Abstract

Using the classical ensemble method, we have investigated the alignment dependence of the correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of diatomic molecules driven by linearly polarized laser pulses. Our numerical results show that the correlated electron pairs are more likely to emit into the same hemisphere (side-by-side emission) for the parallel aligned molecules at the small internuclear distance, in agreement with previous experimental results. Surprisingly, as the internuclear distance increases, this side-by-side emission is more prevalent for the perpendicularly aligned molecules. Back analyzing of the classical trajectories shows that a considerable part of the NSDI events for the parallel aligned molecules at the large internuclear distances occur through an internal collision, not the well-known recollision. In the internal collision induced NSDI, the first electron tunnels through the inner barrier from the up-field core, moves directly towards the other core, and kicks out the second electron. For this type of NSDI events, the electron pairs are more likely to emit into the opposite hemispheres and thus the correlated electron momentum spectrum exhibits a more dominant back-to-back behavior in the parallel aligned molecules.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (3)

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Optics and Laser Technology 108, 235–240 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, M. Zhong, and Z. Wu, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence in nonsequence double ionization of ArXe,” Sci. Rep. 8, 8772 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization, ” J. Phys. B 50(22), 225601 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, M. Li, Y. Li, A. Tong, Q. Li, and P. Lu, “Dissection of electron correlation in strong-field sequential double ionization using a classical model,” Opt. Express 25(7), 8450–8458 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phy. Rev. A 93(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15774–15783 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

S. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (4)

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B 42(13), 134009 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classic trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike patten in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of Heium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B 41(3), 031001 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. P. Bechcicki, K. Sacha, B. Eckhardt, and J. Zakrzewski, “Nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 033407 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Fu, J. Liu, J. Chen, and S. Chen, “Classical collisional trajectories as the source of strong-field double ionization of helium in the knee regime,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 043416 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

T. -T. Nguyen-Dang, F. Châteauneuf, and S. Manoli, “Tunnel ionization of H2 in a low-frequency laser field: A wave-packet approach,” Phys. Rev. A 56(3), 2142–2167 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “Charge-resonance-enhanced ionization of diatomic molecular ions by intense lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52(4), R2511 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamer Seideman, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Role of electron localization in intense-field molecular ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(15), 2819–2822 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization, ” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

A. I’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27(5), 2503–2512 (1983).
[Crossref]

Achtelik, A.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alnaser, A. S.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B 41(3), 031001 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “Charge-resonance-enhanced ionization of diatomic molecular ions by intense lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52(4), R2511 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bardon, A. B.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudisch, M.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Bechcicki, J. S. P.

J. S. P. Bechcicki, K. Sacha, B. Eckhardt, and J. Zakrzewski, “Nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 033407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Blaga, C. I.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breen, L.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaloupka, J. L.

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandre, C.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Châteauneuf, F.

T. -T. Nguyen-Dang, F. Châteauneuf, and S. Manoli, “Tunnel ionization of H2 in a low-frequency laser field: A wave-packet approach,” Phys. Rev. A 56(3), 2142–2167 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Fu, J. Liu, J. Chen, and S. Chen, “Classical collisional trajectories as the source of strong-field double ionization of helium in the knee regime,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 043416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

L. Fu, J. Liu, J. Chen, and S. Chen, “Classical collisional trajectories as the source of strong-field double ionization of helium in the knee regime,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 043416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cocke, C. L.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Comtois, D.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B 41(3), 031001 (2008).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamer Seideman, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Role of electron localization in intense-field molecular ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(15), 2819–2822 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization, ” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, J. R.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespo López-Urrutia, J. R.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

Czasch, A.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dehghanian, E.

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
[Crossref]

Deipenwisch, J.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiChiara, A. D.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doherty, B. J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorn, A.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dreischuh, A.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dürr, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckhardt, B.

J. S. P. Bechcicki, K. Sacha, B. Eckhardt, and J. Zakrzewski, “Nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 033407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eremina, E.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
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A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
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Feuerstein, B.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
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A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
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A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
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R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
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B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
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R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
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C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043405 (2004).
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Fischer, B.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
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Fischer, D.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
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B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
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D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
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L. Fu, J. Liu, J. Chen, and S. Chen, “Classical collisional trajectories as the source of strong-field double ionization of helium in the knee regime,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 043416 (2001).
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Gademann, G.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
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Gong, C.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
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Gong, X.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
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S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
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Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
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Hasan, A. T.

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He, M.

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
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J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
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B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Herrwerth, O.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
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Ho, J.

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
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Hoffmann, K.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
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R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
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Höhr, C.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
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B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
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Hong, W.

Hu, S.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
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C. Huang, M. Zhong, and Z. Wu, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence in nonsequence double ionization of ArXe,” Sci. Rep. 8, 8772 (2018).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
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C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5627–5634 (2011).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2301–2308 (2011).
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A. I’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27(5), 2503–2512 (1983).
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Ji, Q

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
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Kamta, G. L.

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
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Karim, A.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
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Kartashov, D.

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Ke, Q.

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
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Kieffer, J.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B 41(3), 031001 (2008).
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Kim, H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
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Kitzler, M.

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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
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Korn, G.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
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B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kremer, M.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
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Kulander, K. C.

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
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D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kunitski, M.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
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Lafon, R.

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
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R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
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Lai, X.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lan, P.

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
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Li, L.

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
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Li, M.

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
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X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
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X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Optics and Laser Technology 108, 235–240 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
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Y. Zhou, M. Li, Y. Li, A. Tong, Q. Li, and P. Lu, “Dissection of electron correlation in strong-field sequential double ionization using a classical model,” Opt. Express 25(7), 8450–8458 (2017).
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Li, N.

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Optics and Laser Technology 108, 235–240 (2018).
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Li, Q.

Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization, ” J. Phys. B 50(22), 225601 (2017).
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Y. Zhou, M. Li, Y. Li, A. Tong, Q. Li, and P. Lu, “Dissection of electron correlation in strong-field sequential double ionization using a classical model,” Opt. Express 25(7), 8450–8458 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Liang, J.

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liao, Q.

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5627–5634 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2301–2308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Litvinyuk, I. V.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B 41(3), 031001 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

D. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classic trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike patten in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of Heium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Fu, J. Liu, J. Chen, and S. Chen, “Classical collisional trajectories as the source of strong-field double ionization of helium in the knee regime,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 043416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classic trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike patten in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of Heium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
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C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
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Liu, Y.

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
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Lompre, L. A.

A. I’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27(5), 2503–2512 (1983).
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X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
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Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
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X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Optics and Laser Technology 108, 235–240 (2018).
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J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
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Q. Li, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Universal time delay in the recollision impact ionization pathway of strong-field nonsequential double ionization, ” J. Phys. B 50(22), 225601 (2017).
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Y. Zhou, M. Li, Y. Li, A. Tong, Q. Li, and P. Lu, “Dissection of electron correlation in strong-field sequential double ionization using a classical model,” Opt. Express 25(7), 8450–8458 (2017).
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X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phy. Rev. A 93(1), 013425 (2016).
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A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15774–15783 (2015).
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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2301–2308 (2011).
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C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5627–5634 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, S.

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Optics and Laser Technology 108, 235–240 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phy. Rev. A 93(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maharjan, C. M.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mainfray, G.

A. I’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27(5), 2503–2512 (1983).
[Crossref]

Manoli, S.

T. -T. Nguyen-Dang, F. Châteauneuf, and S. Manoli, “Tunnel ionization of H2 in a low-frequency laser field: A wave-packet approach,” Phys. Rev. A 56(3), 2142–2167 (1997).
[Crossref]

Manus, C.

A. I’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions induced by multiphoton absorption in rare gases at 0.53 μm,” Phys. Rev. A 27(5), 2503–2512 (1983).
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Mauger, F.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
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Meckel, M.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
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A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Möller, M.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moshammer, R.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neumayer, P.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nguyen-Dang, T. -T.

T. -T. Nguyen-Dang, F. Châteauneuf, and S. Manoli, “Tunnel ionization of H2 in a low-frequency laser field: A wave-packet approach,” Phys. Rev. A 56(3), 2142–2167 (1997).
[Crossref]

Osipov, T.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
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Pan, H.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
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Panfili, R.

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
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Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
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Paul, P. M.

R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
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Paulus, G. G.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
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Plantinga, P. W.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B 42(13), 134009 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pullen, M. G.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Qin, Y.

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

Quan, W.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
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Ranitovic, P.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roither, S.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rottke, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudati, J.

J. L. Chaloupka, J. Rudati, R. Lafon, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Observation of a transition in the dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 033002 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ruiz, C.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
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Sacha, K.

J. S. P. Bechcicki, K. Sacha, B. Eckhardt, and J. Zakrzewski, “Nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 033407 (2005).
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Sandner, W.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sann, H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sayler, A. M.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
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Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
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K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
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Schätzel, M. G.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, L. Ph. H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmitt, W.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schöffler, M.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schöffler, M. S.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schomerus, H.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schössler, S.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schröter, C. D.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, K. D.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sclafani, M.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Seideman, Tamer

Tamer Seideman, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Role of electron localization in intense-field molecular ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(15), 2819–2822 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senftleben, A.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Shafir, D.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shan, B.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

R. Lafon, J. L. Chaloupka, B. Sheehy, P. M. Paul, P. Agostini, K. C. Kulander, and L. F. DiMauro, “Electron energy spectra from intense laser double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(13), 2762–2765 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shomsky, K. N.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B 42(13), 134009 (2009).
[Crossref]

Siegel, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simeonidis, K.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sistrunk, E.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, Z. S.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B 42(13), 134009 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staudte, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szafruga, U. B.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(3), 033002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, J.

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, A.

Tong, X. M.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trump, C.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tschuch, S.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys. 10(2), 025007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(25), 253001 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulrich, B.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uzer, T.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Dyke, J. S.

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B 41(3), 031001 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voss, S.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X. M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure ioniaztion of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(17), 173001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weber, Th.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wittmann, M.

R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, B. Feuerstein, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, C. Höhr, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Strongly directed electron emission in non-sequential double ionization of Ne by intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 36(6), L113–L119 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(3), 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolter, B.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Wu, J.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3(4), 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

C. Huang, M. Zhong, and Z. Wu, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence in nonsequence double ionization of ArXe,” Sci. Rep. 8, 8772 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wustelt, P.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, D.

D. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classic trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike patten in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of Heium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu. Ivanov, M.

Tamer Seideman, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Role of electron localization in intense-field molecular ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(15), 2819–2822 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zakrzewski, J.

J. S. P. Bechcicki, K. Sacha, B. Eckhardt, and J. Zakrzewski, “Nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 033407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zeidler, D.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of Acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, X. Zhu, D. Wang, L. Li, X. Liu, Q. Liao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Ultrafast oscillating-magnetic-field generation based on electronic-current dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 99(2), 013414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhong, M.

C. Huang, M. Zhong, and Z. Wu, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence in nonsequence double ionization of ArXe,” Sci. Rep. 8, 8772 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Optics and Laser Technology 108, 235–240 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

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B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

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C. Huang, M. Zhong, and Z. Wu, “Anomalous ellipticity dependence in nonsequence double ionization of ArXe,” Sci. Rep. 8, 8772 (2018).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Correlated electron momentum spectra along the laser polarization direction for NSDI of H2 at λ = 800 nm, I = 1.0 × 1014W/cm2. The molecules are aligned parallel and perpendicular to the laser polarization direction for the first and second rows, respectively. The internuclear distances of the molecules from the first to the third columns are 2 a.u., 4 a.u., and 6 a.u., respectively. In the calculation, the ensemble sizes of (a)–(f) are 2.00, 0.20, 0.20, 8.00, 2.00, and 2.00 million, resulting in more than twenty thousand NSDI events for statistics in each spectra.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Two sample trajectories of NSDI for the parallel molecule with R = 6 a.u. Left column, the trajectory of recollision induced NSDI. Right column, the trajectory of the internal collision induced NSDI. The first and second rows show the time evolution of the z-component coordinate and the energy of the two electrons. The third row displays the trajectories of electrons in xz plane and the fourth row zooms in the behavior of the trajectories near the core. The black arrow in (b) indicates the recollision.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Correlated electron momentum spectra along the laser polarization direction for the NSDI in the parallel aligned molecules with R = 4 a.u. (first row) and R = 6 a.u. (second row). The first and second columns correspond to the NSDI events occurring through recollision and internal collision, respectively. At R = 4 and 6 a.u., 15% and 34% of the NSDI events occur through the internal-collision process, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Sketches of the recollision (a) and internal-collision (b) processes. (c) and (d) The time delay between (re)collision and the ionization of the first electron for the NSDI events in Figs. 3(c) and 3(d), respectively. (e) and (f) The time delay between double ionization and (re)collision for the NSDI events in Figs. 3(c) and 3(d), respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 A sketch of the collision time and double ionization time distributions for the NSDI events in Fig. 3(d). The blue solid and red dash curves represent the electric field and vector potential of the laser fields, respectively. The blue and red peaks denote the collision and double ionization times, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The time delay between double ionization and collision for the NSDI events in Fig. 3(b).

Equations (1)

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d 2 r i d t 2 = [ V n e ( r i ) + V e e ( r 1 , r 2 ) ] E ( t ) ,

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