Abstract

In this letter, a high-power supercontinuum (SC) generation is achieved in an InF3 fiber with a maximum all bands output power of 7 W and spectrum extension up to 4.7 μm. An actively Q-switched mode-locked (QML) Tm3+-doped fiber single-oscillator has been used to pump the fluoride fiber. At the average power level of 15 W, the most energetic QML pulse provided by the fiber laser had an energy of 88 μJ and an estimated peak power of 60 kW. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimental demonstration of a Watt-level range supercontinuum generation in an InF3 fiber pumped by a single-oscillator laser system.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

2014 (3)

2012 (1)

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2013).

Anderson, R. R.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Benson, S. V.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chandler, W.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Couderc, V.

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z.

Douglas, D. R.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dylla, H.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Egashira, K.

Eichhorn, M.

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Farinelli, W.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Gubeli III, J.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guelachvili, G.

He, X.

Hee, M.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Huss, G.

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jordan, K.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kieleck, C.

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, M.

Labruyère, A.

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laubach, H.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Leproux, P.

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, K.

Mandon, J.

Manstein, D.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Maze, G.

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Michalska, M.

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Neil, G. R.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

Puliafito, C.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schuman, J.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Shinn, M.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sorokin, E.

Sorokina, I. T.

Stinson, W.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Swanson, E.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Swiderski, J.

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tan, F.

Titterton, D. H.

D. H. Titterton, “A review of the development of optical countermeasures,” in Technologies for Optical Countermeasures, vol. 5615 International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–15

Tonello, A.

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Williams, G. P.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, T.

Xue, G.

Yang, L.

Yang, W.

Yaroslavsky, A. N.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yin, K.

Zhang, B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, and G. Maze, “High power supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers pumped by 2 μm pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 150–153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli III, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: A free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. Labruyère, A. Tonello, V. Couderc, G. Huss, and P. Leproux, “Compact supercontinuum sources and their biomedical applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 375–378 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, and C. Puliafito, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

D. H. Titterton, “A review of the development of optical countermeasures,” in Technologies for Optical Countermeasures, vol. 5615 International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–15

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2013).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic setup of the thulium-doped fiber laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic of the experimental setup used to generate SC radiation.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Output power versus launched pump power in QML operation for different QS repetition rates.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. QML pulse train measured at an output power of 15 W and a QS repetition rate of 60 kHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Left: SC output power versus launched pump power in all bands and with two optical long wave pass filters; Right: Output spectra for three different launched pump power levels.

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