 (1995).

F. Robicheaux and W. T. Hill III, “Autoionizing Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A54, 3276–3289 (1996).

O. Zobay and G. Alber, “Spontaneous photon emission in isolated-core excited Rydberg systems and dynamics of electronic wave packets” Phys. Rev. A54, 5361–5373 (1996).

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Autoionization of a quasicontinuum: Population trapping, self-trapping, and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A58, 1267–1274 (1998).

R. R. Jones, “Measurement of electronic radial probability distributions using time-resolved isolated core excitation,” Phys. Rev. A57, 446–451 (1998).

M. B. Campbell, T. J. Bensky, and R. R. Jones, “Observation of oscillations between degenerate bound-state configurations in rapidly autoionizing two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A57, 4616–4620 (1998).

B. J. Lyons, D. W. Schumacher, D. I. Duncan, R. R. Jones, and T. F. Gallagher, “Temporal dynamics of a two-electron wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A57, 3712–3718 (1998).

M. Strehle, U. Weichmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond time-resolved Rydberg wave-packet dynamics in the two-electron system calcium,” Phys. Rev. A58, 450–455 (1998).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (12)

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Observation of a Nondecaying Wave Packet in a Two-Electron Atom” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5772–5775 (1998).
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T. C. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Measurement of the Amplitude and Phase of a Sculpted Rydberg Wave Packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508–5511 (1998).
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D. W. Schumacher, B. J. Lyons, and T. F. Gallagher, “Wave Packets in Perturbed Rydberg Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4359–4362 (1997).
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I. Sh. Averbukh, M. J. J. Vrakking, D. M. Villeneuve, and Albert Stolow, “Wave Packet Isotope Separation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3518–3521 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwenter, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3360–3363 (1995).
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A. P. Heberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, “Ultrafast coherent control and destruction of excitons in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
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M. W. Noel and C. R. Stroud, “Excitation of an Atomic Electron to a Coherent Superposition of Macroscopically Distinct States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1913–1916 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Parker and C.R. Stroud, “Coherence and decay of Rydberg wave Packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 716–719 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. tenWolde, L.D. Noordam, H.G. Muller, A. Lagendijk, and H.B. van Linden van den Heuvell, “Observation of radially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2099–2101 (1988).
[Crossref]

John A. Yeazell, Mark Mallalieu, and C. R. Stroud, “Observation of the collapse and revival of a Rydberg electronic wave packet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2007–2010 (1990).
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[Crossref]

X. Wang and W.E. Cooke, “Wave-front autoionization: Classical decay of two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 976–979 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev.A (1)

Xin Chen and John A. Yeazell, “Reconstruction of engineered atomic wave functions via phase-dependent population measurements,” Phys. Rev.A 56, 2316–2320 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev.Lett. (1)

Lars G. Hanson and P. Lambropoulos, “Nondispersing wave packets in two-electron atoms: Atomic mode locking by loss modulation,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 74, 5009–5012(1995).
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A. Ekert and R. Jozsa, “Quantum computation and Shor’s factoring algorithm,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 733–53 (1996).
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Science (1)

W.S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of Quantum Dynamics: the Dream is Alive,” Science 259, 1581–89 (1983).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Figure 1.
Figure 1.

Experimental setup. The pump and probe pulses interact with the calcium atoms in the thermal beam in the presence of the core laser field. The interference in the total population of the Rydberg states is observed by ionizing those states and counting the resulting electrons.

Figure 2.
Figure 2.

The global phase of the superposition as a function of κ. In (a) experimental measurements are shown. In (b) the results of a theoretical model are shown. The change in this phase probes the modification of the coherence due to the core laser field. The importance of synchronization is seen by the resonance-like structure near κ=0.5 and 0.25. The error bars are derived from the noise in the measured Rydberg atom population.

Figure 3.
Figure 3.

The change in relative phase of neighboring states of the superposition as a function of κ. The theoretical model that produced Fig. 2(b) yields this curve. Note the rapid change in phase near κ=0.5.

Figure 4.
Figure 4.

The radial probability distribution of three wave packet for three values of κ in the vicinity of κ=0.50. The three values are κ=0.48 (blue curve, circle), κ=0.50 (red curve, square), and κ=0.52 (green curve, triangle). The wave packets are shown at the same fixed delay time of 86 ps. Note the localization of the ‘red’ wave packet at the outer turning point.

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