Abstract

We generate temporally modulated optical pulses with a beat frequency of 255 GHz, a duration of 360 ps, and a repetition rate of 2 MHz. The temporal envelope, beat frequency, and repetition rate are computer-programmable. A frequency comb serves as a phase and frequency reference for the locking of two laser lines. The system enables beat frequencies that are adjustable in steps of the frequency comb’s repetition rate and exhibit Hz-level precision and accuracy. We expect the optical beat pulses to be well suited for versatile multi-cycle terahertz-wave generation with controllable carrier-envelope phase. We demonstrate that the inherent synchronization of the frequency comb’s ultra-short pulse train and the synthesized optical beat (or later the multi-cycle terahertz) pulses enables rapid and phase-sensitive sampling of such pulses.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (2)

2017 (4)

2016 (3)

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, and F. X. Kärtner, “Pulse sequences for efficient multi-cycle terahertz generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25582–25607 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

V. Torres‐Company and A. M. Weiner, “Optical frequency comb technology for ultra‐broadband radio‐frequency photonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(3), 368–393 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nature Photonics 4, 462 (2010).

2009 (2)

C. Grebing, M. Görbe, K. Osvay, and G. Steinmeyer, “Isochronic and isodispersiv carrier-envelope phase-shift compensators,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 575–581 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Control of the optical Kerr effect in chirped-pulse-amplification systems using model-based phase shaping,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3788–3790 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Notcutt, L.-S. Ma, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Simple and compact 1-Hz laser system via an improved mounting configuration of a reference cavity,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1815–1817 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Aeppli, G.

Ahr, F.

M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, F. Ahr, L. Zapata, O. D. Mücke, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, D. Schimpf, N. H. Matlis, and F. X. Kärtner, “Cascaded interactions mediated by terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12536–12546 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ahr, S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, S. Carbajo, T. Kroh, K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, J. Schulte, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, A. R. Maier, and F. X. Kärtner, “Narrowband terahertz generation with chirped-and-delayed laser pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 42(11), 2118–2121 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

Anderson, A.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nature Photonics 4, 462 (2010).

Assion, A.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nature Photonics 4, 462 (2010).

Assmann, R. W.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakier, K.

Barat, R.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Berggren, K. K.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertram, R.

Calendron, A.-L.

M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, F. Ahr, L. Zapata, O. D. Mücke, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, D. Schimpf, N. H. Matlis, and F. X. Kärtner, “Cascaded interactions mediated by terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12536–12546 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

Cankaya, H.

Çankaya, H.

M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, F. Ahr, L. Zapata, O. D. Mücke, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, D. Schimpf, N. H. Matlis, and F. X. Kärtner, “Cascaded interactions mediated by terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12536–12546 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[Crossref]

Carbajo, S.

F. Ahr, S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, S. Carbajo, T. Kroh, K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, J. Schulte, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, A. R. Maier, and F. X. Kärtner, “Narrowband terahertz generation with chirped-and-delayed laser pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 42(11), 2118–2121 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carbajo, J. Schulte, X. Wu, K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient narrowband terahertz generation in cryogenically cooled periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 40(24), 5762–5765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, G.

Y. Hua, G. Chang, F. X. Kärtner, and D. N. Schimpf, “Pre-chirp managed, core-pumped nonlinear PM fiber amplifier delivering sub-100-fs and high energy (10 nJ) pulses with low noise,” Opt. Express 26(5), 6427–6438 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, D. N. Schimpf, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, “Pre-chirp managed nonlinear amplification in fibers delivering 100 W, 60 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 151–154 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, H. N.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chernikov, S. V.

Chtioui, M.

Cirmi, G.

M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, F. Ahr, L. Zapata, O. D. Mücke, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, D. Schimpf, N. H. Matlis, and F. X. Kärtner, “Cascaded interactions mediated by terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12536–12546 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, A. G.

Dean, P.

Demirbas, U.

Dorda, U.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörner, K.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Dwayne Miller, R. J.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eggert, S.

Eichner, T.

S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

Eidam, T.

Fallahi, A.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Federici, J. F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fice, M. J.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Frei, H.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nature Photonics 4, 462 (2010).

Friesem, A. A.

Fromme, P.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fülöp, J. A.

Gary, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Görbe, M.

C. Grebing, M. Görbe, K. Osvay, and G. Steinmeyer, “Isochronic and isodispersiv carrier-envelope phase-shift compensators,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 575–581 (2009).
[Crossref]

Graafsma, H.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grebing, C.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nature Photonics 4, 462 (2010).

C. Grebing, M. Görbe, K. Osvay, and G. Steinmeyer, “Isochronic and isodispersiv carrier-envelope phase-shift compensators,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 575–581 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

M. Notcutt, L.-S. Ma, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Simple and compact 1-Hz laser system via an improved mounting configuration of a reference cavity,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1815–1817 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hartin, A.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hebling, J.

G. Tóth, J. A. Fülöp, and J. Hebling, “Periodically intensity-modulated pulses by optical parametric amplification for multicycle tunable terahertz pulse generation,” Opt. Express 25(23), 28258–28272 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, M.

M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, F. Ahr, L. Zapata, O. D. Mücke, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, D. Schimpf, N. H. Matlis, and F. X. Kärtner, “Cascaded interactions mediated by terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12536–12546 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hisatake, S.

Hobbs, R.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, K.-H.

W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horiguchi, S.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hua, Y.

Y. Hua, G. Chang, F. X. Kärtner, and D. N. Schimpf, “Pre-chirp managed, core-pumped nonlinear PM fiber amplifier delivering sub-100-fs and high energy (10 nJ) pulses with low noise,” Opt. Express 26(5), 6427–6438 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, W. R.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizuki, H.

Jolly, S. W.

F. Ahr, S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, S. Carbajo, T. Kroh, K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, J. Schulte, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, A. R. Maier, and F. X. Kärtner, “Narrowband terahertz generation with chirped-and-delayed laser pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 42(11), 2118–2121 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

Kärtner, F. X.

Y. Hua, G. Chang, F. X. Kärtner, and D. N. Schimpf, “Pre-chirp managed, core-pumped nonlinear PM fiber amplifier delivering sub-100-fs and high energy (10 nJ) pulses with low noise,” Opt. Express 26(5), 6427–6438 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, F. Ahr, L. Zapata, O. D. Mücke, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, D. Schimpf, N. H. Matlis, and F. X. Kärtner, “Cascaded interactions mediated by terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12536–12546 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ahr, S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, S. Carbajo, T. Kroh, K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, J. Schulte, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, A. R. Maier, and F. X. Kärtner, “Narrowband terahertz generation with chirped-and-delayed laser pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 42(11), 2118–2121 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, and F. X. Kärtner, “Pulse sequences for efficient multi-cycle terahertz generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25582–25607 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Carbajo, J. Schulte, X. Wu, K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient narrowband terahertz generation in cryogenically cooled periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 40(24), 5762–5765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, D. N. Schimpf, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, “Pre-chirp managed nonlinear amplification in fibers delivering 100 W, 60 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 151–154 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

Koke, S.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nature Photonics 4, 462 (2010).

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kroh, T.

Kuhl, J.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kuwano, S.

Lamponi, M.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Leroux, V.

S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

Letrun, R.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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K. Ravi, D. N. Schimpf, and F. X. Kärtner, “Pulse sequences for efficient multi-cycle terahertz generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25582–25607 (2016).
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W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
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F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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W. Ronny Huang, A. Fallahi, X. Wu, H. Cankaya, A.-L. Calendron, K. Ravi, D. Zhang, E. A. Nanni, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven, all-optical electron gun,” Optica 3(11), 1209–1212 (2016).
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Zhou, C.

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
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E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
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Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

F. X. Kärtner, F. Ahr, A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, S. Carbajo, G. Chang, G. Cirmi, K. Dörner, U. Dorda, A. Fallahi, A. Hartin, M. Hemmer, R. Hobbs, Y. Hua, W. R. Huang, R. Letrun, N. Matlis, V. Mazalova, O. D. Mücke, E. Nanni, W. Putnam, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, I. Sarrou, X. Wu, A. Yahaghi, H. Ye, L. Zapata, D. Zhang, C. Zhou, R. J. D. Miller, K. K. Berggren, H. Graafsma, A. Meents, R. W. Assmann, H. N. Chapman, and P. Fromme, “AXSIS: Exploring the frontiers in attosecond X-ray science, imaging and spectroscopy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 829, 24–29 (2016).
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A. J. Seeds, M. J. Fice, K. Balakier, M. Natrella, O. Mitrofanov, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. van Dijk, M. Pepper, G. Aeppli, A. G. Davies, P. Dean, E. Linfield, and C. C. Renaud, “Coherent terahertz photonics,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22988–23000 (2013).
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U. Demirbas, R. Uecker, J. G. Fujimoto, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Multicolor lasers using birefringent filters: experimental demonstration with Cr:Nd:GSGG and Cr:LiSAF,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2594–2607 (2017).
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T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23736–23747 (2013).
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L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
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Y. Hua, G. Chang, F. X. Kärtner, and D. N. Schimpf, “Pre-chirp managed, core-pumped nonlinear PM fiber amplifier delivering sub-100-fs and high energy (10 nJ) pulses with low noise,” Opt. Express 26(5), 6427–6438 (2018).
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D. Schimpf, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Decrease of pulse-contrast in nonlinear chirped-pulse amplification systems due to high-frequency spectral phase ripples,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8876–8886 (2008).
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Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications – explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
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S. W. Jolly, N. H. Matlis, F. Ahr, V. Leroux, T. Eichner, A.-L. Calendron, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, F. X. Kärtner, and A. R. Maier, Spectral phase control of interfering chirped pulses for high-energy narrowband terahertz generation (submitted to) (Nature Photonics.).

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a): Laser-based generation of terahertz radiation using the nonlinear effect of difference frequency generation, (b) generation of a highly precise and accurate frequency difference between two single frequency lasers using a laser frequency comb.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Illustration of the optical beat (red line), generated optical beat pulse with an envelope created by amplitude modulation (blue line) and its relation to the ultra-short laser pulses of the optical frequency comb (bottom).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of the experimental setup of the laser system containing pre-chirp managed amplifier (PCMA), voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO), acousto-optic frequency shifter (AOFS), radio frequency (RF) short-pass filters (SPF) and band-pass filters (BPF). Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier (YDFA), arbitrary waveform generator (AWG), electro-optic modulator (EOM), acousto-optic modulator (AOM), 975nm single mode laser-diodes (LD).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic of the iso-chronic wedge pair.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 RF spectrum at the signal analyzer showing the stabilized repetition rate.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Residual effect of the isochronic wedge pair’s translation on the repetition rate of the free-running ultra-short pulse oscillator.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Effect of the isochronic wedge pair’s translation on the CEO frequency of the repetition rate stabilized ultra-short pulse laser oscillator.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Transmittance through the AOFS as a function of frequency (the red dots are the measurement data).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Time-dependent behavior of the center frequency of the optical heterodyne detection signal for the case of (a) free running ultra-short pulse oscillator, (b) repetition-rate locked ultra-short pulse oscillator, and (c) additional fixing of CEO-frequency to the stable laser in feed-forward scheme.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Time-dependent behavior of the center frequencies of the two optical heterodyne detection signals with SFL1 and SFL2.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 (a) Target waveform loaded into AWG, (b) measurement of the resulting pulse by using high bandwidth photo-detector and oscilloscope.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Auto-correlation of the ultra-short pulse that samples the optical beat pulse via optical cross-correlation.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Optical cross-correlation of the optical beat pulse.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 (a) Optical auto-correlation of the central section of the optical beat pulse, and (b) corresponding optical spectrum of the two lines.

Equations (1)

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Δν= ν 2 ν 1 =N f rep

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