K. Furutsu, “Diffusion equation derived from the space-time transport equation in anisotropic random media,” J.Math.Phys. 24, 765–777 (1997).

T. Durduran, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, and D. A. Boas, “Does the photon diffusion coefficient depend on absorption?,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3358–3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

C. L. Matson, “A diffraction tomographic model of the forward problem using diffuse photon density waves,” Opt. Express 1, 6–11 (1997).http://epubs.osa.org/oearchive/source/1884.htm

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Hebden, “Optical Imaging in Medicine: II. Modelling and reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 841–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,”Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, “Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light,” Phys. Today 48, 34–40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. A. Boas, M. A. O’Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneties within turbid media: analytic solution and applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4887–4891 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. B. Fishkin and E. Gratton, “Propagation of photon density waves in strongly scattering media containing an absorbing ‘semi-infinite’ plane bounded by a straight edge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 127–140 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med.Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Graaff, M. H. Koelink, F. F. M. de Mul, W. G. Zijlstra, A. C. M. Dassel, and J. G. Aarnoudse, “Condensed Monte Carlo simulations for the description of light transport,” Appl. Opt. 32, 426–434 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Refraction of diffuse photon density waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2658–2661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Schmitt, A. Knuttel, and J. R. Knutson, “Interference of diffusive light waves,” J.Opt.Soc.Am.A 9, 1832 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Cope, “The Development of a Near-Infrared Spectroscopy System and Its Application for Noninvasive Monitoring of Cerebral Blood and Tissue Oxygenation in the Newborn Infant,” University College London (1991).

S. Wray, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Characteristics of the near infrared absorption spectra of cytochrome aa3 and hemoglobin for the noninvasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation.,” Biochim Biophys Acta 933, 184–192 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Devaney, “Reconstruction tomography with diffractive wave-fields,” Inverse Problems 2, 161–183 (1986).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Hebden, “Optical Imaging in Medicine: II. Modelling and reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 841–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med.Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Cheng and D. A. Boas, “Diffuse optical reflectance tomography with continuous-wave illumination,” Opt. Express 3, 118–123 (1998)http://epubs.osa.org/oearchive/source/5663.htm.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Durduran, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, and D. A. Boas, “Does the photon diffusion coefficient depend on absorption?,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3358–3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, M. A. O’Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneties within turbid media: analytic solution and applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4887–4891 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Refraction of diffuse photon density waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2658–2661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Durduran, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, and D. A. Boas, “Does the photon diffusion coefficient depend on absorption?,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3358–3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).

[CrossRef]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, “Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light,” Phys. Today 48, 34–40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, M. A. O’Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneties within turbid media: analytic solution and applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4887–4891 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Refraction of diffuse photon density waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2658–2661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Cope, “The Development of a Near-Infrared Spectroscopy System and Its Application for Noninvasive Monitoring of Cerebral Blood and Tissue Oxygenation in the Newborn Infant,” University College London (1991).

S. Wray, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Characteristics of the near infrared absorption spectra of cytochrome aa3 and hemoglobin for the noninvasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation.,” Biochim Biophys Acta 933, 184–192 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med.Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wray, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Characteristics of the near infrared absorption spectra of cytochrome aa3 and hemoglobin for the noninvasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation.,” Biochim Biophys Acta 933, 184–192 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Devaney, “Reconstruction tomography with diffractive wave-fields,” Inverse Problems 2, 161–183 (1986).

[CrossRef]

T. Durduran, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, and D. A. Boas, “Does the photon diffusion coefficient depend on absorption?,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3358–3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambirdge Univ. Press, New York,1988) Ch2 p52.

K. Furutsu, “Diffusion equation derived from the space-time transport equation in anisotropic random media,” J.Math.Phys. 24, 765–777 (1997).

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Hebden, “Optical Imaging in Medicine: II. Modelling and reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 841–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “A transport-theory based reconstruction algorithm for optical tomography,” B. Chance, R. Alfano, and B. Tromberg ed., SPIE BiOS99, San Jose, CA, (SPIE,1999).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med.Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,”Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. C. Kak and M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, New York,1988).

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “A transport-theory based reconstruction algorithm for optical tomography,” B. Chance, R. Alfano, and B. Tromberg ed., SPIE BiOS99, San Jose, CA, (SPIE,1999).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Schmitt, A. Knuttel, and J. R. Knutson, “Interference of diffusive light waves,” J.Opt.Soc.Am.A 9, 1832 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. M. Schmitt, A. Knuttel, and J. R. Knutson, “Interference of diffusive light waves,” J.Opt.Soc.Am.A 9, 1832 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, M. A. O’Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneties within turbid media: analytic solution and applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4887–4891 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Refraction of diffuse photon density waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2658–2661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambirdge Univ. Press, New York,1988) Ch2 p52.

J. M. Schmitt, A. Knuttel, and J. R. Knutson, “Interference of diffusive light waves,” J.Opt.Soc.Am.A 9, 1832 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med.Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. C. Kak and M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, New York,1988).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambirdge Univ. Press, New York,1988) Ch2 p52.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambirdge Univ. Press, New York,1988) Ch2 p52.

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,”Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wray, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Characteristics of the near infrared absorption spectra of cytochrome aa3 and hemoglobin for the noninvasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation.,” Biochim Biophys Acta 933, 184–192 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, “Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light,” Phys. Today 48, 34–40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

T. Durduran, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, and D. A. Boas, “Does the photon diffusion coefficient depend on absorption?,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3358–3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, M. A. O’Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneties within turbid media: analytic solution and applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4887–4891 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Refraction of diffuse photon density waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2658–2661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,”Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 54–68 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wray, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, “Characteristics of the near infrared absorption spectra of cytochrome aa3 and hemoglobin for the noninvasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation.,” Biochim Biophys Acta 933, 184–192 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,”Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Devaney, “Reconstruction tomography with diffractive wave-fields,” Inverse Problems 2, 161–183 (1986).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. D. Paulsen, U. L. Osterberg, B. W. Pogue, and M. S. Patterson, “Optical image reconstruction using frequency-domain data: Simulations and experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 253–266 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. B. Fishkin and E. Gratton, “Propagation of photon density waves in strongly scattering media containing an absorbing ‘semi-infinite’ plane bounded by a straight edge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 127–140 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Durduran, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, and D. A. Boas, “Does the photon diffusion coefficient depend on absorption?,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3358–3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

K. Furutsu, “Diffusion equation derived from the space-time transport equation in anisotropic random media,” J.Math.Phys. 24, 765–777 (1997).

J. M. Schmitt, A. Knuttel, and J. R. Knutson, “Interference of diffusive light waves,” J.Opt.Soc.Am.A 9, 1832 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “A finite element approach for modeling photon transport in tissue,” Med.Phys. 20, 299–309 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biochemical imaging with diffuse-photon density waves,” Opt. Lett. 22, 573–575 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. D. Li, T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. N. Pattanayak, “Diffraction tomography for biomedical imaging with diffuse photon density waves: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1198 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Hebden, “Optical Imaging in Medicine: II. Modelling and reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 42, 841–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Refraction of diffuse photon density waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2658–2661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, “Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light,” Phys. Today 48, 34–40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, M. A. O’Leary, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, “Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneties within turbid media: analytic solution and applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4887–4891 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambirdge Univ. Press, New York,1988) Ch2 p52.

A. C. Kak and M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, New York,1988).

“Trends in Optics and Photonics Series,” R. Alfano ed., Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration,Orlando, FLA, (OSA,1996).

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “A transport-theory based reconstruction algorithm for optical tomography,” B. Chance, R. Alfano, and B. Tromberg ed., SPIE BiOS99, San Jose, CA, (SPIE,1999).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, J. P. Kaltenbach, R. L. Barbour, and G. Muller ed., Bellingham, Wa, (Proc. SPIE,1993).

M. Cope, “The Development of a Near-Infrared Spectroscopy System and Its Application for Noninvasive Monitoring of Cerebral Blood and Tissue Oxygenation in the Newborn Infant,” University College London (1991).