Abstract

Temporarily storing light occupies a pivotal position in all-optical packet switching network and microwave photonics. An integrated optical buffer with large capacity and low loss is demonstrated on a silica wafer. The optical buffer consists of four silica waveguide delay lines connected by five thermo-optic switches. With different switch combinations applied, related delay lines are selected to realize a different storage time in the buffer, and a storage time up to 100 ns with a 10-ns step size is implemented. By optimizing the fabrication process and introducing the offsets between straight and bending waveguides, the propagation loss as low as ~1.08 dB/m is achieved. This large-capacity and low-loss buffer enables broad applications in optical communications and microwave photonics.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (4)

A. Mokhtari, K. Jamshidi, S. Preußler, A. Zadok, and T. Schneider, “Tunable microwave-photonic filter using frequency-to-time mapping-based delay lines,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21702–21707 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Xiaogang, L. Jun, and X. Chenyang, “High-Q micro-ring resonators and grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated photonic circuits,” J. Semicond. 34, 0850061 (2013).

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(3), e1–e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, A. Canciamilla, and A. Melloni, “The first decade of coupled resonator optical waveguides: bringing slow light to applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 74–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, D. I. Kroushkov, J. Bruns, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Continuously tunable delay line based on SOI tapered Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11241–11246 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Qian, L. Zhan, H. Li, X. Hu, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Tunable delay slow-light in an active fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 17(24), 22217–22222 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. C. Valley, “Photonic analog-to-digital converters,” Opt. Express 15(5), 1955–1982 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

J. T. Mok and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonics: expect more delays,” Nature 433(7028), 811–812 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yuanyuan, Y. Jinzhong, Y. Qingfeng, and C. Shaowu, “Analysis on influencing factors of bend loss of silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Semicond. 26(13), 216 (2005).

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

Y. Han and B. Jalali, “Photonic time-stretched analog-to-digital converter: fundamental concepts and practical considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(12), 3085–3103 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Xin and M. Hamdi, “On scheduling optical packet switches with reconfiguration delay,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1156–1164 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Y. Liu, J. Yang, and J. Yao, “Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1172–1174 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1995 (2)

T. Kitoh, N. Takato, M. Yasu, and M. Kawachi, “Bending loss reduction in silica-based waveguides by using lateral offsets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 555–562 (1995).
[Crossref]

F. Ladouceur and P. Labeye, “A new general approach to optical waveguide path design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(3), 481–492 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

F. J. Mustieles, E. Ballesteros, and P. Baquero, “Theoretical S-bend profile for optimization of optical waveguide radiation losses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(5), 551–553 (1993).
[Crossref]

Andonovic, I.

Andr’e, F.

Ballesteros, E.

F. J. Mustieles, E. Ballesteros, and P. Baquero, “Theoretical S-bend profile for optimization of optical waveguide radiation losses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(5), 551–553 (1993).
[Crossref]

Baquero, P.

F. J. Mustieles, E. Ballesteros, and P. Baquero, “Theoretical S-bend profile for optimization of optical waveguide radiation losses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(5), 551–553 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bauters, J.

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(3), e1–e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beeker, W.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bernasconi, P.

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blumenthal, D. J.

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Networking 5(1), 10–18 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bourderionnet, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowers, J. E.

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(3), e1–e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Networking 5(1), 10–18 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bruns, J.

Buhl, L.

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

Burmeister, E. F.

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Networking 5(1), 10–18 (2008).
[Crossref]

Calabretta, N.

Canciamilla, A.

F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, A. Canciamilla, and A. Melloni, “The first decade of coupled resonator optical waveguides: bringing slow light to applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 74–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

Capmany, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, K. X.

Chen, T.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chenyang, X.

T. Xiaogang, L. Jun, and X. Chenyang, “High-Q micro-ring resonators and grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated photonic circuits,” J. Semicond. 34, 0850061 (2013).

Chi, H.

Colman, P.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Combrié, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cornwell, W. D.

Dai, D.

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(3), e1–e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Rossi, A.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dijk, P. V.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dolfi, D.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorren, H. J.

Eggleton, B. J.

J. T. Mok and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonics: expect more delays,” Nature 433(7028), 811–812 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Q.

Ferrari, C.

F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, A. Canciamilla, and A. Melloni, “The first decade of coupled resonator optical waveguides: bringing slow light to applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 74–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

Furukawa, H.

Gaeta, A. L.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gasulla, I.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilfedder, T. H.

Giuntoni, I.

Gripp, J.

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamdi, M.

L. Xin and M. Hamdi, “On scheduling optical packet switches with reconfiguration delay,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1156–1164 (2003).
[Crossref]

Han, Y.

Hashizume, Y.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heideman, R.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hoekman, M.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Hu, Z. F.

Hunter, D. K.

Jalali, B.

Jamshidi, K.

Jinzhong, Y.

C. Yuanyuan, Y. Jinzhong, Y. Qingfeng, and C. Shaowu, “Analysis on influencing factors of bend loss of silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Semicond. 26(13), 216 (2005).

Jue, J. P.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jun, L.

T. Xiaogang, L. Jun, and X. Chenyang, “High-Q micro-ring resonators and grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated photonic circuits,” J. Semicond. 34, 0850061 (2013).

Kawachi, M.

T. Kitoh, N. Takato, M. Yasu, and M. Kawachi, “Bending loss reduction in silica-based waveguides by using lateral offsets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 555–562 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kitoh, T.

T. Kitoh, N. Takato, M. Yasu, and M. Kawachi, “Bending loss reduction in silica-based waveguides by using lateral offsets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 555–562 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kroushkov, D. I.

Kwack, M.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kwong, D. L.

Labeye, P.

F. Ladouceur and P. Labeye, “A new general approach to optical waveguide path design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(3), 481–492 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ladouceur, F.

F. Ladouceur and P. Labeye, “A new general approach to optical waveguide path design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(3), 481–492 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

LeGrange, J. D.

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lehoucq, G.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leinse, A.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, J.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Li, R.

Li, Z.

Liow, T. Y.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, J. Yang, and J. Yao, “Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1172–1174 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lloret, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lo, G. Q.

Lu, K.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lu, L.

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Melloni, A.

F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, A. Canciamilla, and A. Melloni, “The first decade of coupled resonator optical waveguides: bringing slow light to applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 74–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mino, S.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mok, J. T.

J. T. Mok and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonics: expect more delays,” Nature 433(7028), 811–812 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mokhtari, A.

Morichetti, F.

F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, A. Canciamilla, and A. Melloni, “The first decade of coupled resonator optical waveguides: bringing slow light to applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 74–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mustieles, F. J.

F. J. Mustieles, E. Ballesteros, and P. Baquero, “Theoretical S-bend profile for optimization of optical waveguide radiation losses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(5), 551–553 (1993).
[Crossref]

Nakano, Y.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Neilson, D. T.

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okawachi, Y.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oyama, T.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Painter, O.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, S.

Peng, J.

Petermann, K.

Povinelli, M. L.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Preußler, S.

Qian, K.

Qingfeng, Y.

C. Yuanyuan, Y. Jinzhong, Y. Qingfeng, and C. Shaowu, “Analysis on influencing factors of bend loss of silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Semicond. 26(13), 216 (2005).

Raz, O.

Roeloffzen, C.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sales, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sancho, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandhu, S.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneider, T.

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shakya, J.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaowu, C.

C. Yuanyuan, Y. Jinzhong, Y. Qingfeng, and C. Shaowu, “Analysis on influencing factors of bend loss of silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Semicond. 26(13), 216 (2005).

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shinada, S.

Simsarian, J. E.

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

Song, Q. Q.

Stol, N.

Stolarek, D.

Takato, N.

T. Kitoh, N. Takato, M. Yasu, and M. Kawachi, “Bending loss reduction in silica-based waveguides by using lateral offsets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 555–562 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tanemura, T.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tao, S. H.

Tillack, B.

Vahala, K. J.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valley, G. C.

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wada, N.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

Willner, A. E.

Wu, K.

Xavier, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

Xiaogang, T.

T. Xiaogang, L. Jun, and X. Chenyang, “High-Q micro-ring resonators and grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated photonic circuits,” J. Semicond. 34, 0850061 (2013).

Xie, J.

Xin, L.

L. Xin and M. Hamdi, “On scheduling optical packet switches with reconfiguration delay,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1156–1164 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 123901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

Y. Liu, J. Yang, and J. Yao, “Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1172–1174 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

Yao, J.

Y. Liu, J. Yang, and J. Yao, “Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1172–1174 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yasu, M.

T. Kitoh, N. Takato, M. Yasu, and M. Kawachi, “Bending loss reduction in silica-based waveguides by using lateral offsets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 555–562 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ye, X.

Yu, M. B.

Yuanyuan, C.

C. Yuanyuan, Y. Jinzhong, Y. Qingfeng, and C. Shaowu, “Analysis on influencing factors of bend loss of silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Semicond. 26(13), 216 (2005).

Zadok, A.

Zaitsu, M.

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhan, L.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2378–2384 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, L.

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zimmermann, L.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (2)

L. Xin and M. Hamdi, “On scheduling optical packet switches with reconfiguration delay,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1156–1164 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

F. J. Mustieles, E. Ballesteros, and P. Baquero, “Theoretical S-bend profile for optimization of optical waveguide radiation losses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(5), 551–553 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. D. LeGrange, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, D. T. Neilson, L. Buhl, and J. Gripp, “Demonstration of an integrated buffer for an all-optical packet router,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(12), 781–783 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. Yang, and J. Yao, “Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1172–1174 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

M. Kwack, T. Oyama, Y. Hashizume, S. Mino, M. Zaitsu, T. Tanemura, and Y. Nakano, “Compact optical buffer module for intra-packet synchronization based on InP 1×8 switch and silica-based delay line circuit,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E96(C), 738–743 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

T. Kitoh, N. Takato, M. Yasu, and M. Kawachi, “Bending loss reduction in silica-based waveguides by using lateral offsets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 555–562 (1995).
[Crossref]

F. Ladouceur and P. Labeye, “A new general approach to optical waveguide path design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(3), 481–492 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. K. Hunter, W. D. Cornwell, T. H. Gilfedder, F. Andr’e, and I. Andonovic, “SLOB: a switch with large optical buffers for packet switching,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(10), 1725–1736 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Han and B. Jalali, “Photonic time-stretched analog-to-digital converter: fundamental concepts and practical considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(12), 3085–3103 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Semicond. (2)

C. Yuanyuan, Y. Jinzhong, Y. Qingfeng, and C. Shaowu, “Analysis on influencing factors of bend loss of silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Semicond. 26(13), 216 (2005).

T. Xiaogang, L. Jun, and X. Chenyang, “High-Q micro-ring resonators and grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator integrated photonic circuits,” J. Semicond. 34, 0850061 (2013).

Laser Photonics Rev. (2)

L. Zhuang, M. Hoekman, W. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. V. Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel low-loss waveguide delay lines using Vernier ring resonators for on-chip multi-λ microwave photonic signal processors,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 994–1002 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Morichetti, C. Ferrari, A. Canciamilla, and A. Melloni, “The first decade of coupled resonator optical waveguides: bringing slow light to applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 74–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(3), e1–e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-low-loss optical delay line on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 867 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1075 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

J. T. Mok and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonics: expect more delays,” Nature 433(7028), 811–812 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, D. I. Kroushkov, J. Bruns, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Continuously tunable delay line based on SOI tapered Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11241–11246 (2012).
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K. Qian, L. Zhan, H. Li, X. Hu, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Tunable delay slow-light in an active fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 17(24), 22217–22222 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mokhtari, K. Jamshidi, S. Preußler, A. Zadok, and T. Schneider, “Tunable microwave-photonic filter using frequency-to-time mapping-based delay lines,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21702–21707 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, “Huge capacity optical packet switching and buffering,” Opt. Express 19(26), B406–B414 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ye, F. Zhang, and S. Pan, “Optical true time delay unit for multi-beamforming,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10002–10008 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, “Photonic analog-to-digital converters,” Opt. Express 15(5), 1955–1982 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Li, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Seven-bit reconfigurable optical true time delay line based on silicon integration,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22707–22715 (2014).
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J. Song, Q. Fang, S. H. Tao, T. Y. Liow, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “Fast and low power Michelson interferometer thermo-optical switch on SOI,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15304–15311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Switching Networking (1)

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[Crossref]

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Architecture of the integrated optical buffer. (b) Simulation of the single-mode propagation condition. The insets show the cross-section of the waveguide and the single-mode field in the waveguide.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The schematic diagram of the designed bending waveguide with offsets. (b) Simulated interaction between the offset values and transmission efficiency. The inset is the simulated electric field distribution of the fundamental mode and the monitor values with a 0.26-μm offset.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The schematic diagram of the tunable optical buffer layout. Waveguides, heaters, and metal pads are presented with different colors. The insertion shows details of the thermal-tuning MZI optical switch. (b) The scanning electron microscope (SEM) photo of the core waveguide cross section. (c) The SEM photo of the heating waveguide cross section. (d) Photo of the packaged module.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Input square-wave signal generated from the arbitrary waveform generator (AWG). (b) The output modulated optical signal with rise/fall time of ~2/1.1 ms.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured optical loss at different storage time.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup for delay measurements. AWG: Arbitary Waveform Generation (Agilent Technologies 81150A); EDFA: Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (KEOPSYS); MZM: Mach-Zehnder Modulator (Oclaro AM-20); PD: Photo-detector (HP 11982A); OSC: Oscilloscope (Textronix DPO73304D).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Input square-wave pulse train with a 200-ns repetition period. (b) Zoom-in of one square-wave pulse. (c) Output signals from the optical buffer under different buffer states.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Eye diagrams of the output signal with delays of 10 ns, 40 ns, 70 ns and 100 ns.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Switch voltages of the thermo-optic switches

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