Abstract

We investigate a new type of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)-doped sol-gel glass saturable absorber (SA) fabricated by sol-gel technique. The reagents used for the sol-gel glass contain Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), ethanol, water, and hydrochloric acid. Different from the traditional ways of fabricating SAs, the MoS2 in our method is encapsulated by inorganic sol-gel glass instead of polymer compound with low laser damage resistance, which greatly increases the optical damage threshold of MoS2 SA. The MoS2-doped sol-gel glass as an SA is experimentally demonstrated in a passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser (YDFL). Stable mode-locked pulse trains are successfully generated in the normal dispersion regime with a pulse width of 13.8 ps and the average output power of 34.6 mW. The fluctuation of the central wavelength and spectral bandwidth is as low as 0.9% in one week, which indicates that the mode-locking state has good environmental stability. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first example of sol-gel glass SA for ultrafast pulses generated in YDFL, which potentially gives a new approach to improve optical damage threshold and long-term working stability for broadband absorbers.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

G. W. Liang, L. L. Tao, Y. H. Tsang, L. H. Zeng, X. Liu, J. Li, J. L. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Optical limiting properties of a few-layer MoS2/PMMA composite under excitation of ultrafast laser pulses,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 7(3), 495–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Wang, R. Lv, X. Wang, Z. Chen, and L. Wei, “Er-doped Q-switched fiber laser with a black phosphorus/polymethyl methacrylate saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(6), 1292–1295 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Liu, Y. N. Zhu, M. L. Liu, B. Wen, S. B. Fang, H. Teng, M. Lei, L. M. Liu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Optical properties and applications for MoS2-Sb2Te3-MoS2 heterostructure materials,” Photon. Res. 6(3), 220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Shi, H. Long, S. X. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, and Q. Wen, “Ultrasmall 2D NbSe2 based quantum dots used for low threshold ultrafast lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(46), 12638–12642 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Chai, X. Li, T. Feng, P. Guo, Y. Song, Y. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene for ultrashort pulse generation in a dissipative system based on an evanescent field,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17617–17622 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx(T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2017).

G. Sobon, A. Duzynska, M. Świniarski, J. Judek, J. Sotor, and M. Zdrojek, “CNT-based saturable absorbers with scalable modulation depth for Thulium-doped fiber lasers operating at 1.9 μm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45491 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Yang and X. M. Liu, “Nonlinear optical response and applications of tin disulfide in the near- and mid-Infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(17), 171106 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

S. Samikannu and S. Sivaraj, “Dissipative soliton generation in an all-normal dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer molybdenum diselenide as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081311 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sathiyan, V. Velmurugan, K. Senthilnathan, P. R. Babu, and S. Sivabalan, “All-normal dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser using MoS2-PVA saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 55103 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

H. Y. Guoyu, Y. R. Song, K. X. Li, Z. Y. Dou, J. R. Tian, and X. P. Zhang, “Mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on tungsten disulphide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(12), 125102 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szczepanek, T. M. Kardaś, M. Michalska, C. Radzewicz, and Y. Stepanenko, “Simple all-PM-fiber laser mode-locked with a nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3500–3503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, S. Jiang, Y. Wang, X. Wang, L. Duan, D. Mao, Z. Li, B. Man, and J. Si, “WS2/fluorine mica (FM) saturable absorbers for all-normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28698–28706 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

2013 (5)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Q. Lin, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. H. Yang, D. Q. Ouyang, Y. M. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(5), 1501807 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, R. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7(2), 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, X. Zou, S. Najmaei, Z. Liu, Y. Shi, J. Kong, J. Lou, P. M. Ajayan, B. I. Yakobson, and J. C. Idrobo, “Intrinsic structural defects in monolayer molybdenum disulfide,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2615–2622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

A. Castellanos-Gomez, M. Barkelid, A. M. Goossens, V. E. Calado, H. S. J. van der Zant, and G. A. Steele, “Laser-thinning of MoS₂: on demand generation of a single-layer semiconductor,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3187–3192 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(6), 63834 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

1986 (1)

C. B. Roxlo, M. Daage, A. F. Rupper, and R. R. Chianelli, “Optical absorption and catalytic activity of molybdenum sulfide edge surfaces,” J. Catal. 100(1), 176–184 (1986).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

J. A. Wilson and A. D. Yoffe, “The transition metal dichalcogenides discussion and interpretation of the observed optical, electrical and structural properties,” Adv. Phys. 18(73), 193–335 (1969).
[Crossref]

Ajayan, P. M.

W. Zhou, X. Zou, S. Najmaei, Z. Liu, Y. Shi, J. Kong, J. Lou, P. M. Ajayan, B. I. Yakobson, and J. C. Idrobo, “Intrinsic structural defects in monolayer molybdenum disulfide,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2615–2622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Babu, P. R.

S. Sathiyan, V. Velmurugan, K. Senthilnathan, P. R. Babu, and S. Sivabalan, “All-normal dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser using MoS2-PVA saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 55103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baillargeat, D.

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx(T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2017).

Barkelid, M.

A. Castellanos-Gomez, M. Barkelid, A. M. Goossens, V. E. Calado, H. S. J. van der Zant, and G. A. Steele, “Laser-thinning of MoS₂: on demand generation of a single-layer semiconductor,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3187–3192 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertolazzi, S.

H. Shi, R. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7(2), 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blau, W. J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brivio, J.

H. Shi, R. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7(2), 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calado, V. E.

A. Castellanos-Gomez, M. Barkelid, A. M. Goossens, V. E. Calado, H. S. J. van der Zant, and G. A. Steele, “Laser-thinning of MoS₂: on demand generation of a single-layer semiconductor,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3187–3192 (2012).
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G. Sobon, A. Duzynska, M. Świniarski, J. Judek, J. Sotor, and M. Zdrojek, “CNT-based saturable absorbers with scalable modulation depth for Thulium-doped fiber lasers operating at 1.9 μm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45491 (2017).
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G. W. Liang, L. L. Tao, Y. H. Tsang, L. H. Zeng, X. Liu, J. Li, J. L. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Optical limiting properties of a few-layer MoS2/PMMA composite under excitation of ultrafast laser pulses,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 7(3), 495–502 (2019).
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Wen, S.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6346 (2014).
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Wu, Y. M.

H. Q. Lin, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. H. Yang, D. Q. Ouyang, Y. M. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(5), 1501807 (2013).
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J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6346 (2014).
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J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6346 (2014).
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W. Zhou, X. Zou, S. Najmaei, Z. Liu, Y. Shi, J. Kong, J. Lou, P. M. Ajayan, B. I. Yakobson, and J. C. Idrobo, “Intrinsic structural defects in monolayer molybdenum disulfide,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2615–2622 (2013).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
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H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
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Yoffe, A. D.

J. A. Wilson and A. D. Yoffe, “The transition metal dichalcogenides discussion and interpretation of the observed optical, electrical and structural properties,” Adv. Phys. 18(73), 193–335 (1969).
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S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
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Yu, Z.

Zdrojek, M.

G. Sobon, A. Duzynska, M. Świniarski, J. Judek, J. Sotor, and M. Zdrojek, “CNT-based saturable absorbers with scalable modulation depth for Thulium-doped fiber lasers operating at 1.9 μm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45491 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

Zeng, L. H.

G. W. Liang, L. L. Tao, Y. H. Tsang, L. H. Zeng, X. Liu, J. Li, J. L. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Optical limiting properties of a few-layer MoS2/PMMA composite under excitation of ultrafast laser pulses,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 7(3), 495–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y. J.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx(T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2017).

Zhang, H.

T. Chai, X. Li, T. Feng, P. Guo, Y. Song, Y. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene for ultrashort pulse generation in a dissipative system based on an evanescent field,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17617–17622 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx(T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2017).

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L. J.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. P.

H. Y. Guoyu, Y. R. Song, K. X. Li, Z. Y. Dou, J. R. Tian, and X. P. Zhang, “Mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on tungsten disulphide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(12), 125102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Y. Y.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

Zhou, W.

W. Zhou, X. Zou, S. Najmaei, Z. Liu, Y. Shi, J. Kong, J. Lou, P. M. Ajayan, B. I. Yakobson, and J. C. Idrobo, “Intrinsic structural defects in monolayer molybdenum disulfide,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2615–2622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y. N.

Zou, X.

W. Zhou, X. Zou, S. Najmaei, Z. Liu, Y. Shi, J. Kong, J. Lou, P. M. Ajayan, B. I. Yakobson, and J. C. Idrobo, “Intrinsic structural defects in monolayer molybdenum disulfide,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2615–2622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (3)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lü, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Z. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin metal-organic framework: an emerging broadband nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

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H. R. Yang and X. M. Liu, “Nonlinear optical response and applications of tin disulfide in the near- and mid-Infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(17), 171106 (2017).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
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IEEE Photonics J. (1)

H. Q. Lin, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. H. Yang, D. Q. Ouyang, Y. M. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(5), 1501807 (2013).
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J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

G. W. Liang, L. L. Tao, Y. H. Tsang, L. H. Zeng, X. Liu, J. Li, J. L. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Optical limiting properties of a few-layer MoS2/PMMA composite under excitation of ultrafast laser pulses,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 7(3), 495–502 (2019).
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Y. H. Shi, H. Long, S. X. Liu, Y. H. Tsang, and Q. Wen, “Ultrasmall 2D NbSe2 based quantum dots used for low threshold ultrafast lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(46), 12638–12642 (2018).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx(T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2017).

Laser Phys. (1)

S. Sathiyan, V. Velmurugan, K. Senthilnathan, P. R. Babu, and S. Sivabalan, “All-normal dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser using MoS2-PVA saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 55103 (2016).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Y. Guoyu, Y. R. Song, K. X. Li, Z. Y. Dou, J. R. Tian, and X. P. Zhang, “Mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on tungsten disulphide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(12), 125102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

A. Castellanos-Gomez, M. Barkelid, A. M. Goossens, V. E. Calado, H. S. J. van der Zant, and G. A. Steele, “Laser-thinning of MoS₂: on demand generation of a single-layer semiconductor,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3187–3192 (2012).
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Nanoscale (1)

T. Chai, X. Li, T. Feng, P. Guo, Y. Song, Y. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene for ultrashort pulse generation in a dissipative system based on an evanescent field,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17617–17622 (2018).
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Sci. Rep. (4)

G. Sobon, A. Duzynska, M. Świniarski, J. Judek, J. Sotor, and M. Zdrojek, “CNT-based saturable absorbers with scalable modulation depth for Thulium-doped fiber lasers operating at 1.9 μm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45491 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12587 (2015).
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D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Characterization of the sol-gel glass (a) Infrared spectrum, the inset shows digital photos; (b) X-ray diffraction spectrum; (c) EDS spectrum, the inset shows SEM image.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Characterization of MoS2-doped sol-gel glass (a) Digital photos and side profile of MoS2-doped sol-gel glass; (b) SEM image; (c) EDS spectrum; and (d) Raman spectrum.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Linear transmittance measured in the spectral range from 600 nm to 1100 nm; (b) Nonlinear saturable absorption of MoS2-doped sol-gel glass.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Configuration of passively mode-locked YDF laser.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Characterization of mode-locked fiber laser (a) optical spectrum; (b) pulse profile; (c) oscilloscope trace; (d) RF spectrum.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The relationship between average output power and pump power of mode locking pulse; (b) the evolution of the central wavelength and the spectral bandwidth with respect to time.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Performance comparisons of mode-locked YDFL with SA based on different materials

Equations (2)

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Si ( OC 2 H 5 ) 4 +4 H 2 OSi ( OH ) 4 +4 C 2 H 5 OH       ( Hydrolysis reaction )
Si ( OH ) 4 SiO 2 +2 H 2 O           ( Polycondensation reaction )

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