Abstract

An approach to characterize laser-induced bulk damage in optical crystal materials was demonstrated. With a homemade swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system, we obtained three-dimensional images of the bulk damage produced by laser pulses with wavelength of 351 nm, pulse width of 5 ns, beam diameter of 5.5 mm and fluences from 4.56 J/cm2 to 9.95 J/cm2 in Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP) crystal. Algorithms based on three-dimensional OCT images were specially designed to count and locate bulk damage pinpoints in KDP crystal, obtaining their equivalent diameter distribution and pinpoint density caused by different fluences. It is demonstrated that the characteristics of bulk damage detected by SS-OCT are similar to those obtained by available approaches. The rapid three-dimensional imaging by SS-OCT provides a new approach of detecting laser-induced bulk damage.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (5)

2017 (7)

E. Bo, Y. Luo, S. Chen, X. Liu, N. Wang, X. Ge, X. Wang, S. Chen, J. Li, and L. Liu, “Depth-of-focus extension in optical coherence tomography via multiple aperture synthesis,” Optica 4(7), 701–706 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, L. Ma, and P. Yu, “Spatial convolution for mirror image suppression in Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 42(3), 506–509 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, W. Gao, Y. He, and H. Liu, “Quantitative measurement of subsurface damage with self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3919–3933 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Rajai, H. Schriemer, A. Amjadi, and R. Munger, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of multilayer systems using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, part 2: implementation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 15003 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

2015 (1)

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Pump-pump experiment in KH2PO4 crystals: coupling two different wavelengths to identify the laser-induced damage mechanisms in the nanosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

R. K. Wang, “In vivo full range complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 54103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 221–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. B. Trenholme, “Simple model of laser damage initiation and conditioning in frequency conversion crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910W (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “System for evaluation of laser-induced damage performance of optical materials for large aperture lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3298–3301 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–83 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

S. S. Gupte, R. D. Pradhan, A. Marcano O, N. Melikechi, and C. F. Desai, “Laser damage studies in zinc (tris) thiourea sulfate: nonlinear optical crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(5), 3125–3128 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Demos, M. Staggs, K. Minoshima, and J. Fujimoto, “Characterization of laser induced damage sites in optical components,” Opt. Express 10(25), 1444–1450 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. Hue, J. DiJon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102–114 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

L. Sheehan, M. Kozlowski, and F. Rainer, “Diagnostics for the detection and evaluation of laser-induced damage,” Proc. SPIE 2428, 13–22 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

F. Rainer, L. J. Atherton, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Laser damage to production- and research-grade KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1848, 46–59 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Amjadi, A.

P. Rajai, H. Schriemer, A. Amjadi, and R. Munger, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of multilayer systems using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, part 2: implementation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 15003 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Artal, P.

Atherton, L. J.

F. Rainer, L. J. Atherton, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Laser damage to production- and research-grade KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1848, 46–59 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ba, R.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Bass, I.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F (2007).
[Crossref]

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignère, B. Le Garrec, and G. Razé, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” Proc. SEIP5273, 312–325 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bertussi, B.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bo, E.

Boppart, S. A.

Bouchut, P.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignère, B. Le Garrec, and G. Razé, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” Proc. SEIP5273, 312–325 (2004).
[Crossref]

Burnham, A. K.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

Carney, P. S.

Carr, C. W.

D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D7–D11 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 221–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “System for evaluation of laser-induced damage performance of optical materials for large aperture lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3298–3301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

Chan, K. K. H.

Chang, F. Y.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Chen, S.

Chi, T. T.

Chiang, C. P.

Cross, D. A.

Cwiklinski, L.

Damiani, D.

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

De Yoreo, J. J.

F. Rainer, L. J. Atherton, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Laser damage to production- and research-grade KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1848, 46–59 (1993).
[Crossref]

DeMange, P.

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 221–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “System for evaluation of laser-induced damage performance of optical materials for large aperture lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3298–3301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Demos, S.

Demos, S. G.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F (2007).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 221–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “System for evaluation of laser-induced damage performance of optical materials for large aperture lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3298–3301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Desai, C. F.

S. S. Gupte, R. D. Pradhan, A. Marcano O, N. Melikechi, and C. F. Desai, “Laser damage studies in zinc (tris) thiourea sulfate: nonlinear optical crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(5), 3125–3128 (2002).
[Crossref]

DeYoreo, J.

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

DiJon, J.

J. Hue, J. DiJon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102–114 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ding, L.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Donval, T.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Duchateau, G.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Pump-pump experiment in KH2PO4 crystals: coupling two different wavelengths to identify the laser-induced damage mechanisms in the nanosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121102 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Z.-X.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. B. Trenholme, “Simple model of laser damage initiation and conditioning in frequency conversion crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910W (2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–83 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Floyd, R. L.

Fujimoto, J.

Gao, W.

Ge, X.

Ginner, L.

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grulkowski, I.

Guillet, F.

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gupte, S. S.

S. S. Gupte, R. D. Pradhan, A. Marcano O, N. Melikechi, and C. F. Desai, “Laser damage studies in zinc (tris) thiourea sulfate: nonlinear optical crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(5), 3125–3128 (2002).
[Crossref]

Guss, G.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F (2007).
[Crossref]

Hackel, R.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F (2007).
[Crossref]

Hallo, L.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

He, Y.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, G.-H.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hue, J.

J. Hue, J. DiJon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102–114 (1996).
[Crossref]

Johnson, M. A.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.

S. Kim, J. Kim, and S. Kang, “Nondestructive defect inspection for LCDs using optical coherence tomography,” Displays 32(5), 325–329 (2011).
[Crossref]

Karnowski, K.

Kiang, Y. W.

Kim, J.

S. Kim, J. Kim, and S. Kang, “Nondestructive defect inspection for LCDs using optical coherence tomography,” Displays 32(5), 325–329 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, J. Kim, and S. Kang, “Nondestructive defect inspection for LCDs using optical coherence tomography,” Displays 32(5), 325–329 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kozlowski, M.

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Sheehan, M. Kozlowski, and F. Rainer, “Diagnostics for the detection and evaluation of laser-induced damage,” Proc. SPIE 2428, 13–22 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurokawa, K.

Lai, T.

Lamaignère, L.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Pump-pump experiment in KH2PO4 crystals: coupling two different wavelengths to identify the laser-induced damage mechanisms in the nanosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121102 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignère, B. Le Garrec, and G. Razé, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” Proc. SEIP5273, 312–325 (2004).
[Crossref]

Land, T. A.

Le Garrec, B.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignère, B. Le Garrec, and G. Razé, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” Proc. SEIP5273, 312–325 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. K.

Lee, J. D.

Lee, K. S.

Lee, Y. J.

Leitgeb, R. A.

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D.-W.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, J.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

E. Bo, Y. Luo, S. Chen, X. Liu, N. Wang, X. Ge, X. Wang, S. Chen, J. Li, and L. Liu, “Depth-of-focus extension in optical coherence tomography via multiple aperture synthesis,” Optica 4(7), 701–706 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Liu, L.

Liu, X.

Liu, Z.

Loiseau, M.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Lyan, P.

J. Hue, J. DiJon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102–114 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ma, L.

Ma, P.

Mailhiot, C.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F (2007).
[Crossref]

Makita, S.

Manzanera, S.

Marcano O, A.

S. S. Gupte, R. D. Pradhan, A. Marcano O, N. Melikechi, and C. F. Desai, “Laser damage studies in zinc (tris) thiourea sulfate: nonlinear optical crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(5), 3125–3128 (2002).
[Crossref]

Marks, D. L.

Maunier, C.

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

Melikechi, N.

S. S. Gupte, R. D. Pradhan, A. Marcano O, N. Melikechi, and C. F. Desai, “Laser damage studies in zinc (tris) thiourea sulfate: nonlinear optical crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(5), 3125–3128 (2002).
[Crossref]

Meslin, C.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Milam, D.

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Milanovich, F. P.

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

Minoshima, K.

Mo, J.

Montgomery, K. E.

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

Munger, R.

P. Rajai, H. Schriemer, A. Amjadi, and R. Munger, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of multilayer systems using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, part 2: implementation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 15003 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Na, J.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

Natoli, J. Y.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Pump-pump experiment in KH2PO4 crystals: coupling two different wavelengths to identify the laser-induced damage mechanisms in the nanosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121102 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Negres, R. A.

Ni, G.

Poncetta, J. C.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pradhan, R. D.

S. S. Gupte, R. D. Pradhan, A. Marcano O, N. Melikechi, and C. F. Desai, “Laser damage studies in zinc (tris) thiourea sulfate: nonlinear optical crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(5), 3125–3128 (2002).
[Crossref]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radousky, H. B.

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 221–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “System for evaluation of laser-induced damage performance of optical materials for large aperture lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3298–3301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rainer, F.

L. Sheehan, M. Kozlowski, and F. Rainer, “Diagnostics for the detection and evaluation of laser-induced damage,” Proc. SPIE 2428, 13–22 (1995).
[Crossref]

F. Rainer, L. J. Atherton, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Laser damage to production- and research-grade KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1848, 46–59 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Rajai, P.

P. Rajai, H. Schriemer, A. Amjadi, and R. Munger, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of multilayer systems using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, part 2: implementation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 15003 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ralston, T. S.

Razé, G.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignère, B. Le Garrec, and G. Razé, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” Proc. SEIP5273, 312–325 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ren, H.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Reyné, S.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Pump-pump experiment in KH2PO4 crystals: coupling two different wavelengths to identify the laser-induced damage mechanisms in the nanosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121102 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rolland, J. P.

Rubenchik, A.

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rubenchik, A. M.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. B. Trenholme, “Simple model of laser damage initiation and conditioning in frequency conversion crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910W (2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–83 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Runkel, M.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

Salas, M.

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasaki, K.

Schriemer, H.

P. Rajai, H. Schriemer, A. Amjadi, and R. Munger, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of multilayer systems using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, part 2: implementation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 15003 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sell, W.

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shao, J.-D.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheehan, L.

L. Sheehan, M. Kozlowski, and F. Rainer, “Diagnostics for the detection and evaluation of laser-induced damage,” Proc. SPIE 2428, 13–22 (1995).
[Crossref]

Siekhaus, W. J.

Sobczuk, F.

Staggs, M.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stokowski, S.

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Sun, S.-T.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Surmin, A.

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

Swain, J.

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, S.

Tang, X.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Trenholme, J. B.

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. B. Trenholme, “Simple model of laser damage initiation and conditioning in frequency conversion crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910W (2005).
[Crossref]

Tsai, M. T.

Vallé, K.

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. C.

Wang, L.

Wang, N.

Wang, R. K.

R. K. Wang, “In vivo full range complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 54103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wartak, A.

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woods, B.

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. T.

Wu, X.

Wurster, L. M.

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Yan, M.

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. C.

Yang, X.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yasuno, Y.

Yu, P.

Yu, X.

Yuan, J.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Zhang, M.

Zhao, Y.-A.

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zheng, W.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Y. Zheng, P. Ma, H. Li, Z. Liu, and S. Chen, “Studies on transmitted beam modulation effect from laser induced damage on fused silica optics,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16605–16614 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

Zhou, Y.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. K. Wang, “In vivo full range complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 54103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Pump-pump experiment in KH2PO4 crystals: coupling two different wavelengths to identify the laser-induced damage mechanisms in the nanosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121102 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

G.-H. Hu, Y.-A. Zhao, S.-T. Sun, D.-W. Li, X. Sun, J.-D. Shao, and Z.-X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(8), 087801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Displays (1)

S. Kim, J. Kim, and S. Kang, “Nondestructive defect inspection for LCDs using optical coherence tomography,” Displays 32(5), 325–329 (2011).
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J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

P. Rajai, H. Schriemer, A. Amjadi, and R. Munger, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of multilayer systems using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, part 2: implementation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 15003 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Wurster, L. Ginner, A. Kumar, M. Salas, A. Wartak, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a flexible fiber bundle,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20(9), 095701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, L. Ding, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, J. Yuan, H. Ren, X. Tang, and L. Chai, “Spot-shadowing deployment for mitigating damage-growth of optics in high-power lasers based on a programmable spatial beam-shaping system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 108, 602–608 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, L. Ding, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, X. Yang, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Characteristics of precursors responsible for bulk damage initiation in doubler KDP crystal at different wavelengths,” Opt. Laser Technol. 96, 196–201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (2)

Proc. SPIE (11)

Y. Zheng, R. Ba, X. Zhou, J. Li, J. Yuan, H. Xu, J. Na, Y. Li, L. Ding, X. Yang, L. Chai, B. Chen, and W. Zheng, “Preliminary study of the influence of polarization orientation on bulk damage resistances of doubler KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104571E (2017).
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M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. B. Trenholme, “Simple model of laser damage initiation and conditioning in frequency conversion crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910W (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Guillet, B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, L. Lamaignère, A. Surmin, K. Vallé, and C. Maunier, “Effect of thermal annealing on laser damage resistance of KDP at 3ω,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713211 (2008).
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X. Zhou, L. Ding, Y. Zheng, J. Li, R. Ba, H. Xu, J. Yuan, and B. Chen, “An accurate method for investigation of laser-induced damage of optical component at 351nm,” Proc. SPIE 10457, 104572D (2017).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high-resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–196 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Sheehan, M. Kozlowski, and F. Rainer, “Diagnostics for the detection and evaluation of laser-induced damage,” Proc. SPIE 2428, 13–22 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–83 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Runkel, A. K. Burnham, D. Milam, W. Sell, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, “The results of pulse-scaling experiments on rapid-growth DKDP triplers using the Optical Sciences Laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 359–373 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “System for evaluation of laser-induced damage performance of optical materials for large aperture lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3298–3301 (2004).
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Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and et al.., “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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Other (4)

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography Technology and Applications (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

T. H. Cormen, C. E. Leiserson, R. L. Rivest, and C. Stein, Introduction to algorithms (MIT Press, 2009).

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using scattering techniques,” Report LLNL, UCRL-JC-125368, United States of America (1997).

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignère, B. Le Garrec, and G. Razé, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” Proc. SEIP5273, 312–325 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental system. C, circulator; PC, polarization controller; COL, collimating lens; ND, neutral density filter; CP, compensation prisms; M, mirror; AF, analog filter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Flowchart of counting algorithm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of the counting procedure for two adjacent layers. D1-D5: Number of damage pinpoints, the same color means those connected domains belong to the same damage point.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 En face OCT images of silica microspheres dispersed in index-matching fluid. (a), (b) and (c) are OCT images of microspheres with diameters of 10~20 μm, 20~30 μm, and 30~40 μm, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 A typical 2D Cross-sectional and 3D OCT image of the damage site in the bulk of KDP crystal. (a) The 2D cross-sectional image of a damage site resulting from a laser pulse with fluence 9.62 J/cm2, the sub-image at the left-bottom corner is the enlarged image in the red-dotted box. (b) The 3D OCT image of the whole detection region of one OCT scan of a damage site resulting from a laser pulse with fluence 7.56 J/cm2, the 3D sub-image at the left-bottom corner is the enlarged image of the small cuboid.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The distribution density of damage pinpoints plotted versus fluence of laser pulses with duration of 5ns, and wavelength of 351nm. Three kinds of signs, blue and pink triangular signs, and red square signs, represent the statistic results of two scans and their average values, respectively. The relationship between pinpoint density ρ(ϕ) and fluence ϕ is fitted to power function using the average values.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Size distribution of two damage sites irradiated by fluence of 9.61 J/cm2 and 8.63 J/cm2. (a) Number of damage pinpoints versus the size of damage pinpoints (equivalent diameter); (b) average equivalent diameters of damage pinpoints at 12 damage sites by different fluences. Three kinds of signs, red and purple triangular signs, and blue square signs, represent the statistic results of two scans and their average values, respectively. Linear fits of the data using the average values are shown as a dotted line.