Abstract

We establish experimentally the suitability of an all-silicon optical modulator to support future ultra-high-capacity coherent optical transmission links beyond 400 Gb/s. We present single-carrier data transmission from 400 Gb/s to 600 Gb/s using an all-silicon IQ modulator produced with a generic foundry process. The operating point of the silicon photonic transmitter is carefully optimized to find the best efficiency bandwidth trade-off. We present a methodology to split pre-compensation between digital and optical stages. For the 400 Gb/s transmission, we achieved 60 Gbaud dual-polarization (DP)-16QAM, reaching a distance of 1,520 km. Transmission of 500 Gb/s was further tested using 75 Gbaud 16QAM and 60 Gbaud 32QAM, reaching 1,120 km and 480 km, respectively. We finally demonstrated 72 Gbaud DP-32QAM (720 Gb/s) transmitted over 160 km and 84 Gbaud DP-16QAM (672 Gb/s) transmitted over 720 km, meeting the threshold for 20% forward error correction overhead and achieving net rates of 600 Gb/s and 576 Gb/s, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, these are the highest baud-rate coherent transmission results achieved using an all-silicon IQ modulator. We have demonstrated that we can reap the myriad advantages of SiP integration for transmission at extreme bit rates.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (4)

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, M. Lauermann, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Coherent modulation up to 100 GBd 16QAM using silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices,” Opt. Express 26, 220–232 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Jia, C. Li, T.-Y. Liow, and G. Q. Lo, “Efficient suspended coupler with loss less than −1.4 db between si-photonic waveguide and cleaved single mode fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 239–244 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, and H.-C. Chien, “WDM transmission of single-carrier 120-GBd ETDM PDM-16QAM signals over 1200-km terrestrial fiber links,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1033–1040 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, and G. Charlet, “Blind receiver skew compensation and estimation for long-haul non-dispersion managed systems using adaptive equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1315–1318 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Adamiecki, A.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Altenhain, L.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Aydinlik, M.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Baehr-Jones, T.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bahrami, H.

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
[Crossref]

Behnia, B.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Buchali, F.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Buggaveeti, S.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Buhl, L. L.

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Burrows, E. C.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Butrie, T.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Caballero, A.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Carvalho, L.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Chagnon, M.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chang, D.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Charlet, G.

R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, and G. Charlet, “Blind receiver skew compensation and estimation for long-haul non-dispersion managed systems using adaptive equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1315–1318 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-K.

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, L. Chen, and Y.-k. Chen, “High-speed low-voltage single-drive push-pull silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators,” Opt. Express 20, 6163–6169 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chien, H.-C.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, and H.-C. Chien, “WDM transmission of single-carrier 120-GBd ETDM PDM-16QAM signals over 1200-km terrestrial fiber links,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1033–1040 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chitgarha, M. R.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cho, J.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Corzine, S.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Corzine, S. W.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Croussore, K.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

de Valicourt, G.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deng, S.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, R.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

Doerr, C.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Dong, P.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, L. Chen, and Y.-k. Chen, “High-speed low-voltage single-drive push-pull silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators,” Opt. Express 20, 6163–6169 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dümler, U.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Dupuy, J.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Dupuy, J.-Y.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Duval, B.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Engenhardt, Klaus

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Eriksson, T. A.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Evans, P.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Fang, Y.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Freude, W.

Fujii, T.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Georgas, M.

Geyer, J.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Going, R.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Guan, B.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Harris, N. C.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, W.

Hoang, T. M.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hochberg, M.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, A.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Huang, Z. R.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

Idler, W.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Jia, L.

L. Jia, C. Li, T.-Y. Liow, and G. Q. Lo, “Efficient suspended coupler with loss less than −1.4 db between si-photonic waveguide and cleaved single mode fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 239–244 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jorge, F.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Kanazawa, S.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Karanicolas, A.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Kashio, N.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kieninger, C.

Kikuchi, N.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Kim, N.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Kish, F.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Kohtoku, M.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Konczykowska, A.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Koos, C.

Kuntz, M.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Kutuvantavida, Y.

Lal, V.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Lauermann, M.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, M. Lauermann, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Coherent modulation up to 100 GBd 16QAM using silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices,” Opt. Express 26, 220–232 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Leu, J.

Li, C.

L. Jia, C. Li, T.-Y. Liow, and G. Q. Lo, “Efficient suspended coupler with loss less than −1.4 db between si-photonic waveguide and cleaved single mode fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 239–244 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, M.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Li, Y.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Liboiron-Ladouceur, O.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liow, T.-Y.

L. Jia, C. Li, T.-Y. Liow, and G. Q. Lo, “Efficient suspended coupler with loss less than −1.4 db between si-photonic waveguide and cleaved single mode fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 239–244 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, G. N.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
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Lo, G. Q.

L. Jia, C. Li, T.-Y. Liow, and G. Q. Lo, “Efficient suspended coupler with loss less than −1.4 db between si-photonic waveguide and cleaved single mode fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 239–244 (2018).
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Lu, M.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Maher, R.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Mertz, P.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
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Mikkelsen, B.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Mitchell, M.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Möller, M.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Morsy-Osman, M.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
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Moss, B.

Nadarajah, N.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Nguyen, A.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
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Novack, A.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
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Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
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Ohiso, Y.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
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Oliveira, J.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Orcutt, J. S.

Osenbach, J.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
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R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Ozaki, J.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Paquet, C.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Paquet, S.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, C.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, C. S.

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
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Pavinski, D.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
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Pilori, D.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Plant, D. V.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
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Popovic, M.

Qiu, M.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
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Rahn, J.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Rahn, J. T.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
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Ram, R. J.

Randel, S.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, M. Lauermann, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Coherent modulation up to 100 GBd 16QAM using silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices,” Opt. Express 26, 220–232 (2018).
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G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Rasmussen, C.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Raybon, G.

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

Reffle, M.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Renaudier, J.

R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, and G. Charlet, “Blind receiver skew compensation and estimation for long-haul non-dispersion managed systems using adaptive equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1315–1318 (2015).
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Riet, M.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Rios-Müller, R.

R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, and G. Charlet, “Blind receiver skew compensation and estimation for long-haul non-dispersion managed systems using adaptive equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1315–1318 (2015).
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Rusch, L. A.

H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
[Crossref]

Samra, P.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schmalen, L.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Schmid, R.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Schmogrow, R.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schuh, K.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Sepehrian, H.

H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shainline, J.

Shi, W.

H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Sinsky, J. H.

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sowailem, M. Y.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Stojanovic, N.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Stojanovic, V.

Studenkov, P.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Summers, J.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Sun, C.

Sun, H.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Tang, J.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Tanobe, H.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Templ, W.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Tsai, C.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsai, H.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Ueda, Y.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Uroševic, S.

Vallaitis, T.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Wang, L.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Wang, T.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weaver, M.

Welch, D.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Winzer, P.

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

Wolf, S.

Wong, C. Y.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Woods, I.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.-T.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Xiao, X.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Xiao, Z.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Xie, C.

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Xiong, Q.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Xu, X.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Xuan, Z.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamada, E.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, H.

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Yekani, A.

H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, F.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

Yu, J.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, and H.-C. Chien, “WDM transmission of single-carrier 120-GBd ETDM PDM-16QAM signals over 1200-km terrestrial fiber links,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1033–1040 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Zgraggen, E.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, and H.-C. Chien, “WDM transmission of single-carrier 120-GBd ETDM PDM-16QAM signals over 1200-km terrestrial fiber links,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1033–1040 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Zhang, Q.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, and H.-C. Chien, “WDM transmission of single-carrier 120-GBd ETDM PDM-16QAM signals over 1200-km terrestrial fiber links,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1033–1040 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhuge, Q.

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ziari, M.

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Zwickel, H.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Sepehrian, A. Yekani, W. Shi, and L. A. Rusch, “Assessing performance of silicon photonic modulators for pulse amplitude modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–10 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Y. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “770-Gb/s PDM-32QAM coherent transmission using InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 442–445 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. (1)

M. Hochberg, N. C. Harris, R. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. Novack, Z. Xuan, and T. Baehr-Jones, “Silicon photonics: the next fabless semiconductor industry,” IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 5, 48–58 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Light. Technol. (9)

Y. Ogiso, J. Ozaki, Y. Ueda, N. Kashio, N. Kikuchi, E. Yamada, H. Tanobe, S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Ohiso, T. Fujii, and M. Kohtoku, “Over 67 GHz bandwidth and 1.5 V Vπ InP-based optical IQ modulator with n-i-p-n heterostructure,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1450–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, B. Zhu, and H.-C. Chien, “WDM transmission of single-carrier 120-GBd ETDM PDM-16QAM signals over 1200-km terrestrial fiber links,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1033–1040 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Lal, J. Summers, N. Kim, S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Lauermann, A. Nguyen, A. Hosseini, M. Lu, J. T. Rahn, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Zhang, J. Osenbach, T. Vallaitis, P. Samra, C. Park, M. Kuntz, J. Tang, C. Tsai, H. Sun, R. Schmogrow, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, P. Mertz, T. Butrie, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, M. Reffle, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Extended C-band tunable multi-channel InP-based coherent transmitter PICs,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1320–1327 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, J. H. Sinsky, and G. Raybon, “Silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator with on-chip optical equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Wong, S. Zhang, Y. Fang, L. Liu, T. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Deng, G. N. Liu, and X. Xu, “Silicon IQ modulator for next-generation metro network,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 730–736 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Bahrami, H. Sepehrian, C. S. Park, L. A. Rusch, and W. Shi, “Time-domain large-signal modeling of traveling-wave modulators on SOI,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 2812–2823 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Jiang, X. Chen, K. Kim, G. de Valicourt, Z. R. Huang, and P. Dong, “Electro-optic crosstalk in parallel silicon photonic Mach-Zehnder modulators,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 1713–1720 (2018).
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R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, and G. Charlet, “Blind receiver skew compensation and estimation for long-haul non-dispersion managed systems using adaptive equalizer,” J. Light. Technol. 33, 1315–1318 (2015).
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L. Jia, C. Li, T.-Y. Liow, and G. Q. Lo, “Efficient suspended coupler with loss less than −1.4 db between si-photonic waveguide and cleaved single mode fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 239–244 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (8)

G. Raybon, J. Cho, A. Adamiecki, P. Winzer, L. Carvalho, J. Oliveira, A. Konczykowska, J.-Y. Dupuy, and F. Jorge, “180-Gb/s (90-GBd QPSK) single carrier transmitter using a thin film polymer on silicon I/Q modulator,” in ECOC 2016; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–3.

R. Going, M. Lauermann, R. Maher, H. Tsai, M. Lu, N. Kim, S. Corzine, P. Studenkov, J. Summers, A. Hosseini, J. Zhang, B. Behnia, J. Tang, S. Buggaveeti, T. Vallaitis, J. Osenbach, M. Kuntz, X. Xu, K. Croussore, V. Lal, P. Evans, J. Rahn, T. Butrie, A. Karanicolas, K.-T. Wu, M. Mitchell, M. Ziari, D. Welch, and F. Kish, “Multi-channel InP-based coherent PICs with hybrid integrated SiGe electronics operating up to 100 GBd 32QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Dupuy, M. Riet, B. Duval, K. Kim, S. Randel, D. Pilori, B. Guan, N. Fontaine, and E. C. Burrows, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–2.

K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. A. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller, and Klaus Engenhardt, “Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

X. Xiao, M. Li, L. Wang, D. Chen, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “High speed silicon photonic modulators,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

J. Geyer, C. Doerr, M. Aydinlik, N. Nadarajah, A. Caballero, C. Rasmussen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Practical implementation of higher order modulation beyond 16-QAM,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

International Telecommunication Union, Recommendation G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2004).

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10–15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–3.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SiP IQ modulator employing TW-MZM in a series push-pull driving configuration, (b) top view of the slow-wave electrode (upper schematic) and cross section of the lateral P-N junction waveguide (lower schematic): Wp++= 5.2, Wp+= 0.83, Wp= 0.37, Wn++= 5.2, Wn+= 0.81, Wn= 0.39, W=0.5, h=0.22, t1=2, t2=0.9 (all dimensions are in μm), and (c) E-O frequency response of the SiP TW-MZMs averaged over IQ branches for several reverse bias voltages.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup of SiP IQ modulator single carrier transmission. DSP: digital signal processing; DAC: digital-to-analog converter; PS: phase shifter; GC: grating coupler; OBPF: optical bandpass filter; PC: polarization controller; PDME: polarization division multiplexing emulator; SMF: single mode fiber; CoRx: coherent receiver; LPF: low pass filter; CDC: chromatic dispersion compensation; MIMO: multi-inputs-multi-outputs; FOC: frequency offset compensation; CPR: carrier phase recovery; DD-LMS: decision directed least mean square filter.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Procedure to optimize split of pre-compensation between digital and optical domains.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optimization of pre-compensation filters for 60 Gbaud and 84 Gbaud 16QAM.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BER v.s. OSNR curves for 60/75/84 Gbaud 16QAM and 60/72 Gbaud 32QAM. The dashed lines are the theoretical prediction for an ideal transceiver system. The solid lines are the experimental results.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) BER of 60 Gbaud 16QAM for different launch power at 560 km transmission; (b) BER for 60/75/84 Gbaud 16QAM and 60/72 Gbaud 32QAM for swept transmission distance. Raw bit rates are reported in the legend, as well as post-FEC-overhead bit rates in parentheses.

Equations (2)

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H eff 1 ( f ) = H DAC 1 ( f ) H OSA 1 ( f )
H eff 1 ( f , α , β ) = H eff 1 ( f ) H ˜ eff 1 ( f ) | H ˜ eff 1 ( f ) | α H DPC 1 ( f , α ) | H ˜ eff 1 ( f ) | β H OPC 1 ( f , β )

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