Abstract

It was recently predicted [M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and M. V. Tsarev, Phys. Rev. A 95, 063817 (2017)] that concurrent processes of optical rectification and multiphoton absorption of an ultrashort laser pulse in an electro-optic crystal can generate a quasistatic electromagnetic precursor propagating ahead of the laser pulse. The electric and magnetic fields in the precursor can exceed the fields in the ordinary terahertz wave generated behind the laser pulse. We propose a way to enhance the precursor’s magnitude tremendously, by at least two orders of magnitude, by using tilted-pulse-front excitation technique and higher orders of multiphoton absorption. In particular, we show that a pulse of 500 fs duration and 70 GW/cm2 peak intensity from a Yb-doped laser amplifier can generate in a 5-mm-thick LiNbO3 crystal a 0.5-mm-long precursor with the strengths of the electric and magnetic fields as high as 0.4 MV/cm and 0.13 T, respectively. Strong quasistatic (subterahertz) fields can be a useful tool for particle acceleration, molecular orientation, ultrafast control of magnetic order in matter, and in terahertz streaking techniques.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. S. Efimenko, S. A. Sychugin, M. V. Tsarev, and M. I. Bakunov, “Quasistatic precursors of ultrashort laser pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 98, 013842 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Nagashima, M. Tsubouchi, Y. Ochi, and M. Maruyama, “Improvement of contact grating device for efficient terahertz wave generation using bi-angular filter,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 123104 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Optically generated terahertz pulses with strong quasistatic precursors,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 063817 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Avetisyan, A. Makaryan, V. Tadevosyan, and M. Tonouchi, “Design of a multistep phase mask for high-energy terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38, 1439–1447 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Bach, M. Mero, M.-H. Chou, and V. Petrov, “Laser induced damage studies of LiNbO3 using 1030-nm, ultrashort pulses at 10–1000 kHz,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 240–252 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, G. Tóth, L. Tokodi, Z. Márton, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Numerical investigation of a scalable setup for efficient terahertz generation using a segmented tilted-pulse-front excitation,” Opt. Express 25, 29560–29573 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

2015 (6)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Shalaby and C. P. Hauri, “Demonstration of a low-frequency three-dimensional terahertz bullet with extreme brightness,” Nat. Commun. 6, 5976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-C. Zhong, Z.-H. Zhai, J. Li, L.-G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L.-H. Du, J.-H. Zhao, and Z.-R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 2015, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Badorreck, S. Nolte, F. Freytag, P. Bäune, V. Dieckmann, and M. Imlau, “Scanning nonlinear absorption in lithium niobate over the time regime of small polaron formation,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2729–2741 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (7)

X. Wu, S. Carbajo, K. Ravi, F. Ahr, G. Cirmi, Y. Zhou, O. D. Mücke, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz generation in lithium niobate driven by Ti:sapphire laser pulses and its limitations,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5403–5406 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Vicario, A. V. Ovchinnikov, S. I. Ashitkov, M. B. Agranat, V. E. Fortov, and C. P. Hauri, “Generation of 0.9-mJ THz pulses in DSTMS pumped by a Cr:Mg2SiO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6632–6635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Special Top. Accel. Beams 17, 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21, 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (7)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, “Light-field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B 44, 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Vidal, J. Degert, M. Tondusson, J. Oberle, and E. Freysz, “Impact of dispersion, free carriers, and two-photon absorption on the generation of intense terahertz pulses in ZnTe crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191103 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. M. Zheltikov, M. N. Shneider, A. A. Voronin, and R. B. Miles, “Laser control of free-carrier density in solids through field-enhanced multiphonon tunneling recombination,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 033109 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. Drescher, U. Frühling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43, 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. M. Harrel, R. L. Milot, J. M. Schleicher, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Influence of free-carrier absorption on terahertz generation from ZnTe(110),” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 033526 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18, 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: Phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073105 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, “Infrared corrected Sellmeier coefficients for congruently grown lithium niobate and 5 mol. % magnesium oxide-doped lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 3319–3322 (1997).
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1993 (1)

V. B. Gildenburg, A. V. Kim, V. A. Krupnov, V. E. Semenov, A. M. Sergeev, and N. A. Zharova, “Adiabatic frequency up-conversion of a powerful electromagnetic pulse producing gas ionization,” IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 21, 34–44 (1993).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

D. T. F. Marple, “Refractive index of ZnSe, ZnTe, and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 539–542 (1964).
[Crossref]

Agranat, M. B.

Ahr, F.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, S. Carbajo, K. Ravi, F. Ahr, G. Cirmi, Y. Zhou, O. D. Mücke, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz generation in lithium niobate driven by Ti:sapphire laser pulses and its limitations,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5403–5406 (2014).
[Crossref]

Almási, G.

Andriukaitis, G.

Andriukatis, G.

Ardana, F.

C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ardana-Lamas, F.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arie, A.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Arthur, G.

Ashitkov, S. I.

Averitt, R. D.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Avetisyan, Y.

Y. Avetisyan, A. Makaryan, V. Tadevosyan, and M. Tonouchi, “Design of a multistep phase mask for high-energy terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38, 1439–1447 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bach, F.

Badorreck, H.

Bakunov, M. I.

E. S. Efimenko, S. A. Sychugin, M. V. Tsarev, and M. I. Bakunov, “Quasistatic precursors of ultrashort laser pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 98, 013842 (2018).
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M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Optically generated terahertz pulses with strong quasistatic precursors,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 063817 (2017).
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M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2549–2557 (2014).
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M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1724–1734 (2011).
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M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: Phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073105 (2008).
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Balciunas, T.

Baltuska, A.

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baum, P.

M. V. Tsarev, D. Ehberger, and P. Baum, “High-average-power, intense THz pulses from a LiNbO3 slab with silicon output coupler,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bäune, P.

Beaud, P.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanchard, F.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bodrov, S. B.

Brandt, N. C.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bressler, C.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carbajo, S.

Chai, L.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Chou, M.-H.

Chuang, Y.-D.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirmi, G.

Cooke, D. G.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dakovski, G. L.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jong, S.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Degert, J.

S. Vidal, J. Degert, M. Tondusson, J. Oberle, and E. Freysz, “Impact of dispersion, free carriers, and two-photon absorption on the generation of intense terahertz pulses in ZnTe crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Derlet, P. M.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dieckmann, V.

Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, U. Frühling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43, 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Du, L.-H.

S.-C. Zhong, Z.-H. Zhai, J. Li, L.-G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L.-H. Du, J.-H. Zhao, and Z.-R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 2015, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

Efimenko, E. S.

E. S. Efimenko, S. A. Sychugin, M. V. Tsarev, and M. I. Bakunov, “Quasistatic precursors of ultrashort laser pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 98, 013842 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ehberger, D.

M. V. Tsarev, D. Ehberger, and P. Baum, “High-average-power, intense THz pulses from a LiNbO3 slab with silicon output coupler,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fallahi, A.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21, 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, K.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feurer, T.

Field, R. W.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fleischer, S.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fortov, V. E.

Freysz, E.

S. Vidal, J. Degert, M. Tondusson, J. Oberle, and E. Freysz, “Impact of dispersion, free carriers, and two-photon absorption on the generation of intense terahertz pulses in ZnTe crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Freytag, F.

Frühling, U.

U. Frühling, “Light-field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B 44, 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, U. Frühling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43, 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fülöp, J. A.

L. Pálfalvi, G. Tóth, L. Tokodi, Z. Márton, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Numerical investigation of a scalable setup for efficient terahertz generation using a segmented tilted-pulse-front excitation,” Opt. Express 25, 29560–29573 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszai, G. Andriukatis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3, 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Gäumann, E. J. Rohwer, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Feurer, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “High-energy terahertz pulses from semiconductors pumped beyond the three-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express 24, 23872–23882 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Special Top. Accel. Beams 17, 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett. 37, 557–559 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18, 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gäumann, G.

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gildenburg, V. B.

V. B. Gildenburg, A. V. Kim, V. A. Krupnov, V. E. Semenov, A. M. Sergeev, and N. A. Zharova, “Adiabatic frequency up-conversion of a powerful electromagnetic pulse producing gas ionization,” IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 21, 34–44 (1993).
[Crossref]

Grubel, S.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Harrel, S. M.

S. M. Harrel, R. L. Milot, J. M. Schleicher, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Influence of free-carrier absorption on terahertz generation from ZnTe(110),” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 033526 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hauri, C. P.

M. Shalaby and C. P. Hauri, “Demonstration of a low-frequency three-dimensional terahertz bullet with extreme brightness,” Nat. Commun. 6, 5976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, A. V. Ovchinnikov, S. I. Ashitkov, M. B. Agranat, V. E. Fortov, and C. P. Hauri, “Generation of 0.9-mJ THz pulses in DSTMS pumped by a Cr:Mg2SiO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6632–6635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, M.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

L. Pálfalvi, G. Tóth, L. Tokodi, Z. Márton, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Numerical investigation of a scalable setup for efficient terahertz generation using a segmented tilted-pulse-front excitation,” Opt. Express 25, 29560–29573 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Gäumann, E. J. Rohwer, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Feurer, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “High-energy terahertz pulses from semiconductors pumped beyond the three-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express 24, 23872–23882 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszai, G. Andriukatis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3, 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24, 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Special Top. Accel. Beams 17, 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett. 37, 557–559 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18, 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express 15, 11706–11713 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large-area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

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H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Polónyi, G.

Pugzlys, A.

Ravi, K.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, S. Carbajo, K. Ravi, F. Ahr, G. Cirmi, Y. Zhou, O. D. Mücke, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz generation in lithium niobate driven by Ti:sapphire laser pulses and its limitations,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5403–5406 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reichert, J.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohwer, E. J.

Ropagnol, X.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ruchert, C.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sajadi, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santra, R.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scagnoli, V.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schleicher, J. M.

S. M. Harrel, R. L. Milot, J. M. Schleicher, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Influence of free-carrier absorption on terahertz generation from ZnTe(110),” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 033526 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schlotter, W.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B. E.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

S. M. Harrel, R. L. Milot, J. M. Schleicher, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Influence of free-carrier absorption on terahertz generation from ZnTe(110),” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 033526 (2010).
[Crossref]

Semenov, V. E.

V. B. Gildenburg, A. V. Kim, V. A. Krupnov, V. E. Semenov, A. M. Sergeev, and N. A. Zharova, “Adiabatic frequency up-conversion of a powerful electromagnetic pulse producing gas ionization,” IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 21, 34–44 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sergeev, A. M.

V. B. Gildenburg, A. V. Kim, V. A. Krupnov, V. E. Semenov, A. M. Sergeev, and N. A. Zharova, “Adiabatic frequency up-conversion of a powerful electromagnetic pulse producing gas ionization,” IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 21, 34–44 (1993).
[Crossref]

Shalaby, M.

M. Shalaby and C. P. Hauri, “Demonstration of a low-frequency three-dimensional terahertz bullet with extreme brightness,” Nat. Commun. 6, 5976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shneider, M. N.

A. M. Zheltikov, M. N. Shneider, A. A. Voronin, and R. B. Miles, “Laser control of free-carrier density in solids through field-enhanced multiphonon tunneling recombination,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 033109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Small, D. L.

D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, “Infrared corrected Sellmeier coefficients for congruently grown lithium niobate and 5 mol. % magnesium oxide-doped lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 3319–3322 (1997).
[Crossref]

Song, L.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staub, U.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sternbach, A.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, F. G.

F. G. Sun, W. Ji, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-photon absorption induced saturation of THz radiation in ZnTe,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics,” S. Brueck, R. Fields, M. Fejer, and F. Leonberger, eds., OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper CThM43.

Sychugin, S. A.

E. S. Efimenko, S. A. Sychugin, M. V. Tsarev, and M. I. Bakunov, “Quasistatic precursors of ultrashort laser pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 98, 013842 (2018).
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Tadevosyan, V.

Y. Avetisyan, A. Makaryan, V. Tadevosyan, and M. Tonouchi, “Design of a multistep phase mask for high-energy terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38, 1439–1447 (2017).
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Tanaka, K.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
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Tang, X. G.

H. P. Li, J. K. Liao, X. G. Tang, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in MgO-doped LiNbO3 crystal,” in “CLEO/QELS 2008,” JWA35 (2008).

Tani, M.

Thire, N.

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thorwart, M.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tokodi, L.

Tondusson, M.

S. Vidal, J. Degert, M. Tondusson, J. Oberle, and E. Freysz, “Impact of dispersion, free carriers, and two-photon absorption on the generation of intense terahertz pulses in ZnTe crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tonouchi, M.

Y. Avetisyan, A. Makaryan, V. Tadevosyan, and M. Tonouchi, “Design of a multistep phase mask for high-energy terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38, 1439–1447 (2017).
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Toth, G.

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Special Top. Accel. Beams 17, 031301 (2014).
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Tóth, G.

Tsarev, M. V.

E. S. Efimenko, S. A. Sychugin, M. V. Tsarev, and M. I. Bakunov, “Quasistatic precursors of ultrashort laser pulses in electro-optic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 98, 013842 (2018).
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M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Optically generated terahertz pulses with strong quasistatic precursors,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 063817 (2017).
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M. V. Tsarev, D. Ehberger, and P. Baum, “High-average-power, intense THz pulses from a LiNbO3 slab with silicon output coupler,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 30 (2016).
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M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: Phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073105 (2008).
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Tsubouchi, M.

K. Nagashima, M. Tsubouchi, Y. Ochi, and M. Maruyama, “Improvement of contact grating device for efficient terahertz wave generation using bi-angular filter,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 123104 (2018).
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Tudu, B.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vicario, C.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grubel, S.-W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y.-D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W.-S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343, 1333–1336 (2014).
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C. Vicario, B. Monoszlai, and C. P. Hauri, “GV/m single-cycle terahertz fields from a laser-driven large-size partitioned organic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 213901 (2014).
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C. Vicario, A. V. Ovchinnikov, S. I. Ashitkov, M. B. Agranat, V. E. Fortov, and C. P. Hauri, “Generation of 0.9-mJ THz pulses in DSTMS pumped by a Cr:Mg2SiO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6632–6635 (2014).
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C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photon. 7, 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vidal, S.

S. Vidal, J. Degert, M. Tondusson, J. Oberle, and E. Freysz, “Impact of dispersion, free carriers, and two-photon absorption on the generation of intense terahertz pulses in ZnTe crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Voronin, A. A.

A. M. Zheltikov, M. N. Shneider, A. A. Voronin, and R. B. Miles, “Laser control of free-carrier density in solids through field-enhanced multiphonon tunneling recombination,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 033109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Welsch, R.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
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Wieland, M.

M. Drescher, U. Frühling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43, 194010 (2010).
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Wolf, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, L. J.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21, 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, S. Carbajo, K. Ravi, F. Ahr, G. Cirmi, Y. Zhou, O. D. Mücke, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz generation in lithium niobate driven by Ti:sapphire laser pulses and its limitations,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5403–5406 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xing, Q.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yeh, K.-L.

Zalden, P.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zapata, L. E.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zelmon, D. E.

D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, “Infrared corrected Sellmeier coefficients for congruently grown lithium niobate and 5 mol. % magnesium oxide-doped lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 3319–3322 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhai, Z.-H.

S.-C. Zhong, Z.-H. Zhai, J. Li, L.-G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L.-H. Du, J.-H. Zhao, and Z.-R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 2015, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

H. Y. Hwang, S. Fleischer, N. C. Brandt, B. G. Perkins, M. Liu, K. Fan, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and K. A. Nelson, “A review of non-linear terahertz spectroscopy with ultrashort tabletop-laser pulses,” J. Modern Opt. 62, 1447–1479 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Chen, M. Tani, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic transceivers for terahertz-wave applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 823–831 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. G. Sun, W. Ji, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-photon absorption induced saturation of THz radiation in ZnTe,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics,” S. Brueck, R. Fields, M. Fejer, and F. Leonberger, eds., OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper CThM43.

Zhao, J.-H.

S.-C. Zhong, Z.-H. Zhai, J. Li, L.-G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L.-H. Du, J.-H. Zhao, and Z.-R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 2015, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zharova, N. A.

V. B. Gildenburg, A. V. Kim, V. A. Krupnov, V. E. Semenov, A. M. Sergeev, and N. A. Zharova, “Adiabatic frequency up-conversion of a powerful electromagnetic pulse producing gas ionization,” IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 21, 34–44 (1993).
[Crossref]

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. M. Zheltikov, M. N. Shneider, A. A. Voronin, and R. B. Miles, “Laser control of free-carrier density in solids through field-enhanced multiphonon tunneling recombination,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 033109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhong, S.-C.

S.-C. Zhong, Z.-H. Zhai, J. Li, L.-G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L.-H. Du, J.-H. Zhao, and Z.-R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 2015, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, L.-G.

S.-C. Zhong, Z.-H. Zhai, J. Li, L.-G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L.-H. Du, J.-H. Zhao, and Z.-R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 2015, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. V. Tsarev, D. Ehberger, and P. Baum, “High-average-power, intense THz pulses from a LiNbO3 slab with silicon output coupler,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

Z. Tian, C. Wang, Q. Xing, J. Gu, Y. Li, M. He, L. Chai, Q. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Quantitative analysis of Kerr nonlinearity and Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation in ZnTe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041106 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Vidal, J. Degert, M. Tondusson, J. Oberle, and E. Freysz, “Impact of dispersion, free carriers, and two-photon absorption on the generation of intense terahertz pulses in ZnTe crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191103 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Blanchard, B. E. Schmidt, X. Ropagnol, N. Thire, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, D. G. Cooke, and F. Legare, “Terahertz pulse generation from bulk GaAs by a tilted-pulse-front excitation at 1.8 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 241106 (2014).
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IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Geometry of the problem. A high-intensity tilted-pulse-front laser pulse propagates in an electro-optic (EO) crystal and generates free-carriers due to multiphoton absorption. (b) The effective optical group refractive index n g eff as a function of the tilt angle α for LN pumped at λ = 0.8   μm and 1.05 μm and ZnTe pumped at λ = 1.7   μm. Horizontal lines depict ε 0 for the materials.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The stationary oscillograms E x ( ξ ) (normalized to P0) for (a) LN pumped by a laser pulse with n g eff = 5.18 and (b) ZnTe pumped by a pulse with n g eff = 3.32. In both cases, τ = 300 fs and fp = 1 THz. In (a), there is a slight difference between the excitation at 0.8 μm (solid) and 1.05 μm (dashed). The curves for fp = 0 (no FCG) are shown for reference.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The dc precursor’s magnitude Edc (normalized to P0) in (a) LN and (b) ZnTe as a function of fp and n g eff for τ = 300 fs. The upper panels show the ratio of the precursor’s length Ldc to the crystal thickness Lc as a function of n g eff.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a)-(c) Snapshots of Ex at four moments of time for different I0 (indicated in the frames). (a) LN, λ = 0.8   μm, n g eff = 5.18. (b) LN, λ = 1.05   μm, n g eff = 5.18. (c) ZnTe, λ = 1.7   μm, n g eff = 3.32. The shaded regions show the crystals. (d) Peak optical intensity Ip as a function of distance into the crystal. In (a)-(d), τ = 300 fs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The same as in Fig. 4(b) but for n g eff = 5.05. (b) The same as in Fig. 4(c) but for n g eff = 3.27.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The same as in Fig. 4(b) but for τ = 600 fs. (b) The same as in Fig. 4(c) but for τ = 600 fs.

Equations (9)

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N ( z , t ) = β n n ω t d t I n ( z , t ) ,
D ( z , ξ ) = { 1 + z β n ( n 1 ) sec  α [ I 0 f ( ξ ) ] n 1 } 1 / ( 1 n )
P NL ( z , t ) = P 0 f ( ξ ) D ( z , ξ ) ,
E x z = 1 c B y t ,
B y z = 1 c D x t + 4 π c J x + 4 π c P NL t ,
2 P ph t 2 + ν ph P ph t + ω TO 2 P ph = ε 0 ε 4 π ω TO 2 E x
J fc t = ω p 2 ( z , t ) 4 π ε E x ν fc J fc ,
L dc = L c ( n g eff ε 0 ) .
L D = ( 2 n 1 1 ) cos  α β n ( n 1 ) I 0 n 1 .