Abstract

A dual-parameter sensor based on a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) concatenated with a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature. Novel magnetic fluids (MF) with different concentration and surfactant are filled in the air holes of PCF. The magnetic field measurement property is only determined by PCF, while the temperature is co-determined by PCF and FBG. Experimental results show that the wavelength shift has a good linearity corresponding with temperature and magnetic field. Temperature and magnetic field sensitivity are proportional to concentration of MF and are affected by different surfactants. For PCF point, when polyethylene glycol is used as a surfactant and the magnetic fluid concentration is equal to 0.15, the highest magnetic field sensitivity is up to 924.63 pm/mT. The proposed sensor has a high sensitivity as well as cross-sensitivity resistance, which provides a promising candidate for dual-channel filtering or multi-parameter measurement applications.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, M.-q. Chen, and R.-J. Tong, “Humidity sensor based on unsymmetrical U-shaped microfiber with a polyvinyl alcohol overlay,” Sens. Actuators, B 263, 312–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, D. L. Olson, and A. Dolgui, “Decision making in enterprise risk management: A review and introduction to special issue,” Omega 57, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Abdelaziz, S.

Ahn, T. J.

W. Shin, T. J. Ahn, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, and Y. C. Noh, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer in photonic crystal fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), JWA49.

Bandyopadhyay, S.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Biswas, P.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bouchemat, M.

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bouchemat, T.

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, L.

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chaikin, P.

Chan, C. C.

Chen, C. S.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, M.

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.-q.

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, M.-q. Chen, and R.-J. Tong, “Humidity sensor based on unsymmetrical U-shaped microfiber with a polyvinyl alcohol overlay,” Sens. Actuators, B 263, 312–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chieh, J. J.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Choi, H. Y.

Czapla, A.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dabrowski, R.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dasgupta, K.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Deghdak, R.

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dolgui, A.

D. Wu, D. L. Olson, and A. Dolgui, “Decision making in enterprise risk management: A review and introduction to special issue,” Omega 57, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Domanski, A. W.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dong, S.

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Dong, Y.

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ertman, S.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fan, R.

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

Fang, K. L.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fen, L. H.

Feng, J.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Florescu, M.

Gao, R.

Gao, S.

Gao, W.

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geng, P.

Glenn, W. H.

W. W. Morey, G. Meltz, and W. H. Glenn, “Fiber optic Bragg grating sensors,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1990), 98–107.

Gupta, S.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hashemizad, S.

Hong, C.-Y.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Horng, H. E.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jian, S.

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Jin, Y.

Kale, S. N.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kesavan, K.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. J.

Kitture, R.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lahoubi, M.

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. H.

Lee, Y. L.

W. Shin, T. J. Ahn, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, and Y. C. Noh, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer in photonic crystal fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), JWA49.

Lei, X.

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, X.

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Lin, J.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

Man, W.

Matsuyama, K.

Mehta, R. V.

Meltz, G.

W. W. Morey, G. Meltz, and W. H. Glenn, “Fiber optic Bragg grating sensors,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1990), 98–107.

Miao, Y.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morey, W. W.

W. W. Morey, G. Meltz, and W. H. Glenn, “Fiber optic Bragg grating sensors,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1990), 98–107.

Nahal, G.

Nalawade, S. M.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Noh, Y. C.

W. Shin, T. J. Ahn, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, and Y. C. Noh, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer in photonic crystal fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), JWA49.

Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, E.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Olson, D. L.

D. Wu, D. L. Olson, and A. Dolgui, “Decision making in enterprise risk management: A review and introduction to special issue,” Omega 57, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Otmani, H.

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

Parivallal, S.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Patel, R.

Peng, B.

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, M.-q. Chen, and R.-J. Tong, “Humidity sensor based on unsymmetrical U-shaped microfiber with a polyvinyl alcohol overlay,” Sens. Actuators, B 263, 312–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pu, S.

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ravisankar, K.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, Q.

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shin, W.

W. Shin, T. J. Ahn, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, and Y. C. Noh, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer in photonic crystal fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), JWA49.

Siang, L. W.

Song, B.

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steinhardt, P.

Su, G.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sundaram, B. A.

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tefelska, M.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Thakur, H. V.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, R.-J.

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, M.-q. Chen, and R.-J. Tong, “Humidity sensor based on unsymmetrical U-shaped microfiber with a polyvinyl alcohol overlay,” Sens. Actuators, B 263, 312–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

Torquato, S.

Tse, W. S.

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, M.

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Williamson, E.

Wojcik, J.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wolinski, T. R.

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

D. Wu, D. L. Olson, and A. Dolgui, “Decision making in enterprise risk management: A review and introduction to special issue,” Omega 57, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yadak, P.

Yan, D.

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

Yang, H. C.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. Y.

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, S.

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, B. A.

W. Shin, T. J. Ahn, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, and Y. C. Noh, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer in photonic crystal fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), JWA49.

Zhang, H.

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, L. W. Siang, Y. Jin, Y. Zhang, L. H. Fen, L. Chen, and X. Dong, “Magneto-optic fiber Sagnac modulator based on magnetic fluids,” Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1425–1427 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, M.-q. Chen, and R.-J. Tong, “Humidity sensor based on unsymmetrical U-shaped microfiber with a polyvinyl alcohol overlay,” Sens. Actuators, B 263, 312–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zu, P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

H. E. Horng, C. S. Chen, K. L. Fang, S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Tunable optical switch using magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5592–5594 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, S. Y. Yang, W. S. Tse, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Thermal effect on the field-dependent refractive index of the magnetic fluid film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3481–3483 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

G. Su, J. Shi, D. Xu, H. Zhang, W. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Feng, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous Magnetic Field and Temperature Measurement Based on No-Core Fiber Coated with Magnetic Fluid,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(23), 8489–8493 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

Y. Zhao, M. Chen, F. Xia, L. Cai, and X. Li, “Small Curvature Sensor Based on Butterfly-Shaped Mach–Zehnder Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(11), 4644–4649 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

T. R. Wolinski, A. Czapla, S. Ertman, M. Tefelska, A. W. Domanski, J. Wojcik, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and R. Dabrowski, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers for Sensing Applications,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57(8), 1796–1802 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Shi, D. Chen, X. Jiang, B. Peng, and X. Lei, “Refractive index sensor based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer formed by two cascaded single mode fiber corners,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56(11), 2642–2645 (2014).
[Crossref]

Omega (1)

D. Wu, D. L. Olson, and A. Dolgui, “Decision making in enterprise risk management: A review and introduction to special issue,” Omega 57, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Lin, Y. Miao, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, Y. Liu, and D. Yan, “Multimodal transmission property in a liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 336, 14–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

Y. Luo, R. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Wu, Z. Ren, and B. Peng, “Novel optical fiber refractive sensor fabricated with an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 278–282 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Dong, S. Ye, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature based on NCF cascaded with ECSF in fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 48, 45–49 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. Liu, W. Gao, H. Li, Y. Dong, and H. Zhang, “Liquid-filled simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 140–144 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications (1)

H. Otmani, M. Bouchemat, T. Bouchemat, M. Lahoubi, S. Pu, and R. Deghdak, “Magneto-optical properties of magnetic photonic crystal fiber of terbium gallium garnet filled with magnetic fluid,” Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications 22, 24–28 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators, A (1)

P. Biswas, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Kesavan, S. Parivallal, B. A. Sundaram, K. Ravisankar, and K. Dasgupta, “Investigation on packages of fiber Bragg grating for use as embeddable strain sensor in concrete structure,” Sens. Actuators, A 157(1), 77–83 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators, B (1)

Y. Zhao, Y. Peng, M.-q. Chen, and R.-J. Tong, “Humidity sensor based on unsymmetrical U-shaped microfiber with a polyvinyl alcohol overlay,” Sens. Actuators, B 263, 312–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

W. Shin, T. J. Ahn, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, and Y. C. Noh, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer in photonic crystal fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), JWA49.

W. W. Morey, G. Meltz, and W. H. Glenn, “Fiber optic Bragg grating sensors,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1990), 98–107.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of the sensing element and cross-section of the photonic crystal fiber.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Magnetic fluid solution sample.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Comparison chart after magnetic fluid filling.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Interference spectrum; (b) Fast Fourier transform of the interference spectrum.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Sample 1. 1 (a) PCF point with magnetic field drift diagram; (b) FBG point with magnetic field drift diagram; (c) PCF point magnetic field and temperature linear fit; (d) PCF point with temperature drift diagram; (e) FBG point with temperature drift diagram; (f) FBG point magnetic field and temperature linear fit.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Sample 1. 2 (a) PCF point with magnetic field drift diagram; (b) FBG point with magnetic field drift diagram; (c) PCF point magnetic field and temperature linear fit; (d) PCF point with temperature drift diagram; (e) FBG point with temperature drift diagram; (f) FBG point magnetic field and temperature linear fit.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Sample 2. 1 (a) PCF point with magnetic field drift diagram; (b) FBG point with magnetic field drift diagram; (c) PCF point magnetic field and temperature linear fit; (d) PCF point with temperature drift diagram; (e) FBG point with temperature drift diagram; (f) FBG point magnetic field and temperature linear fit.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Sample 2. 2 (a) PCF point with magnetic field drift diagram; (b) FBG point with magnetic field drift diagram; (c) PCF point magnetic field and temperature linear fit; (d) PCF point with temperature drift diagram; (e) FBG point with temperature drift diagram; (f) FBG point magnetic field and temperature linear fit.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Comparison chart of PCF point magnetic field linear fit; (a) Sample 1.1 to 1.3; (b) Sample 2.1 to 2.3.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Magnetic fluid solution sample properties

Tables Icon

Table 2. The relationship between the magnetic resonance solution and the PCF point sensitivity

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n M F  =  ( n s n o ) [ coth ( α H H c , n T ) T α ( H H c , n ) ] + n o , H > H c , n
I = I c o + I c l + 2 I c o I c l cos [ ( 2 π Δ n e f f L ) / ( 2 π Δ n e f f L ) λ λ ]
s = λ 2 Δ n e f f L
Δ λ m = 2 ( Δ n e f f + Δ n ) L 2 m + 1 2 Δ n e f f L 2 m + 1 = 2 Δ n L 2 m + 1
λ B = 2 n e f f Λ
Δ λ F B G λ F B G = ( 1 P e ) Δ ε + [ α + ξ ] Δ T
( Δ λ F B G Δ λ P C F ) = ( K M , F B G K T , F B G K M , P C F K T , P C F ) ( Δ M Δ T )
( Δ M Δ T ) = 1 K M , F B G K T , P C F K T , F B G K M , P C F ( K T , P C F K T , F B G K M , P C F K M , F B G ) ( Δ λ F B G Δ λ P C F )
( Δ M Δ T ) = 1 9348 ( 123.07 10.11 924.63 0 ) ( Δ λ F B G Δ λ P C F )
δ X = K 1 δ Y = K | K | = 1 | K | [ A X 1 , 1 A X 2 , 1 A X n , 1 A X 1 , 2 A X 2 , 2 A X n , 2 A X 1 , n A X 2 , n A X n , n ] δ Y
δ x n , max = 1 | K | ( | A X 1 , n | | δ 1 y 1 | + | A X n , n | | δ 1 y 1 | )
{ δ x 1 1 | K | ( | K X 2 , 2 | + | K X 2 , 1 | ) | δ λ | δ x 2 1 | K | ( | K X 1 , 2 | + | K X 1 , 1 | ) | δ λ |

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