Abstract

We experimentally compare the performance of a polarization-independent fiber optic parametric amplifier (FOPA), a discrete Raman amplifier and a commercial erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) for burst traffic amplification in extended reach passive optical networks (PON). We demonstrate that EDFA and Raman amplifiers suffer from severe transient effects, causing penalty on receiver sensitivity >5 dB for traffic bursts of 10 Gbps on-off keying signal shorter than 10 µs. On the other hand, we demonstrate that FOPA does not introduce a penalty on receiver sensitivity when amplifying signal bursts as short as 5 µs as compared to a non-burst signal. Therefore, FOPA used as a drop-in replacement for an EDFA or Raman amplifier allows us to improve receiver sensitivity by >3 dB for short signal bursts. We conclude that FOPA allows substantially increased power budget for an extended reach PON transmitting variable duration bursts. In addition, we identify the maximum burst duration tolerated by each examined amplifier.

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2020 (1)

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, F. M. Ferreira, and N. J. Doran, “Raman-amplified pump and its use for parametric amplification and phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 56, 102183 (2020).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

2016 (3)

M. Fujiwara and R. Koma, “Long-Reach and High-Splitting-Ratio WDM/TDM-PON Systems Using Burst-Mode Automatic Gain Controlled SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(3), 901–909 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

ITU-T, “G.9807.1:10-Gigabit-capable symmetrical passive optical network (XGS-PON),” Itu-T G-Series Recomm. E 41042, 1–286 (2016).

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed optical parametric amplification at 1.3 µm: Performance and applications in optical access networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

S. Spolitis and G. Ivanovs, “Extending the reach of DWDM-PON access network using chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Swedish Commun. Technol. Work. Swe-CTW 2011, 29–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Yin, X. Z. Qiu, J. Gillis, J. Put, J. Verbrugghe, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, F. Blache, D. Lanteri, M. Achouche, H. Krimmel, D. Van Veen, and P. Vetter, “DC-coupled burst-mode receiver with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range and short settling time for symmetric 10G-GPONs,” Opt. Express 19(26), B594–B603 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

G. W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and T. Miyazaki, “Burst-mode amplification of dynamic optical packets using fibre optical parametric amplifier in optical packet networks,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 778–780 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

S. Oda, H. Sunnerud, and P.A. Andrekson, “High efficiency and high output power fiber-optic parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1776–1778 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Palsdottir, I. T. Monroy, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Impairments Due to Burst-Mode Transmission in a Raman-Based Long-Reach PON Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1490–1492 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Bolognini and F. Di Pasquale, “Transient Effects in Gain-Clamped Discrete Raman Amplifier Cascades,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(1), 66–68 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

1991 (1)

B. J. Ainslie, “A Review of the Fabrication and Properties of Erbium-Doped Fibers for Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 220–227 (1991).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

Achouche, M.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, “Nonliear Fiber Optics,” (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2004) Chap.4.

Ainslie, B. J.

B. J. Ainslie, “A Review of the Fabrication and Properties of Erbium-Doped Fibers for Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 220–227 (1991).
[Crossref]

Akasaka, Y.

Alic, N.

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Peric, S. Moro, N. Alic, A. J. Anderson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier with 66 dB gain and errorless performance,” in Frontiers in Optics2010 Oct 24 (p. FWW2). Optical Society of America

Anderson, A. J.

A. Peric, S. Moro, N. Alic, A. J. Anderson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier with 66 dB gain and errorless performance,” in Frontiers in Optics2010 Oct 24 (p. FWW2). Optical Society of America

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P.A.

Antony, C.

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

Arbelaez, A.

Awaji, Y.

Bahae Mansoor, S.

S. Bahae Mansoor and M. P. Hasselbeck, “Third-order optical nonlinearities,” Chapter 5 Optical Kerr Effect,. (Handbook of Optics, 2000).

Barbet, G.

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Bauwelinck, J.

Bayvel, P.

D. Lavery, S. Erkilinc, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Recent progress and outlook for coherent PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2018) paper M3B.1

Blache, F.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boggio, J. M. C.

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed optical parametric amplification at 1.3 µm: Performance and applications in optical access networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bolognini, G.

G. Bolognini and F. Di Pasquale, “Transient Effects in Gain-Clamped Discrete Raman Amplifier Cascades,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(1), 66–68 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bonk, R.

M. Ruffini, M. Achouche, A. Arbelaez, R. Bonk, A. Di Giglio, N. J. Doran, M. Furdek, R. Jensen, J. Montalvo, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, L. Quesada, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, G. Talli, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, L. Wosinska, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “Access and metro network convergence for flexible end-to-end network design [invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(6), 524–535 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Borkowski, W.

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Brandonisio, N.

N. Brandonisio, D. Carey, S. Porto, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode FEC performance for PON upstream channels with EDFA optical transients,” 22nd Conf. Opt. Netw. Des. Model. (ONDM 2018) paper 190–193.

Brenot, R.

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Carey, D.

N. Brandonisio, D. Carey, S. Porto, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode FEC performance for PON upstream channels with EDFA optical transients,” 22nd Conf. Opt. Netw. Des. Model. (ONDM 2018) paper 190–193.

Chen, C.-J.

C.-J. Chen, J. Ye, W. S. Wong, and Y.-W. Lu, “Transient effects and their control in Raman optical amplifiers,” OWA1 (2014).

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dalla Santa, M.

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

Derbies, H.

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Desurvire, E.

Di Giglio, A.

Di Pasquale, F.

G. Bolognini and F. Di Pasquale, “Transient Effects in Gain-Clamped Discrete Raman Amplifier Cascades,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(1), 66–68 (2004).
[Crossref]

Doran, N.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordeinko, A. Iqbal, W. Forysiak, and N. Doran, “Comparison of Erbium, Raman and Parametric Optical Fiber Amplifiers for Burst Traffic in Extended PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2020) paper W4B.3.

Doran, N. J.

Ellis, A.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

El-Taher, A. E.

Erkilinc, S.

D. Lavery, S. Erkilinc, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Recent progress and outlook for coherent PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2018) paper M3B.1

Fan, C.

L. Zhang, S. Wang, and C. Fan, “Transient analysis in discrete fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 459–465 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, F.

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordienko, V. Ribeiro, and N. J. Doran, “Demonstration of improved performance provided by FOPA for extended PON in burst-mode operation,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordeinko, A. Iqbal, W. Forysiak, and N. Doran, “Comparison of Erbium, Raman and Parametric Optical Fiber Amplifiers for Burst Traffic in Extended PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2020) paper W4B.3.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Ferreira, F. M.

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, F. M. Ferreira, and N. J. Doran, “Raman-amplified pump and its use for parametric amplification and phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 56, 102183 (2020).
[Crossref]

Forysiak, W.

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordeinko, A. Iqbal, W. Forysiak, and N. Doran, “Comparison of Erbium, Raman and Parametric Optical Fiber Amplifiers for Burst Traffic in Extended PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2020) paper W4B.3.

Fujiwara, M.

Furdek, M.

Furukawa, H.

Gaur, C. B.

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordeinko, A. Iqbal, W. Forysiak, and N. Doran, “Comparison of Erbium, Raman and Parametric Optical Fiber Amplifiers for Burst Traffic in Extended PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2020) paper W4B.3.

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordienko, V. Ribeiro, and N. J. Doran, “Demonstration of improved performance provided by FOPA for extended PON in burst-mode operation,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Giles, C. R.

Gillis, J.

Gordeinko, V.

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordeinko, A. Iqbal, W. Forysiak, and N. Doran, “Comparison of Erbium, Raman and Parametric Optical Fiber Amplifiers for Burst Traffic in Extended PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2020) paper W4B.3.

Gordienko, V.

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, F. M. Ferreira, and N. J. Doran, “Raman-amplified pump and its use for parametric amplification and phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 56, 102183 (2020).
[Crossref]

M.F.C. Stephens, M. Tan, V. Gordienko, P. Harper, and N. J. Doran, “In-line and cascaded DWDM transmission using a 15 dB net-gain polarization-insensitive fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 25(20), 24312–24325 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, A. E. El-Taher, and N. J. Doran, “Ultra-flat wideband single-pump Raman- enhanced parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4810–4818 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordienko, V. Ribeiro, and N. J. Doran, “Demonstration of improved performance provided by FOPA for extended PON in burst-mode operation,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Harper, P.

Hasselbeck, M. P.

S. Bahae Mansoor and M. P. Hasselbeck, “Third-order optical nonlinearities,” Chapter 5 Optical Kerr Effect,. (Handbook of Optics, 2000).

Ho, M. C.

Ikeda, H.

D. Mashimo, J. Sugawa, H. Ikeda, K. Minatozaki, and N. Matsudaira, “10-Gb/s Burst-mode receiver for fast settling time,” in Asia Communications and Photonics conference and Exhibition (ACP 2009) paper. 1-2.

Iqbal, A.

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordeinko, A. Iqbal, W. Forysiak, and N. Doran, “Comparison of Erbium, Raman and Parametric Optical Fiber Amplifiers for Burst Traffic in Extended PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2020) paper W4B.3.

Ivanovs, G.

S. Spolitis and G. Ivanovs, “Extending the reach of DWDM-PON access network using chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Swedish Commun. Technol. Work. Swe-CTW 2011, 29–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jensen, R.

Jeppesen, P.

B. Palsdottir, I. T. Monroy, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Impairments Due to Burst-Mode Transmission in a Raman-Based Long-Reach PON Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1490–1492 (2007).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combining parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(7), 977–981 (2001).
[Crossref]

Killey, R. I.

D. Lavery, S. Erkilinc, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Recent progress and outlook for coherent PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2018) paper M3B.1

Koma, R.

Krestnikov, I.

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

Krimmel, H.

Lanteri, D.

Laperle, C.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Lavery, D.

D. Lavery, S. Erkilinc, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Recent progress and outlook for coherent PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2018) paper M3B.1

Lavrinovica, I.

S. Shakya, A. Supe, I. Lavrinovica, S. Spolitis, and J. Porins, “Different optical fiber nonlinear coefficient experimental measurements,” Int. Work. Fiber Opt. Access Network, FOAN 2016 1–4 (2016).

Lu, G. W.

G. W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and T. Miyazaki, “Burst-mode amplification of dynamic optical packets using fibre optical parametric amplifier in optical packet networks,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 778–780 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.-W.

C.-J. Chen, J. Ye, W. S. Wong, and Y.-W. Lu, “Transient effects and their control in Raman optical amplifiers,” OWA1 (2014).

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Marhic, M.

Marhic, M. E.

G. W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and T. Miyazaki, “Burst-mode amplification of dynamic optical packets using fibre optical parametric amplifier in optical packet networks,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 778–780 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mashimo, D.

D. Mashimo, J. Sugawa, H. Ikeda, K. Minatozaki, and N. Matsudaira, “10-Gb/s Burst-mode receiver for fast settling time,” in Asia Communications and Photonics conference and Exhibition (ACP 2009) paper. 1-2.

Matsudaira, N.

D. Mashimo, J. Sugawa, H. Ikeda, K. Minatozaki, and N. Matsudaira, “10-Gb/s Burst-mode receiver for fast settling time,” in Asia Communications and Photonics conference and Exhibition (ACP 2009) paper. 1-2.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Peric, S. Moro, N. Alic, A. J. Anderson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier with 66 dB gain and errorless performance,” in Frontiers in Optics2010 Oct 24 (p. FWW2). Optical Society of America

Minatozaki, K.

D. Mashimo, J. Sugawa, H. Ikeda, K. Minatozaki, and N. Matsudaira, “10-Gb/s Burst-mode receiver for fast settling time,” in Asia Communications and Photonics conference and Exhibition (ACP 2009) paper. 1-2.

Miyazaki, T.

G. W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and T. Miyazaki, “Burst-mode amplification of dynamic optical packets using fibre optical parametric amplifier in optical packet networks,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 778–780 (2010).
[Crossref]

Monroy, I. T.

B. Palsdottir, I. T. Monroy, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Impairments Due to Burst-Mode Transmission in a Raman-Based Long-Reach PON Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1490–1492 (2007).
[Crossref]

Montalvo, J.

Moro, S.

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Peric, S. Moro, N. Alic, A. J. Anderson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier with 66 dB gain and errorless performance,” in Frontiers in Optics2010 Oct 24 (p. FWW2). Optical Society of America

Myslivets, E.

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nesset, D.

Oda, S.

Olsson, B. E.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

B. Palsdottir, I. T. Monroy, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Impairments Due to Burst-Mode Transmission in a Raman-Based Long-Reach PON Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1490–1492 (2007).
[Crossref]

Palsdottir, B.

B. Palsdottir, I. T. Monroy, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Impairments Due to Burst-Mode Transmission in a Raman-Based Long-Reach PON Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1490–1492 (2007).
[Crossref]

Parsons, N.

Payne, D. B.

Peric, A.

A. Peric, S. Moro, N. Alic, A. J. Anderson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier with 66 dB gain and errorless performance,” in Frontiers in Optics2010 Oct 24 (p. FWW2). Optical Society of America

Pfeiffer, T.

M. Ruffini, M. Achouche, A. Arbelaez, R. Bonk, A. Di Giglio, N. J. Doran, M. Furdek, R. Jensen, J. Montalvo, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, L. Quesada, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, G. Talli, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, L. Wosinska, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “Access and metro network convergence for flexible end-to-end network design [invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(6), 524–535 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Poehlmann, S.

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Porins, J.

S. Shakya, A. Supe, I. Lavrinovica, S. Spolitis, and J. Porins, “Different optical fiber nonlinear coefficient experimental measurements,” Int. Work. Fiber Opt. Access Network, FOAN 2016 1–4 (2016).

Porto, S.

N. Brandonisio, D. Carey, S. Porto, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode FEC performance for PON upstream channels with EDFA optical transients,” 22nd Conf. Opt. Netw. Des. Model. (ONDM 2018) paper 190–193.

Provost, J.

H. Derbies, R. Brenot, J. Provost, G. Barbet, S. Poehlmann, W. Borkowski, R. Bonk, and T. Pfeiffer, “Quasi frequency drift suppression for burst mode operation in low-cost thermally-tuned TWDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2017) paper .Th5A-5.

Put, J.

Puttnam, B. J.

M. Shiraiwa, Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, S. Shinada, B. J. Puttnam, and N. Wada, “Performance evaluation of a burst-mode EDFA in an optical packet and circuit integrated network,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32589 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, X. Z.

Quesada, L.

Raack, C.

Radic, S.

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Peric, S. Moro, N. Alic, A. J. Anderson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier with 66 dB gain and errorless performance,” in Frontiers in Optics2010 Oct 24 (p. FWW2). Optical Society of America

Ribeiro, V.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordienko, V. Ribeiro, and N. J. Doran, “Demonstration of improved performance provided by FOPA for extended PON in burst-mode operation,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Roberts, K.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Rohde, H.

Ruffini, M.

Schiano, M.

Shakya, S.

S. Shakya, A. Supe, I. Lavrinovica, S. Spolitis, and J. Porins, “Different optical fiber nonlinear coefficient experimental measurements,” Int. Work. Fiber Opt. Access Network, FOAN 2016 1–4 (2016).

Shinada, S.

Shiraiwa, M.

Simpson, J. R.

Spolitis, S.

S. Spolitis and G. Ivanovs, “Extending the reach of DWDM-PON access network using chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Swedish Commun. Technol. Work. Swe-CTW 2011, 29–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Shakya, A. Supe, I. Lavrinovica, S. Spolitis, and J. Porins, “Different optical fiber nonlinear coefficient experimental measurements,” Int. Work. Fiber Opt. Access Network, FOAN 2016 1–4 (2016).

Stephens, M. F. C.

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, F. M. Ferreira, and N. J. Doran, “Raman-amplified pump and its use for parametric amplification and phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 56, 102183 (2020).
[Crossref]

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, A. E. El-Taher, and N. J. Doran, “Ultra-flat wideband single-pump Raman- enhanced parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4810–4818 (2017).
[Crossref]

Stephens, M.F.C.

Sugawa, J.

D. Mashimo, J. Sugawa, H. Ikeda, K. Minatozaki, and N. Matsudaira, “10-Gb/s Burst-mode receiver for fast settling time,” in Asia Communications and Photonics conference and Exhibition (ACP 2009) paper. 1-2.

Sugizaki, R.

S. Takasaka and R. Sugizaki, “Polarization insensitive fiber optical parametric amplifier using a SBS suppressed diversity loop,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2016), paper M3D.4M. F.

Sullivan, M. O.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Sunnerud, H.

Supe, A.

S. Shakya, A. Supe, I. Lavrinovica, S. Spolitis, and J. Porins, “Different optical fiber nonlinear coefficient experimental measurements,” Int. Work. Fiber Opt. Access Network, FOAN 2016 1–4 (2016).

Syvridis, D.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed optical parametric amplification at 1.3 µm: Performance and applications in optical access networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Szabo, A.

V. Gordienko, F. Ferreira, A. Szabo, V. Ribeiro, C. Laperle, M. O. Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Ellis, and N. Doran, “Characterisation of Novel Polarisation-Insensitive Configurations of Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

Takasaka, S.

S. Takasaka and R. Sugizaki, “Polarization insensitive fiber optical parametric amplifier using a SBS suppressed diversity loop,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2016), paper M3D.4M. F.

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[Crossref]

Talli, G.

M. Ruffini, M. Achouche, A. Arbelaez, R. Bonk, A. Di Giglio, N. J. Doran, M. Furdek, R. Jensen, J. Montalvo, N. Parsons, T. Pfeiffer, L. Quesada, C. Raack, H. Rohde, M. Schiano, G. Talli, P. Townsend, R. Wessaly, L. Wosinska, X. Yin, and D. B. Payne, “Access and metro network convergence for flexible end-to-end network design [invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(6), 524–535 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Brandonisio, D. Carey, S. Porto, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode FEC performance for PON upstream channels with EDFA optical transients,” 22nd Conf. Opt. Netw. Des. Model. (ONDM 2018) paper 190–193.

Tan, M.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P.

Townsend, P. D.

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Brandonisio, D. Carey, S. Porto, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode FEC performance for PON upstream channels with EDFA optical transients,” 22nd Conf. Opt. Netw. Des. Model. (ONDM 2018) paper 190–193.

Uesaka, K.

Van Veen, D.

Vandewege, J.

Verbrugghe, J.

Vetter, P.

Wada, N.

Wang, S.

L. Zhang, S. Wang, and C. Fan, “Transient analysis in discrete fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 459–465 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wessaly, R.

Windmiller, J. R.

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. K. Y.

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wong, W. S.

C.-J. Chen, J. Ye, W. S. Wong, and Y.-W. Lu, “Transient effects and their control in Raman optical amplifiers,” OWA1 (2014).

Wosinska, L.

Ye, J.

C.-J. Chen, J. Ye, W. S. Wong, and Y.-W. Lu, “Transient effects and their control in Raman optical amplifiers,” OWA1 (2014).

Yin, X.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, S. Wang, and C. Fan, “Transient analysis in discrete fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 459–465 (2001).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Dalla Santa, C. Antony, G. Talli, I. Krestnikov, and P. D. Townsend, “Burst-mode analysis of XGPON Raman reach extender employing quantum-dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 52(13), 1157–1158 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and T. Miyazaki, “Burst-mode amplification of dynamic optical packets using fibre optical parametric amplifier in optical packet networks,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 778–780 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

G. Bolognini and F. Di Pasquale, “Transient Effects in Gain-Clamped Discrete Raman Amplifier Cascades,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(1), 66–68 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Palsdottir, I. T. Monroy, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Impairments Due to Burst-Mode Transmission in a Raman-Based Long-Reach PON Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1490–1492 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-Nm Continuous-Wave Two-Pump Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed optical parametric amplification at 1.3 µm: Performance and applications in optical access networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Swedish Commun. Technol. Work. Swe-CTW (1)

S. Spolitis and G. Ivanovs, “Extending the reach of DWDM-PON access network using chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Swedish Commun. Technol. Work. Swe-CTW 2011, 29–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Itu-T G-Series Recomm. E (1)

ITU-T, “G.9807.1:10-Gigabit-capable symmetrical passive optical network (XGS-PON),” Itu-T G-Series Recomm. E 41042, 1–286 (2016).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Zhang, S. Wang, and C. Fan, “Transient analysis in discrete fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 459–465 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

V. Gordienko, M. F. C. Stephens, F. M. Ferreira, and N. J. Doran, “Raman-amplified pump and its use for parametric amplification and phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 56, 102183 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (16)

S. Takasaka and R. Sugizaki, “Polarization insensitive fiber optical parametric amplifier using a SBS suppressed diversity loop,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2016), paper M3D.4M. F.

S. Shakya, A. Supe, I. Lavrinovica, S. Spolitis, and J. Porins, “Different optical fiber nonlinear coefficient experimental measurements,” Int. Work. Fiber Opt. Access Network, FOAN 2016 1–4 (2016).

C. B. Gaur, F. Ferreira, V. Gordienko, V. Ribeiro, and N. J. Doran, “Demonstration of improved performance provided by FOPA for extended PON in burst-mode operation,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2019).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup to compare performance of EDFA, Raman amplifier and FOPA in extended reach PON scenario featuring burst traffic transmitter and transmission over 50 km.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic representation of emulated signal bursts with burst durations of 10, 30 or 50 µs and a burst period of 100 µs.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental setup of (a) polarization independent FOPA [9] and (b) discrete Raman amplifier [31].
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Waveforms of signal bursts captured by a real time oscilloscope at the receiver in six scenarios: B2B (a); transmission and 20 and 13 dB amplification by EDFA (b) and (c), and Raman 13 dB gain (d); transmission and 20 and 13 dB gain (e) and (f).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Oscilloscope view of the 30 µs burst in the B2B arrangement shows distortion of the burst due to transients in the AOM and the receiver. The first 100 ns of the burst are therefore discarded from the analysis for all scenarios.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Experimental comparison of BER vs average burst power show an impact of (b) EDFA (d) FOPA and (c) Raman amplifier on signal bursts. Results in the B2B scenario (a) are provided for a reference. Burst durations of 50 µs, 30 µs and 10 µs are investigated and compared to performance of non-burst (continuous) signal. Gain of tested amplifiers was 13 dB.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. BER vs average burst power for B2B and each AUT for (a) Non-burst mode with 13 dB gain (b) burst duration of 10 µs and AUTs gain of 13 dB with inset eye diagrams (c) burst duration of 30 µs and AUTs gain of 20 dB (except Raman). EDFA and FOPA BER evolution shown in 30 µs bursts in (d) and (e). BER averaged across ten signal bursts
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Plot shows receiver sensitivity vs burst durations from 5 µs to 100 µs (non-burst) at BER level of 10−3 marked 3 dB degradation in EDFA and Raman receiver sensitivity at different burst durations.

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