Abstract

In this paper, an ultra-narrow linewidth hybrid Brillouin/thulium fiber laser (BTFL) was demonstrated. By optimizing the output coupling, pump scheme, fiber length and Brillouin pump power for the linewidth narrowing, 344-mW output power with a narrow linewidth of 0.93 kHz was obtained from the BTFL, in which the linewidth of Stokes light was suppressed more than 43 times compared with the 40 kHz linewidth of the Brillouin pump. Besides, the influences of output coupling and pump scheme on the power and linewidth behavior of a single-frequency BTFL were also experimentally investigated, and there exists a performance balance among linewidth narrowing, output power and SBS threshold. The output coupling exerted a significant influence on the BTFL performance.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (6)

2015 (2)

2014 (4)

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

M. Chen, Z. Meng, J. Wang, and W. Chen, “Strong linewidth reduction by compact Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

2012 (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Power scaling of single-frequency hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 674–682 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. H. Bernhardi, H. A. G. M. van Wolferen, L. Agazzi, M. R. H. Khan, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, K. Wörhoff, M. Pollnau, and R. M. de Ridder, “Ultra-narrow-linewidth, single-frequency distributed feedback waveguide laser in Al2O3:Er3+ on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2394–2396 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

J. Geng, S. Stains, Z. Wang, Z. Jie, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly stable low-noise Brillouin fiber laser with ultranarrow spectral linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

C. Zhang, “Statistics of nonclassical lasers generated via pump-noise suppression,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3567–3577 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. I. Kolobov, L. Davidovich, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Role of pumping statistics and dynamics of atomic polarization in quantum fluctuations of laser sources,” Phys. Rev. A 47(2), 1431–1446 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

Agazzi, L.

Agger, S.

Ahmad, H.

Alam, S. U.

Amzajerdian, F.

Ando, T.

Asaka, K.

Bai, X.

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

L. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Li, Y. Xu, B. Saxena, S. Gao, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “High-efficiency Brillouin random fiber laser using all-polarization maintaining ring cavity,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11306–11314 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bernhardi, E. H.

Blake, M.

J. Geng, S. Stains, Z. Wang, Z. Jie, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly stable low-noise Brillouin fiber laser with ultranarrow spectral linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Boyland, A. J.

Buttner, T. F.

Chen, D.

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, M.

M. Chen, Z. Meng, J. Wang, and W. Chen, “Strong linewidth reduction by compact Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, Z. Meng, and H. Zhou, “Low-threshold, single-mode, compact Brillouin/erbium fiber ring laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(12), 1980–1986 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

M. Chen, Z. Meng, J. Wang, and W. Chen, “Strong linewidth reduction by compact Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Churin, D.

Cowle, G. J.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Davidovich, L.

M. I. Kolobov, L. Davidovich, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Role of pumping statistics and dynamics of atomic polarization in quantum fluctuations of laser sources,” Phys. Rev. A 47(2), 1431–1446 (1993).
[Crossref]

de Ridder, R. M.

Debut, A.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dolfi, D.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ezekiel, S.

Fabre, C.

M. I. Kolobov, L. Davidovich, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Role of pumping statistics and dynamics of atomic polarization in quantum fluctuations of laser sources,” Phys. Rev. A 47(2), 1431–1446 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fang, Q.

Feng, Y.

Frey, R.

Fu, S.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Y. Feng, L. Zhang, Z. Yang, S. Xu, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Review of recent progress on single-frequency fiber lasers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(3), A49–A62 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, S.

Geng, J.

Giacobino, E.

M. I. Kolobov, L. Davidovich, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Role of pumping statistics and dynamics of atomic polarization in quantum fluctuations of laser sources,” Phys. Rev. A 47(2), 1431–1446 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gong, W.

Guan, W.

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Power scaling of single-frequency hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 674–682 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

Han, W.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Harun, S. W.

He, S.

He, X.

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heidt, A. M.

Hirano, Y.

Hou, Y.

Hu, K.

Huang, S.

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hudson, D. D.

Huignard, J. P.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Jie, Z.

J. Geng, S. Stains, Z. Wang, Z. Jie, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly stable low-noise Brillouin fiber laser with ultranarrow spectral linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jin, D.

Jung, Y.

Kabakova, I. V.

Kameyama, S.

Ke, J.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Khan, M. R. H.

Kieu, K.

Kolobov, M. I.

M. I. Kolobov, L. Davidovich, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Role of pumping statistics and dynamics of atomic polarization in quantum fluctuations of laser sources,” Phys. Rev. A 47(2), 1431–1446 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lefrancois, S.

Li, C.

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Lin, J.

Lin, Z.

Liu, J.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Single-longitudinal-mode triple-ring Brillouin fiber laser with a saturable absorber ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(9), 1744–1749 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, B.

Luo, H.

Luo, T.

Luo, Y.

Man, J.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Marciante, J. R.

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Power scaling of single-frequency hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 674–682 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref]

Meng, Z.

Mo, S.

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Norcia, S.

Norwood, R. A.

Pan, H.

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

Peyghambarian, N.

Pollnau, M.

Povlsen, J. H.

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Richardson, A. D. J.

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

Sahu, J. K.

Saxena, B.

Schneebeli, L.

Shahi, S.

Shen, D. Y.

Sheng, Q.

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, G.

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Shi, W.

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Y. Feng, L. Zhang, Z. Yang, S. Xu, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Review of recent progress on single-frequency fiber lasers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(3), A49–A62 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smith, S. P.

Stains, S.

J. Geng, S. Stains, Z. Wang, Z. Jie, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly stable low-noise Brillouin fiber laser with ultranarrow spectral linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D. Y.

Sun, R.

Tang, Y.

Tao, K.

Tonda-goldstein, S.

van Wolferen, H. A. G. M.

Varming, P.

Wadaka, S.

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Wang, W.

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

J. Geng, S. Stains, Z. Wang, Z. Jie, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly stable low-noise Brillouin fiber laser with ultranarrow spectral linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, J.

Wörhoff, K.

Wu, J.

Wu, T.

Xie, L.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Y. Feng, L. Zhang, Z. Yang, S. Xu, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Review of recent progress on single-frequency fiber lasers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(3), A49–A62 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yang, C.

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, E.

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, Q.

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Y. Feng, L. Zhang, Z. Yang, S. Xu, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Review of recent progress on single-frequency fiber lasers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(3), A49–A62 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, J. Wu, S. Jiang, and J. Yu, “Efficient operation of diode-pumped single-frequency thulium-doped fiber lasers near 2 µm,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 355–357 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zarinetchi, F.

Zemmouri, J.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhan, L.

Zhan, Y.

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, “Statistics of nonclassical lasers generated via pump-noise suppression,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3567–3577 (1993).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, M.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Z.

Zhou, H.

Zhu, N.

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Power scaling of single-frequency hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 674–682 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Zhu, J. Man, H. Zhang, J. Ke, W. Han, W. Chen, Y. Liu, X. Wang, H. Yuan, and L. Xie, “Lineshape analysis of the beat signal between optical carrier and delayed sidebands,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 347–353 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

M. Chen, Z. Meng, J. Wang, and W. Chen, “Strong linewidth reduction by compact Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, H. Zhang, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Linewidth-narrowed, linear-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber laser based on stimulated Brillouin scattering effect,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Fu, W. Shi, Q. Sheng, G. Shi, H. Zhang, X. Bai, and J. Yao, “Compact hundred-mW 2 µm single-frequency thulium-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(11), 853–856 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. Yu, W. Wang, H. Pan, and E. Yang, “Single longitudinal mode Brillouin fiber laser with cascaded ring Fabry–Pérot resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, S. Stains, Z. Wang, Z. Jie, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly stable low-noise Brillouin fiber laser with ultranarrow spectral linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (16)

K. Hu, I. V. Kabakova, T. F. Buttner, S. Lefrancois, D. D. Hudson, S. He, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-threshold Brillouin laser at 2 µm based on suspended-core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Lett. 39(16), 4651–4654 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. W. Harun, S. Shahi, and H. Ahmad, “Compact Brillouin–erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 46–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. H. Bernhardi, H. A. G. M. van Wolferen, L. Agazzi, M. R. H. Khan, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, K. Wörhoff, M. Pollnau, and R. M. de Ridder, “Ultra-narrow-linewidth, single-frequency distributed feedback waveguide laser in Al2O3:Er3+ on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2394–2396 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, and F. Amzajerdian, “Single-frequency narrow-linewidth Tm-doped fiber laser using silicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3493–3495 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, W. Shi, J. Lin, Q. Fang, Q. Sheng, H. Zhang, J. Wen, and J. Yao, “Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5283–5286 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, J. Wu, S. Jiang, and J. Yu, “Efficient operation of diode-pumped single-frequency thulium-doped fiber lasers near 2 µm,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 355–357 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, A. J. Boyland, and J. K. Sahu, “High-power Tm-doped fiber distributed-feedback laser at 1943nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2059–2061 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Agger, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, “Single-frequency thulium-doped distributed-feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1503–1505 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 µm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, and S. Ezekiel, “Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications,” Opt. Lett. 16(6), 393–395 (1991).
[Crossref]

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-goldstein, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and R. Frey, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1888–1890 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Kieu, D. Churin, L. Schneebeli, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Brillouin lasing in integrated liquid-core optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 543–545 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, Y. Tang, J. Yang, Y. Wang, S. Wang, K. Tao, L. Zhan, and J. Xu, “High signal-to-noise ratio, single-frequency 2 µm Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2626–2628 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Wu, X. Peng, W. Gong, Y. Zhan, Z. Lin, B. Luo, and H. Guo, “Observation and optimization of 4He atomic polarization spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 986–988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, “Statistics of nonclassical lasers generated via pump-noise suppression,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3567–3577 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. I. Kolobov, L. Davidovich, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Role of pumping statistics and dynamics of atomic polarization in quantum fluctuations of laser sources,” Phys. Rev. A 47(2), 1431–1446 (1993).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Nufern optical fibers, “Eye safe 10P/130 thulium-doped single-mode double clad fibers” (Nufern, 2017). http://www.nufern.com/pam/optical_fibers/spec/id/944

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of hybrid Brillouin/thulium fiber laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. SBS threshold and Stokes output power with different output coupling under (a) fixed Brillouin pump of 250 mW and (b) power transfer with output coupling for maximum output power under different BTFL pump schemes. The dashed lines serve as a visual guide.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Spectra of 1956.49 nm Brillouin pump, 1956.62 nm first Stokes, and 1956.74 nm second Stokes recorded using OSA.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Stokes BTFL linewidths measured with different coupling and pump schemes. The dashed lines serve as a visual guide.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Output power with different Brillouin pump. (b) Power transfer of BTFL with 250-mW Brillouin pump power and 14-m-long cavity; inset: Stokes linewidth was measured at maximum output power of 344 mW. The dashed line serves as a visual guide.

Equations (1)

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K = 1 + π n L Δ ν B c ln R

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