Abstract

We report that high-conversion efficiency of nearly 50% has been realized by combining a commercially available Ti:Sapphire femtosecond, 1 kHz laser system and an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). For an input energy of 2.2 mJ/pulse at 1 kHz and 35 fs duration, the total OPA output energy of the signal plus idler pulses is 1.09 mJ/pulse at a signal wavelength of 1310 nm. We found that the output beam profile is almost flat-top due to high gain saturation in the OPA. Using the signal pulse, we generate high-harmonics in gases and measure the velocity map images of photoelectrons ionized from argon gas as a function of the signal wavelength. We observe that in a particular range of the high-harmonic photon energy, a four-fold photoelectron angular structure is observed in the low kinetic energy region. Our results indicate that the output pulses with the high-conversion efficiency OPA and super Gaussian beam profile can be used for experiments requiring generation of tunable high-harmonics in the extreme ultra-violet region.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (2)

Y. Fu, K. Midorikawa, and E. J. Takahashi, “Towards a petawatt-class fewcycle infrared laser system via dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7692–7702 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

D. M. Villeneuve, P. Hockett, M. J. J. Vrakking, and H. Niikura, “Coherent imaging of an attosecond electron wave packet,” Science 356(6343), 1150–1153 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kaneshima, N. Ishii, K. Takeuchi, and J. Itatani, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable mid-infrared pulses via dual-wavelength optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8660–8665 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (4)

C. Ding, W. Xiong, T. Fan, D. D. Hickstein, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhang, M. Walls, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High flux coherent super-continuum soft X-ray source driven by a single-stage, 10mJ, Ti:sapphire amplifier-pumped OPA,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6194–6202 (2014).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Hong, C.-J. Lai, J. P. Siqueira, P. Krogen, J. Moses, C.-L. Chang, G. J. Stein, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Multi-mJ, kHz, 2.1 µm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and high-flux soft x-ray high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3145–3148 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Balčiūnas, G. Y. Fan, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2547–2549 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041111 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2003 (2)

1997 (1)

A. T. J. B. Eppink and D. H. Parker, “Velocity map imaging of ions and electrons using electrostatic lenses: Application in photoelectron and photofragment ion imaging of molecular oxygen,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3477–3484 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Parent, M. Morin, and P. Lavigne, “Propagation of super-Gaussian field distributions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(9), S1071–S1079 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alisauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allison, T. K.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alnaser, A. S.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Balčiūnas, G. Y. Fan, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2547–2549 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Austin, D. R.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bagini, V.

Bagnoud, V.

Balciunas, T.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Balčiūnas, G. Y. Fan, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2547–2549 (2012).
[Crossref]

Balcou, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref]

Baltuska, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

Bandulet, H.-C.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beaulieu, S.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Begishev, I. A.

Benedetti, E.

Bertrand, J. B.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

Boivin, M.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Borghi, R.

Brahms, C.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brambila, D.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brown, S.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buchvarov, I.

Calegari, F.

Cerullo, G.

Chang, C.-L.

Chen, M. C.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cingöz, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Comtois, D.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

Deng, Y.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, C.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eppink, A. T. J. B.

A. T. J. B. Eppink and D. H. Parker, “Velocity map imaging of ions and electrons using electrostatic lenses: Application in photoelectron and photofragment ion imaging of molecular oxygen,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3477–3484 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fan, G. Y.

Fan, T.

Fermann, M. E.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu, K. Midorikawa, and E. J. Takahashi, “Towards a petawatt-class fewcycle infrared laser system via dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7692–7702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Fu, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 5082–5085 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gademann, G.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gasilov, S.

Ghotbi, M.

Giguère, M.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giuére, M.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gori, F.

Gregory, A.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guardalben, M. J.

Hartl, I.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Harvey, A. G.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hernández-García, C.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hickstein, D. D.

Hockett, P.

D. M. Villeneuve, P. Hockett, M. J. J. Vrakking, and H. Niikura, “Coherent imaging of an attosecond electron wave packet,” Science 356(6343), 1150–1153 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hoffnagle, J. A.

Holzner, K. B.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hong, K.-H.

Ibrahim, H.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ishii, N.

Itatani, J.

Ivanov, M. Y.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jarosch, S.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Johnson, A. S.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kajiumba, N.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kanai, T.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kaneshima, K.

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. Ding, W. Xiong, T. Fan, D. D. Hickstein, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhang, M. Walls, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High flux coherent super-continuum soft X-ray source driven by a single-stage, 10mJ, Ti:sapphire amplifier-pumped OPA,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6194–6202 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keegan, J.

Kelkensberg, F.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kieffer, J.-C.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. T.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krogen, P.

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lai, C.-J.

Laramee, A.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Larsen, E. W.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lassonde, P.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lavigne, P.

A. Parent, M. Morin, and P. Lavigne, “Propagation of super-Gaussian field distributions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(9), S1071–S1079 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lebrun, G.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Legare, F.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Légaré, F.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref]

Litvinyuk, I. V.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marangos, J. P.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Fu, K. Midorikawa, and E. J. Takahashi, “Towards a petawatt-class fewcycle infrared laser system via dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7692–7702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Fu, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 5082–5085 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Morin, M.

A. Parent, M. Morin, and P. Lavigne, “Propagation of super-Gaussian field distributions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(9), S1071–S1079 (1992).
[Crossref]

Moses, J.

Mücke, O. D.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

C. Ding, W. Xiong, T. Fan, D. D. Hickstein, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhang, M. Walls, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High flux coherent super-continuum soft X-ray source driven by a single-stage, 10mJ, Ti:sapphire amplifier-pumped OPA,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6194–6202 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Niikura, H.

D. M. Villeneuve, P. Hockett, M. J. J. Vrakking, and H. Niikura, “Coherent imaging of an attosecond electron wave packet,” Science 356(6343), 1150–1153 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nikolov, I.

Nisoli, M.

Noack, F.

Ozaki, T.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pacileo, A. M.

Parent, A.

A. Parent, M. Morin, and P. Lavigne, “Propagation of super-Gaussian field distributions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(9), S1071–S1079 (1992).
[Crossref]

Parker, D. H.

A. T. J. B. Eppink and D. H. Parker, “Velocity map imaging of ions and electrons using electrostatic lenses: Application in photoelectron and photofragment ion imaging of molecular oxygen,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3477–3484 (1997).
[Crossref]

Parker, S.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Plaja, L.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poitras, F.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, D.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, T.

C. Ding, W. Xiong, T. Fan, D. D. Hickstein, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhang, M. Walls, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High flux coherent super-continuum soft X-ray source driven by a single-stage, 10mJ, Ti:sapphire amplifier-pumped OPA,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6194–6202 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pugžlys, A.

Puth, J.

Rayner, D. M.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rouzée, A.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ruehl, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sansone, G.

Santarsiero, M.

Schmidt, B. E.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shealy, D. L.

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shiner, A. D.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Siqueira, J. P.

Siu, W. K.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, O.

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

Stein, G. J.

Strüber, C.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, E. J.

Y. Fu, K. Midorikawa, and E. J. Takahashi, “Towards a petawatt-class fewcycle infrared laser system via dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7692–7702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Fu, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 5082–5085 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, K.

Thire, N.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thiré, N.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tisch, J. W. G.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tong, X.-M.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Trallero-Herrero, C.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Trallero-Herrero, C. A.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tzankov, P.

Villeneuve, D. M.

D. M. Villeneuve, P. Hockett, M. J. J. Vrakking, and H. Niikura, “Coherent imaging of an attosecond electron wave packet,” Science 356(6343), 1150–1153 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giuére, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vozzi, C.

Vrakking, M. J. J.

D. M. Villeneuve, P. Hockett, M. J. J. Vrakking, and H. Niikura, “Coherent imaging of an attosecond electron wave packet,” Science 356(6343), 1150–1153 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Walls, M.

Wanie, V.

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Waxer, L. J.

Wood, D.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xiong, W.

Ye, J.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ye, P.

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yost, D. C.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zapata, L. E.

Zhang, X.

Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041111 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajiumba, B. E. Schmidt, J. B. Bertrand, K. T. Kim, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J.-C. Kieffer, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, F. Légaré, and D. M. Villeneuve, “High harmonic cut-off energy scaling and laser intensity measurement with a 1.8 µm laser source,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(17), 1458–1465 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (3)

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Wanie, H. Ibrahim, S. Beaulieu, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Deng, A. S. Alnaser, I. V. Litvinyuk, X.-M. Tong, and F. Légaré, “Coherent control of D2/H2 dissociative ionization by a mid-infrared two-color laser field,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(2), 025601 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Rouzée, A. G. Harvey, F. Kelkensberg, D. Brambila, W. K. Siu, G. Gademann, O. Smirnova, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Imaging the electronic structure of valence orbitals in the XUV ionization of aligned molecules,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(12), 124017 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
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P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
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[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

A. S. Johnson, D. Wood, D. R. Austin, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Apparatus for soft x-ray table-top high harmonic generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 89(8), 083110 (2018).
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G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74(1), 1–18 (2003).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Fu, K. Midorikawa, and E. J. Takahashi, “Towards a petawatt-class fewcycle infrared laser system via dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 7692–7702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. M. Villeneuve, P. Hockett, M. J. J. Vrakking, and H. Niikura, “Coherent imaging of an attosecond electron wave packet,” Science 356(6343), 1150–1153 (2017).
[Crossref]

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NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ver. 5.7), [Online]. Available: https://physics.nist.gov/asd [2019, October 7]. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. A schematic diagram of the experimental set up. OPA-TOPAS - optical parametric amplifier. Gas jet A - pulsed gas jet for generating high-harmonic emission. Gas jet B - pulsed gas jet for ionizing sample gas. VMI - velocity map imaging apparatus. The inset shows the optical diagram for measuring the spatial profile of the signal pulse. Filter A - long-pass filter (>900 nm), lens - 500 mm focal length lens, filter B - narrow band pass filter (650 nm ± 5 nm).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) OPA output energy (left axis) and conversion efficiency (right axis) for the total output signal + idler pulses (black squares) and for the signal pulse only (red dots). (b) The idler pulse energy (left axis, open circles). The OPA pump pulse energy is 2.20 mJ at 790 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The measured near-field beam profile for the OPA pump pulse (a) and the OPA output pulse (b). The beam profiles plotted in the top and left panels are the integrated signal counts over the vertical or horizontal directions of the main panel, respectively. The pump energy is 2.0 mJ and the OPA signal output pulse energy is 0.61 mJ at the signal wavelength of 1300 nm. Note that the output image (b) is measured via second harmonic generation followed by filtering with a narrow bandpass filter.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a). The measured pulse duration over the OPA tuning range. Auto-correlation traces at (b) 1240 nm and (c) 1320 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) The high-harmonic spectra as a function of the OPA signal wavelength. (b) The cut-off region on the high-harmonic spectra plotted on a logarithmic color scale. The signal intensity for each high-harmonics is normalized to unity. The white dots show the estimated cut-off energy. (c) The total high-harmonic generation yield. The maximum signal count in the curve is normalized to unity. (d) The black squares show the pulse energy of the OPA signal pulse entering the gas jet (right axis). The red circles show the estimated peak intensity of the OPA signal pulse (left axis). (e) The estimated beam diameter at the gas jet A position where the high harmonics are generated. The black squares are the estimation from the beam focusing condition; the red circles are the data obtained from the cut-off values of high-harmonic spectra (see text). The dotted lines in (c) and (d) represent the range where a focal spot is estimated.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Velocity map images (VMI) of photoelectrons from argon ionized by the high-harmonics that are generated by (a) 1255 nm and (b) 1300 nm, respectively. (c) The low kinetic energy region of the VMI image (a). (d) Ionization diagram for argon. The dark area seen in the left part of images is due to the low efficiency of the micro-channel plate.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) The kinetic energy distribution of photoelectrons emitted parallel to the polarization axis and (b) the corresponding high-harmonic spectra as a function of the fundamental wavelength. In (a), the dotted line indicates zero-kinetic energy. The horizontal red dotted line in (b) indicates the first ionization energy of argon, IP = 15.78 eV. The vertical green dotted lines indicate the wavelength region where the low-kinetic energy structure appears (see text).

Equations (4)

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E c = 3.17 U p + I p
U p 9.34 × I × λ 2
I = p u l s e e n e r g y π ( d / 2 ) 2 × ( p u l s e d u r a t i o n )
d = 1.22 λ F / D