Abstract

Stratospheric aerosols that are caused by a major volcanic eruption can serve as a valuable test of global climate models, as well as severely complicate tropospheric-aerosol monitoring from space. In either case, it is highly desirable to have accurate global information on the optical thickness, size, and composition of volcanic aerosols. We report sensitivity study results, which reveal the implications of making precise multi-angle photopolarimetric measurements in a 1.378-μm spectral channel residing within a strong water-vapor absorption band. We demonstrate that, under favorable conditions, such measurements would enable near-perfect retrievals of the optical thickness, effective radius, and refractive index of stratospheric aerosols. Besides enabling accurate retrievals of volcanic aerosols, such measurements can also be used to monitor man-made particulates injected in the stratosphere for geoengineering purposes.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multi-polarisation imager – overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. G. Lawrence, S. Schäfer, H. Muri, V. Scott, A. Oschlies, N. E. Vaughan, O. Boucher, H. Schmidt, J. Haywood, and J. Scheffran, “Evaluating climate geoengineering proposals in the context of the Paris Agreement temperature goals,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3734 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Smith and G. Wagner, “Stratospheric aerosol injection tactics and costs in the first 15 years of deployment,” Environ. Res. Lett. 13(12), 124001 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

Y. M. Noh, D. H. Shin, and D. Müller, “Variation of the vertical distribution of Nabro volcano aerosol layers in the stratosphere observed by LIDAR,” Atmos. Environ. 154, 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. G. MacMartin, B. Kravitz, S. Tilmes, J. H. Richter, M. J. Mills, J.-F. Lamarque, J. J. Tribbia, and F. Vitt, “The climate response to stratospheric aerosol geoengineering can be tailored using multiple injection locations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122(23), 12574–12590 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

D. K. Weisenstein, D. W. Keith, and J. A. Dykema, “Solar geoengineering using solid aerosol in the stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15(20), 11835–11859 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ferraro, A. J. Charlton-Perez, and E. J. Highwood, “Stratospheric dynamics and midlatitude jets under geoengineering with space mirrors and sulfate and titania aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120(2), 414–429 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

A. Robock, “Stratospheric aerosol geoengineering,” Iss. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38, 162–185 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Rieger, A. E. Bourassa, and D. A. Degenstein, “Stratospheric aerosol particle size information in Odin-OSIRIS limb scatter spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7(2), 507–522 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Efficient implementation of the invariant imbedding T-matrix method and the separation of variables method applied to large nonspherical inhomogeneous particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 116, 169–183 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

P. Davidson, C. Burgoyne, H. Hunt, and M. Causier, “Lifting options for stratospheric aerosol geoengineering: advantages of tethered balloon systems,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 370(1974), 4263–4300 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, Z. Liu, A. Omar, J. Tackett, and D. Fairlie, “CALIOP observations of the transport of ash from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in April 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D20), D00U15 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. Hoffmann, C. Ritter, M. Stock, M. Maturilli, S. Eckhardt, A. Herber, and R. Neuber, “Lidar measurements of the Kasatochi aerosol plume in August and September 2008 in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00L12 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. W. Keith, “Photophoretic levitation of engineered aerosols for geoengineering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(38), 16428–16431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (6)

L. W. Thomason, L. R. Poole, and T. Deshler, “A global climatology of stratospheric aerosol surface area density deduced from Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II measurements: 1984–1994,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D7), 8967–8976 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16989–17013 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using measurements of reflected sunlight: effect of instrumental errors and aerosol absorption,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D12), 13543–13553 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Bouffiès, F. M. Bréon, D. Tanré, and P. Dubuisson, “Atmospheric water vapor estimate by a differential absorption technique with the polarisation and directionality of the Earth reflectances (POLDER) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D3), 3831–3841 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, “Modeling phase functions for dustlike tropospheric aerosols using a shape mixture of randomly oriented polydisperse spheroids,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16831–16847 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

B.-C. Gao and Y. J. Kaufman, “Selection of the 1.375-μm channel for remote sensing of cirrus clouds and stratospheric aerosols from space,” J. Atmos. Sci. 52(23), 4231–4237 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

P.-Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. Flesia, A. Mugnai, Y. Emery, S. Godin, L. de Schoulepnikoff, and V. Mitev, “Interpretation of lidar depolarization measurements of the Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol layer during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(13), 1443–1446 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (4)

D. M. Winker and M. T. Osborn, “Preliminary analysis of observations of the Pinatubo volcanic plume with a polarization-sensitive lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19(2), 171–174 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Lacis, J. Hansen, and M. Sato, “Climate forcing by stratospheric aerosols,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19(15), 1607–1610 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Hansen, A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, and M. Sato, “Potential climate impact of Mount Pinatubo eruption,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19(2), 215–218 (1992).
[Crossref]

L. D. Travis, “Remote sensing of aerosols with the Earth Observing Scanning Polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 1747, 154–164 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, “The fast invariant imbedding method for polarized light: computational aspects and numerical results for Rayleigh scattering,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 43(2), 163–171 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

Y. Iwasaka, “Measurement of depolarization of stratospheric particles by lidar – a case study on the disturbed stratospheric aerosol layer by the volcanic eruption of Mt. El Chichon,” J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 38(8), 729–740 (1986).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

Y. Iwasaka and S. Hayashida, “The effects of the volcanic eruption of St. Helens on the polarization properties of stratospheric aerosols: lidar measurement at Nagoya,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 59(4), 611–614 (1981).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

M. P. McCormick, P. Hamill, W. P. Chu, T. J. Swissler, L. R. McMaster, and T. J. Pepin, “Satellite studies of the stratospheric aerosol,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 60(9), 1038–1046 (1979).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16(4), 527–610 (1974).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

J. E. Hansen, “Circular polarization of sunlight reflected by clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 28(8), 1515–1516 (1971).
[Crossref]

Ansmann, A.

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Antonov, J.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
[Crossref]

Antuña-Marrero, J.-C.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

Barnes, J. E.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bi, L.

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Efficient implementation of the invariant imbedding T-matrix method and the separation of variables method applied to large nonspherical inhomogeneous particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 116, 169–183 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bingen, C.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bishop, L.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bojkov, B.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
[Crossref]

Boucher, O.

M. G. Lawrence, S. Schäfer, H. Muri, V. Scott, A. Oschlies, N. E. Vaughan, O. Boucher, H. Schmidt, J. Haywood, and J. Scheffran, “Evaluating climate geoengineering proposals in the context of the Paris Agreement temperature goals,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3734 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouffiès, S.

S. Bouffiès, F. M. Bréon, D. Tanré, and P. Dubuisson, “Atmospheric water vapor estimate by a differential absorption technique with the polarisation and directionality of the Earth reflectances (POLDER) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D3), 3831–3841 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bourassa, A.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bourassa, A. E.

L. A. Rieger, A. E. Bourassa, and D. A. Degenstein, “Stratospheric aerosol particle size information in Odin-OSIRIS limb scatter spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7(2), 507–522 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bovchaliuk, A.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bovchaliuk, V.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bréon, F. M.

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Bouffiès, F. M. Bréon, D. Tanré, and P. Dubuisson, “Atmospheric water vapor estimate by a differential absorption technique with the polarisation and directionality of the Earth reflectances (POLDER) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D3), 3831–3841 (1997).
[Crossref]

P.-Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Burgoyne, C.

P. Davidson, C. Burgoyne, H. Hunt, and M. Causier, “Lifting options for stratospheric aerosol geoengineering: advantages of tethered balloon systems,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 370(1974), 4263–4300 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buriez, J.-C.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cairns, B.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
[Crossref]

Carlson, B.

J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
[Crossref]

Carlson, B. E.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
[Crossref]

Carn, S. A.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

Causier, M.

P. Davidson, C. Burgoyne, H. Hunt, and M. Causier, “Lifting options for stratospheric aerosol geoengineering: advantages of tethered balloon systems,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 370(1974), 4263–4300 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charlton-Perez, A. J.

A. J. Ferraro, A. J. Charlton-Perez, and E. J. Highwood, “Stratospheric dynamics and midlatitude jets under geoengineering with space mirrors and sulfate and titania aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120(2), 414–429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Christy, J.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chu, W. P.

M. P. McCormick, P. Hamill, W. P. Chu, T. J. Swissler, L. R. McMaster, and T. J. Pepin, “Satellite studies of the stratospheric aerosol,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 60(9), 1038–1046 (1979).
[Crossref]

Clarisse, L.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

Couto, A. B.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multi-polarisation imager – overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

Danylevsky, V.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
[Crossref]

Davidson, P.

P. Davidson, C. Burgoyne, H. Hunt, and M. Causier, “Lifting options for stratospheric aerosol geoengineering: advantages of tethered balloon systems,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 370(1974), 4263–4300 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Schoulepnikoff, L.

C. Flesia, A. Mugnai, Y. Emery, S. Godin, L. de Schoulepnikoff, and V. Mitev, “Interpretation of lidar depolarization measurements of the Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol layer during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(13), 1443–1446 (1994).
[Crossref]

Degenstein, D. A.

L. A. Rieger, A. E. Bourassa, and D. A. Degenstein, “Stratospheric aerosol particle size information in Odin-OSIRIS limb scatter spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7(2), 507–522 (2014).
[Crossref]

Degtyaryov, O.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
[Crossref]

Del Genio, A.

J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, P.-Y.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32(3), 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Deshler, T.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. W. Thomason, L. R. Poole, and T. Deshler, “A global climatology of stratospheric aerosol surface area density deduced from Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II measurements: 1984–1994,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D7), 8967–8976 (1997).
[Crossref]

Deuzé, J. L.

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Diner, D. J.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dubuisson, P.

S. Bouffiès, F. M. Bréon, D. Tanré, and P. Dubuisson, “Atmospheric water vapor estimate by a differential absorption technique with the polarisation and directionality of the Earth reflectances (POLDER) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D3), 3831–3841 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ducos, F.

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A. Hoffmann, C. Ritter, M. Stock, M. Maturilli, S. Eckhardt, A. Herber, and R. Neuber, “Lidar measurements of the Kasatochi aerosol plume in August and September 2008 in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00L12 (2010).
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C. Flesia, A. Mugnai, Y. Emery, S. Godin, L. de Schoulepnikoff, and V. Mitev, “Interpretation of lidar depolarization measurements of the Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol layer during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(13), 1443–1446 (1994).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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D. M. Winker, Z. Liu, A. Omar, J. Tackett, and D. Fairlie, “CALIOP observations of the transport of ash from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in April 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D20), D00U15 (2012).
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C. Flesia, A. Mugnai, Y. Emery, S. Godin, L. de Schoulepnikoff, and V. Mitev, “Interpretation of lidar depolarization measurements of the Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol layer during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(13), 1443–1446 (1994).
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D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
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S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
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S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2012).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
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S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16(4), 527–610 (1974).
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J. E. Hansen, “Circular polarization of sunlight reflected by clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 28(8), 1515–1516 (1971).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
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A. J. Ferraro, A. J. Charlton-Perez, and E. J. Highwood, “Stratospheric dynamics and midlatitude jets under geoengineering with space mirrors and sulfate and titania aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120(2), 414–429 (2015).
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Hoffmann, A.

A. Hoffmann, C. Ritter, M. Stock, M. Maturilli, S. Eckhardt, A. Herber, and R. Neuber, “Lidar measurements of the Kasatochi aerosol plume in August and September 2008 in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00L12 (2010).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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Hong, J.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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Ivanov, Yu.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
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Y. Iwasaka and S. Hayashida, “The effects of the volcanic eruption of St. Helens on the polarization properties of stratospheric aerosols: lidar measurement at Nagoya,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 59(4), 611–614 (1981).
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Jacob, D.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, “Modeling phase functions for dustlike tropospheric aerosols using a shape mixture of randomly oriented polydisperse spheroids,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16831–16847 (1997).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
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D. G. MacMartin, B. Kravitz, S. Tilmes, J. H. Richter, M. J. Mills, J.-F. Lamarque, J. J. Tribbia, and F. Vitt, “The climate response to stratospheric aerosol geoengineering can be tailored using multiple injection locations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122(23), 12574–12590 (2017).
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G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
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R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using measurements of reflected sunlight: effect of instrumental errors and aerosol absorption,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D12), 13543–13553 (1997).
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M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
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M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, “Modeling phase functions for dustlike tropospheric aerosols using a shape mixture of randomly oriented polydisperse spheroids,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16831–16847 (1997).
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C. Flesia, A. Mugnai, Y. Emery, S. Godin, L. de Schoulepnikoff, and V. Mitev, “Interpretation of lidar depolarization measurements of the Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol layer during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(13), 1443–1446 (1994).
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G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
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B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multi-polarisation imager – overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 219, 23–32 (2018).
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M. G. Lawrence, S. Schäfer, H. Muri, V. Scott, A. Oschlies, N. E. Vaughan, O. Boucher, H. Schmidt, J. Haywood, and J. Scheffran, “Evaluating climate geoengineering proposals in the context of the Paris Agreement temperature goals,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3734 (2018).
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Nardell, C.

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Y. M. Noh, D. H. Shin, and D. Müller, “Variation of the vertical distribution of Nabro volcano aerosol layers in the stratosphere observed by LIDAR,” Atmos. Environ. 154, 1–8 (2017).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Plane, J. M. C.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Poli, G.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multi-polarisation imager – overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 219, 23–32 (2018).
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L. W. Thomason, L. R. Poole, and T. Deshler, “A global climatology of stratospheric aerosol surface area density deduced from Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II measurements: 1984–1994,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D7), 8967–8976 (1997).
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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Qiao, Y.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Rayner, N.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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Remer, L.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Rex, M.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Richter, J. H.

D. G. MacMartin, B. Kravitz, S. Tilmes, J. H. Richter, M. J. Mills, J.-F. Lamarque, J. J. Tribbia, and F. Vitt, “The climate response to stratospheric aerosol geoengineering can be tailored using multiple injection locations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122(23), 12574–12590 (2017).
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Rieger, L.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Rieger, L. A.

L. A. Rieger, A. E. Bourassa, and D. A. Degenstein, “Stratospheric aerosol particle size information in Odin-OSIRIS limb scatter spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7(2), 507–522 (2014).
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Rietjens, J.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Ritter, C.

A. Hoffmann, C. Ritter, M. Stock, M. Maturilli, S. Eckhardt, A. Herber, and R. Neuber, “Lidar measurements of the Kasatochi aerosol plume in August and September 2008 in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00L12 (2010).
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Robock, A.

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S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Toohey, M.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Travis, L.

J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
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Travis, L. D.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16989–17013 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using measurements of reflected sunlight: effect of instrumental errors and aerosol absorption,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D12), 13543–13553 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, “Modeling phase functions for dustlike tropospheric aerosols using a shape mixture of randomly oriented polydisperse spheroids,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16831–16847 (1997).
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L. D. Travis, “Remote sensing of aerosols with the Earth Observing Scanning Polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 1747, 154–164 (1992).
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J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16(4), 527–610 (1974).
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D. G. MacMartin, B. Kravitz, S. Tilmes, J. H. Richter, M. J. Mills, J.-F. Lamarque, J. J. Tribbia, and F. Vitt, “The climate response to stratospheric aerosol geoengineering can be tailored using multiple injection locations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122(23), 12574–12590 (2017).
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Trickl, T.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Udodov, E.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
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van der Zande, W. J.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
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Vanhellemont, F.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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M. G. Lawrence, S. Schäfer, H. Muri, V. Scott, A. Oschlies, N. E. Vaughan, O. Boucher, H. Schmidt, J. Haywood, and J. Scheffran, “Evaluating climate geoengineering proposals in the context of the Paris Agreement temperature goals,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3734 (2018).
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Veihelmann, B.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
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Vernier, J.-P.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Vitt, F.

D. G. MacMartin, B. Kravitz, S. Tilmes, J. H. Richter, M. J. Mills, J.-F. Lamarque, J. J. Tribbia, and F. Vitt, “The climate response to stratospheric aerosol geoengineering can be tailored using multiple injection locations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122(23), 12574–12590 (2017).
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Volten, H.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
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von Hobe, M.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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W. Smith and G. Wagner, “Stratospheric aerosol injection tactics and costs in the first 15 years of deployment,” Environ. Res. Lett. 13(12), 124001 (2018).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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Wang, Y.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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Waquet, F.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
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Weigel, R.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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Weisenstein, D. K.

D. K. Weisenstein, D. W. Keith, and J. A. Dykema, “Solar geoengineering using solid aerosol in the stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15(20), 11835–11859 (2015).
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West, R. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, R. A. Kahn, and R. A. West, “Modeling phase functions for dustlike tropospheric aerosols using a shape mixture of randomly oriented polydisperse spheroids,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16831–16847 (1997).
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Wiegner, M.

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2012).
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A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Willson, R.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy, “Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347 (2002).
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Wilson, J. C.

S. Kremser, L. W. Thomason, M. von Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M. Toohey, A. Stenke, J. P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F. J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J. E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J. M. C. Plane, D. Klocke, S. A. Carn, L. Clarisse, T. Trickl, R. Neely, A. D. James, L. Rieger, J. C. Wilson, and B. Meland, “Stratospheric aerosol – observations, processes, and impact on climate,” Rev. Geophys. 54(2), 278–335 (2016).
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D. M. Winker, Z. Liu, A. Omar, J. Tackett, and D. Fairlie, “CALIOP observations of the transport of ash from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in April 2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D20), D00U15 (2012).
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O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Yan, C.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Yang, P.

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Efficient implementation of the invariant imbedding T-matrix method and the separation of variables method applied to large nonspherical inhomogeneous particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 116, 169–183 (2013).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
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Yatskiv, Ya.

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
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Yin, D.

O. Dubovik, Z. Li, M. I. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. J. Diner, R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, O. Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Litvinov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin, “Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 224, 474–511 (2019).
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Acta Astronaut. (1)

G. Milinevsky, Ya. Yatskiv, O. Degtyaryov, I. Syniavskyi, M. Mishchenko, V. Rosenbush, Yu. Ivanov, A. Makarov, A. Bovchaliuk, V. Danylevsky, M. Sosonkin, S. Moskalov, V. Bovchaliuk, A. Lukenyuk, A. Shymkiv, and E. Udodov, “New satellite project Aerosol-UA: remote sensing of aerosols in the terrestrial atmosphere,” Acta Astronaut. 123, 292–300 (2016).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. K. Weisenstein, D. W. Keith, and J. A. Dykema, “Solar geoengineering using solid aerosol in the stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15(20), 11835–11859 (2015).
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Atmos. Environ. (2)

S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, A. Geiß, and F. Schnell, “Dual-wavelength linear depolarization ratio of volcanic aerosols: lidar measurements of the Eyjafjallajökull plume over Maisach, Germany,” Atmos. Environ. 48, 85–96 (2012).
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Y. M. Noh, D. H. Shin, and D. Müller, “Variation of the vertical distribution of Nabro volcano aerosol layers in the stratosphere observed by LIDAR,” Atmos. Environ. 154, 1–8 (2017).
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Atmos. Meas. Tech. (2)

L. A. Rieger, A. E. Bourassa, and D. A. Degenstein, “Stratospheric aerosol particle size information in Odin-OSIRIS limb scatter spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7(2), 507–522 (2014).
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D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(7), 1383–1395 (2011).
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Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (2)

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosol and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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M. P. McCormick, P. Hamill, W. P. Chu, T. J. Swissler, L. R. McMaster, and T. J. Pepin, “Satellite studies of the stratospheric aerosol,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 60(9), 1038–1046 (1979).
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Clim. Change (1)

J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and M. Sato, “Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks,” Clim. Change 31(2–4), 247–271 (1995).
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Environ. Res. Lett. (1)

W. Smith and G. Wagner, “Stratospheric aerosol injection tactics and costs in the first 15 years of deployment,” Environ. Res. Lett. 13(12), 124001 (2018).
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Geophys. Res. Lett. (6)

A. Ansmann, M. Tesche, S. Groß, V. Freudenthaler, P. Seifert, A. Hiebsch, J. Schmidt, U. Wandinger, I. Mattis, D. Müller, and M. Wiegner, “The 16 April 2010 major volcanic ash plume over central Europe: EARLINET lidar and AERONET photometer observations at Leipzig and Munich, Germany,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 37(13), 13810 (2010).
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M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han, “Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: a sensitivity study,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(21), 2655–2658 (1997).
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A. Lacis, J. Hansen, and M. Sato, “Climate forcing by stratospheric aerosols,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19(15), 1607–1610 (1992).
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Other (6)

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles (Cambridge University, 2002). https://www.giss.nasa.gov/staff/mmishchenko/books.html

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Thriving on Our Changing Planet: A Decadal Strategy for Earth Observation from Space (National Academies, 2018).

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles: Radiative Transfer and Coherent Backscattering (Cambridge University, 2006). https://www.giss.nasa.gov/staff/mmishchenko/publications/Book3.pdf

M. I. Mishchenko, Electromagnetic Scattering by Particles and Particle Groups: An Introduction (Cambridge University, 2014). https://www.giss.nasa.gov/staff/mmishchenko/publications/Book_4.pdf

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Simultaneous retrieval of the optical thickness and effective radius for three standard aerosol models with the same a priori known refractive index m = 1.42.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 As in Fig. 1 but for τ 0,s =0.5 and r eff,s =0.25, 0.3, and 0.35 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simultaneous retrieval of the optical thickness and refractive index for four standard aerosol models with the same a priori known effective radius r eff,s =0.5 μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simultaneous retrieval of all three aerosol parameters.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 As in Fig. 4, but for ε P =0.015.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ι(θ,φ)=[ I(θ,φ) Q(θ,φ) U(θ,φ) V(θ,φ) ].
I(θ,φ)= μ 0 R 11 ( τ 0 ,μ, μ 0 ,φ φ 0 ) F 0 ,
Q(θ,φ)= μ 0 R 21 ( τ 0 ,μ, μ 0 ,φ φ 0 ) F 0 ,
U(θ,φ)= μ 0 R 31 ( τ 0 ,μ, μ 0 ,φ φ 0 ) F 0 ,
q(θ,φ)= Q(θ,φ) I(θ,φ) and u(θ,φ)= U(θ,φ) I(θ,φ) .
n(r)=constant× r (13 v eff )/ v eff exp( r r eff v eff ),
(A): 1 9 j=1 9 | I c j I s j | I s j ε I ,
(B): 1 9 j=1 9 1 2 ( | q c j q s j |+| u c j u s j | ) ε P ,
(C)=(A)(B).
R( τ 0 ,μ, μ 0 ,φ φ 0 ) = τ 0 0 ϖ τ 0 4μ μ 0 Z ˜ (θ, θ 0 ,φ φ 0 ),