Abstract

We present a versatile method to generate a dual-color laser from a single fiber laser cavity by spectral subdivision using a tunable mechanical filter. As a proof-of-principle, we implement the concept in a nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE)-mode-locked ytterbium (Yb)-fiber laser. The division into two independent spectral regions is achieved by inserting a narrow blade-shaped beam block into the free-space grating compressor section of the cavity, where the spectrum is spatially dispersed. By mode-locking both spectral regions, two pulse trains, with different repetition rates around 23 MHz, are generated. Each pulse train has a FWHM of ~10 nm. The method presented here enables tuning of the difference in repetition rate as well as the spectral separation of the two independent pulse trains. The difference in repetition rates originates from intracavity dispersion and can be tuned over a large range (650 Hz - 3 kHz in this setup) by changing the length of the grating compressor. By changing the effective width of the beam block the spectral separation can be dynamically adjusted. This approach’s simplicity holds great promises for the development of single-cavity dual-comb lasers featuring tunable sampling rates.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Robust optical-frequency-comb based on the hybrid mode-locked Er:fiber femtosecond laser

Yanyan Zhang, Songtao Fan, Lulu Yan, Long Zhang, Xiaofei Zhang, Wenge Guo, Shougang Zhang, and Haifeng Jiang
Opt. Express 25(18) 21719-21725 (2017)

Hybrid mode-locked Er-fiber oscillator with a wide repetition rate stabilization range

Xuejian Wu, Lijun Yang, Hongyuan Zhang, Honglei Yang, Haoyun Wei, and Yan Li
Appl. Opt. 54(7) 1681-1687 (2015)

41.9  fs hybridly mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser at 212  MHz repetition rate

Xing Li, Weiwen Zou, and Jianping Chen
Opt. Lett. 39(6) 1553-1556 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. Coddington, N. Newbury, and W. Swann, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3(4), 414–426 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Shirasaki, “Large angular dispersion by a virtually imaged phased array and its application to a wavelength demultiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 21(5), 366–368 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. B. Bates, “Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Science 191(4222), 31–37 (1976).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. G.-W. Truong, E. M. Waxman, K. C. Cossel, E. Baumann, A. Klose, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Accurate frequency referencing for fieldable dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30495–30504 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Giaccari, J.-D. Deschênes, P. Saucier, J. Genest, and P. Tremblay, “Active Fourier-transform spectroscopy combining the direct RF beating of two fiber-based mode-locked lasers with a novel referencing method,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4347–4365 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Adaptive dual-comb spectroscopy in the green region,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4847–4849 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. T. Ideguchi, T. Nakamura, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Goda, “Kerr-lens mode-locked bidirectional dual-comb ring laser for broadband dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3(7), 748–753 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. I. Znakovskaya, E. Fill, N. Forget, P. Tournois, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dual frequency comb spectroscopy with a single laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5471–5474 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18592–18602 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Nakajima, Y. Hata, and K. Minoshima, “All-polarization-maintaining dual-comb fiber laser with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper STu4K.4.
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21833–21845 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. Wang, X. Zhao, W. Bai, J. Chen, Y. Pan, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization-maintaining, dual-wavelength, dual-comb mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper JTh2A.139.
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Margalit, M. Orenstein, and G. Eisenstein, “Synchronized two-color operation of a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser by dual injection locking,” Opt. Lett. 21(19), 1585–1587 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1168–1173 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. R. Li, H. Shi, H. Tian, Y. Li, B. Liu, Y. Song, and M. Hu, “All-polarization-maintaining dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser based on Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28302–28311 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, D. Burns, and W. Sibbett, “Dual-wavelength self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1074–1076 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. W. H. Knox, “In situ measurement of complete intracavity dispersion in an operating Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 17(7), 514–516 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. A. Chong, L. G. Wright, and F. W. Wise, “Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: A review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(11), 113901 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. T. Ideguchi, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Photonics News 28(1), 32–39 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  30. Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
    [Crossref]

2018 (3)

2017 (3)

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ideguchi, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Photonics News 28(1), 32–39 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

2015 (2)

S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chong, L. G. Wright, and F. W. Wise, “Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: A review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(11), 113901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Znakovskaya, E. Fill, N. Forget, P. Tournois, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dual frequency comb spectroscopy with a single laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5471–5474 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

1996 (2)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1976 (1)

J. B. Bates, “Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Science 191(4222), 31–37 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akosman, A. E.

Allison, T. K.

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

Bates, J. B.

J. B. Bates, “Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Science 191(4222), 31–37 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumann, E.

Burns, D.

Cassinerio, M.

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

Chen, Y.

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

A. Chong, L. G. Wright, and F. W. Wise, “Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: A review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(11), 113901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coddington, I.

Coluccelli, N.

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corder, C.

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cossel, K. C.

Cui, Y.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deschênes, J.-D.

Eisenstein, G.

Evans, J. M.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fill, E.

Forget, N.

Galzerano, G.

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gambetta, A.

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Genest, J.

Giaccari, P.

Giorgetta, F. R.

Goda, K.

Golling, M.

Guelachvili, G.

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Adaptive dual-comb spectroscopy in the green region,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4847–4849 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, D.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Adaptive dual-comb spectroscopy in the green region,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4847–4849 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, G.

Hu, M.

Ideguchi, T.

Jiang, Y.

Keller, U.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klenner, A.

Klose, A.

Knox, W. H.

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

Laporta, P.

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, R.

Li, X.

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Liao, R.

Link, S. M.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

Liu, L.

Liu, W.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Lu, H.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maas, D. J. H. C.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mangold, M.

Mao, D.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Margalit, M.

Nakamura, T.

Newbury, N.

Newbury, N. R.

Orenstein, M.

Pan, Y.

Picqué, N.

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Adaptive dual-comb spectroscopy in the green region,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4847–4849 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poisson, A.

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Adaptive dual-comb spectroscopy in the green region,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4847–4849 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pronin, O.

Reber, M. A. R.

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sander, M. Y.

Saucier, P.

Seidel, M.

Shi, H.

Shirasaki, M.

Sibbett, W.

Song, Y.

Spence, D. E.

Sun, Z.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swann, W.

Swann, W. C.

Tang, D. Y.

Tian, H.

Tilma, B. W.

Tournois, P.

Tremblay, P.

Truong, G.-W.

Waldburger, D.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waxman, E. M.

Wei, X.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

A. Chong, L. G. Wright, and F. W. Wise, “Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: A review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(11), 113901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wright, L. G.

A. Chong, L. G. Wright, and F. W. Wise, “Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: A review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(11), 113901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Yang, X.

Yasui, T.

Yu, Y.

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yun, L.

Zaugg, C. A.

Zeng, C.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, P.

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

Zheng, Z.

Zhu, J.

Znakovskaya, I.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Cassinerio, A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, P. Laporta, and G. Galzerano, “Absolute dual-comb spectroscopy at 1.55 μ m by free-running Er:fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wei, B. Li, X. Wei, Y. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast spectral dynamics of dual-color-soliton intracavity collision in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(8), 081104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3375 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.-W. Truong, E. M. Waxman, K. C. Cossel, E. Baumann, A. Klose, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Accurate frequency referencing for fieldable dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30495–30504 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Giaccari, J.-D. Deschênes, P. Saucier, J. Genest, and P. Tremblay, “Active Fourier-transform spectroscopy combining the direct RF beating of two fiber-based mode-locked lasers with a novel referencing method,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4347–4365 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25(16), 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liao, Y. Song, W. Liu, H. Shi, L. Chai, and M. Hu, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a single free-running thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(8), 11046–11054 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1168–1173 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Li, H. Shi, H. Tian, Y. Li, B. Liu, Y. Song, and M. Hu, “All-polarization-maintaining dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser based on Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28302–28311 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Photonics News (1)

T. Ideguchi, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Photonics News 28(1), 32–39 (2017).
[Crossref]

Optica (2)

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

A. Chong, L. G. Wright, and F. W. Wise, “Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: A review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78(11), 113901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

X. Li, M. A. R. Reber, C. Corder, Y. Chen, P. Zhao, and T. K. Allison, “High-power ultrafast Yb:fiber laser frequency combs using commercially available components and basic fiber tools,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(9), 093114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2718 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

J. B. Bates, “Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Science 191(4222), 31–37 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Y. Nakajima, Y. Hata, and K. Minoshima, “All-polarization-maintaining dual-comb fiber laser with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper STu4K.4.
[Crossref]

R. Wang, X. Zhao, W. Bai, J. Chen, Y. Pan, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization-maintaining, dual-wavelength, dual-comb mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper JTh2A.139.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Setup of the single-laser source dual-color cavity. Due to the mechanical spectral filter the laser oscillator emits two pulse trains with different repetition rates and center wavelengths. The optical spectra of the two pulse trains coupled out at the PBS are broadened by self-phase modulation in the fiber portion of the laser cavity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical and radio-frequency spectra of the dual-color laser. (a) The dashed line shows the spectrum directly after spectral filtering (output B, see Fig. 1), the solid line shows the spectrum exiting the cavity via the polarizing beam splitter (output A, see Fig. 1). (b) Radio frequency spectrum around the repetition rates with a span of 2 kHz and a resolution bandwidth (rbw) of 3 Hz. The strong signal (> 80 dB) and absence of side-peaks indicate clean mode-locking for both pulse trains. (c) Schematic sketch for measuring the single pulse trains independently from each other by spectrally separating the two pulse trains using a grating after the cavity output and focusing each pulse train individually on the photo diode while blocking the other one. (d),(e) 500 MHz span showing the repetition rate of the single pulse trains and their respective harmonics.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temporal drift of ∆frep, frep,1 and frep,2 over 30 min. The measurement was recorded with a microwave spectrum analyzer set to a frequency resolution of 1 Hz (1 read-out every 20 s).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Tuning of ∆frep = frep,1 - frep,2 by changing the grating separation, with frep,1 being set to zero in all data sets for straight-forward comparison. The offset values corresponding to the values of frep,1 for each configuration are listed in the legend.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Tuning of the spectral separation by rotation of the razor blade, which corresponds to changing the effective width of the beam block from 0.2 mm to 1.5 mm.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δν= f rep,1 2 2Δ f rep .

Metrics