Abstract

We report optical amplification with an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 70 ± 1% from a diode-pumped Cs vapor cell. When pump (852 nm; D2-line) and signal (895 nm; D1-line) lasers with a narrow spectral width of ∼2 MHz are resonant on the hyperfine states (F = 3 or 4) of the 6S1/2 state, we observe that the amplification factors are significantly changed according to the hyperfine-state combination of the pump and signal lasers. We find that the optical frequencies of the pumping and signal lasers need to be controlled near the hyperfine state of 6S1/2 (F = 4) to obtain an efficient diode-pumped alkali amplifier (DPAA). To realize highly efficient optical gain conditions, both the spatial modes of the pump and signal lasers are made to overlap in the Cs vapor cell with the use of a single-mode optical fiber. An amplification factor of 430 ± 15 is achieved under the following conditions: cell temperature of 90 °C, signal power of 0.1 mW, and pump power of 200 mW. We believe that our results can aid in the development of highly efficient diode-pumped alkali-vapor lasers and amplifiers.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (2)

2016 (2)

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yablon, Z. Zhou, M. Zhou, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, and M. S. Shahriar, “Theoretical modeling and experimental demonstration of Raman probe induced spectral dip for realizing a superluminal laser,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27444 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

F. Chen, D. Xu, F. Gao, C. Zheng, K. Zhang, Y. He, C. Wang, and J. Guo, “Experimental investigation on a diode-pumped cesium-vapor laser stably operated at continuous-wave and pulse regime,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12414–12422 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Shen, B. Pan, J. Jiao, and C. Xia, “Kinetic and fluid dynamic modeling, numerical approaches of flowing-gas diode-pumped alkali vapor amplifiers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19500 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

L. Ge, W. Hua, H. Wang, Z. Yang, and X. Xu, “Study on photoionization in a rubidium diode-pumped alkali laser gain medium with the optogalvanic method,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 199–201 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

W. F. Krupke, “Diode pumped alkali lasers (DPALs)—A review (rev1),” Prog. Quantum Electron. 36(1), 4–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Review of alkali laser research and development,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 021010 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

N. D. Zameroski, G. D. Hager, W. Rudolph, and D. A. Hostutler, “Experimental and numerical modeling studies of a pulsed rubidium optically pumped alkali metal vapor laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(5), 1088–1099 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Demonstration of a diode pumped continuous wave Potassium laser,” Proc. SPIE 7915, 791506 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, H. Wang, Q. Lu, W. Hua, and X. Xu, “Modeling of an optically side-pumped alkali vapor amplifier with consideration of amplified spontaneous emission,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23118 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 75810G (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

2007 (4)

S. Wu, T. Soules, R. Page, S. Mitchell, C. Scott, V. Kanz, and R. Beach, “Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2423–2425 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. A. Perschbacher, D. A. Hostutler, and T. M. Shay, “High-efficiency diode-pumped rubidium laser: experimental results,” Proc. SPIE 6346, 634607 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped 10 Watts continous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. H. Page, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and W. F. Krupke, “Multimode-diode-pumped gas (alkali-vapor) laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 353–355 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “DPAL: A new class of CW, near-infrared high power diode pumped alkali (vapor) lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5334, 156–167 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. J. Beach, W. F. Krupke, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “End-pumped continous-wave alkali vapor lasers: experiment, model, and power scaling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(12), 2151–2163 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

Beach, R.

Beach, R. J.

Bogachev, A. V.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boyadjian, G.

Cai, H.

Chen, F.

Chen, J. B.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dudov, A. M.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
[Crossref]

Endo, M.

M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fukuoka, H.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

Ge, L.

Geranin, S. G.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Glebov, L.

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guild, E. M.

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Guo, L.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hager, G. D.

Han, J.

He, Y.

Hiruma, T.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hong, S.

Hostutler, D. A.

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. D. Zameroski, G. D. Hager, W. Rudolph, and D. A. Hostutler, “Experimental and numerical modeling studies of a pulsed rubidium optically pumped alkali metal vapor laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(5), 1088–1099 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. A. Hostutler and W. L. Klennert, “Power enhancement of a Rubidium vapor laser with a master oscillator power amplifier,” Opt. Express 16(11), 8050–8053 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. A. Perschbacher, D. A. Hostutler, and T. M. Shay, “High-efficiency diode-pumped rubidium laser: experimental results,” Proc. SPIE 6346, 634607 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hua, W.

Hua, W. H.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiao, J.

Kan, H.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kanz, V.

Kanz, V. K.

Kasamatsu, T.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

Klennert, W. L.

Knize, R. J.

M. D. Rotondaro, B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Narrowband diode laser pump module for pumping alkali vapors,” Opt. Express 26(8), 9792–9797 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Review of alkali laser research and development,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 021010 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Demonstration of a diode pumped continuous wave Potassium laser,” Proc. SPIE 7915, 791506 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Efficient diode pumped cesium vapor amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281(15-16), 4068–4070 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Rubidium vapor laser pumped by two laser diode arrays,” Opt. Lett. 33(5), 414–415 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave Rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748–751 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped 10 Watts continous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
[Crossref]

Komashko, A.

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 75810G (2010).
[Crossref]

Kong, B.

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, “Diode pumped alkali lasers (DPALs)—A review (rev1),” Prog. Quantum Electron. 36(1), 4–28 (2012).
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J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 75810G (2010).
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R. H. Page, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and W. F. Krupke, “Multimode-diode-pumped gas (alkali-vapor) laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 353–355 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “DPAL: A new class of CW, near-infrared high power diode pumped alkali (vapor) lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5334, 156–167 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. J. Beach, W. F. Krupke, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “End-pumped continous-wave alkali vapor lasers: experiment, model, and power scaling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(12), 2151–2163 (2004).
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W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(23), 2336–2338 (2003).
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W. F. Krupke, “Diode Pumped Alkali Laser,” U.S. Patent No. 6,643,311 (2001).

Kubomura, H.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kulikov, S. M.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. S.

Li, D.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. D.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liao, Z.

Liu, L.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q.

Lu, Q. S.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, S.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

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A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
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Mitchell, S.

Miyajima, H.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
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Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
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G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
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M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nagaoka, H.

M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nagaoka, R.

M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Niigaki, M.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

Olike, B. Q.

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
[Crossref]

Page, R.

Page, R. H.

Pan, B.

Pan, B. L.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Panarin, V. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pautov, V. O.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
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Payne, S. A.

Perschbacher, T. A.

T. A. Perschbacher, D. A. Hostutler, and T. M. Shay, “High-efficiency diode-pumped rubidium laser: experimental results,” Proc. SPIE 6346, 634607 (2007).
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Phipps, S. P.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
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Pitz, G. A.

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
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Rudolph, W.

Rus, A. V.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
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Shaffer, M. K.

Shahriar, M. S.

Shay, T. M.

T. A. Perschbacher, D. A. Hostutler, and T. M. Shay, “High-efficiency diode-pumped rubidium laser: experimental results,” Proc. SPIE 6346, 634607 (2007).
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Shen, B.

Smirnov, V.

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
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Song, S.

Soules, T.

Stalnake, D. M.

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
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D. A. Steck, “Cesium D Line Data,” https://steck.us/alkalidata/cesiumnumbers.1.6.pdf

Stooke, A.

Sukharev, S. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takekoshi, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
[Crossref]

Townsend, S. W.

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tseng, S.

Venus, G.

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Voci, A.

Wang, C.

Wang, H.

Wang, H. Y.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Yablon, Z. Zhou, M. Zhou, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, and M. S. Shahriar, “Theoretical modeling and experimental demonstration of Raman probe induced spectral dip for realizing a superluminal laser,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27444 (2016).
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W. Zhang, Y. Wang, H. Cai, L. Xue, J. Han, H. Wang, and Z. Liao, “Theoretical study on temperature features of a sealed cesium vapor cell pumped by laser diodes,” Appl. Opt. 53(19), 4180–4186 (2014).
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Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. J.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wani, F.

M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Xia, C.

Xie, J.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Xu, X.

Xu, X. J.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xue, L.

Yablon, J.

Yang, G.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yang, Z. N.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

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A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zameroski, N. D.

Zhang, K.

Zhang, L.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
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Zhang, W.

Zhang, X. Y.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhdanov, B.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhdanov, B. V.

M. D. Rotondaro, B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Narrowband diode laser pump module for pumping alkali vapors,” Opt. Express 26(8), 9792–9797 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Review of alkali laser research and development,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 021010 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Demonstration of a diode pumped continuous wave Potassium laser,” Proc. SPIE 7915, 791506 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Efficient diode pumped cesium vapor amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281(15-16), 4068–4070 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Rubidium vapor laser pumped by two laser diode arrays,” Opt. Lett. 33(5), 414–415 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave Rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748–751 (2008).
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B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped 10 Watts continous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
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Zheng, C.

Zheng, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, Q.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zuo, L.

Zweiback, J.

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 75810G (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by a Volume-Bragg-Grating Coupled Quasi-Continuous-Wave Laser Diode Array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Endo, R. Nagaoka, H. Nagaoka, T. Nagai, and F. Wani, “Output power characteristics of diode-pumped cesium vapor laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(12), 122701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Highly efficient optically pumped Cs vapor laser,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 696–698 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Efficient diode pumped cesium vapor amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281(15-16), 4068–4070 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Review of alkali laser research and development,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 021010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave Rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748–751 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. A. Hostutler and W. L. Klennert, “Power enhancement of a Rubidium vapor laser with a master oscillator power amplifier,” Opt. Express 16(11), 8050–8053 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, H. Wang, Q. Lu, W. Hua, and X. Xu, “Modeling of an optically side-pumped alkali vapor amplifier with consideration of amplified spontaneous emission,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23118 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Xu, F. Gao, C. Zheng, K. Zhang, Y. He, C. Wang, and J. Guo, “Experimental investigation on a diode-pumped cesium-vapor laser stably operated at continuous-wave and pulse regime,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12414–12422 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Shen, B. Pan, J. Jiao, and C. Xia, “Kinetic and fluid dynamic modeling, numerical approaches of flowing-gas diode-pumped alkali vapor amplifiers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19500 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Yablon, Z. Zhou, M. Zhou, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, and M. S. Shahriar, “Theoretical modeling and experimental demonstration of Raman probe induced spectral dip for realizing a superluminal laser,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27444 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. D. Rotondaro, B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Narrowband diode laser pump module for pumping alkali vapors,” Opt. Express 26(8), 9792–9797 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Hong, B. Kong, Y. S. Lee, S. Song, S. Kim, and K. Oh, “Pulse control in a wide frequency range for a quasi-continuous wave diode-pumped cesium atom vapor laser by a pump modulation in the spectral domain,” Opt. Express 26(20), 26679–26687 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Optik (1)

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. Xie, D. Li, L. Zhang, G. Yang, J. Guo, and L. Guo, “Review on diode-pumped alkali vaporlaser,” Optik 124(20), 4353–4358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

Y. Wang, M. Niigaki, H. Fukuoka, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, S. Matsuoka, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Approaches of output improvement for cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled laser-diode-array,” Phys. Lett. A 360(4-5), 659–663 (2007).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (5)

T. A. Perschbacher, D. A. Hostutler, and T. M. Shay, “High-efficiency diode-pumped rubidium laser: experimental results,” Proc. SPIE 6346, 634607 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. A. Pitz, D. M. Stalnake, E. M. Guild, B. Q. Olike, P. J. Moran, S. W. Townsend, and D. A. Hostutler, “Advancements in flowing diode pumped alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9729, 972902 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “DPAL: A new class of CW, near-infrared high power diode pumped alkali (vapor) lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5334, 156–167 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 75810G (2010).
[Crossref]

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Demonstration of a diode pumped continuous wave Potassium laser,” Proc. SPIE 7915, 791506 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Diode pumped alkali lasers (DPALs)—A review (rev1),” Prog. Quantum Electron. 36(1), 4–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

B. V. Zhdanov, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and R. J. Knize, “Continuous wave Cs diode pumped alkali laser pumped by single emitter narrowband laser diode,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

D. A. Steck, “Cesium D Line Data,” https://steck.us/alkalidata/cesiumnumbers.1.6.pdf

W. F. Krupke, “Diode Pumped Alkali Laser,” U.S. Patent No. 6,643,311 (2001).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental configuration for diode-pumped alkali amplifier (DPAA) using Cs vapor and ethane buffer gas. (a) Energy-level diagram of the hyperfine structure of the D1 and D2 transitions of 133Cs atoms. (b) Experimental setup for highly efficient DPAA in the Cs vapor cell (pump laser (wavelength 852 nm); signal laser (wavelength 895 nm); OI, optical isolator; PBS, polarization beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; BF, bandpass filter).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Optical amplification in Cs vapor cell according to four combinations of two hyperfine states (F = 3 and 4) of 6S1/2 state. (a) Four configurations for optical amplification in the Cs vapor cell, wherein the red arrows indicate pumping transition and blue arrows the gain transition. (b) Optical amplification as a function of the pumping power for the four combinations.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Absorption spectra of (a) D1 and (b) D2 transitions in 133Cs vapor cell with ethane buffer, wherein the red curves indicate linear absorption spectra and blue curves the saturated absorption spectra.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Dependence of (a) small-signal amplification and (b) gain on vapor cell temperature. The blue circles indicate the experimental G values and the red curve the theoretical result in a three-level atomic system.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Diode-powered alkali amplification (DPAA) as function of signal power and optical-to-optical conversion efficiency (OOCE). (a) Optical amplification as a function of the signal power; (b) DPAA output power as a function of the signal power; (c) OOCE of Cs vapor medium with respect to the pump power as a function of the cell temperature.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Linear absorption spectrum (LAS; red curve) and saturated absorption spectrum (SAS; blue curve) of the amplified signal light in the 6S1/2(F = 4) − 6P3/2(F′ = 3 and 4) transition of the warm 133Cs atoms.

Equations (1)

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G = ln A L ,

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