Abstract

High intensity laser filamentation in air has recently demonstrated that, through plasma generation and its associated shockwave, fog can be cleared around the beam, leaving an optically transparent path to transmit light. However, for practical applications like free-space optical communication (FSO), channels of multi-centimeter diameters over kilometer ranges are required, which is extremely challenging for a plasma based method. Here we report a radically different approach, based on quantum control. We demonstrate that fog clearing can also be achieved by producing molecular quantum wakes in air, and that neither plasma generation nor filamentation are required. The effect is clearly associated with the rephasing time of the rotational wave packet in N2.Pump excitation provided in the form of resonant trains of 8 pulses separated by the revival time are able to transmit optical data through fog with initial extinction as much as −6 dB.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (1)

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

2017 (1)

2016 (4)

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Liang, D. L. Weerawarne, P. Krogen, R. I. Grynko, C.-J. Lai, B. Shim, F. X. Kärtner, and K.-H. Hong, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in air at a kilohertz repetition rate,” Optica 3(7), 678 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Whalen, M. Kolesik, and J. V. Moloney, “Super high power mid-infrared femtosecond light bullet,” Nat. Photonics 9(8), 543–548 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. K. Wahlstrand, N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, S. Zahedpour, and H. M. Milchberg, “Direct imaging of the acoustic waves generated by femtosecond filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Zahedpour, J. Wahlstrand, and H. Milchberg, “Quantum Control of Molecular Gas Hydrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143601 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, and M. Fink, “Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media,” Nat. Photonics 6(5), 283–292 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 372–377 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. P. Cryan, P. H. Bucksbaum, and R. N. Coffee, “Field-free alignment in repetitively kicked nitrogen gas,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063412 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. Skupin, L. Bergé, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, “Interaction of femtosecond light filaments with obscurants in aerosols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Self-healing femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 590 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J.-P. Wolf, “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7117–7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Couairon and L. Bergé, “Light Filaments in Air for Ultraviolet and Infrared Wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 135003 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1990 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond Pulse Sequences Used for Optical Manipulation of Molecular Motion,” Science 247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Ališauskas, S.

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Voronin, A. Zheltikov, M. Petrarca, P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Mid-infrared laser filamentation in molecular gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3194 (2013).
[Crossref]

André, Y.-B.

Andriukaitis, G.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Antonsen, T.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Austin, D. R.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Voronin, A. Zheltikov, M. Petrarca, P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Mid-infrared laser filamentation in molecular gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3194 (2013).
[Crossref]

Béjot, P.

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bergé, L.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Skupin, L. Bergé, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, “Interaction of femtosecond light filaments with obscurants in aerosols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and L. Bergé, “Light Filaments in Air for Ultraviolet and Infrared Wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 135003 (2002).
[Crossref]

Birnbaum, R.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blochet, B.

Bondareff, P.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boniface, A.

Boutou, V.

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J.-P. Wolf, “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7117–7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bromberg, Y.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 372–377 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

J. P. Cryan, P. H. Bucksbaum, and R. N. Coffee, “Field-free alignment in repetitively kicked nitrogen gas,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063412 (2009).
[Crossref]

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chatel, B.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. H.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-H.

Cheng, Y. H.

Cheng, Y.-H.

Chien, C. Y.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

Coffee, R. N.

J. P. Cryan, P. H. Bucksbaum, and R. N. Coffee, “Field-free alignment in repetitively kicked nitrogen gas,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063412 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

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G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
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F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
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F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
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S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
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O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
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A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, and M. Fink, “Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media,” Nat. Photonics 6(5), 283–292 (2012).
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A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
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F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
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F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
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O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
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D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
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J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
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Gurin, S.

M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
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O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
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M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
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Houard, A.

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
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G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
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Ina, H.

Jauslin, H. R.

M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
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Jhajj, N.

Johnston, T. W.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
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Joshi, C.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
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Jukna, V.

Kaminer, I.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
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Kartashov, D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kasparian, J.

G. Schimmel, T. Produit, D. Mongin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Free space laser telecommunication through fog,” Optica 5(10), 1338 (2018).
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L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
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D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
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D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Voronin, A. Zheltikov, M. Petrarca, P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Mid-infrared laser filamentation in molecular gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3194 (2013).
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L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
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J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J.-P. Wolf, “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7117–7120 (2003).
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F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Katz, O.

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
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O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 372–377 (2011).
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F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

Klingebiel, S.

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, S.

Koch, S. W.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
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Kolesik, M.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Whalen, M. Kolesik, and J. V. Moloney, “Super high power mid-infrared femtosecond light bullet,” Nat. Photonics 9(8), 543–548 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Self-healing femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 590 (2004).
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Krogen, P.

Lagendijk, A.

A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, and M. Fink, “Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media,” Nat. Photonics 6(5), 283–292 (2012).
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O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
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Larkin, I.

Lavorel, B.

M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
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Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond Pulse Sequences Used for Optical Manipulation of Molecular Motion,” Science 247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990).
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Lederer, F.

S. Skupin, L. Bergé, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, “Interaction of femtosecond light filaments with obscurants in aerosols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 023901 (2004).
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A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, and M. Fink, “Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media,” Nat. Photonics 6(5), 283–292 (2012).
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O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Liang, Q.

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

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D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Méjean, G.

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mercure, H. P.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

Metzger, T.

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Michel, K.

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
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S. Zahedpour, J. Wahlstrand, and H. Milchberg, “Quantum Control of Molecular Gas Hydrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143601 (2014).
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Milchberg, H. M.

Milián, C.

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mitrofanov, A. V.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Whalen, M. Kolesik, and J. V. Moloney, “Super high power mid-infrared femtosecond light bullet,” Nat. Photonics 9(8), 543–548 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Self-healing femtosecond light filaments,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 590 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mondelain, D.

Mongin, D.

G. Schimmel, T. Produit, D. Mongin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Free space laser telecommunication through fog,” Optica 5(10), 1338 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mosk, A. P.

A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, and M. Fink, “Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media,” Nat. Photonics 6(5), 283–292 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. M. Vellekoop and A. P. Mosk, “Focusing coherent light through opaque strongly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2309 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mounaix, M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond Pulse Sequences Used for Optical Manipulation of Molecular Motion,” Science 247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990).
[Crossref]

Nemirovsky, J.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nemirovsky, R. A.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nuter, R.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

Orr, I.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Palastro, J. P.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Panagiotopoulos, P.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Whalen, M. Kolesik, and J. V. Moloney, “Super high power mid-infrared femtosecond light bullet,” Nat. Photonics 9(8), 543–548 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-G.

Peépin, H.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peschel, U.

S. Skupin, L. Bergé, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, “Interaction of femtosecond light filaments with obscurants in aerosols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petrarca, M.

Piestun, R.

Pigeon, J.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Pogorelsky, I.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Point, G.

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

Polyanskiy, M.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Produit, T.

Pugžlys, A.

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Voronin, A. Zheltikov, M. Petrarca, P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Mid-infrared laser filamentation in molecular gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3194 (2013).
[Crossref]

Renard, M.

M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rizk, F. A.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rosenthal, E. W.

E. W. Rosenthal, N. Jhajj, I. Larkin, S. Zahedpour, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Energy deposition of single femtosecond filaments in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 366 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. K. Wahlstrand, N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, S. Zahedpour, and H. M. Milchberg, “Direct imaging of the acoustic waves generated by femtosecond filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Salmon, E.

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J.-P. Wolf, “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7117–7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schimmel, G.

Schubert, E.

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Houard, V. Jukna, G. Point, Y.-B. André, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, K. Michel, T. Metzger, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of filamentation with a high power high repetition rate ps laser at 1.03 µm,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7437 (2016).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shim, B.

Shumakova, V.

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

Siders, C. W.

Siders, J. L. W.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 372–377 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sirignano, W. A.

W. A. Sirignano, Fluid dynamics and transport of droplets and sprays, second edition (Cambridge University Press, Irving, 2010), 2nd ed.

Skupin, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Skupin, L. Bergé, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, “Interaction of femtosecond light filaments with obscurants in aerosols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

Small, E.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 372–377 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, E. A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tajalli, A.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takeda, M.

Taylor, A. J.

Tochitsky, S.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y.-H. Chen, S. Varma, A. York, and H. M. Milchberg, “Single-shot, space- and time-resolved measurement of rotational wavepacket revivals in H2, D2, N2, O2, and N2O,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11341–11357 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vellekoop, I. M.

Vidal, F.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

Voronin, A.

Voronin, A. A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wahlstrand, J.

S. Zahedpour, J. Wahlstrand, and H. Milchberg, “Quantum Control of Molecular Gas Hydrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

Walmsley, I. A.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Weerawarne, D. L.

Weiner, A. M.

C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, A. J. Taylor, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient high-energy pulse-train generation using a 2ˆn -pulse michelson interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5302–5305 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond Pulse Sequences Used for Optical Manipulation of Molecular Motion,” Science 247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990).
[Crossref]

Welch, E.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Whalen, P.

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Whalen, M. Kolesik, and J. V. Moloney, “Super high power mid-infrared femtosecond light bullet,” Nat. Photonics 9(8), 543–548 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond Pulse Sequences Used for Optical Manipulation of Molecular Motion,” Science 247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J. P.

J. P. Wolf, “Short-pulse lasers for weather control,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026001 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

Wright, E. M.

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z.

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

York, A.

Yu, J.

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J.-P. Wolf, “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7117–7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zahedpour, S.

Zheltikov, A.

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

D. Mongin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, E. Schubert, A. Pugžlys, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and A. Baltuška, “Conductivity and discharge guiding properties of mid-IR laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(10), 267 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. De La Cruz, E. Schubert, D. Mongin, S. Klingebiel, M. Schultze, T. Metzger, K. Michel, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “High repetition rate ultrashort laser cuts a path through fog,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(25), 251105 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. L. Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Peépin, and F. A. Rizk, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28(2), 418–433 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Huang, C. Wu, N. Xu, Q. Liang, Z. Wu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Field-induced alignment of oxygen and nitrogen by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110(34), 10179–10184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, and B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 447 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (5)

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 372–377 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, and M. Fink, “Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media,” Nat. Photonics 6(5), 283–292 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Whalen, M. Kolesik, and J. V. Moloney, “Super high power mid-infrared femtosecond light bullet,” Nat. Photonics 9(8), 543–548 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Tochitsky, E. Welch, M. Polyanskiy, I. Pogorelsky, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, J. Pigeon, and C. Joshi, “Megafilament in air formed by self-guided terawatt long-wavelength infrared laser,” Nat. Photonics 13(1), 41–46 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optica (3)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

J. P. Cryan, P. H. Bucksbaum, and R. N. Coffee, “Field-free alignment in repetitively kicked nitrogen gas,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063412 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Renard, E. Hertz, S. Gurin, H. R. Jauslin, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, “Control of field-free molecular alignment by phase-shaped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72(2), 025401 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Varma, Y. H. Chen, J. P. Palastro, A. B. Fallahkair, E. W. Rosenthal, T. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Molecular quantum wake-induced pulse shaping and extension of femtosecond air filaments,” Phys. Rev. A 86(2), 023850 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 021801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

A. Couairon and L. Bergé, “Light Filaments in Air for Ultraviolet and Infrared Wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 135003 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123006 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Skupin, L. Bergé, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, “Interaction of femtosecond light filaments with obscurants in aerosols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 023901 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Zahedpour, J. Wahlstrand, and H. Milchberg, “Quantum Control of Molecular Gas Hydrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 143601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (2)

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. P. Wolf, “Short-pulse lasers for weather control,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8368 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond Pulse Sequences Used for Optical Manipulation of Molecular Motion,” Science 247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. A. Sirignano, Fluid dynamics and transport of droplets and sprays, second edition (Cambridge University Press, Irving, 2010), 2nd ed.

Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Shock wave produced in a cloud by a sequence of 8 pulses resonant with the rotational revival time
» Visualization 2       Lack of shock wave in a cloud when a sequence of 8 pulses is detuned from resonance resonant with the rotational revival time

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Quantum wake clearing of fog: a series of $8$ pulses of $56$ fs are generated by a nested Michelson interferometer (pulse stacker [32]) and softly focused into a fog chamber. The interval between the pulses can be tuned on- or off-resonance with the rotational revival times $T_R$ of the nitrogen molecules in air. Clearing of the fog is assessed with a counter-propagating CW laser at telecom wavelength ($1.55$$\mu$m) and a photodiode that measures the transmission. In addition a synchronized Nd:YAG laser is used for imaging the induced shockwave by shadowgraphy and interferometry
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Coherent control of the rotational quantum wake induced shockwave in fog. Visualized through shadowgraphic measurements. Left: train with pulse intervals slightly detuned from resonance: $8.66$ ps; Right: train of $8$ pulses tuned in resonance with the full revival time for N$_2$: $8.36$ ps . Delay between TiSa pump and Nd:YAG probe: $4$$\mu$s. Total energy of the pump pulse train: $3.8$ mJ
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Change in air refractive index due to rotational gas heating, measured by interferometry. Left: detuned pulse train: $8.66$ ps; Right: resonant pulse train at full revival time for N$_2$: $8.36$ ps . Delay between TiSa pump and Nd:YAG probe: $500$$\mu$s. The insets show the shift in the refractive index for time delays of $200$, $400$, $600$ and $800$ $\mu$s after the pump, in order of deepest to shallowest.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Fog clearing induced by the rotational quantum wake. Transmission gain in the case of (a) No fog with the $8$ pulse train pump laser, (b) Fog ($1.3\times 10^5$ cm$^{-3}$ droplet concentration) with the $8$ pulse train tuned on-resonance with the quantum wake rephasing time, and (c) Fog ($0.7\times 10^5$ cm$^{-3}$ droplet concentration) with the $8$ pulse train tuned off-resonance with the quantum wake rephasing time. Total energy of the pump: $3.8$ mJ. Transmission is normalized to 1 in each case, corresponding to the situation where no pump is present ($t < 0$).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Fog clearing induced by the rotational quantum wake as a function of the initial signal attenuation caused by different fog densities 5(a). Clearing is efficient for all densities in the case of a pulse train in resonance with the rephasing time, and the efficiency increases with the initial density (see text). Clearing is strongly reduced for the off-resonant case. 5(b) comparison with the plasma induced shockwave - Purple: single pulse of $3.8$ mJ (entire energy of the train in one pulse), Blue : single pulse of $0.48$ mJ (one pulse of the train). Transmission is normalized to $1$ in each case, corresponding to the situation where no pump is present ($t < 0$).

Equations (1)

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| Ψ R ( t ) = J , m c J , m | J , m e i E R t / ,

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