Abstract

High-contrast gratings (HCGs) can be designed as a resonator with high-quality factor and surface-normal emission, which are excellent characters for designing optical devices. In this work, we combine HCGs with plasmonic graphene structure to achieve an ultrathin five-band coherent perfect absorber (CPA). The presented CPA can achieve multi- and narrow-band absorption with high intensity under a relatively large incident angle. The good agreement between theoretical analysis and numerical simulated results demonstrates that our proposed HCGs-based structure is feasible to realize CPA. Besides, by dynamically adjusting the Fermi energy of graphene, we realize the active tunability of resonance frequency and absorption intensity simultaneously. Benefitting from the combination of HCGs and the one-atom thickness of graphene, the proposed device possesses an extremely thin feature. Our work proposes a novel method to manipulate coherent perfect absorption and is helpful to design tunable multi-band and ultrathin absorbers.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2020 (2)

2019 (8)

K. J. A. Ooi, Y. S. Ang, Q. Zhai, D. T. H. Tan, L. K. Ang, and C. K. Ong, “Nonlinear plasmonics of three-dimensional Dirac semimetals,” APL Photonics 4(3), 034402 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, M. Zhao, M. Zheng, C. Xiong, B. Zhang, Y. Peng, and H. Li, “Dual plasmon-induced transparency and slow light effect in monolayer graphene structure with rectangular defects,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(2), 025104 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, L. Wang, Y. Huang, and C. Zhao, “Selective interaction between graphene and a multifunctional metamirror in the near-infrared region,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(49), 495104 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, and L. Wang, “Frequency dependent multi-functional polarization convertor based on metasurface,” Opt. Commun. 449, 8–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, B. Jin, and C. Argyropoulos, “Hybrid graphene-plasmonic gratings to achieve enhanced nonlinear effects at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(2), 024050 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Zhou, and S. Xiao, “Black phosphorus-based anisotropic absorption structure in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express 27(20), 27618–27627 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhou, J. Song, L. Lu, Z. Luo, and Q. Cheng, “Plasmon-enhanced broadband absorption of MoS2-based structure using Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 27(3), 2305–2316 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (15)

Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Zhao, and L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Sarısaman and M. Tas, “PT-symmetric coherent perfect absorber with graphene,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(10), 2423 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Yan, M. Pu, J. Luo, Y. Huang, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Coherent perfect absorption of electromagnetic wave in subwavelength structures,” Opt. Laser Technol. 101, 499–506 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and C. Argyropoulos, “Tunable nonlinear coherent perfect absorption with epsilon-near-zero plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 43(8), 1806–1809 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Soavi, G. Wang, H. Rostami, D. G. Purdie, D. De Fazio, T. Ma, B. Luo, J. Wang, A. K. Ott, and D. Yoon, “Broadband, electrically tunable third-harmonic generation in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 13(7), 583–588 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Si, Z. Dong, X. Yu, and X. Deng, “Tunable polarization-independent dual-band coherent perfect absorber based on metal-graphene nanoring structure,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21768–21777 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Xiong, J. Zhou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Visible to near-infrared coherent perfect absorption in monolayer graphene,” J. Opt. 20(9), 095401 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, X. Guo, D. Hu, Z. Sun, X. Yang, and Q. Dai, “Flexible and Electrically Tunable Plasmons in Graphene-Mica Heterostructures,” Adv. Sci. 5(8), 1800175 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Huang, L. Li, W. Chen, J. Lei, F. Wang, K. Liu, and Z. Xie, “Multi-band coherent perfect absorption excited by a multi-sized and multilayer metasurface,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57(9), 090304 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Lv, J. Bing, Y. Deng, D. Duan, Z. Zhu, Y. Li, and J. Shi, “Polarization-controlled multifrequency coherent perfect absorption in stereometamaterials,” Opt. Express 26(13), 17236–17244 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Meng, X. X. Xue, Q. Lin, G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, and L. L. Wang, “Tunable and multi-channel perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 052002 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Xiong, Y. B. Wu, J. Dong, M. C. Tang, Y. N. Jiang, and X. P. Zeng, “Ultra-thin and broadband tunable metamaterial graphene absorber,” Opt. Express 26(2), 1681–1688 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Feng, J. Zou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Coherent perfect absorption and asymmetric interferometric light-light control in graphene with resonant dielectric nanostructures,” Opt. Express 26(22), 29183–29191 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. P. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Surface Plasmons With Dielectric Metasurfaces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4553–4558 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, C. He, J. Geng, X. Liang, and R. Jin, “Multiband coherent perfect absorption in a water-based metasurface,” Opt. Express 25(14), 15737–15745 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. J. Ooi, P. C. Leong, L. K. Ang, and D. T. Tan, “All-optical control on a graphene-on-silicon waveguide modulator,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12748 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chorsi and S. D. Gedney, “Tunable Plasmonic Optoelectronic Devices Based on Graphene Metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 228–230 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. G. Baranov, A. E. Krasnok, T. Shegai, A. Alù, and Y. D. Chong, “Coherent perfect absorbers: advanced structures for linear control of light with light,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(12), 17064 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Bhattarai, S. Silva, K. Song, A. Urbas, S. J. Lee, Z. Ku, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Analyzed by a Meta-cavity Model Consisting of Multilayer Metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 10569 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “Coherent perfect absorption in one-sided reflectionless media,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35356 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-optical multichannel logic based on coherent perfect absorption in a plasmonic metamaterial,” APL Photonics 1(9), 090801 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kim, M. Badsha, J. Yoon, S. Lee, Y. C. Jun, and C. K. Hwangbo, “General strategy for broadband coherent perfect absorption and multi-wavelength all-optical switching based on epsilon-near-zero multilayer films,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22941 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

A. Mostafazadeh and M. Sarısaman, “Lasing-threshold condition for oblique TE and TM modes, spectral singularities, and coherent perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 91(4), 043804 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, B. X. Wang, G. D. Liu, and S. X. Xia, “Combined theoretical analysis for plasmon-induced transparency in integrated graphene waveguides with direct and indirect couplings,” EPL 111(3), 34004 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Sun, W. Yang, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Surface-normal coupled four-wave mixing in a high contrast gratings resonator,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29565–29572 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fan, Z. Liu, F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, Z. Wei, Q. Fu, and H. Li, “Tunable mid-infrared coherent perfect absorption in a graphene meta-surface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13956 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total Absorption in a Graphene Monolayer in the Optical Regime by Critical Coupling with a Photonic Crystal Guided Resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, C. Guo, K. Liu, Z. Zhu, W. Ye, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Coherent perfect absorption and transparency in a nanostructured graphene film,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12524–12532 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

M. Li, W. Li, and H. Zeng, “Molecular alignment induced ultraviolet femtosecond pulse modulation,” Opt. Express 21(23), 27662–27667 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Dayal and S. R. Anantha, “Design of multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers with stacked metal–dielectric disks,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. W. Cleary, R. Soref, and J. R. Hendrickson, “Long-wave infrared tunable thin-film perfect absorber utilizing highly doped silicon-on-sapphire,” Opt. Express 21(16), 19363–19374 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

G. Li, X. Chen, O. Li, C. Shao, Y. Jiang, L. Huang, B. Ni, W. Hu, and W. Lu, “A novel plasmonic resonance sensor based on an infrared perfect absorber,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45(20), 205102 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Mostafazadeh and M. Sarısaman, “Optical spectral singularities and coherent perfect absorption in a two-layer spherical medium,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 468(2146), 3224–3246 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Shareef, Y. S. Ang, and C. Zhang, “Room-temperature strong terahertz photon mixing in graphene,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(3), 274–279 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, Q. Feng, M. Wang, C. Hu, C. Huang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Ultrathin broadband nearly perfect absorber with symmetrical coherent illumination,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2246–2254 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective material parameter retrieval for thin sheets: Theory and application to graphene, thin silver films, and single-layer metamaterials,” Phys. B 407(20), 4062–4065 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

S. Longhi, “Coherent perfect absorption in a homogeneously broadened two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 83(5), 055804 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (6)

Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Longhi, “Backward lasing yields a perfect absorber,” Physics 3, 61 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Longhi, “PT -symmetric laser absorber,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 031801 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. Mock, J. Chin, T. Cui, and D. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Ng, H. Chen, and C. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 644–646 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. R. Wright, X. G. Xu, J. C. Cao, and C. Zhang, “Strong nonlinear optical response of graphene in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(7), 072101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Abele, E.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alu, A.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

D. G. Baranov, A. E. Krasnok, T. Shegai, A. Alù, and Y. D. Chong, “Coherent perfect absorbers: advanced structures for linear control of light with light,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(12), 17064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Anantha, S. R.

G. Dayal and S. R. Anantha, “Design of multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers with stacked metal–dielectric disks,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ang, L. K.

K. J. A. Ooi, Y. S. Ang, Q. Zhai, D. T. H. Tan, L. K. Ang, and C. K. Ong, “Nonlinear plasmonics of three-dimensional Dirac semimetals,” APL Photonics 4(3), 034402 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. J. Ooi, P. C. Leong, L. K. Ang, and D. T. Tan, “All-optical control on a graphene-on-silicon waveguide modulator,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12748 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ang, Y. S.

K. J. A. Ooi, Y. S. Ang, Q. Zhai, D. T. H. Tan, L. K. Ang, and C. K. Ong, “Nonlinear plasmonics of three-dimensional Dirac semimetals,” APL Photonics 4(3), 034402 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Shareef, Y. S. Ang, and C. Zhang, “Room-temperature strong terahertz photon mixing in graphene,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(3), 274–279 (2012).
[Crossref]

Argyropoulos, C.

T. Guo, B. Jin, and C. Argyropoulos, “Hybrid graphene-plasmonic gratings to achieve enhanced nonlinear effects at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(2), 024050 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and C. Argyropoulos, “Tunable nonlinear coherent perfect absorption with epsilon-near-zero plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 43(8), 1806–1809 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Artoni, M.

J. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “Coherent perfect absorption in one-sided reflectionless media,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35356 (2016).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Badsha, M.

T. Kim, M. Badsha, J. Yoon, S. Lee, Y. C. Jun, and C. K. Hwangbo, “General strategy for broadband coherent perfect absorption and multi-wavelength all-optical switching based on epsilon-near-zero multilayer films,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baranov, D. G.

D. G. Baranov, A. E. Krasnok, T. Shegai, A. Alù, and Y. D. Chong, “Coherent perfect absorbers: advanced structures for linear control of light with light,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(12), 17064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bhattarai, K.

K. Bhattarai, S. Silva, K. Song, A. Urbas, S. J. Lee, Z. Ku, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Analyzed by a Meta-cavity Model Consisting of Multilayer Metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 10569 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bing, J.

Bolduc, E.

T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cao, J. C.

A. R. Wright, X. G. Xu, J. C. Cao, and C. Zhang, “Strong nonlinear optical response of graphene in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(7), 072101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chan, C.

Chang-Hasnain, C.

Chen, H.

Chen, H. T.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

S. Huang, L. Li, W. Chen, J. Lei, F. Wang, K. Liu, and Z. Xie, “Multi-band coherent perfect absorption excited by a multi-sized and multilayer metasurface,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57(9), 090304 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

G. Li, X. Chen, O. Li, C. Shao, Y. Jiang, L. Huang, B. Ni, W. Hu, and W. Lu, “A novel plasmonic resonance sensor based on an infrared perfect absorber,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45(20), 205102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

Chin, J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. Mock, J. Chin, T. Cui, and D. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chong, Y.

Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chong, Y. D.

D. G. Baranov, A. E. Krasnok, T. Shegai, A. Alù, and Y. D. Chong, “Coherent perfect absorbers: advanced structures for linear control of light with light,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(12), 17064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chorsi, H. T.

H. T. Chorsi and S. D. Gedney, “Tunable Plasmonic Optoelectronic Devices Based on Graphene Metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 228–230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cleary, J. W.

Couteau, C.

T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, T.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. Mock, J. Chin, T. Cui, and D. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref]

D’Aguanno, G.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dai, Q.

H. Hu, X. Guo, D. Hu, Z. Sun, X. Yang, and Q. Dai, “Flexible and Electrically Tunable Plasmons in Graphene-Mica Heterostructures,” Adv. Sci. 5(8), 1800175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dayal, G.

G. Dayal and S. R. Anantha, “Design of multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers with stacked metal–dielectric disks,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055106 (2013).
[Crossref]

De Fazio, D.

G. Soavi, G. Wang, H. Rostami, D. G. Purdie, D. De Fazio, T. Ma, B. Luo, J. Wang, A. K. Ott, and D. Yoon, “Broadband, electrically tunable third-harmonic generation in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 13(7), 583–588 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deng, X.

Deng, Y.

Dong, J.

Dong, Z.

Duan, D.

Dudek, M.

Fan, S.

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total Absorption in a Graphene Monolayer in the Optical Regime by Critical Coupling with a Photonic Crystal Guided Resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.

Y. Fan, Z. Liu, F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, Z. Wei, Q. Fu, and H. Li, “Tunable mid-infrared coherent perfect absorption in a graphene meta-surface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13956 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, Q.

Feng, X.

Fu, Q.

Y. Fan, Z. Liu, F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, Z. Wei, Q. Fu, and H. Li, “Tunable mid-infrared coherent perfect absorption in a graphene meta-surface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13956 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ge, L.

Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gedney, S. D.

H. T. Chorsi and S. D. Gedney, “Tunable Plasmonic Optoelectronic Devices Based on Graphene Metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 228–230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

Guo, T.

T. Guo, B. Jin, and C. Argyropoulos, “Hybrid graphene-plasmonic gratings to achieve enhanced nonlinear effects at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(2), 024050 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

H. Hu, X. Guo, D. Hu, Z. Sun, X. Yang, and Q. Dai, “Flexible and Electrically Tunable Plasmons in Graphene-Mica Heterostructures,” Adv. Sci. 5(8), 1800175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hale, P. J.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, X.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, C.

He, H.

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, L. Wang, Y. Huang, and C. Zhao, “Selective interaction between graphene and a multifunctional metamirror in the near-infrared region,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(49), 495104 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, and L. Wang, “Frequency dependent multi-functional polarization convertor based on metasurface,” Opt. Commun. 449, 8–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, and L. Wang, “Frequency dependent multi-functional polarization convertor based on metasurface,” Opt. Commun. 449, 8–12 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, L. Wang, Y. Huang, and C. Zhao, “Selective interaction between graphene and a multifunctional metamirror in the near-infrared region,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(49), 495104 (2019).
[Crossref]

He, Z.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
[Crossref]

Heitz, J. J.

T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hendrickson, J. R.

Hendry, E.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

Hu, D.

H. Hu, X. Guo, D. Hu, Z. Sun, X. Yang, and Q. Dai, “Flexible and Electrically Tunable Plasmons in Graphene-Mica Heterostructures,” Adv. Sci. 5(8), 1800175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

H. Hu, X. Guo, D. Hu, Z. Sun, X. Yang, and Q. Dai, “Flexible and Electrically Tunable Plasmons in Graphene-Mica Heterostructures,” Adv. Sci. 5(8), 1800175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

G. Li, X. Chen, O. Li, C. Shao, Y. Jiang, L. Huang, B. Ni, W. Hu, and W. Lu, “A novel plasmonic resonance sensor based on an infrared perfect absorber,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45(20), 205102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

Huang, L.

G. Li, X. Chen, O. Li, C. Shao, Y. Jiang, L. Huang, B. Ni, W. Hu, and W. Lu, “A novel plasmonic resonance sensor based on an infrared perfect absorber,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45(20), 205102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

S. Huang, L. Li, W. Chen, J. Lei, F. Wang, K. Liu, and Z. Xie, “Multi-band coherent perfect absorption excited by a multi-sized and multilayer metasurface,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57(9), 090304 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, L. Wang, Y. Huang, and C. Zhao, “Selective interaction between graphene and a multifunctional metamirror in the near-infrared region,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(49), 495104 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Zhao, and L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Yan, M. Pu, J. Luo, Y. Huang, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Coherent perfect absorption of electromagnetic wave in subwavelength structures,” Opt. Laser Technol. 101, 499–506 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. P. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Surface Plasmons With Dielectric Metasurfaces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4553–4558 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hwang, J. S.

Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hwangbo, C. K.

T. Kim, M. Badsha, J. Yoon, S. Lee, Y. C. Jun, and C. K. Hwangbo, “General strategy for broadband coherent perfect absorption and multi-wavelength all-optical switching based on epsilon-near-zero multilayer films,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeffers, J.

T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. Mock, J. Chin, T. Cui, and D. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

Jiang, Y.

G. Li, X. Chen, O. Li, C. Shao, Y. Jiang, L. Huang, B. Ni, W. Hu, and W. Lu, “A novel plasmonic resonance sensor based on an infrared perfect absorber,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45(20), 205102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. N.

Jin, B.

T. Guo, B. Jin, and C. Argyropoulos, “Hybrid graphene-plasmonic gratings to achieve enhanced nonlinear effects at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(2), 024050 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jin, R.

Jun, Y. C.

T. Kim, M. Badsha, J. Yoon, S. Lee, Y. C. Jun, and C. K. Hwangbo, “General strategy for broadband coherent perfect absorption and multi-wavelength all-optical switching based on epsilon-near-zero multilayer films,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. W.

Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, T.

T. Kim, M. Badsha, J. Yoon, S. Lee, Y. C. Jun, and C. K. Hwangbo, “General strategy for broadband coherent perfect absorption and multi-wavelength all-optical switching based on epsilon-near-zero multilayer films,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. H.

Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. J.

Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective material parameter retrieval for thin sheets: Theory and application to graphene, thin silver films, and single-layer metamaterials,” Phys. B 407(20), 4062–4065 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kowerdziej, R.

Krasnok, A. E.

D. G. Baranov, A. E. Krasnok, T. Shegai, A. Alù, and Y. D. Chong, “Coherent perfect absorbers: advanced structures for linear control of light with light,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(12), 17064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ku, Z.

K. Bhattarai, S. Silva, K. Song, A. Urbas, S. J. Lee, Z. Ku, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Analyzed by a Meta-cavity Model Consisting of Multilayer Metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 10569 (2017).
[Crossref]

La Rocca, G. C.

J. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “Coherent perfect absorption in one-sided reflectionless media,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35356 (2016).
[Crossref]

Le, K. Q.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leach, J.

T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

T. Kim, M. Badsha, J. Yoon, S. Lee, Y. C. Jun, and C. K. Hwangbo, “General strategy for broadband coherent perfect absorption and multi-wavelength all-optical switching based on epsilon-near-zero multilayer films,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22941 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. J.

K. Bhattarai, S. Silva, K. Song, A. Urbas, S. J. Lee, Z. Ku, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Analyzed by a Meta-cavity Model Consisting of Multilayer Metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 10569 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. P.

Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lei, J.

S. Huang, L. Li, W. Chen, J. Lei, F. Wang, K. Liu, and Z. Xie, “Multi-band coherent perfect absorption excited by a multi-sized and multilayer metasurface,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57(9), 090304 (2018).
[Crossref]

Leong, P. C.

K. J. Ooi, P. C. Leong, L. K. Ang, and D. T. Tan, “All-optical control on a graphene-on-silicon waveguide modulator,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12748 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

G. Li, X. Chen, O. Li, C. Shao, Y. Jiang, L. Huang, B. Ni, W. Hu, and W. Lu, “A novel plasmonic resonance sensor based on an infrared perfect absorber,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45(20), 205102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
[Crossref]

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J. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “Coherent perfect absorption in one-sided reflectionless media,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35356 (2016).
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Wu, Y. B.

Xia, S. X.

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. P. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Surface Plasmons With Dielectric Metasurfaces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4553–4558 (2017).
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Q. Lin, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, B. X. Wang, G. D. Liu, and S. X. Xia, “Combined theoretical analysis for plasmon-induced transparency in integrated graphene waveguides with direct and indirect couplings,” EPL 111(3), 34004 (2015).
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Xiao, F.

Xiao, S.

T. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Zhou, and S. Xiao, “Black phosphorus-based anisotropic absorption structure in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express 27(20), 27618–27627 (2019).
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S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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S. Huang, L. Li, W. Chen, J. Lei, F. Wang, K. Liu, and Z. Xie, “Multi-band coherent perfect absorption excited by a multi-sized and multilayer metasurface,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57(9), 090304 (2018).
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H. Xu, M. Zhao, M. Zheng, C. Xiong, B. Zhang, Y. Peng, and H. Li, “Dual plasmon-induced transparency and slow light effect in monolayer graphene structure with rectangular defects,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(2), 025104 (2019).
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B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
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F. Xiong, J. Zhou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Visible to near-infrared coherent perfect absorption in monolayer graphene,” J. Opt. 20(9), 095401 (2018).
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Xu, C.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
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H. Xu, M. Zhao, M. Zheng, C. Xiong, B. Zhang, Y. Peng, and H. Li, “Dual plasmon-induced transparency and slow light effect in monolayer graphene structure with rectangular defects,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(2), 025104 (2019).
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H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
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Xu, W.

F. Xiong, J. Zhou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Visible to near-infrared coherent perfect absorption in monolayer graphene,” J. Opt. 20(9), 095401 (2018).
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X. Feng, J. Zou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Coherent perfect absorption and asymmetric interferometric light-light control in graphene with resonant dielectric nanostructures,” Opt. Express 26(22), 29183–29191 (2018).
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A. R. Wright, X. G. Xu, J. C. Cao, and C. Zhang, “Strong nonlinear optical response of graphene in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(7), 072101 (2009).
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H. Y. Meng, X. X. Xue, Q. Lin, G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, and L. L. Wang, “Tunable and multi-channel perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 052002 (2018).
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C. Yan, M. Pu, J. Luo, Y. Huang, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Coherent perfect absorption of electromagnetic wave in subwavelength structures,” Opt. Laser Technol. 101, 499–506 (2018).
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S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, and L. Wang, “Frequency dependent multi-functional polarization convertor based on metasurface,” Opt. Commun. 449, 8–12 (2019).
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X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, L. Wang, Y. Huang, and C. Zhao, “Selective interaction between graphene and a multifunctional metamirror in the near-infrared region,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(49), 495104 (2019).
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H. Hu, X. Guo, D. Hu, Z. Sun, X. Yang, and Q. Dai, “Flexible and Electrically Tunable Plasmons in Graphene-Mica Heterostructures,” Adv. Sci. 5(8), 1800175 (2018).
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Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
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G. Soavi, G. Wang, H. Rostami, D. G. Purdie, D. De Fazio, T. Ma, B. Luo, J. Wang, A. K. Ott, and D. Yoon, “Broadband, electrically tunable third-harmonic generation in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 13(7), 583–588 (2018).
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H. Y. Meng, X. X. Xue, Q. Lin, G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, and L. L. Wang, “Tunable and multi-channel perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 052002 (2018).
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G. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Zhao, and L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. P. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Surface Plasmons With Dielectric Metasurfaces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4553–4558 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, B. X. Wang, G. D. Liu, and S. X. Xia, “Combined theoretical analysis for plasmon-induced transparency in integrated graphene waveguides with direct and indirect couplings,” EPL 111(3), 34004 (2015).
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Zhang, B.

H. Xu, M. Zhao, M. Zheng, C. Xiong, B. Zhang, Y. Peng, and H. Li, “Dual plasmon-induced transparency and slow light effect in monolayer graphene structure with rectangular defects,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(2), 025104 (2019).
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B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
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S. Shareef, Y. S. Ang, and C. Zhang, “Room-temperature strong terahertz photon mixing in graphene,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(3), 274–279 (2012).
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Y. Fan, Z. Liu, F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, Z. Wei, Q. Fu, and H. Li, “Tunable mid-infrared coherent perfect absorption in a graphene meta-surface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13956 (2015).
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X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, L. Wang, Y. Huang, and C. Zhao, “Selective interaction between graphene and a multifunctional metamirror in the near-infrared region,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(49), 495104 (2019).
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G. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Zhao, and L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
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Zhao, M.

B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
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H. Xu, M. Zhao, M. Zheng, C. Xiong, B. Zhang, Y. Peng, and H. Li, “Dual plasmon-induced transparency and slow light effect in monolayer graphene structure with rectangular defects,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(2), 025104 (2019).
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H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
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Zhao, Q.

Y. Fan, Z. Liu, F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, Z. Wei, Q. Fu, and H. Li, “Tunable mid-infrared coherent perfect absorption in a graphene meta-surface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13956 (2015).
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M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-optical multichannel logic based on coherent perfect absorption in a plasmonic metamaterial,” APL Photonics 1(9), 090801 (2016).
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T. Roger, S. Vezzoli, E. Bolduc, J. Valente, J. J. Heitz, J. Jeffers, C. Soci, J. Leach, C. Couteau, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent perfect absorption in deeply subwavelength films in the single-photon regime,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7031 (2015).
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H. Xu, M. Zhao, M. Zheng, C. Xiong, B. Zhang, Y. Peng, and H. Li, “Dual plasmon-induced transparency and slow light effect in monolayer graphene structure with rectangular defects,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52(2), 025104 (2019).
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H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
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Zhou, C.

Zhou, J.

F. Xiong, J. Zhou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Visible to near-infrared coherent perfect absorption in monolayer graphene,” J. Opt. 20(9), 095401 (2018).
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K. Bhattarai, S. Silva, K. Song, A. Urbas, S. J. Lee, Z. Ku, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Analyzed by a Meta-cavity Model Consisting of Multilayer Metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 10569 (2017).
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Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Adv. Sci. (1)

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APL Photonics (2)

K. J. A. Ooi, Y. S. Ang, Q. Zhai, D. T. H. Tan, L. K. Ang, and C. K. Ong, “Nonlinear plasmonics of three-dimensional Dirac semimetals,” APL Photonics 4(3), 034402 (2019).
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M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-optical multichannel logic based on coherent perfect absorption in a plasmonic metamaterial,” APL Photonics 1(9), 090801 (2016).
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Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Y. Meng, X. X. Xue, Q. Lin, G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, and L. L. Wang, “Tunable and multi-channel perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 052002 (2018).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. R. Wright, X. G. Xu, J. C. Cao, and C. Zhang, “Strong nonlinear optical response of graphene in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(7), 072101 (2009).
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Y. J. Yoo, Y. J. Kim, J. S. Hwang, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. P. Lee, “Triple-band perfect metamaterial absorption, based on single cut-wire bar,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(7), 071105 (2015).
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EPL (1)

Q. Lin, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, B. X. Wang, G. D. Liu, and S. X. Xia, “Combined theoretical analysis for plasmon-induced transparency in integrated graphene waveguides with direct and indirect couplings,” EPL 111(3), 34004 (2015).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Soavi, G. Wang, H. Rostami, D. G. Purdie, D. De Fazio, T. Ma, B. Luo, J. Wang, A. K. Ott, and D. Yoon, “Broadband, electrically tunable third-harmonic generation in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 13(7), 583–588 (2018).
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Nat. Rev. Mater. (1)

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Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. He, Z. Chen, M. Zheng, and M. Zhao, “Theoretical analysis of optical properties and sensing in a dual-layer asymmetric metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 407, 250–254 (2018).
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X. Shang, H. He, H. Yang, Q. He, and L. Wang, “Frequency dependent multi-functional polarization convertor based on metasurface,” Opt. Commun. 449, 8–12 (2019).
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Opt. Express (16)

T. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Zhou, and S. Xiao, “Black phosphorus-based anisotropic absorption structure in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express 27(20), 27618–27627 (2019).
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X. Feng, J. Zou, W. Xu, Z. Zhu, X. Yuan, J. Zhang, and S. Qin, “Coherent perfect absorption and asymmetric interferometric light-light control in graphene with resonant dielectric nanostructures,” Opt. Express 26(22), 29183–29191 (2018).
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A. Pianelli, R. Kowerdziej, M. Dudek, K. Sielezin, M. Olifierczuk, and J. Parka, “Graphene-based hyperbolic metamaterial as a switchable reflection modulator,” Opt. Express 28(5), 6708–6718 (2020).
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G. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Zhao, and L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
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W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, C. He, J. Geng, X. Liang, and R. Jin, “Multiband coherent perfect absorption in a water-based metasurface,” Opt. Express 25(14), 15737–15745 (2017).
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B. Zhang, H. Li, H. Xu, M. Zhao, C. Xiong, C. Liu, and K. Wu, “Absorption and slow-light analysis based on tunable plasmon-induced transparency in patterned graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3598–3608 (2019).
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M. Li, W. Li, and H. Zeng, “Molecular alignment induced ultraviolet femtosecond pulse modulation,” Opt. Express 21(23), 27662–27667 (2013).
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K. Zhou, J. Song, L. Lu, Z. Luo, and Q. Cheng, “Plasmon-enhanced broadband absorption of MoS2-based structure using Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 27(3), 2305–2316 (2019).
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H. Xiong and F. Yang, “Ultra-broadband and tunable saline water-based absorber in microwave regime,” Opt. Express 28(4), 5306–5316 (2020).
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T. Sun, W. Yang, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Surface-normal coupled four-wave mixing in a high contrast gratings resonator,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29565–29572 (2015).
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Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C. Yan, M. Pu, J. Luo, Y. Huang, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Coherent perfect absorption of electromagnetic wave in subwavelength structures,” Opt. Laser Technol. 101, 499–506 (2018).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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Phys. Rev. A (3)

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Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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Physics (1)

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Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

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Sci. Rep. (6)

Y. Fan, Z. Liu, F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, Z. Wei, Q. Fu, and H. Li, “Tunable mid-infrared coherent perfect absorption in a graphene meta-surface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13956 (2015).
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K. Bhattarai, S. Silva, K. Song, A. Urbas, S. J. Lee, Z. Ku, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial Perfect Absorber Analyzed by a Meta-cavity Model Consisting of Multilayer Metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 10569 (2017).
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J. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “Coherent perfect absorption in one-sided reflectionless media,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35356 (2016).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Science (1)

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[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of our proposed CPA. A+ and A- represent the amplitudes of input beams, while B+ and B- represent the amplitudes of output waves. This system is composed of graphene and diffraction grating with period P = 70 nm, t = 20 nm and w = 35 nm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) The simulated absorption spectra of the graphene-based structure under illumination of single source. (b) Absorption spectra corresponding to the structure with HCGs and LCGs under illumination of two sources. The electric-field (Ey) (in the plane of y = 0) distributions of the unit cell for M1 (c) and M2 (d).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Calculated transmission, reflection, and absorption spectra are labeled by red, green, and blue balls, respectively. Theoretical results are labeled by solid black line. (b) Absolute values, real and imaginary parts of the effective surface conductivities of graphene.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Numerically simulated absorption of the CPA with various P. (b) The wavelength at the absorption window as a function of the width of Si, which varies from 35 to 55 nm with interval of 5 nm. (c) Absorption spectra for different t. (d) Dependence of the absorption spectra on different refractive indices of the surrounding medium when other parameters are fixed.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) The simulated absorption of CPA under P = 100 nm, w = 75 nm. (b-f) The electric-field (Ez) (in the plane of y = 0) distributions at the five resonance wavelengths.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Dependence of the normalized total output intensities on the phase difference for three-dimensional map (a) and two-dimensional map (b). (c) Normalized total output intensities as a function of phase modulation at one of the resonance wavelengths. (d) Absorption as a function of wavelength and Fermi energy with other parameters fixed.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) The simulated absorption of CPA under illumination of TE and TM polarized incident waves, respectively. (b) Absorption spectra of the CPA with various polarization angles for TM configuration, remaining structural parameters are the same as those in Fig. 1. (c) Absorption spectra of the CPA with various incident angles.

Equations (9)

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( B  +  B ) = S g ( A + A ) = ( t + r r + t ) ( A e i ϕ + A e i ϕ )
Θ = | B  +  | 2 + | B | 2 | A + | 2 + | A | 2 = | r + t e i Δ φ | 2 + | t + r e i Δ φ | 2 2
d a i d t = ( j w i w i 2 Q o i w i 2 Q e i ) a i + j w i 2 Q e i ( S 1 + ( i ) + S 2 ( i ) ) ,
d a i d t = ( j w i κ o i κ e i ) a i + j κ e i ( S 1 + ( i ) + S 2 ( i ) ) ,
r i = S 1 i S 1 + i = κ e i j ( ω i ω ) + κ o i + κ e i ,
t i ( ω ) = S 2 + i S 1 + i = j ( ω i ω ) + κ o i j ( ω i ω ) + κ o i + κ e i ,
A = 1 R T = 1 | r | 2 | t | 2 ,
t = 2 2 + σ G R η 0
r = σ G R η 0 2 + σ G R η 0