Abstract

We study electromagnetic wave scattering inside a hyperbolic medium by a circular cylinder. The hyperbolic medium’s unique properties result in scattering behaviors that differ greatly from scattering by the same cylinder inside a positive isotropic medium. Incident wave polarization is preserved for all angles of incidence and the scattered waves have the same polarization in the far-field region. TM-polarized plane wave scattering is highly anisotropic. At any given frequency, the dielectric cylinder’s scattering properties can vary from the Rayleigh regime, to the resonant regime, to the evanescent regime, by simply changing the angle of incidence. At a given angle, as a function of frequency, the scattering efficiency exhibits narrow resonant features associated with Fano interference. We also show that a magnetic cylinder’s scattering can be suppressed. All of these effects stem from the hyperbolic medium’s properties, as well as point to the interesting opportunities of tailoring scattering properties by controlling the surrounding medium.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (2)

M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Limonov, M. V. Rybin, A. N. Poddubny, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in photonics,” Nat. Photonics 11(9), 543–554 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. J. Li, X. Lin, S. S. Lin, X. Liu, and H. S. Chen, “Tunable deep-subwavelength superscattering using graphene monolayers,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1651–1654 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Ferrari, C. Wu, D. Lepage, X. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Hyperbolic metamaterials and their applications,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 40, 1–40 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Zhou, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Extraordinarily large optical cross section for localized single nanoresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(2), 023903 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

C. L. Cortes, W. Newman, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Quantum nanophotonics using hyperbolic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 14(6), 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Design of subwavelength superscattering nanospheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(4), 043101 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332(6030), 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for Fano resonance in light scattering by a single obstacle,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(16), 7324–7329 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Superscattering of light from subwavelength nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(1), 013901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multimode cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1511–1518 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Fan, W. Suh, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(3), 569–572 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Li, M. I. Stockman, and D. J. Bergman, “Self-similar chain of metal nanospheres as an efficient nanolens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(22), 227402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2–4), 243–247 (1998).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

1955 (1)

J. R. Wait, “Scattering of a plane wave from a circular dielectric cylinder at oblique incidence,” Can. J. Phys. 33(5), 189–195 (1955).
[Crossref]

Absil, P. P.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aldridge, J. C.

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anthes-Washburn, M. S.

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2–4), 243–247 (1998).
[Crossref]

Belov, P.

A. Poddubny, I. Iorsh, P. Belov, and Y. Kivshar, “Hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 948–957 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bergman, D. J.

K. Li, M. I. Stockman, and D. J. Bergman, “Self-similar chain of metal nanospheres as an efficient nanolens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(22), 227402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bharadwaj, P.

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Catrysse, P. B.

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chbouki, N.

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. S.

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cortes, C. L.

C. L. Cortes, W. Newman, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Quantum nanophotonics using hyperbolic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 14(6), 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Desai, T. A.

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Deutsch, B.

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Drachev, V. P.

Eisler, H.-J.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, P.

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Design of subwavelength superscattering nanospheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(4), 043101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Superscattering of light from subwavelength nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(1), 013901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for Fano resonance in light scattering by a single obstacle,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(16), 7324–7329 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multimode cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1511–1518 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Fan, W. Suh, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(3), 569–572 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, L.

L. Ferrari, C. Wu, D. Lepage, X. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Hyperbolic metamaterials and their applications,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 40, 1–40 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fullerton, E. E.

H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gill, M.

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, B. B.

. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Goldhar, J.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Grover, R.

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M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332(6030), 702–704 (2011).
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J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
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P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
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V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
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Johnson, F. G.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
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H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
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Kivshar, Y. S.

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L. Ferrari, C. Wu, D. Lepage, X. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Hyperbolic metamaterials and their applications,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 40, 1–40 (2015).
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Liu, Z.

H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
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L. Ferrari, C. Wu, D. Lepage, X. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Hyperbolic metamaterials and their applications,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 40, 1–40 (2015).
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H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
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M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
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J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
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L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
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P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
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L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
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C. L. Cortes, W. Newman, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Quantum nanophotonics using hyperbolic metamaterials,” J. Opt. 14(6), 063001 (2012).
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P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
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M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332(6030), 702–704 (2011).
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S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2–4), 243–247 (1998).
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J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
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S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
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S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
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A. Poddubny, I. Iorsh, P. Belov, and Y. Kivshar, “Hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 948–957 (2013).
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P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
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V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
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L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
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Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Design of subwavelength superscattering nanospheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(4), 043101 (2011).
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Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Superscattering of light from subwavelength nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(1), 013901 (2010).
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Sai Chu, D.

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Saraswat, K. C.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
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K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
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J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
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Semouchkina, E.

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
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H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
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M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
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M. Zhou, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Extraordinarily large optical cross section for localized single nanoresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(2), 023903 (2015).
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Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
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M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332(6030), 702–704 (2011).
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K. Li, M. I. Stockman, and D. J. Bergman, “Self-similar chain of metal nanospheres as an efficient nanolens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(22), 227402 (2003).
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W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multimode cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1511–1518 (2004).
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S. Fan, W. Suh, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(3), 569–572 (2003).
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L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
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S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
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S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
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. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
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. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, V. Oliver King, Van, D. Sai Chu, M. Gill, M. S. Anthes-Washburn, Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(1), 148–155 (2006).
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V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical nonlinear switching in GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(1), 74–76 (2002).
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Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
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L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
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H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
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L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
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J. R. Wait, “Scattering of a plane wave from a circular dielectric cylinder at oblique incidence,” Can. J. Phys. 33(5), 189–195 (1955).
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W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multimode cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1511–1518 (2004).
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S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2–4), 243–247 (1998).
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L. Ferrari, C. Wu, D. Lepage, X. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Hyperbolic metamaterials and their applications,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 40, 1–40 (2015).
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H. Shen, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, J. J. Kan, H. Xu, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Anomalously weak scattering in metal-semiconductor multilayer hyperbolic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021021 (2015).
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M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
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Yu, Z.

M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
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M. Zhou, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Extraordinarily large optical cross section for localized single nanoresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(2), 023903 (2015).
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P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
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L. Verslegers, Z. Yu, Z. Ruan, P. B. Catrysse, and S. Fan, “From electromagnetically induced transparency to superscattering with a single structure: a coupled-mode theory for doubly resonant structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 083902 (2012).
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Zhang, G.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

L. Ferrari, C. Wu, D. Lepage, X. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Hyperbolic metamaterials and their applications,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 40, 1–40 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhou, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Extraordinarily large optical cross section for localized single nanoresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(2), 023903 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zi, J.

M. Zhou, L. Ying, L. Lu, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Electromagnetic scattering laws in Weyl systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1388 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhou, L. Shi, J. Zi, and Z. Yu, “Extraordinarily large optical cross section for localized single nanoresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(2), 023903 (2015).
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Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 438–483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. Ruan and S. Fan, “Design of subwavelength superscattering nanospheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(4), 043101 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, “Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

J. R. Wait, “Scattering of a plane wave from a circular dielectric cylinder at oblique incidence,” Can. J. Phys. 33(5), 189–195 (1955).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2–4), 243–247 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scattering of plane wave by a dielectric cylinder aligned with the anisotropy axis of a uniaxial hyperbolic medium (shown in grey).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Isofrequency contour of a Type I medium. Blue curve corresponds to the TM mode and the solid red curve corresponds to the TE mode. The dashed red and green curves are for the degenerate TE and TM modes of dielectric cylinder with εd > ε and εd < ε respectively. θm and θc are the asymptotic limit of the hyperbolic medium and the critical angle respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Fraction of incident power scattered into the same polarization as the incident wave, plotted as a function of angle of incidence θ for (a) TE, and (b) TM modes in vacuum (blue) and in a Type I medium (red).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Scattering efficiency of a dielectric cylinder (R = 1, εd = 1.5, μd = 1) placed in a Type I uniaxial hyperbolic medium (ε = 1, εz = –5, μr = 1), as a function of angle of incidence and frequency.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Scattering efficiency as a function of (a) angle of incidence, and (b) radial wave vector component at ω = 0.8(2πc/R). k⊥c is the radial wave vector at θ = θc. Squared Electric field amplitude plots of total and scattered fields are shown respectively in (c), (d) Rayleigh regime (θ = π/90); (e), (f) Resonant regime (θ = π/6) and (g), (h) Evanescent regime (θ = π/3).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Scattering efficiency as a function of frequency in resonant regime for (a) ideal, and (b) lossy scatterer at θ <θc. Scattering efficiency as a function of frequency in evanescent regime for (c) ideal, and (d) lossy scatterer at θ >θc. Blue curves correspond to the total scattering efficiency and the red, yellow and purple curves correspond to the contributions from the TM0, TM± 1 and TM± 2 channels respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Scattering coefficient as a function of frequency corresponding to (a) TE1− mode inside, and (b) TM1 channel outside the cylinder at θ <θc. Squared Electric field amplitude plots at (c) off-resonance (marked c in Fig. 7(a)), and (d) on-resonance (marked d in Fig. 7(a)) respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Scattering efficiency of a dielectric cylinder (R = 1, εd = 1.5, μd = 1) placed in (a) Type I medium (ε = 1, εz = –5, μr = 1), and (b) vacuum. Scattering efficiency as a function of frequency at θ = π/3 for (c) Type I medium, and (d) vacuum. Scattering efficiency as a function of frequency at θ = π/6 for (e) Type I medium, and (f) vacuum. Blue curves correspond to the total scattering efficiency and the red, yellow and purple curves correspond to the contributions from the TE0, TE ± 1 and TE ± 2 channels respectively.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Scattering efficiency as a function of (a) angle of incidence, and (b) radial wave vector component at ω = 1/2π(2πc/R) of a magnetic cylinder (R = 1, ε = 1, εz = –5, μd = 2) placed in a Type I medium (ε = 1, εz = –5, μr = 1).

Equations (14)

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ε r =( ε 0 0 0 ε 0 0 0 ε z ) ,
TM mode ( H z =0 ) : k 2 ε z + k z 2 ε = ( ω c ) 2 μ r ,
TE mode ( E z =0 ) : k 2 + k z 2 ε = ( ω c ) 2 μ r .
E α,n TE =( r ^ in k r Z n ( k r ) ϕ ^ Z n ( k r ) ) e inϕ e i k z z ,
H α,n TE = i ω μ 0 μ r ( r ^ i k z Z n ( k r ) ϕ ^ n k z k r Z n ( k r )+ z ^ k Z n ( k r ) ) e inϕ e i k z z .
E α,n TM = i ω ε 0 ( r ^ 1 ε i k z Z n ( k r ) ϕ ^ 1 ε n k z k r Z n ( k r )+ z ^ 1 ε z k Z n ( k r ) ) e inϕ e i k z z ,
H α,n TM =( r ^ in k r Z n ( k r ) ϕ ^ Z n ( k r ) ) e inϕ e i k z z .
E inc TM = E 0 ( cosθ ε x ^ + sinθ ε z z ^ ) e i k x+i k z z = n= e n E reg,n TM , H inc TM = n= e n H reg,n TM ,
E sca = n= e n ( a n E out,n TE + b n E out,n TM ) , H sca = n= e n ( a n H out,n TE + b n H out,n TM ) .
E out = E inc + E sca , H out = H inc + H sca .
E in = n= e n ( c n E reg,n TE + d n E reg,n TM ) , H in = n= e n ( c n H reg,n TE + d n H reg,n TM ) ,
θ m = tan 1 ε z ε .
θ c = tan 1 ε z ε d ε z ε .
D= ε 0 ε r E= ε 0 ( ε 0 0 0 ε 0 0 0 ε z )( E x E y 0 )= ε 0 ε E .

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