Abstract

A 10-Hz repetition rate, 60-TW peak power, Ti:sapphire laser system was developed for use in experiments where relativistic effects dominate the physics. The temporal, spectral, energy and spatial characteristics of the laser pulses were measured in single shot format. The pulse duration ranged from 22 fs to 25 fs and the pulse energy averaged 1.3 J. Atomic photoionization measurements quantified the peak intensity of the laser pulse in situ. The measurements indicated an intensity of at least 5×1019 W/cm2 was produced.

© Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, "Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers," Science 264, 917-923 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. R. Reiss, "Relativistic Effects in Strong Electromagnetic Fields," Opt. Express 2, 261-297 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org/opticsexpress/framestocv2n7.htm
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. White, H. Nathel, R. J. Blair, R. W. Falcone, "Multiterawatt, 100-fs laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 1406-1408 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. P. J. Barty, C. L.Gordon III, B. E. Lemoff, "Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system," Opt. Lett. 19,1442- 1444 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. P. Chambaret, C. L. Blanc, G. Cheriaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, F. Salin, "Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz," Opt. Lett. 21, 1921-1923 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, F. Salin "A laser system producing 5x10 19 W/cm 2 at 10 Hz," Appl. Phys. B 65, 197 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, C. P. J. Barty, "Generation of 16-fs, 10- TW pulses at 10 Hz repetition rate with efficient Ti:sapphire amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 23, 1468-1470 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, H. Takuma, O100-TW, sub-20-fs Ti:sapphire laser system operating at a 10-Hz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 23, 1468-1470 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. A. Mourou, C.P.J. Barty, M. D. Perry, "Ultrahigh-intensity lasers: physics of the extreme on the tabletop," Physics Today, 51 (1), 22-28 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, "MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527-1530 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, D. Umstadter, "Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering," Nature 396, 653-655 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, C. P. J. Barty, "Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction," Nature 398, 310-312 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Fsrster, J. L. Martin, A. Antonetti, "Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films," Nature 390, 490-492 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Kim, C. Toth, C. P. J. Barty, "Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay," Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129-4132 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. I. Moore, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, "Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton- scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439-2442 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima T, "Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter," Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45-58 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Zhou, G. Taft, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, "Pulse evolution in a broad-bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 1149-1467 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, "Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers," IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100-1114 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Comm. 56, 219-221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, "Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 18, 1651-1653 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. T-th, C. Rose-Petruck, C. P. J. Barty, "Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 430-40 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. L. Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, K. Yamakawa, "Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 21, 668-670 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, C. P. J. Barty, "Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441-444 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. J. Kane, R. Trebino, "Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse by using frequency-resolved optical gating," Opt. Lett. 18, 823-825 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. P. J. Barty, "Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers," Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109-111 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. C. Walker, C. Toth, D. N. Fittinghoff, T. Guo, "Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292-1299 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Strickland, S. L. Chin, "Laser ionization of noble gases by Coulomb-barrier suppression," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 858-867 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Other (30)

M. D. Perry, G. Mourou, "Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers," Science 264, 917-923 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Reiss, "Relativistic Effects in Strong Electromagnetic Fields," Opt. Express 2, 261-297 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org/opticsexpress/framestocv2n7.htm
[CrossRef]

A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. White, H. Nathel, R. J. Blair, R. W. Falcone, "Multiterawatt, 100-fs laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 1406-1408 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, C. L.Gordon III, B. E. Lemoff, "Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system," Opt. Lett. 19,1442- 1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Chambaret, C. L. Blanc, G. Cheriaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, F. Salin, "Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz," Opt. Lett. 21, 1921-1923 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, F. Salin "A laser system producing 5x10 19 W/cm 2 at 10 Hz," Appl. Phys. B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, C. P. J. Barty, "Generation of 16-fs, 10- TW pulses at 10 Hz repetition rate with efficient Ti:sapphire amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 23, 1468-1470 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, H. Takuma, O100-TW, sub-20-fs Ti:sapphire laser system operating at a 10-Hz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 23, 1468-1470 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Mourou, C.P.J. Barty, M. D. Perry, "Ultrahigh-intensity lasers: physics of the extreme on the tabletop," Physics Today, 51 (1), 22-28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, "MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527-1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, D. Umstadter, "Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering," Nature 396, 653-655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, C. P. J. Barty, "Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction," Nature 398, 310-312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Fsrster, J. L. Martin, A. Antonetti, "Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films," Nature 390, 490-492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, C. Toth, C. P. J. Barty, "Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay," Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129-4132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Moore, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, "Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton- scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439-2442 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima T, "Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter," Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45-58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, "Pulse evolution in a broad-bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 1149-1467 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, "Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers," IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100-1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Comm. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, "Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 18, 1651-1653 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. T-th, C. Rose-Petruck, C. P. J. Barty, "Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 430-40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. L. Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, K. Yamakawa, "Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 21, 668-670 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, C. P. J. Barty, "Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441-444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane, R. Trebino, "Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse by using frequency-resolved optical gating," Opt. Lett. 18, 823-825 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. P. J. Barty, "Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers," Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109-111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, C. Toth, D. N. Fittinghoff, T. Guo, "Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292-1299 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Strickland, S. L. Chin, "Laser ionization of noble gases by Coulomb-barrier suppression," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 858-867 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Supplementary Material (7)

» Media 1: MOV (392 KB)     
» Media 2: GIF (46 KB)     
» Media 3: GIF (36 KB)     
» Media 4: GIF (57 KB)     
» Media 5: GIF (62 KB)     
» Media 6: GIF (61 KB)     
» Media 7: GIF (42 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Figure 1.
Figure 1.

Picture schematics of (a) oscillator, (b) off-axis stretcher, (c) regenerative amplifier, (d) 4-pass amplifier, (e) final-amplifier, and (f) hybrid vacuum compressor. Zoom to take advantage of high resolution. Scale indicated by 1″ bolt pattern on optical tables. [Media 2] [Media 3] [Media 4] [Media 5] [Media 6] [Media 7]

Figure 2.
Figure 2.

Amplified beam in 2-D (a), line-out (b), and integrated pulse energy histogram (c).

Figure 3.
Figure 3.

(a) FROG traces as a function of compressor separation (0.29 Mb QuickTime animation). The mean time marginal (b), retrieved pulse spectrum (c) and spectral phase (d) are also shown. The error bars shown are one standard deviation of the single shot values.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Representative pulse parameters along the Ti:sapphire amplifier chain

Metrics