Homogeneous, periodic, quasiperiodic, irregular and disordered spatial structures have been at the heart of scientific interest and research for a long time and in many disciplines as diverse as chemistry, physics, biology and morphology. Some recent, spectacular achievements in experimental quantum optics have, however, made it possible to study quantum effects in a variety of spatial structures. The main aim of this Focus Issue is to present some of the most recent theoretical, numerical and experimental progresses in the area of Quantum Structures, i.e. spatial structures that display quantum features. A short background overview of Quantum Structures is provided at the beginning of this Focus Issue, in which individual authors' works are specifically commented. In brief, we can say that the articles can be catalogued into two main areas of research interest in Quantum Structures: quantum effects in spatial structures in nonlinear optics, and in atomic physics.
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