Abstract

The improved mitigation of self-phase modulation (SPM) induced nonlinear impairments by the use of a multi-span dispersion map optimization in 28 GBaud phase-sensitive amplifier (PSA) links is numerically investigated. We show that a four-span dispersion map optimized PSA link provides 2.1 times reach improvement over a single-span optimized PSA link with a total nonlinear phase shift tolerance increase from 2.1 radians to 8.8 radians. Furthermore, the optimized PSA link increases the maximum transmission reach by 6.9 times compared to a single-span optimized in-line dispersion managed phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) link and 4.3 times reach extension is achieved compared to a dispersion unmanaged PIA link.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  13. X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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  25. Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  30. F. Ramos and J. Marti, “Influence of non-ideal chirped fibre grating characteristics on dispersion-compensated analogue optical links in presence of fibre-induced SPM,” Electron. Lett. 39(4), 353–355 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  31. K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. K. Vijayan, B. Foo, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Cross-phase modulation mitigation in WDM transmission systems using phase-sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We3H.4.
  34. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

2018 (2)

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

R. Sinha, A. K. Garg, and S. Tyagi, “Dispersion compensation techniques: a comprehensive review,” Int. J. Electron., Electrical and Computational System 6(4), 57–61 (2017).

E. Astra, S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Dispersion management for nonlinearity mitigation in two-span 28 GBaud QPSK phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13163–13173 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear distortion in hybrid Raman/phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 24(2), 888–900 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Nonlinear phase noise mitigation in phase-sensitive amplified transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11724–11740 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinearities using conjugate data repetition,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2392–2402 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

Z. Tong and S. Radic, “Low-noise optical amplification and signal processing in parametric devices,” Adv. Opt. Photonics,  5(3), 318–384 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Frignac and P. Ramantanis, “Average optical phase shift as an indicator of the dispersion management optimization in PSK-modulated transmission systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1488–1490 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. K. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Light. Technol. 27(16), 3425–3432 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1473–1475 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Tang, P. S. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “In-line phase-sensitive amplification of multi-channel CW signals based on frequency nondegenerate four-wave-mixing in fiber,” Opt. Express 16(12), 9046–9053 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2005 (2)

M. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express 13(19), 7563–7571 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

F. Ramos and J. Marti, “Influence of non-ideal chirped fibre grating characteristics on dispersion-compensated analogue optical links in presence of fibre-induced SPM,” Electron. Lett. 39(4), 353–355 (2003).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Agrell, E.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Astra, S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Dispersion management for nonlinearity mitigation in two-span 28 GBaud QPSK phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13163–13173 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear distortion in hybrid Raman/phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 24(2), 888–900 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Nonlinear phase noise mitigation in phase-sensitive amplified transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11724–11740 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinearities using conjugate data repetition,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2392–2402 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

K. Vijayan, B. Foo, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Cross-phase modulation mitigation in WDM transmission systems using phase-sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We3H.4.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Comparison between coherent superposition in DSP and PSA for mitigation of nonlinearities in a single-span link,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2014), paper Mo.3.5.2.

E. Astra, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Four-span dispersion map optimization for improved nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2017), paper P2.SC6.14.

Astra, E.

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Astra, S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Dispersion management for nonlinearity mitigation in two-span 28 GBaud QPSK phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13163–13173 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Astra, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Four-span dispersion map optimization for improved nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2017), paper P2.SC6.14.

Bayvel, P.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brandt-Pearce, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bunge, C.-A.

J. K. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Light. Technol. 27(16), 3425–3432 (2009).
[Crossref]

Carena, A.

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1473–1475 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cartaxo, A.

A. Cartaxo, N. Costa, and D. Fonseca, “Analysis of optimum dispersion maps for DQPSK systems,” in Proc. International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), paper Mo.D1.1.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corcoran, B.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Costa, N.

A. Cartaxo, N. Costa, and D. Fonseca, “Analysis of optimum dispersion maps for DQPSK systems,” in Proc. International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), paper Mo.D1.1.

Cotter, D.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[Crossref]

Curri, V.

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1473–1475 (2008).
[Crossref]

Devgan, P. S.

Edvold, B.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
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Eggleton, B. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eliasson, H.

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Astra, S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Dispersion management for nonlinearity mitigation in two-span 28 GBaud QPSK phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13163–13173 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear distortion in hybrid Raman/phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 24(2), 888–900 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinearities using conjugate data repetition,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2392–2402 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Vijayan, B. Foo, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Cross-phase modulation mitigation in WDM transmission systems using phase-sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We3H.4.

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

E. Astra, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Four-span dispersion map optimization for improved nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2017), paper P2.SC6.14.

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Comparison between coherent superposition in DSP and PSA for mitigation of nonlinearities in a single-span link,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2014), paper Mo.3.5.2.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eriksson, T. A.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, J. K.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. K. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Light. Technol. 27(16), 3425–3432 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fonseca, D.

A. Cartaxo, N. Costa, and D. Fonseca, “Analysis of optimum dispersion maps for DQPSK systems,” in Proc. International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), paper Mo.D1.1.

Foo, B.

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

K. Vijayan, B. Foo, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Cross-phase modulation mitigation in WDM transmission systems using phase-sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We3H.4.

Forghieri, F.

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1473–1475 (2008).
[Crossref]

Foschini, G. J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frignac, Y.

Y. Frignac and P. Ramantanis, “Average optical phase shift as an indicator of the dispersion management optimization in PSK-modulated transmission systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1488–1490 (2010).
[Crossref]

Garg, A. K.

R. Sinha, A. K. Garg, and S. Tyagi, “Dispersion compensation techniques: a comprehensive review,” Int. J. Electron., Electrical and Computational System 6(4), 57–61 (2017).

Gavioli, G.

Gisin, N.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Goebel, B.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grigoryan, V. S.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Islam, R.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, and R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in Proc. 4th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE, 2006).

Jakobsen, D.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jazayerifar, M.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johannisson, P.

Jorgensen, C.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jorgensen, L. V.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear distortion in hybrid Raman/phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 24(2), 888–900 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinearities using conjugate data repetition,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2392–2402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Nonlinear phase noise mitigation in phase-sensitive amplified transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11724–11740 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Comparison between coherent superposition in DSP and PSA for mitigation of nonlinearities in a single-span link,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2014), paper Mo.3.5.2.

Killey, R. I.

Kramer, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kristensen, P.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Krummrich, P. M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kschischang, F. R.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kumar, P.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lord, A.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lowery, A. J.

Lundström, C.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marti, J.

F. Ramos and J. Marti, “Influence of non-ideal chirped fibre grating characteristics on dispersion-compensated analogue optical links in presence of fibre-induced SPM,” Electron. Lett. 39(4), 353–355 (2003).
[Crossref]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

Olsson, S. L. I.

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Astra, S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Dispersion management for nonlinearity mitigation in two-span 28 GBaud QPSK phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13163–13173 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear distortion in hybrid Raman/phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 24(2), 888–900 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Nonlinear phase noise mitigation in phase-sensitive amplified transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11724–11740 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Comparison between coherent superposition in DSP and PSA for mitigation of nonlinearities in a single-span link,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2014), paper Mo.3.5.2.

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

Palsdottir, B.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

J. K. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Light. Technol. 27(16), 3425–3432 (2009).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

Poggiolini, P.

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1473–1475 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prat, J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Radic, S.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong and S. Radic, “Low-noise optical amplification and signal processing in parametric devices,” Adv. Opt. Photonics,  5(3), 318–384 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rahman, S.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, and R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in Proc. 4th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE, 2006).

Ramantanis, P.

Y. Frignac and P. Ramantanis, “Average optical phase shift as an indicator of the dispersion management optimization in PSK-modulated transmission systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1488–1490 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ramos, F.

F. Ramos and J. Marti, “Influence of non-ideal chirped fibre grating characteristics on dispersion-compensated analogue optical links in presence of fibre-induced SPM,” Electron. Lett. 39(4), 353–355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roberts, K.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Savory, S. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref]

Secondini, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shafik, R. A.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, and R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in Proc. 4th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE, 2006).

Sinha, R.

R. Sinha, A. K. Garg, and S. Tyagi, “Dispersion compensation techniques: a comprehensive review,” Int. J. Electron., Electrical and Computational System 6(4), 57–61 (2017).

Srinivasan, S.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, R.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

Tkach, R. W.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tomkos, I.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong and S. Radic, “Low-noise optical amplification and signal processing in parametric devices,” Adv. Opt. Photonics,  5(3), 318–384 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

Tyagi, S.

R. Sinha, A. K. Garg, and S. Tyagi, “Dispersion compensation techniques: a comprehensive review,” Int. J. Electron., Electrical and Computational System 6(4), 57–61 (2017).

Vasilyev, M.

Vijayan, K.

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Vijayan, B. Foo, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Cross-phase modulation mitigation in WDM transmission systems using phase-sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We3H.4.

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

Wandel, M.

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong and S. Radic, “Low-noise optical amplification and signal processing in parametric devices,” Adv. Opt. Photonics,  5(3), 318–384 (2013).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Ramos and J. Marti, “Influence of non-ideal chirped fibre grating characteristics on dispersion-compensated analogue optical links in presence of fibre-induced SPM,” Electron. Lett. 39(4), 353–355 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Electron., Electrical and Computational System (1)

R. Sinha, A. K. Garg, and S. Tyagi, “Dispersion compensation techniques: a comprehensive review,” Int. J. Electron., Electrical and Computational System 6(4), 57–61 (2017).

J. Light. Technol. (5)

L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Dispersion-compensating fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 23(11), 3566–3579 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. K. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Light. Technol. 27(16), 3425–3432 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Light. Technol. 33(3), 710–721 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Light. Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt.,  18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laser photonics reviews (1)

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser photonics reviews 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul optical transmission link using low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Commun. 9:2513 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

H. Eliasson, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinearities using conjugate data repetition,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2392–2402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Mitigation of nonlinear distortion in hybrid Raman/phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 24(2), 888–900 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Astra, S. L. I. Olsson, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Dispersion management for nonlinearity mitigation in two-span 28 GBaud QPSK phase-sensitive amplifier links,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13163–13173 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Eliasson, K. Vijayan, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, E. Astra, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplifier link with distributed Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 26(16), 19854–19863 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express 13(19), 7563–7571 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Nonlinear phase noise mitigation in phase-sensitive amplified transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11724–11740 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12965–12970 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Tang, P. S. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “In-line phase-sensitive amplification of multi-channel CW signals based on frequency nondegenerate four-wave-mixing in fiber,” Opt. Express 16(12), 9046–9053 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Frignac and P. Ramantanis, “Average optical phase shift as an indicator of the dispersion management optimization in PSK-modulated transmission systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1488–1490 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1473–1475 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

H. Eliasson, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Comparison between coherent superposition in DSP and PSA for mitigation of nonlinearities in a single-span link,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2014), paper Mo.3.5.2.

E. Astra, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Four-span dispersion map optimization for improved nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2017), paper P2.SC6.14.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, and R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in Proc. 4th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE, 2006).

A. Cartaxo, N. Costa, and D. Fonseca, “Analysis of optimum dispersion maps for DQPSK systems,” in Proc. International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), paper Mo.D1.1.

K. Vijayan, B. Foo, H. Eliasson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Cross-phase modulation mitigation in WDM transmission systems using phase-sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We3H.4.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified DWDM DQPSK signals using free-running lasers with 6-dB link SNR improvement over EDFA-based systems,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2010), paper PDP1.3.

K. Vijayan, H. Eliasson, B. Foo, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical bandwidth dependency of nonlinearity mitigation in phase-sensitive amplifier links,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2018), paper We2.44.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The simulation model for a PSA or a PIA amplified transmission link. Acronyms are explained in the text.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulation results showing (a) EVM performance comparison of 5% and 1% optimization precision at a signal launch power of 9 dBm and (b) maximum number of propagated spans at BER = 10−3 at optimal launch power comparison between PSA dispersion map optimization precision steps of 5% and 1% as a function of number of dispersion map optimized spans.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dispersion pre-compensation values for one to four-span dispersion map optimized PSA links in (a) 5% and (b) 1% optimization step precision, (c) dispersion maps corresponding to 1% optimization precision for one (red line), two (yellow line), three (green line) and four-span (black dashed line) dispersion map optimized PSA links.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Dispersion pre-compensation values up to four-span dispersion map optimized PSA links where the dispersion pre-compensation values for the four-span dispersion map case (gray boxes) are chosen by following the symmetric and expanding nature of the one to three-span dispersion map optimized values and (b) BER simulations comparing the long-haul performance of optimized and chosen PSA four-span dispersion map cases.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Long-haul simulation results showing the BER vs. number of propagated spans and constellation diagrams at BER = 10−3 for one to four-span dispersion map optimized PSA links and EDFA links with and without an in-line dispersion compensation at optimum launch powers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 EVM improvement as a function of signal launch power showing the improvement of using a single-span dispersion map optimized PSA link instead of a PIA link in terms of EVM for 10 GBaud and 28 GBaud single-span transmission links.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Two-span dispersion map optimization simulation results showing EVM as a function of dispersion pre-compensation values for span one and span two for (a) 10 GBaud PSA link at 15 dBm launch power and (b) 28 GBaud PSA link at 9 dBm launch power.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) An example of allocation of wavelengths between signal and idler channels in a WDM PSA system and (b) EVM change as a function of the idler dispersion parameter value showing the EVM difference if an idler dispersion parameter value is swept from 17 ps/nm/km and a signal dispersion parameter value is kept fixed at 17 ps/nm/km for 10 GBaud and 28 GBaud single-span PSA links at 9 dBm launch power.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 EVM as a function of applied dispersion pre-compensation showing the chosen dispersion map dependence on a link performance for 10 GBaud at 12 dBm launch power and 28 GBaud at 6 dBm launch power single-span PSA links.

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