Abstract

We present and experimentally demonstrate a silicon photonic (SiP)-based four-lane 400 Gb/s transmitter for fiber-rich intra-datacenter optical interconnects. Four parallel SiP series push-pull traveling wave Mach-Zehnder modulators (MZMs) operating in the O-band are used in the transmitter. The MZMs have an average electro-optic (EO) bandwidth of approximately 30 GHz at 3 V reverse bias voltage. To assess the parallel operation, we measure the EO crosstalk between the four MZMs, where the EO crosstalk between the closest MZMs is below −17 dB over 50 GHz bandwidth. Then, we use a four-channel digital-to-analog converter (DAC) to simultaneously drive the MZMs and characterize the performance of the transmitter versus various parameters. Results reveal that 53 Gbaud pulse amplitude modulation over 4-levels (PAM4), i.e., 100 Gb/s net rate, per lane can be received at a bit error rate (BER) below the KP4- forward error correction (KP4-FEC) threshold of 2.4×104 using only a 5-tap feed-forward equalizer (FFE) at the receiver. In addition, we show that 53 Gbaud and 64 Gbaud PAM4 per lane can be received at a BER below the KP4-FEC and 7% hard decision FEC (HD-FEC), respectively, using a driving voltage swing below 1.8 Vpp. To the best of our knowledge, these are the best results for 100 Gb/s PAM4 using a single electrode SiP TWMZM with a lateral PN junction in a multi-project wafer process. Finally, we show that the BER is still below the KP4-FEC at maximum crosstalk for all lanes, and an aggregate rate of 400 Gb/s can be achieved at an average BER of approximately 1×104.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

2017 (5)

2016 (3)

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

Abadia, N.

Abadía, N.

Adamiecki, A.

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Agrawal, A.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Akashi, M.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Alam, M. S.

Anderson, F. G.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Ayliffe, M. H.

Azemati, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baks, C. W.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Baldwin, T.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Barwicz, T.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Bernier, E.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Billah, M. R.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Birk, M.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Blaicher, M.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Brooks, P.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Buhl, L. L.

Buhl, Lawrence L.

Cao, Z.

Celo, D.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Chagnon, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. K. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multitone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 79–84 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Cheben, P.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Chen, H.

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Chen, L.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Chen, M.

Chen, W.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Chen, X.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Chen, Y. K.

Cole, C.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

D’Mello, Y.

de Valicourt, G.

Dietrich, P.-I.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Dochhan, A.

A. Dochhan, H. Griesser, N. Eiselt, M. H. Eiselt, and J.-P. Elbers, “Solutions for 80 km DWDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 491–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Dong, P.

Drenski, T.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Dumais, P.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Eiselt, M. H.

A. Dochhan, H. Griesser, N. Eiselt, M. H. Eiselt, and J.-P. Elbers, “Solutions for 80 km DWDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 491–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Eiselt, N.

A. Dochhan, H. Griesser, N. Eiselt, M. H. Eiselt, and J.-P. Elbers, “Solutions for 80 km DWDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 491–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Elbers, J.-P.

A. Dochhan, H. Griesser, N. Eiselt, M. H. Eiselt, and J.-P. Elbers, “Solutions for 80 km DWDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 491–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Elfiky, E.

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.

El-Fiky, E.

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Gamache, M. H. Ayliffe, J. Li, M. Jacques, Y. Wang, A. Kumar, and D. V. Plant, “First demonstration of a 400 Gb/s 4λ CWDM TOSA for datacenter optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 26, 19742–19749 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, K. A. Shahriar, M. S. Alam, M. Jacques, Z. Xing, L. Xu, N. Abadía, and D. V. Plant, “Transversely coupled fabry-perot resonators with bragg grating reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 43, 13–16 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, D. Patel, R. Li, M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, N. Abadia, Y. D’Mello, and D. V. Plant, “200 Gb/s transmission using a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection applications,” Opt. Express 25, 30336–30348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ellis-Monaghan, J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Feilchenfeld, N. B.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Freude, W.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Fu, H.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Fu, X.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Galland, C.

Gamache, C.

Geng, D.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Ghosh, S.

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gill, D. M.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Givehchi, M.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Gnauck, A.

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Goodwill, D.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Green, W. M. J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Griesser, H.

A. Dochhan, H. Griesser, N. Eiselt, M. H. Eiselt, and J.-P. Elbers, “Solutions for 80 km DWDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 491–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Guy, M.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Haensch, W.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Hiramoto, K.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Hochberg, M.

Hofmann, A.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Hofrichter, J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Hoose, T.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Horst, F.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Huang, Z. R.

Jacques, M.

Janz, S.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Jiang, J.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Jiang, L.

Kai, Y.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Kemal, J. N.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Khater, M.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Kiewra, E.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Kim, K.

Koos, C.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Kumar, A.

Lapointe, J.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Larouche, C.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Latrasse, C.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Lau, A. P. T.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Lee, J.

Li, B.

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Li, F.

Li, J.

Li, L.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Li, M.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Li, R.

Li, X.

Libsch, F.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Lim, A. E.-J.

Liu, B.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Lo, G.-Q.

Lu, C.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Luking, R.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Man, J.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Martin, Y.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

McBrien, G.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Meghelli, M.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Merget, F.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Mikkelsen, B.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Moehrle, M.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Monroy, I. T.

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Morsy-Osman, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Nielsen, T.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Nishihara, M.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Offrein, B.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Olmos, J. J. V.

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Orcutt, J. S.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Osman, M.

Painchaud, Y.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Park, S. Y.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Patel, D.

M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, K. A. Shahriar, M. S. Alam, M. Jacques, Z. Xing, L. Xu, N. Abadía, and D. V. Plant, “Transversely coupled fabry-perot resonators with bragg grating reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 43, 13–16 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, D. Patel, R. Li, M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, N. Abadia, Y. D’Mello, and D. V. Plant, “200 Gb/s transmission using a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection applications,” Opt. Express 25, 30336–30348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.

Pelletier, F.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Pepper, G.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Picard, M.-J.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Plant, D. V.

M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, K. A. Shahriar, M. S. Alam, M. Jacques, Z. Xing, L. Xu, N. Abadía, and D. V. Plant, “Transversely coupled fabry-perot resonators with bragg grating reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 43, 13–16 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Gamache, M. H. Ayliffe, J. Li, M. Jacques, Y. Wang, A. Kumar, and D. V. Plant, “First demonstration of a 400 Gb/s 4λ CWDM TOSA for datacenter optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 26, 19742–19749 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, D. Patel, R. Li, M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, N. Abadia, Y. D’Mello, and D. V. Plant, “200 Gb/s transmission using a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection applications,” Opt. Express 25, 30336–30348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.

Poulin, M.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Proesel, J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Rahim, M.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Randel, S.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Rasmussen, C.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Rasmussen, J. C.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Rosenberg, J. C.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Saber, M. G.

Sacher, W. D.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Samani, A.

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Gamache, M. H. Ayliffe, J. Li, M. Jacques, Y. Wang, A. Kumar, and D. V. Plant, “First demonstration of a 400 Gb/s 4λ CWDM TOSA for datacenter optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 26, 19742–19749 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, D. Patel, R. Li, M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, N. Abadia, Y. D’Mello, and D. V. Plant, “200 Gb/s transmission using a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection applications,” Opt. Express 25, 30336–30348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.

Schmid, J. H.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Schubert, A.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Shahriar, K. A.

Sinsky, J. H.

Sowailem, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, D. Patel, R. Li, M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, N. Abadia, Y. D’Mello, and D. V. Plant, “200 Gb/s transmission using a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection applications,” Opt. Express 25, 30336–30348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

Stricker, A. D.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Stulz, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Sui, Q.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Takahara, T.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Tanaka, T.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Tao, Z.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

Troppenz, U.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Tu, X.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Vachon, M.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Veerasubramanian, V.

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vermeulen, D.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Wang, S.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Wang, Y.

Wei, J.

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

Wei, Y.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Winzer, P.

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Witzens, J.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

Xie, Chongjin

Xing, Z.

M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, K. A. Shahriar, M. S. Alam, M. Jacques, Z. Xing, L. Xu, N. Abadía, and D. V. Plant, “Transversely coupled fabry-perot resonators with bragg grating reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 43, 13–16 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiong, C.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

Xu, D.-X.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

Xu, L.

Xu, X.-M.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Yang, S.

Yu, C.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Yu, J.

Zeng, L.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Zhang, G.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, F.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

Zhong, K.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

Zhong, Q.

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zwickel, H.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

R. Li, D. Patel, A. Samani, E. El-Fiky, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “An 80 Gb/s silicon photonic modulator based on the principle of overlapped resonances,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (7)

A. Samani, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, E. El-Fiky, R. Li, M. Jacques, N. Abadía, V. Veerasubramanian, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of 128 Gb/s PAM-4 transmission system using a multi-electrode silicon photonic Mach zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25, 13252–13262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, D. Patel, R. Li, M. G. Saber, Y. Wang, N. Abadia, Y. D’Mello, and D. V. Plant, “200 Gb/s transmission using a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection applications,” Opt. Express 25, 30336–30348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, C. Galland, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact and low loss Y-junction for submicron silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1310–1316 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dong, Chongjin Xie, and Lawrence L. Buhl, “Monolithic polarization diversity coherent receiver based on 120-degree optical hybrids on silicon,” Opt. Express 22(2), 2119–2125 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. El-Fiky, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Gamache, M. H. Ayliffe, J. Li, M. Jacques, Y. Wang, A. Kumar, and D. V. Plant, “First demonstration of a 400 Gb/s 4λ CWDM TOSA for datacenter optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 26, 19742–19749 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (17)

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3.

“IEEE Standard for Ethernet,” IEEE Standard 802.3, Amendment 10 (2017).

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J.-P. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “First real-time 400G PAM-4 demonstration for inter-data center transmission over 100 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), p. W1K.5.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5B.7.

K. Zhong, W. Chen, Q. Sui, J. Man, A. P. T. Lau, C. Lu, and L. Zeng, “Experimental demonstration of 500Gbit/s short reach transmission employing PAM4 signal and direct detection with 25Gbps device,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th3A.3.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and E. Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, J. N. Kemal, T. Hoose, H. Zwickel, P.-I. Dietrich, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, F. Merget, A. Hofmann, J. Witzens, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8-channel 448 Gbit/s silicon photonic transmitter enabled by photonic wire bonding,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Th5D.6.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with -0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

X. Chen, P. Dong, S. Chandrasekhar, K. Kim, B. Li, H. Chen, A. Adamiecki, A. Gnauck, and P. Winzer, “Characterization and digital pre-compensation of electro-optic crosstalk in silicon photonics I/Q modulators,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

“Cisco Global Cloud Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2016–2021,” White Paper-c11-738085, 2016, http://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/global-cloud-index-gci/white-paper-c11-738085.pdf

“IEEE Standard for Ethernet,” IEEE Standards 802.3–2015, (2015).
[Crossref]

“CWDM4 MSA,” http://www.cwdm4-msa.org (2015).

“Ethernet alliance roadmap,” http://www.ethernetalliance.org/roadmap .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Layout schematic for the SiP transmitter, (b) image of the die wirebonded to a chip carrier, and (c) TWMZM cross-section.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) EE S   11 response for the four MZMs, (b) and (c) EO S   21 response for the MZMs at 0 V and 3 V DC bias, respectively, and (d) EO crosstalk between MZM1 (aggressor) and MZM2-4 (victims).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup used for the 400G PSM transmitter testing. Inset: 53 Gbaud PAM4 RF signal out of the amplifier. DAC: digital-to-analog converter, PDFA: praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier, SMF: single mode fiber, VOA: variable optical attenuator, and RTO: real time oscilloscope.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) BER performance versus number of receiver FFE taps for different symbol rates, (b) BER performance versus driving voltage swing without crosstalk, (c) crosstalk impact on BER performance at different symbol rates, and (d) BER performance versus bitrate for a single lane in presence of crosstalk over different reach values at constant received signal power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Eye diagrams for the four MZMs simultaneously modulated obtained after receiver DSP at 100 Gb/s net rate.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BER versus bitrate for the four MZMs simultaneously modulated in the B2B case, and (b) BER versus received signal power with and without presence of crosstalk from other lanes. Results from a reference lithoum niobate MZM are added for comparison.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) BER versus bitrate for different modulation formats in the B2B case, and (b-c) eye diagrams after receiver DSP for PAM2, PAM4 and PAM8 modulation formats running at 53, 53, and 35 Gbaud, respectively.

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