Abstract

A 10-Hz repetition rate, 60-TW peak power, Ti:sapphire laser system was developed for use in experiments where relativistic effects dominate the physics. The temporal, spectral, energy and spatial characteristics of the laser pulses were measured in single shot format. The pulse duration ranged from 22 fs to 25 fs and the pulse energy averaged 1.3 J. Atomic photoionization measurements quantified the peak intensity of the laser pulse in situ. The measurements indicated an intensity of at least 5×1019 W/cm2 was produced.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. B. C. Walker, C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, and T. Guo, “Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292–1299 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. M.V. Ammosov, N.B. Delone, and V.P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

1999 (5)

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, C. Tóth, and C. P. J. Barty, “Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129–4132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, and T. Guo, “Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292–1299 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (7)

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C.P.J. Barty, “Generation of 16-fs, 10-TW pulses at 10 Hz repetition rate with efficient Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW, sub-20-fs Ti:sapphire laser system operating at a 10-Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H.R. Reiss, “Relativistic Effects in Strong Electromagnetic Fields,” Opt. Exp. 2, 261–297 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org/opticsexpress/framestocv2n7.htm
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Mourou, C.P.J. Barty, and M. D. Perry, “Ultrahigh-intensity lasers: physics of the extreme on the tabletop,” Physics Today,  51 (1), 22–28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

C.I. Moore, J.P. Knauer, and D.D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton-scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439–2442 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (5)

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–923 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.P. Huang, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Pulse evolution in a broad-bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1149–1467 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.P.J. Barty, C.L. Gordon III, and B.E. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19,1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

1986 (1)

M.V. Ammosov, N.B. Delone, and V.P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Comm. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akahane, Y.

Albouy, P. A.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M.V.

M.V. Ammosov, N.B. Delone, and V.P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Antonetti, A.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Chambaret, C. L. Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921–1923 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoyama, M.

Audebert, P.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S.

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, C. Tóth, and C. P. J. Barty, “Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129–4132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. L. Blanc, F. Ráksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1651–1653 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C.P.J.

Blair, R. J.

Blanc, C. L.

Blasco, F.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brown, G. S.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalleri, A.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

Chamberet, J. P.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.Y.

S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chériaux, G.

Chin, S.L.

Curley, P.

Curley, P. F.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dapentigny, G.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Darpentigny, G.

Delone, N.B.

M.V. Ammosov, N.B. Delone, and V.P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

DiMauro, L. F.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

Fittinghoff, D.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, and T. Guo, “Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292–1299 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, J. C.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geindre, J. P.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, S.

Gordon III, C. L.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon III, C.L.

Guo, T.

Hamoniaux, G.

Hamster, H.

Harris, S. E.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C.P.

III,

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jimenez, R.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. White, H. Nathel, R. J. Blair, and R. W. Falcone, “Multiterawatt, 100-fs laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1406–1408 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H.C.

Kase, T.

Kim, D.

D. Kim, C. Tóth, and C. P. J. Barty, “Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129–4132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kishimoto, Y.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knauer, J.P.

C.I. Moore, J.P. Knauer, and D.D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton-scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439–2442 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainov, V.P.

M.V. Ammosov, N.B. Delone, and V.P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Krausz, F.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Blanc, C.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lemoff, B. E.

B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1651–1653 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemoff, B.E.

Macklin, J. J.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksimchuk, A.

S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. L.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

Meyerhofer, D.D.

C.I. Moore, J.P. Knauer, and D.D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton-scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439–2442 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Augst, D.D. Meyerhofer, D. Strickland, and S.L. Chin, “Laser ionization of noble gases by Coulomb-barrier suppression,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 858–867 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Moore, C.I.

C.I. Moore, J.P. Knauer, and D.D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton-scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439–2442 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–923 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Comm. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

G. A. Mourou, C.P.J. Barty, and M. D. Perry, “Ultrahigh-intensity lasers: physics of the extreme on the tabletop,” Physics Today,  51 (1), 22–28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M.M.

Nathel, H.

Perry, M. D.

G. A. Mourou, C.P.J. Barty, and M. D. Perry, “Ultrahigh-intensity lasers: physics of the extreme on the tabletop,” Physics Today,  51 (1), 22–28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–923 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raksi, F.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ráksi, F.

Ranc, S.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ray, G.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reiss, H.R.

H.R. Reiss, “Relativistic Effects in Strong Electromagnetic Fields,” Opt. Exp. 2, 261–297 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org/opticsexpress/framestocv2n7.htm
[CrossRef]

Rischel, C.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rose-Petruck, C.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. L. Blanc, F. Ráksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, P.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Chambaret, C. L. Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921–1923 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Chambaret, C. L. Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921–1923 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, A.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siders, C. W.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Squier, J. A.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

Sullivan, A.

T,

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taft, G.

Tajima, T.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takuma, H.

Tóth, C.

D. Kim, C. Tóth, and C. P. J. Barty, “Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129–4132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, and T. Guo, “Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292–1299 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tóth, C. S.

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Ueshima, Y.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Umstadter, D.

S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Uschmann, I.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, B. C.

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, and T. Guo, “Theoretical and experimental spectral phase error analysis for pulsed laser fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1292–1299 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

White, W.

Wilson, K. R.

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. L. Blanc, F. Ráksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Zhou, J.

Applied Physics B (1)

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chamberet, G. Cheriaux, G. Dapentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Ray, and F. Salin “A laser system producing 5x1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Applied Physics B 65, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quant. Elec. (1)

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. (1)

B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, D. N. Fittinghoff, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Hybrid vacuum-atmosphere compressors for ultrafast, high-peak power chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec. 4, 441–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser and Particle Beams (1)

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, T. Tajima, and T, “Laser Larmor X-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser and Particle Beams 17, 45–58 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

S.Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jimenez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. W. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty, “Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction,” Nature 398, 310–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P. A. Albouy, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, E. Förster, J. L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser-heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Comm. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

H.R. Reiss, “Relativistic Effects in Strong Electromagnetic Fields,” Opt. Exp. 2, 261–297 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org/opticsexpress/framestocv2n7.htm
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, H. Takuma, D. Fittinghoff, and C.P.J. Barty, “Generation of 16-fs, 10-TW pulses at 10 Hz repetition rate with efficient Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW, sub-20-fs Ti:sapphire laser system operating at a 10-Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. L. Blanc, F. Ráksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Chambaret, C. L. Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921–1923 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. White, H. Nathel, R. J. Blair, and R. W. Falcone, “Multiterawatt, 100-fs laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1406–1408 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse by using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 18, 823–825 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1651–1653 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.P. Huang, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Pulse evolution in a broad-bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1149–1467 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.P.J. Barty, C.L. Gordon III, and B.E. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19,1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Kim, C. Tóth, and C. P. J. Barty, “Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129–4132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C.I. Moore, J.P. Knauer, and D.D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of the transition from Thomson to Compton-scattering in multiphoton interactions with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2439–2442 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon III, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physics Today (1)

G. A. Mourou, C.P.J. Barty, and M. D. Perry, “Ultrahigh-intensity lasers: physics of the extreme on the tabletop,” Physics Today,  51 (1), 22–28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Inst. (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 69, 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–923 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M.V. Ammosov, N.B. Delone, and V.P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) (1)

C. Tóth, D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Pulse characterization techniques for sub-30 femtosecond terawatt lasers,” Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag) 63, 109–111 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

See, e.g. D. N. Fittinghoff, B. C. Walker, J. A. Squier, C. S. Tóth, C. Rose-Petruck, and C. P. J. Barty, “Dispersion considerations in ultrafast CPA systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Elec.4, 430–40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (7)

» Media 1: MOV (392 KB)     
» Media 2: GIF (46 KB)     
» Media 3: GIF (36 KB)     
» Media 4: GIF (57 KB)     
» Media 5: GIF (62 KB)     
» Media 6: GIF (61 KB)     
» Media 7: GIF (42 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Figure 1.
Figure 1.

Picture schematics of (a) oscillator, (b) off-axis stretcher, (c) regenerative amplifier, (d) 4-pass amplifier, (e) final-amplifier, and (f) hybrid vacuum compressor. Zoom to take advantage of high resolution. Scale indicated by 1″ bolt pattern on optical tables. [Media 2] [Media 3] [Media 4] [Media 5] [Media 6] [Media 7]

Figure 2.
Figure 2.

Amplified beam in 2-D (a), line-out (b), and integrated pulse energy histogram (c).

Figure 3.
Figure 3.

(a) FROG traces as a function of compressor separation (0.29 Mb QuickTime animation). The mean time marginal (b), retrieved pulse spectrum (c) and spectral phase (d) are also shown. The error bars shown are one standard deviation of the single shot values.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Representative pulse parameters along the Ti:sapphire amplifier chain

Metrics