Abstract

Mid-infrared lasers have attracted attention for application to the fields of medicine and industry. In this study, we demonstrate continuous-wave laser operation of a diode-pumped 5 at % Er-doped YAlO3 (YAP) single-crystal lasing at 2.92 µm with near-quantum-defect slope efficiency at room temperature. A high slope efficiency of 31% is achieved with a maximum output power of 0.674 W for a cavity length of 18 mm and an output coupler transmittance of 2.5%. This efficiency is 94% of the theoretical quantum-defect efficiency. Our results indicate that Er:YAP lasers can potentially be utilized to realize high-power mid-IR lasing.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Efficient continuous wave and quasi-continuous wave operation of a 2.8 μm Er:Lu2O3 ceramic laser

Hiyori Uehara, Ryo Yasuhara, Shigeki Tokita, Junji Kawanaka, Masanao Murakami, and Seiji Shimizu
Opt. Express 25(16) 18677-18684 (2017)

Spectra and diode-pumped continuous-wave 1.55 µm laser of Er:Yb:Ca3NbGa3Si2O14 crystal

Yujin Chen, Guoliang Gong, Jianhua Huang, Yanfu Lin, Xinghong Gong, Zundu Luo, and Yidong Huang
Opt. Express 27(24) 35418-35425 (2019)

2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal

Cong Quan, Dunlu Sun, Jianqiao Luo, Huili Zhang, Zhongqing Fang, Xuyao Zhao, Lunzhen Hu, Maojie Cheng, Qingli Zhang, and Shaotang Yin
Opt. Express 26(22) 28421-28428 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. J.-L. Boulnois, “Photophysical process in recent medical laser developments: a review,” Lasers Med. Sci. 1(1), 47–66 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. Krankel, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides for diode-pumped high-power lasers in the 1-,2-, and 3-µm spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 250 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Li, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Efficient high-power continuous wave Er:Lu2O3 laser at 2.85 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2568–2570 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. L. Wang, H. Huang, D. Shen, J. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Liu, and D. Tang, “Room temperature continuous-wave laser performance of LD pumped Er:Lu2O3 and Er:Y2O3 ceramic at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19495–19503 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Uehara, R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, M. Murakami, and S. Shimizu, “Efficient continuous wave and quasi-continuous wave operation of a 2.8 μm Er:Lu2O3 ceramic laser,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18677–18684 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. Uehara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, D. Konishi, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, and R. Yasuhara, “Optimization of laser emission at 2.8 μm by Er:Lu2O3 ceramics,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3497–3507 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. D.-W. Chen, C. L. Fincher, T. S. Rose, F. L. Vernon, and R. A. Fields, “Diode-pumped 1-W continuous-wave Er:YAG 3-mum laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(6), 385–387 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~ 2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Wüthrich, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Comparison of YAG:Er and YAlO3:Er laser crystals emitting near 2.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(11), 5467–5471 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Stalder, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Five new 3- μm laser lines in YAlO3:Er,” Opt. Lett. 12(8), 602–604 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).
  16. C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+:YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 23102–23109 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Schnell, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Fluorescence of YAlO3:Er excited with ns pulses of λ = 377.6 nm,” Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 39, 918 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  19. B. J. Dinerman and P. F. Moulton, “3-μm cw laser operations in erbium-doped YSGG, GGG, and YAG,” Opt. Lett. 19(15), 1143–1145 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. V. E. Kisel, S. V. Kurilchik, A. S. Yasukevich, S. V. Grigoriev, S. A. Smirnova, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:YAlO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2194–2196 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  22. I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  23. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  25. L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum Yields and Branching Ratios of 3 µm Emission in Er-doped Crystals,” OSA Proc. Adv. Solid State Lasers Conf.14(20), 171–173 (1994).
  26. T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  27. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (VI ed., Springer, 2006).
  28. M. Stalder and W. Luthy, “Spectroscopy of 3-μm laser transitions in YAlO3:Er,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(9), 3570–3572 (1987).
    [Crossref]

2018 (4)

H. Uehara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, D. Konishi, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, and R. Yasuhara, “Optimization of laser emission at 2.8 μm by Er:Lu2O3 ceramics,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3497–3507 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2015 (1)

C. Krankel, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides for diode-pumped high-power lasers in the 1-,2-, and 3-µm spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 250 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2012 (2)

T. Li, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Efficient high-power continuous wave Er:Lu2O3 laser at 2.85 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2568–2570 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~ 2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2005 (1)

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

S. Wüthrich, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Comparison of YAG:Er and YAlO3:Er laser crystals emitting near 2.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(11), 5467–5471 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

S. Schnell, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Fluorescence of YAlO3:Er excited with ns pulses of λ = 377.6 nm,” Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 39, 918 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (3)

M. Stalder, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Five new 3- μm laser lines in YAlO3:Er,” Opt. Lett. 12(8), 602–604 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. Stalder and W. Luthy, “Spectroscopy of 3-μm laser transitions in YAlO3:Er,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(9), 3570–3572 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

J.-L. Boulnois, “Photophysical process in recent medical laser developments: a review,” Lasers Med. Sci. 1(1), 47–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511 (1962).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, R. L.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Arutyunyan, S. M.

S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
[Crossref]

Beil, K.

Boulnois, J.-L.

J.-L. Boulnois, “Photophysical process in recent medical laser developments: a review,” Lasers Med. Sci. 1(1), 47–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

Cech, M.

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

Chandrasekharan, S.

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+:YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 23102–23109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.-W.

Chen, H.

Cheng, M.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dinerman, B. J.

Dubinskii, M.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~ 2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fields, R. A.

Fincher, C. L.

Grigoriev, S. V.

Gruber, J. B.

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+:YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 23102–23109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

Huber, G.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jelinkova, H.

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Kawanaka, J.

Kisel, V. E.

Konishi, D.

Kostanyan, R. B.

S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
[Crossref]

Krankel, C.

C. Krankel, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides for diode-pumped high-power lasers in the 1-,2-, and 3-µm spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 250 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Krupke, W. F.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum Yields and Branching Ratios of 3 µm Emission in Er-doped Crystals,” OSA Proc. Adv. Solid State Lasers Conf.14(20), 171–173 (1994).

Kück, S.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kurilchik, S. V.

Li, T.

Liu, X.

Lukasiewicz, T.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luthy, W.

S. Wüthrich, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Comparison of YAG:Er and YAlO3:Er laser crystals emitting near 2.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(11), 5467–5471 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. Schnell, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Fluorescence of YAlO3:Er excited with ns pulses of λ = 377.6 nm,” Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 39, 918 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. Stalder, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Five new 3- μm laser lines in YAlO3:Er,” Opt. Lett. 12(8), 602–604 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Stalder and W. Luthy, “Spectroscopy of 3-μm laser transitions in YAlO3:Er,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(9), 3570–3572 (1987).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

Murakami, M.

Nash, K. L.

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+:YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 23102–23109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nejezchleb, K.

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nemec, M.

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

Ochoa, J. R.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511 (1962).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum Yields and Branching Ratios of 3 µm Emission in Er-doped Crystals,” OSA Proc. Adv. Solid State Lasers Conf.14(20), 171–173 (1994).

Petrosyan, A. G.

S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
[Crossref]

Quan, C.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ripin, D. J.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rose, T. S.

Sanamyan, T.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~ 2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sanamyan, T. V.

S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
[Crossref]

Sardar, D. K.

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+:YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 23102–23109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schnell, S.

S. Schnell, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Fluorescence of YAlO3:Er excited with ns pulses of λ = 377.6 nm,” Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 39, 918 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Shimizu, S.

Simmons, J.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~ 2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Skoda, V.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, S. A.

Smith, L. K.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum Yields and Branching Ratios of 3 µm Emission in Er-doped Crystals,” OSA Proc. Adv. Solid State Lasers Conf.14(20), 171–173 (1994).

Sokólska, I.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stalder, M.

M. Stalder and W. Luthy, “Spectroscopy of 3-μm laser transitions in YAlO3:Er,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(9), 3570–3572 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. Stalder, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Five new 3- μm laser lines in YAlO3:Er,” Opt. Lett. 12(8), 602–604 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sulc, J.

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sun, D.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Svejkar, R.

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

Tang, D.

Tokita, S.

Uehara, H.

Vernon, F. L.

Wang, L.

Wang, Y.

Weber, H. P.

S. Wüthrich, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Comparison of YAG:Er and YAlO3:Er laser crystals emitting near 2.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(11), 5467–5471 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. Schnell, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Fluorescence of YAlO3:Er excited with ns pulses of λ = 377.6 nm,” Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 39, 918 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. Stalder, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Five new 3- μm laser lines in YAlO3:Er,” Opt. Lett. 12(8), 602–604 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wüthrich, S.

S. Wüthrich, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Comparison of YAG:Er and YAlO3:Er laser crystals emitting near 2.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(11), 5467–5471 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yasuhara, R.

Yasukevich, A. S.

Yin, S.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Q.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “2.7 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28421–28428 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Krankel, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides for diode-pumped high-power lasers in the 1-,2-, and 3-µm spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 250 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4), and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Wüthrich, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Comparison of YAG:Er and YAlO3:Er laser crystals emitting near 2.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(11), 5467–5471 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+:YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 23102–23109 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Stalder and W. Luthy, “Spectroscopy of 3-μm laser transitions in YAlO3:Er,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(9), 3570–3572 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511 (1962).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, “Diode-pumped Pr:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 559–568 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~ 2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lasers Med. Sci. (1)

J.-L. Boulnois, “Photophysical process in recent medical laser developments: a review,” Lasers Med. Sci. 1(1), 47–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

C. Quan, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, Z. Fang, X. Zhao, L. Hu, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84(6), 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Svejkar, J. Sulc, M. Nemec, H. Jelınkova, K. Nejezchleb, and M. Cech, “Temperature influence on spectroscopic properties and 2.7-µm lasing of Er:YAP crystal,” Proc. SPIE 10511, 1051121 (2018).

Sov. J. Quant. Electron. (1)

S. M. Arutyunyan, R. B. Kostanyan, A. G. Petrosyan, and T. V. Sanamyan, “YAlO3:Er3+ crystal laser,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 17(8), 1010–1011 (1987).
[Crossref]

Z. Angew. Math. Phys. (1)

S. Schnell, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Fluorescence of YAlO3:Er excited with ns pulses of λ = 377.6 nm,” Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 39, 918 (1988).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (VI ed., Springer, 2006).

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum Yields and Branching Ratios of 3 µm Emission in Er-doped Crystals,” OSA Proc. Adv. Solid State Lasers Conf.14(20), 171–173 (1994).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Room temperature absorption spectrum of Er:YAP, ranging from 0.325 to 1.70 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Room temperature fluorescence spectra of Er:YAP with peaks at around (a) 3 µm (4I11/24I13/2 transition) and (b) 1.6 µm (4I13/24I15/2 transition), respectively
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of setup of Er:YAP laser utilized in this study.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Laser output power of Er:YAP crystal as a function of absorbed pump power; (b) lasing spectrum of Er:YAP crystal at various absorbed pump power for Toc = 2.5%.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output peak power at absorbed pump power of 3.49 W as function of output coupler (OC) transmittance. The optimum OC transmittance (Topt) is determined to be 2.3%.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of room-temperature-stimulated emission cross-section of 5 at.% Er:YAP at various wavelengths.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of room-temperature-stimulated emission cross-section of various Er3+-doped laser medium.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Parameters of σem calculated from g0

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ em ( λ ) = λ 5 I ( λ ) 8 π n 2 c τ rad λ I ( λ ) d λ ,
P out = A ( T OC 2 T OC ) I s ( 2 g 0 l δ ln ( 1 T OC ) 1 ) ,
ln ( 1 T OC ) = ( 2 g 0 l / δ 1 ) δ .
g 0 = σ em τ f η Q η S η B P abs / h ν L V ,

Metrics